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council; and at the end of your voyage as far as can reasonably be expected. Its you will meet with evidence that man is officers, however, incur much risk in the not altogether a beast of prey, but that discharge of their duties, and not unfrethere are Christian men and women who quently fall victims to disease. It is but love their race, and labor to do them good. a few years since a much-esteemed friend
The quarantine ground, where the boat of the writer, just after his appointment makes her first landing, is on the north as assistant physician, was carried off by eastern point of Staten Island, five and a ship-fever. He was a man of more than half miles from the Battery; having a front ordinary talent and skill in his profession ; of about fourteen hundred feet on the bay, cheerful, noble-hearted, and of undoubted and a depth of about twelve hundred. piety. His career was brief-but those A high brick wall includes hospitals for who knew him well will not soon forget the sick, and dwellings and offices for the him, or cease to mourn his premature death. resident physician, and other persons em As we leave the quarantine ground, our ployed on the premises. The gate-keeper attention is attracted to a vessel just aris occupied in an examination of the rived, which we are told has more than pockets, &c., of two females, who seek eight hundred emigrants on board. The admission to visit some friends in the hos- health officer is just boarding her to ascerpitals ; he must ascertain if they have tain the state of her passengers. Soon they secreted about their persons ardent spirits will be citizens of the land of freedom or other contraband articles. The de- the most of them dwellers in the far West, praved appetites of many of the patients, May their bright hopes not be disappointed. and the mistaken kindness of their friends, As the other establishments on the make such a search ábsolutely necessary ; | island, which we propose to visit, are inand the gate-keeper does his duty with as tended especially for the benefit of seamen, much regard for modesty as possible. our thoughts are naturally occupied with These daughters of Eve seem to have no their condition, and the provision made for such forbidden fruit, wherewith to tempt their welfare. They are proverbially a the children of Adam ; so they are per- generous, careless, credulous race ; spendmitted to pass on, and the janitor turns to ing their money liberally, apt to yield to attend to you. You ask if you can be temptation, and hence become an easy admitted; he answers, Not unless you have prey to the numerous “ land-sharks" who some business to attend to ;-you reply, prowl about our maritime cities. The that you wish to make some inquiries about sailor-landlord, or his runners, repair to the the institution, its regulations, &c.; and he dock to meet him on his arrival-salute refers you to the office of the resident him by a familiar pat on the shoulder, or physician, at a little distance. This gen- friendly shake of the hand, and persuade tleman, or one of his assistants, gives you him to put up at their house. His baggage a courteous reception, and politely answers is removed from the ship, his wages reyour questions. You learn that the largest ceived and deposited with the landlord, as hospital, that nearest the water, is occu he supposes for safe keeping. He drinks pied by fever patients. It is of brick, at his landlord's bar till his senses are conthree stories high, one hundred and thirty- fused ; and when he begins to recover, is six feet long by twenty-eight feet wide. told that he has run up an account for The next, on rising ground, is for the con board, lodging, liquor, &c., equal to, if not valescent. It is built of the same ma- exceeding, the sum he deposited. He is terial, three stories high, fifty feet long, enticed into places of gambling and proswith two wings, sixty-six by twenty-six titution, and robbed of what he may have feet each. Still higher up is the small in his possession. He is then reshipped, pox hospital, which generally has the the landlord receives his advance wages largest number of patients. It has but to settle the balance of his account, and at two stories, and is eighty feet long and the close of another voyage he returns to twenty-eight feet wide : like the others, it undergo the same vile impositions. is of brick, and has open galleries on the The American Seamen's Friend Society outside in front and rear. The object of sought to remedy these evils by temperthe establishment is to prevent the admis ance societies, libraries, reading-rooms, sion of contagious diseases into the city, schools, and by appeals to landlords ; but a purpose which it undoubtedly answers, their efforts were nearly fruitless. In 1837,
therefore, they rented a building, and open- | tendent, and a temperance society is ored a boarding-house, where the sailor ganized among the boarders. The benefits would be honestly dealt with, guarded from of such an institution are evident; and it evil influences, and induced to seek men is no small credit to New-York, that, as tal, moral, and religious privileges. The she erected the first chapel for the excluexperiment was successful, and they re sive use of mariners and their families, so solved to erect a building where their also she founded the first home for seamen. object could be more effectually accom Such is the provision made for the welplished. They applied to the Legislature fare of the sailor while in health and of the State for assistance, and obtained a vigor ; but hardship, exposure, and dissiloan of ten thousand dollars for five years, pation make sad havoc with his constituwithout interest. On the 14th of October, tion, and he needs a place to recruit