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Religious Summary.

The Society for the Propagation of the Roman as it does that this noble institution is not only Catholic Church throughout the world had re in a healthy state, but is rapidly increasing in ceipts in 1852 to the amount of 4,790,468 francs, usefulness and efficiency. of which France contributed more than one-half.

At the annual meeting of the Irish Society of The operations are principally through the

London, the Marquis of Blandford in the chair, means of tracts. The appropriations to different

the committee reported that nearly fifty conmissions are as follows:-In Asia, 1,198,154 gregations had been gathered from the ranks francs ; America, 958,452 ; Europe, 678,975; of Popery by the Society's missionaries, while Oceanica, 461,878; Africa, 310,954. The mis

thousands of the Irish Roman Catholics had sions in the North of Europe have received

embraced the Protestant faith, and many thou189,100 francs, those of the German Redemp, sands were inquiring into the divinities of the torists 5,000 francs, and those of Switzerland

word of God. 44,000 francs. The appropriations for the conversion of Scotland amounted to 44,000 francs,

Religion in High Places.—We rejoice to see it and the receipts from that country only to stated, on good authority, that the presidential 14,426 francs. The appropriations for England mansion is a house of prayer. God is constantly proper are 109,400 francs, the receipts only recognized at the table; daily social devotions, 72,810. The Society includes members of attendance on Sabbath mornings by all the every age and each sex; it is so organized that inmates of the house are maintained, and the each circle of ten members collects three sous a blessing of the Most High is thus insured on week, which is the regular contribution, and that distinguished family, if not on the whole transmits the sum to another branch including land, instead of the malediction uttered against ten circles, and so on.

the families that call not on the name of the

Lord. The Roman Catholics in the United States have six archbishops, twenty-six bishops, one

A farewell missionary meeting was recently thousand seven hundred and fifty-one priests, held in Spring-street Church, to take leave of one thousand five hundred and forty-five Mr. and Mrs. Barker, who ere this have departed churches, with an estimated population of over

for Ahmednuggur, India, where Mr. B. is two millions. They have thirty-three ecclesias- stationed as a missionary. tical seminaries, forty-five literary institutions Novel Decision of a Lar Case.—A lawsuit for young men, and one hundred and two female

was lately instituted in Spain, in which the academies.

heirs of a rich man sued the Church of Rome The total receipts of the Presbyterian Board for the recovery of money paid under the will of Missions the past year were $153,222 53, of the deceased, to purchase, at the fair market being $8,000 more than the receipts of the pre- price, twelve thousand masses for his soul.

They have missionaries in India, The priests, though they took the money, ob China, Africa, and other distant parts of the jected to the labor, and the Pope, at their world.

request, abridged it, pronouncing that twelve The Baptists have a flourishing theological sand. The counsel for the Church, in answer

masses should be as beneficial as twelve thouseminary at Newton, Mass., where the anniversary exercises were held last week. The most

to the allegation of non-performance of contract, pleasing feature of the day's festivities was the produced the Pope's certificate, that the soul of

the deceased had been delivered by the efficacy announcement that the endowment of $100,000 of the twelve masses. The judge decided, that for the seminary was complete, with the excep- inasmuch as full value had been received, there tion of $5,000, and about $3,000 of this sum

was no breach of contract; but intimated that was raised on the spot.

parties about to die had better contract for Romanism is not maintaining its ground in deliverance with his Satanic majesty, as it Texas. Some eighteen years ago it was the could be done much cheaper than with the only religion tolerated by law. Now, it has Pope. thirty churches, twenty-five priests, six literary institutions, and an estimated population of last, issued a public order, directing : "1. That

The King of Prussia, on the 15th of March thirty thousand; while Protestantism, which

on all marches, the Sabbath, as far as it is eighteen years ago was an illegal heresy, has practicable, is to be selected as a day of rest twenty-seven thousand communicants, - i. e.,

for the troops; 2. That in those cases where it twelve thousand Methodists, eight thousand Baptists, six thousand Presbyterians, one thou- bath, care is to be taken that the breaking up

is not possible to avoid marching on the Sabsand Episcopalians, and about three hundred for the march shall not interfere with the celethousand adherents among the population.

