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BY A SAILOR,
VISIT TO THE VOLCANO OF HAWAII.
our path. These, with the loud clear notes of the many bright-feathered
songsters, as they sweetly warbled out T daylight I left my ship to join a their morning carols of praise to God, all
party on shore, who were arranging tended to fill the mind with delight, and for a visit to the volcano of Hawaii. lead to an admiration of the hand that I selected a horse, and with several friends formed the world. and naval officers were soon upon our Emerging from this wild and beautiful journey. A troop of Kanakers made part spot, by a sudden turn in the ascent we of our train, carrying all our provisions, found ourselves on the verge of an extenapparel, &c., packed in calabashes. We sive plain, completely covered by the high proceeded on briskly a short time, until fern from which the native “pulu” is our road became too rugged to allow of taken, so highly prized for beds.
Our fast trotting, when a part of our company company had by this time become sepahad to return for better horses. A heavy rated, some in the rear and some in advance. shower of rain began to fall, and we soon In the distance we espied two horses gladly halted at a native lodge, to rest and standing, with their riders by their side. await their return. Upon their joining Supposing them to be of our party, we us we started for the half-way house, saluted them with a loud shout; but on which we did not reach until four o'clock coming nearer we discovered our mistake. P. M., completely saturated with the rain, They proved to be a venerable old padre, which had been falling in torrents for the with his crucifix suspended from his neck, last two hours. We now stood anxiously with a companion of an inferior order. looking for the arrival of the natives with They were on a return from a visit to some the calabashes of dry clothes, and often of their mission stations; they had lost the heard the inquiry from the ladies within key of their carpet-bag, and were looking the house, “ Have the natives come?" for it when we first saw them. After a while they all came, when, chang- told us the hour, and that some of our ing our raiment, and partaking of a good party had passed them some time before. hot supper, cheerfulness prevailed ; our Touching our hats we started on, quickwet clothes were arranged by the fire, and ening our pace as dark clouds rolled above we retired for the night, wishing to take us, ominous of an approaching shower. an early start on the morrow. The house Our road was now good, and by a short was of native construction, having one very curve we soon came in sight of a house and large room, in which a field-bed runs the our advanced party, reclining on the grass entire length. Two apartments were made at the edge of the old crater, while their by running a curtain through the middle. weary steeds were standing mopishly by We slept soundly, and awoke to find the their sides. They appeared entirely enweather threatening. After partaking of veloped in dense clouds of steam, which a good breakfast, we, however, remounted arose from almost every fissure of the our horses; the morning assumed a earth, there being many over which we brighter appearance, and we journeyed were riding. We joined them on a gallop, cheerfully onward.
and were struck with surprise as we gazed Our road, or rather path, soon struck on down into a vast amphitheater of ten miles the Java rock, which became very trying in circumference, and seemingly hundreds for our horses' feet, they not being shod. of feet in depth. Its bed was formed of A barren scene was presented to the eye, as cold lava, which, in many places, was but little vegetation was here visible. crossed by deep fissures, from which hot Passing from this we entered an exceed steam was ascending in clouds. Wearied ingly dense forest, where our romantic with travel, we concluded to wait until path was scarcely wide enough for a morning before we made a descent. single horseman. Here were large trees An excellent supper, a pleasant chat, of the native “ Koa,” around which beau- &c., and we retired to rest; the ladies in tiful vines twined themselves. Gay and the house, and the gentlemen in a smaller odoriferous wild flowers were smilingly one situated a short distance down the peeping out occasionally from their luxu- banks of the crater. At sundown, some rious beds of evergreen mosses; cool one outside thought he could discern, brooks were everywhere seen bubbling through the clouds of smoke and steam, a
horse and rider. Expecting to meet at piled, sheet upon sheet, and as we walked this place the Rev. Mr. T. and Miss F. our feet would often break in as through on their return from the other side of the snow crust, letting us down, many times, island, all joined in the cry, They are knce deep, the heat being too great to be coming.” We looked in vain, for no Mr. endured but for a moment.
We now began T. made his appearance, though each of slowly to ascend the sides of the main pit, us strained our eyes to discover their | in which the lava was boiling. It is approaching forms. And no very flattering thought its circumference is about half a compliments were paid to the one who mile. Its sides seem perpendicular, alhad raised the “ false aların.” A heavy though they slightly incline inward to misty dawn greeted us on waking, which the depth of about one hundred and fifty gave evident signs of a rainy day.
feet. Long were the faces at the breakfast Notwithstanding the difficulty of the way, table; the older ones talking of prudence our party advanced with some measure of in bad weather, the wives urging their glee; when, upon coming suddenly to the husbands to a descent, “rain or no rain ;" edge of the pit and glancing down, one and the young ones spunkily protesting that general scream of surprise and horror broke they came to see the active part of the from the company. Some for the moment volcano, and as they were neither sugar ran from the awful sight. Seeing others nor salt, the rain should not interfere with gazing silently down its terrific abyss, they them. In the meantime the weather mustered courage, and again approached assumed a more favorable aspect, and the more cautiously to the sight. Truly it most eager started off, leaving the prudent was enough to strike man dumb with
to await confirming signs. Off I astonishment, and excite in him reverence went with the first party, of course.