his 1841, just twenty-two years from the day strength and recover his wasted health. on which the corner-stone of the Mariners' This is afforded in the building which we Church in Roosevelt-street was laid, ap- have now reached. It is about a mile propriate exercises were held on the occa below the quarantine grounds, and occusion of the commencement of their new pies an elevated position about one hunbuilding in Cherry-street; and in 1842 it dred feet above the water. A sailor with was completed at an expense of forty-two but one leg guards the gate. He tells us thousand dollars. It is of brick, with a we may enter, and, having crossed the granite basement, six stories high, fifty beautiful lawn to the ce er door, we find feet front and one hundred and sixty feet on the left side of the hall the office. The deep. It contains one hundred and thirty superintendent and principal physician are sleeping-rooms, a dining-room one hundred absent, but an intelligent and polite assistby twenty-five feet, a reading-room, a ant receives us, and seems to take pleaslibrary, and a museum of natural curiosi- ure in answering our inquiries. The histies and specimens of art collected from tory of the institution called the “Seamen's different parts of the world, and presented Retreat” is as follows :by sailors ; about five hundred boarders In 1754, while the state was yet a colcan be accommodated at once ; about four ony, the city authorities imposed a tax thousand annually find a home there. Fam- upon sailors and passengers arriving at ily devotion is kept up by the superin- this port, for the support of a hospital for
quarantine purposes. In 1784 this tax since which time the passengers have conwas continued by the State Legislature. tinued to pay their tax into the old mari. The amount realized being more than suf ner's fund for the support of the Quaranficient for the purpose specified, a surplus tine Hospital, but the sailor pays his to began to accrue, out of which considerable the Seamen's Fund and Retreat. sums were granted to the House of Ref In 1836 the trustees erected their builduge and city dispensaries. There was ing. Its location is beautiful, commandalso a manifest injustice done to the sailor, ing a most extensive prospect. It is a inasmuch as the Quarantine Hospital was noble edifice, constructed of rough granite, closed from November to May; and al three stories high, and surrounded by pithough he had paid a hospital tax of $1 azzas; a library and cabinet occupy a a voyage, he was, if sick during the inter room opposite the office; the wards are vening months, liable to be sent to the neat, and airy, and supplied with baths. Alms-House as a pauper. A meeting of A neat chapel is provided, where divine ship-masters and mariners was therefore service is conducted by the chaplain, who held in 1830, and a committee appointed is a minister of the Methodist Episcopal to petition the Legislature to cause the Church, and a member of the New-Jersey tax collected from seamen and passengers Conference. A temperance society was to be paid into separate funds, and applied commenced nearly two years since, of to the support of separate hospitals. Such which the superintendent, Captain James a law was accordingly passed in 1831, Hart, is president, and the chaplain sec
retary. It now numbers about twelve chaplain. A large frame building in the hundred members. From 1831 to 1845, rear, used as the Hospital before the erecsixteen thousand
hundred and tion of the present commodious edifice, is sixty-four patients were treated in the now set apart for lunatics. Hospital; the average time of their stay On the grounds of this institution, a little was twenty-eight or twenty-nine days. to the south-west, is a fine brick building, At present the number of inmates is unu- owing its origin to the efforts of the Marisually small, not more than one hundred ners' Family Industrial Society, and conand thirty. On the grounds are residences ducted by them in connection with the for the physician, superintendent, and trustees of the Retreat. It is designed to
be a refuge for the “ destitute sick or in- gentleman who accompanies us, and that firm mothers, wives, sisters, daughters, or the Declaration of Independence was read widows of seamen." It was opened for by the chaplain of the Retreat, who coninmates on the 2d of May last, and now ducts public worship in this institution also. contains twenty-five pensioners. Among No other establishment like this Seathese we find one who is eighty-four years men's Retreat exists in the United States. of age, sitting in her neat room, sewing Indeed, we know of none in the world which patch-work without glasses. She shows makes such provision for the sick mariner in us a piece of canvas about four feet the merchant service. There is, however, a square on which she has embroidered the Naval Hospital at the Wallabout, intended whole of the Declaration of Independence, for the sick of the United States Navy. with the names of its signers. At the top We have seen what provisions are made are the stripes and stars, and several for the benefit of the sailor in port, and other devices, all executed with a neat- when laboring under disease, as, also, for ness and good taste which would do credit his destitute female relatives in sickness to any young lady. She copied it from and infirmity. Let us turn our attention the lid and bottom of a snuff-box, on which now to his case when old age or other it is printed in letters so small that many causes render him incapable of pursuing younger eyes would be pained to read it. bis calling any longer. About three miles
The matron tells us that they had an from the Quarantine, on the north side of oration on the 4th of July from the medical Staten Island, is the Sailors' Snug Harbor.