bration of divine service; and, 3. That in all Upper Canada Bible Society.— The anniversary such cases the troops do not, in their march meeting of this Society was held at Toronto on through any place, or upon reaching the spot of Wednesday evening last. In the absence of the their destination, create any disturbance of the president, Honorable Robert Baldwin, the mayor Sabbath services; for which reason the use and of the city presided. Interesting addresses were noise of drums or other military music is to be delivered by Rev. Messrs. Sanson, Irvine,Jenkins, foregone." Such an order is worthy of the and Dr. Caul. The report submitted to the sovereign, who, at his own cost, has circulated meeting is of a very cheering nature, showing | above two hundred and fifty thousand copies of

vious year.

the Holy Scriptures, in six different languages, and at Surinam, out of thirteen missionaries, among his troops.

eleven had died of the yellow fever. Yet there True to its word for this time, The Freeman's

was no lack of laborers for God. During the Journal, the organ of Archbishop Hughes, has last eleven years, the congregations at Surinam made its appearance as a Sunday newspaper.

had risen from ten thousand to seventeen thou. The first number, under the new arrangement,

sand persons. It might be estimated that oneis dated “Sunday morning, July 3, 1853.If fourth were communicants. In the West Indies The Freeman and its friends can have their way,

the congregations numbered about forty thouthere will soon be as little of the Sabbath left

sand persons, principally negroes, and there here as there is now in Papal countries.

were upward of two thousand children in their

schools. Two training schools had been estabQuite an encouraging amount of revival lished for the education of native teachers. It spirit is prevailing in the Methodist Churches of

was seldom that one taught in their schools Texas.

left the path of rectitude. The Moravians have Dr. Cook says the revival in Southern France, seventy missionary stations and two hundred and particularly at Nismes, is still progressing and eighty-six missionaries in the world, and

these are sustained for the trifling expense of Dr. Medhurst, the veteran missionary of the

about $60,000. London Society in China, who has been engaged, in company with Dr. Bridgman and others, We see it stated in a New-Haven paper that many years in translating the Scriptures into the action of the New-Haven Railroad Company, the Chinese language, has announced the fiual

in relation to the Sunday mails, meets the apaccomplishment of the great task.

probation of the public in Connecticut. There The Mormans of Malmea, in Norway, have

is a strong feeling in opposition to the running

of trains on the Sabbath. been summoned by the Minister of Justice to appear before the Court of Lund, to answer Wesleyan Methodist Church in Canada.The the numerous charges reported against them. thirtieth annual conference of this branch of They are twenty in number. Their chiefs, three the Methodist Church has lately been held in priests of that sect, have been accused of many

the city of Hamilton. After deducting the infamies and sent to prison.

losses occasioned by deaths, removals, expul

sions, &c., the increase over the past year The Methodists of Cincinnati recently com

amounted to about twenty-five hundred. memorated the fiftieth anniversary of their first church organization in that city, resolving unan

The increase of Sabbath schools in Great Brit imously to contribute $50,000 to three ob

ain is an exceedingly hopeful aspect of the rejects, viz.: 1. About $6,000 to put the German ligious state of that country. According to a churches out of debt; 2. About $10,000 or

recent Parliamentary return, in 1818, when the $12,000 for the Female College; and, 3. The population of England and Wales was 11,642,remainder, or about $32,000, for the Sunday 683, the number of Sunday schools was 5,463, Schools and church extension among the needy. with 477,225 scholars. In 1851, when the

population had increased to 17,927,000, there Of the two millions of inhabitants in the

were 23,498 Sunday schools, with 2,407,409 Canadas, nine hundred and forty thousand be- scholars. A great moral impression is, by long to the Catholic religion, and one million these multitudinous schools, making upon the and sixty thousand to the Protestant, showing British mind, that will not be without effect nearly eleven Protestants to nine Catholics. on the future of that country. The latter have gained five hundred and sixty thousand in thirty years, the former nine hun

A comprehensive union of all the associations dred and twenty thousand. The Catholics have for promoting temperance, and of those desirmore than doubled their number, but the Pro Temperance Societies, has been undertaken in

ous of an anti-liquor law, not connected with testants have increased theirs more than seven