It is in the midst of the loveliest rural not refer to them in this article. Enough, scenery in the neighborhood of New- however, has been seen to convince us York, surrounded with elegant villas, pret- that New-York is not negligent of the ty cottages, and well-cultivated farms, and welfare of those who contribute so greatly commanding a magnificent view, with the to her prosperity; and we shall return city in the distance. Unlike the other from our trip in improved spirits, and betinstitutions we have described, this owes ter humor with ourselves and the “rest its origin to the liberality of an individual. of mankind.” Captain Randall, a prominent ship-master in the city of New York, dying in 1801,
MY RUSSET GOWN. bequeathed a piece of land in the upper part of the city for the foundation of a My russet gown is dear to me, retreat for worn-out seamen. He appoint
Though years have pass'd away
Since my young heart beat joyously ed as trustees of his legacy the Chancel
Beneath its folds of
gray. lor of the State of New York, the Mayor No jewels hung around my neck, and Recorder of the city of New York, Or glitter'd in my hair ; the President and Vice-President of the
With lightsome step I tript along,
My spirit knew no care: Marine Society, the President of the
The roses near my windows crept, Chamber of Commerce, and the senior
And shed their sweets around, ministers of the Episcopal and Presbyte Hard was the bed on which I slept, rian Churches.
But yet my sleep was sound. Little did he dream that this small prop My russet gown I laid aside erty could ever produce such magnificent
For one of rich brocade ; results. In 1806 the annual income from
I thought, in my simplicity,
Its charm could never fade. the estate was but little more than $4,000; I left the cot where I had pass'd it is now, we believe, about $60,000. The My happy childhood years, grounds belonging to this institution com
I left my aged father sad,
My mother was in tears ; prise about one hundred and sixty acres, I left them for a wealthy home, which are inclosed by a handsome iron To be a rich man's bride, fence that cost, a few years since, $35,000. And thought that splendor would atone The corner-stone of the building was laid
For loss of all beside. in 1831, and it was opened for the recep
My russet gown, when next I gazed tion of inmates on the 1st of August,
Upon its somber hue,
Brought such a lesson to my heart, 1833.
Ah, sad as it was true. The center edifice is sixty-five by one Its simple neatness seem'd to mock hundred feet, with two wings fifty-one by
My silks and jewels gay, one hundred feet, connected with the cen
And bore my wandering thoughts to those
Dear friends so far away. ter by corridors. The material is brick,
I felt how fleeting were the joys faced with white marble, with a marble That wealth alone can buy, portico. A chaplain officiates regularly And for that humble cottage home in a room set apart for the purpose,
My bosom heaved a sigh. every provision is made for the comfort My russet gown I still have kept, of the inmates. They find it indeed a
To check my growing pride ;
A true though silent monitor, “Snug Harbor,” after the toils and tem
My folly to deride. pests of life.
And when I meet with faithless friends, There are two handsome houses for the Among the giddy throng,
Whom vice and pleasure, in their train, governor and physician, and extensive
Drag heedlessly along, additions have recently been made, com
I feel how gladly I would give prising a hospital for the sick and a refuge My coach and bed of down, for the children of sailors, already con
Once more in sweet content to live, taining more than one hundred little ones.
And wear my russet gown. In the center of the front court is a simple marble monument to the founder, whose BENEVOLENCE.—There cannot be a more remains rest beneath.
glorious object in creation than a human Such are some of the institutions de- being, replete with benevolence, meditating signed principally for the temporal benefit in what manner he might render himself of the seamen. There are others intended most acceptable to his Creator, by doing to supply his spiritual wants; but we can most good to his creatures.