Car ada West, under missionary auspices. It fold.

is called the Canada Prohibitory Liquor Law Colored communicants in the South number League; and the Association has begun its serlargely. A cotemporary makes the following vice by offering a premium of £25 for the best statements :—There are about one hundred and essay on the nature and objects of the League, fifty thousand colored members of the Southern embracing full and valuable statistical informaMethodist Church, one hundred and twenty tion upon the extent, expense, and results of thousand in the Baptist, ten thousand in the the liquor traffic in Canada. Rev. Dr. Ryerson, Presbyterian, and in other churches about Professor Lillie, and Professor Taylor, are the twenty thousand-making a total of three adjudicators. hundred thousand.

American Colonization Society.—The receipts Rev. J. T. Bowen, Rev. J. H. Lacy, and Rev. of this society, during one month ending June J. S. Dennard, Baptist Missionaries to Central | 20, were $6,542, including a donation of $5,000 Africa, with their wives, embarked at Boston from David Hunt, Esq., of Rodney, Mississippi, for Lagos on Wednesday, 6th instant.

and another of $200 from Dr. Stephen Duncan, The Moravians on the Continents of Europe of Natchez, Mississippi. and America do not number above twenty Rev. Thomas Gallaudet, pastor of the recentthousand souls, yet they have gathered, through | ly organized church of Deaf Mutes in this city, their missionaries, not less than seventy thou at the annual examination of the New York sand persons into Christian congregations in Institution received from the pupils a beautiful foreign lands. At Labrador, nearly the whole present of books. Mr. Morehouse made the of the natives had been Christianized there; presentation.

Irts and Sciences.

At a meeting of the Society of Antiquaries, En- per year, and this enormous trade may be gland, Jonathan Gooding, Esq., of Southwold, said to have sprung up since 1844, as, previexhibited a medal by Albert Durer, bearing date ous to that date, there were very few manu1508, with Albert Durer's monogram. It repre- factories working at a profit. sents a female bust nearly to the shoulders, the

A very superior marble has lately been dishead thrown back, but looking upward. The

covered in the south of Somerset county, Pa., original drawing for this medal is preserved in

on the route of the Pittsburgh and Cornellsville the British Museum. The lady represented was Railroad. Albert Durer's wife. In the Museum there is also a copy of this medal with a reverse, which Academy of Arts and Sciences

, held in Boston,

At the last annual meeting of the American this has not: it is supposed that the reverse

the following officers were chosen for the ensuwas probably attached to the medal at some subsequent period. Mr. Gooding also exhibited ing year:Jacob Bigelow, M. D., President; the matrices of two seals, a weight of a quarter Professor Asa Gray, Corresponding Secretary;

Professor Daniel Treadwell, Vice-President; noble, and several farthing tokens of the reign Samuel Kneeland, Jr., Recording Secretary ; of James I. and Charles I., found near South

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M. D., Librarian; Edwold.

ward Wigglesworth, Esq., Treasurer. This is The Chicago Tribune mentions a machine in one of the oldest incorporated institutions in that city which splits and shaves, not saws, the United States, having been founded in shingles. The shingle trade of Chicago is 1780. It has numbered among its fellows and enormous, amounting, last year, to over seventy- associates the most eminent gentlemen in variseven millions. The increase, we are told, this ous departments of science, both at home and year, thus far, has been twenty-five per cent., abroad. Its memoirs have embraced a large and it is presumed that this year's business number of valuable papers, and their publicawill exceed one hundred millions.

tion has given it a high reputation. It posMr. Heroitt communicated an account of the

sesses a valuable library, now numbering about monster cannon preserved at Edinburgh Castle, 8,000 volumes, which is kept at the rooms of known as Mons. Meg, and formerly at the

the academy at the Athenæum Building, in

Beacon-street. Tower of London, whence it was conveyed back to Scotland, by order of George IV., in 1829. The Rochester American says that an examThis extraordinary piece of ancient ordnance ination of the sun, by Professor Dewey, of the closely resembles the huge bombard at Ghent, University, through his reflecting telescope, supposed to be the same which is mentioned disclosed a large number of spots on its surface. by Froissart. Mons. Meg is first named in the One of them was 12,000 miles in diameter. reign of James IV., having been used at the An archipelago of spots was discovered, which, siege of Dumbarton in 1489; but tradition af if united, would cover an area 40,000 miles firms that the piece existed long prior to that long. time, The construction is very curious; long

An English paper states that a dissertation, bars of iron are welded together, like the staves lately read before the Royal Society by Mr. of a cask, and strongly hooped with welded Toynbee, contains some particulars interesting iron; the length is upward of fifteen feet, and

to deaf people. Much of the deafness that octhe enormous weight rendered this cannon al curs is found to be caused by an aperture have most unmanageable in the field. It has been ing formed in the drum of the ear; in such supposed, with much probability, that it was

cases, if an artificial drum, made of vulcanized fabricated at Mons, in Flanders, whence James India-rubber or gutta-percha, be introduced, the II., King of Scots, imported in 1460, as chroni- cavity is again closed, and the power of hearclers have recorded, a celebrated bombard, call- ing is considerably restored. It is hardly neced the Lion.

essary to add that the old notion about certain The Milwaukie Sentinel says that Mr. S. D. little bones beating on the tympanum drumCarpenter, late of the Madison Democrat, has merwise are altogether fallacious. succeeded in inventing a new printing-press Spots on the Sun.—Another proof of the unu. which has some very great improvements. sual condition of celestial phenomena this seaThree of its prominent features are these : son has come to light. Dr. Forster, in making First, it feeds itself, and does it perfectly. some observations on the sun with a large Second, it works both sides of the sheet at once; achromatic telescope, discovered a long cluster the half-cylinder rocking to and fro, printing of dark spots on the solar disk, not much in “ one side of the sheet as the bed-plate moves figure unlike one of the elongated nebulæ. This forward, and the other side as it comes back. remarkable congeries of macula was widest in The register, too, is as accurate as machinery the middle, with one spot much larger than the can make it. Third, the press registers its rest: there was also another distinct and nearown work; a clock face, with hands on the ly circular spot at some distance from the rest. side, showing at each moment the number of sheets, as well as the number of tokens worked Council of Detroit, tendering to Hiram Powers,

A resolution has been passed by the Common off.

the great American Sculptor, the hospitality of The total value of India-rubber goods made the city. The resolution was of a highly comin the United States approaches $10,000,000 plimentary character.

a test.

Mr. Benjamin Ilardinge, of Cincinnati, has among the Harleian Manuscripts in the British made a valuable discovery in synthetic chemis- Museum, (No. 7003, fol. 116,) from Mr. George try, by which he is enabled to produce an arti Vertue to Mr. Charles Christian, dated Aug. 12, ficial marble from common pebbles and sand. 1721, describing an interview between Vertue It is said he is about to erect in or near that and Deborah Milton, the poet's youngest daughcity a model palace, to be built entirely of mar ter, in which she repudiated a supposed por. ble and precious stones.

trait of her father then shown to her, it Seven thousand dollars have been appropri- and curled locks. On the contrary, (she said,)

being of a brown complexion and black hair ated by the corporation of Trinity Church, N. Y., her father was of a fair complexion, a little for the construction of a monument to the mem

red in his cheeks, and light-brown lank hair ;" ory of those American soldiers and citizens who died in the English prison-ships in the war of closely to tally with the portrait before the

a description which Mr. Lemon considered 1812. It is to be built of carved brown-stone,

Society. and its height will be seventy-three feet. The base will be fifteen feet square, and be placed

The Dean of Exeter exhibited before the at the top of a series of steps twenty-four feet Archæological Institute, London, a drawing of square at the bottom. It was proposed to have the fresco-painting, representing the Resurreca figure of Washington, in a niche. A cenotaph, tion, lately discovered in Exeter Cathedral. surmounted by appropriate military emblems, The whitewash has been carefully removed, is also suggested as a good design. Messrs. and the painting is a work of considerable Wills and Dudley are the architects, and the merit, apparently of the fifteenth century. The style of the monument will be similar to the principal figures measure about five feet in monumental crosses of England.

height. The monument to be erected at Tarrytown

Alexander Humboldt has written a letter, in

which he advocates the construction of an to the captors of Major Andre is to consist of three blocks of marble, with a shaft forty feet

oceanic canal, without locks, across the Isthmus in height, on which a suitable inscription will

of Darien, having reference to points on the be engraved.

Gulf of San Miguel and Cupica. An Italian artist, who prefers the West Rut A. G. Findlay, Esq., recently read a paper be land marble in Vermont to that of his own fore the Society of Arts, London, on the Proposed country, has ordered from Rome two blocks Central American Canal, and its Relations to weighing one tou each, for the purpose of making Commerce. The object of this paper was, to

show the peculiarity of the geographical posi

tion of the American Isthmus, and, conseA New Discovery in Photography.—A Swedish quently, the peculiarity of its climate, and some artist, Carleman, has made a discovery, which hitherto unnoticed influences in the current he calls photochromography. By this new ap systems which center here, and which bear plication of photography he is enabled to take

most strongly upon any system of navigation:from three hundred to four hundred copies per then, to show what new fields for commercial day, and the various objects are represented in enterprise it will open, and what existing adtheir natural colors. Herr Carleman will take vantages it will increase. out a patent in Germany without delay. Should

The London Record of the 30th ult. says: this new art succeed, it will revolutionize lithography and engravings.

An expedition, to test with care the mineral

resources of Greenland, has been arranged to We learn from Munich, that a few days ago start from Portsmouth this week. A yacht, of two gigantic statues were cast in bronze in one two hundred and seventeen tons, called the entire piece in the royal foundry of that city. Dolphin, has been fitted out, for the purposes of M. Miller superintended the difficult operation. full exploration. She takes out several scienIt is the first time the thing has been attempted, tific men, engaged for the undertaking, and the the custom having heretofore been to cast large mines to be investigated consist of copper, tin, statues in different portions, and to weld them silver, and lead. together afterward. The production of them in one complete mass is an immense progress in

An interesting and successful series of er. the casting art. One of the two statues is an

periments have been made by Professor Challis, equestrian one of Gustavus Adolphus, and is

of Cambridge, on the determining

the longitude destined to be placed in the principal square by electro-telegraphic aid. Already in America

some results of a similar kind had been obof Gottenburg, in Sweden; the other is of Patrick Henry, one of the founders of the tained. The present observations have been United States Independence, and is to form

made at Greenwich and Cambridge Observapart of the gigantic monument to be erected to

tories under peculiarly advantageous conditions. Washington.

The signal-giver at Greenwich had the means

of observing the passage of a star across the Robert Lemon, Esq., exhibited at the Society field of the transit telescope and of giving sigof Antiquaries, in London, on the 17th ult., an nal at the same time, and in several instances oil-painting in his possession, presumed to be a his signals were made at the instant of transit, portrait of the poet Milton. It had formerly so that the observation taken at Greenwich was the poet's name in an old hand, written at the actually recorded at Cambridge. Above a hunback upon the canvas, but which, upon the re dred and fifty separate observations were taken lining of the picture a few years ago, was re under various circumstances, so that amply sufmoved. Mr. Lemon, in illustration of this por- ficient data are obtained for accurate and satistrait, presented the copy of a letter preserved | factory induction.

THE

NATIONAL MAGAZINE.

OCTOBER, 1853.

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inent characteristics of a city like NewYork in the dog-days. Physical nausea has produced heart-sickness, despondency, and misanthropy: you begin to think that man is a social being, only because society offers better opportunities than solitude for the gratification of his supreme selfishness. A morning stroll on the Battery invigorates you a little, and as you approach Whitehall, you see the Staten Island ferry-boat just entering her slip. Pay your fare, only sixpence, and step on board. A sail of half an hour over the waters of our beautiful bay will give you pure air enough to quell your nausea ; a view of a portion of the fleet of our modern Tyre will convince you that the city prospers, notwithstanding dirty streets, high taxes, and a bribe-loving common

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