After for that Great Jehovah who is the creator a gradual descent for about a quarter of a of all things. “He toucheth the mounmile, we came to a slope, almost perpen- tains and they smoke,” is the language of dicular, of about one hundred feet down. inspiration; and O what strange infatuation A sort of path had been worn by clinging for puny man to strive against such power, to rocks, bushes, &c., and slipping where and defy the mighty maker of such a we had no convenient hold for the hands. scene! Here the boasted skill and Thus we made out to get down. The wisdom of man is obliged to yield. He difficulty of the descent obliged some of can but look with wonder, and must conthe ladies to relinquish the pleasure of fess that GOD IS, and there is none like witnessing the raging fire, and they unto him! returned to the house.
The eye looks down, and beholds, as Our way now became more casy, as the it were, a bed of molten iron, conslope was less steep; but at best it was tinually heaving, surging, and spouting the very trying for a female. One half mile fiery liquid high in air. Now it is covered further brought us to the lower bed of the all over with a dark coat of lava, and anon new lava, which was more easy to walk the confined air bursts the crust into pieces, upon, being like ice covered with ashes. and tumbling, whistling, pitching, it sinks From this point our way became crossed into the liquid mass, and is melted by the by innumerable cracks or openings, over intense heat. It is a fathomless " lake of which we were forced to step or jump, fire”—a fit emblem of “ Death and Hell.” according to their size, and many of them The sight beggars all description, and of an undiscoverable depth, hot steam my vain, feeble attempt seems but a issuing froin them all, causing a sensation mockery. To be at all realized it must as if we were passing an oven's mouth. be seen!
We stopped a moment at the base of a Leaving this huge wonder of nature's hugh pile of lava rocks, in the center of frightful convulsion, we returned to the which was a deep pit, smelling strongly foot of the mound, and there partook of a of brimstone, and which was so hot that lunch of oysters, crackers, cheese, &c., we could not look into it: one of our party which the natives had brought. lighted a cigar by holding it over its mouth The weather, which until now had reon the end of stick. Next we crossed mained misty, gave signs of speedy and a high ridge of rocks, of all sizes and shapes, abundant rain, and our party concluded to which brought us to where the lava was return by the direct route in which they
Mr. S. and myself determined volcano, and supposed it to be the other to take a more circuitous way on the bed crater, which had only been in action a of the new lava, and thus give scope for short time, and whose light we had perfurther explorations at every step, and we ceived the previous evening. The hissfound much to interest us. I occasion- ing, however, proved to be from the nose ally picked up a specimen of glassy lava, of a tea-kettle, kept boiling over a lamp for which fortunately I had provided my- during the night in case it might be wantself with a small bag. We had hardly ed. The joke went merrily round the gone half
way from the crater before it next day at the expense of our informant. began to rain heavily. Seeing a sort of As the sun rose in splendor, we took cave near by, we entered it, and upon ex our breakfast with elated spirits and preamination found we were under an impared to start. Mr. T. and suite, with mense shell of lava which had been raised Captain F., had gone before us, intending probably to the hight of forty feet. It to complete the journey before night. was one hundred feet long and twenty-five We took it leisurely and enjoyed the feet wide. Having for the most part no scene, which was both picturesque and rosupport, the roof in the center had fallen mantic, the day proving very fine. On in, so that there are now two caves instead Captain F.'s leaving, my attentions were of one.
Innumerable stalactites, having due, and were not unwillingly rendered, to the appearance of icicles, but of a dark a very agreeable and intelligent lady. We slate color, were found, both suspended arrived at the half-way house about two from the roof and standing around the P. M., somewhat weary, but in the best
The cave was filled with a warm of spirits. The advance party had enand very
dense vapor, which, rising to the gaged refreshments for us, and native hostop, was dripping continually from every pitality had decorated the house with everpart of it, and thus, no doubt, the stalac greens, and in other ways provided for our tites were formed. We gathered a num comfort. Captain P. and lady, after taking ber of specimens, and remained here with a cup of hot tea, continued their journey ; overcoats off until we found our garments while the rest of us, seeking our ease, had completely wet through by the vapor and
domiciled ourselves until the morrow. A perspiration. Preferring the rain, we pro pig was purchased, and given to the naceeded on our way. I doubt not that this tives to prepare in regular “ Lou ou" cave would be very useful for its medici style. At seven o'clock we took supper, nal properties were it in a location access and a feast it was. Fruits were in abunible to invalids. The rain was now pour dance. The native process of " lomi, loing, and the fog became so dense that it mi,” refreshed the most weary of our was impossible for us to see our way from party. The evening was spent in singing, the crater. All we could discern was an conversation, &c. We retired early, and immense precipice, as perpendicular as a sleep soon silenced the most talkative. plumb-line, towering hundreds of feet over By six o'clock in the morning we had our heads until lost in the misty clouds started for town. that had settled upon us.
All nature seemed to rejoice in the adAfter resting several times we arrived vent of the glorious orb of day as he masafely at the top of the crater, much wea- jestically rose above the cloud-capt horiried, but feeling amply repaid for the un zon, shedding light and gladness over all dertaking. No specimens but mine were below. About nine o'clock we arrived at gathered save some sulphur. Supper was the cocoanut grove, where a troop of naeaten with zest, for our fatiguing trip tives had assembled to see our cavalcade had sharpened our appetites, and the rain as it passed. We were anxious to termiwithout only tended to make us more mer nate our journey, and hurried on. ry. Before the repast was ended Rev. Shortly after, we ascended an eminence Mr. T. and Miss F. arrived, of course where the scenery presented to our eyes completely drenched. Dry clothes, a cup was truly grand. Before our sight was of hot tea, and agreeable company, soon spread the broad and beautiful Bay of revived their spirits. After singing and Hilo, upon whose quiet bosom a number prayer by Mr. T. we retired.
of vessels were riding, which could be During the night one of our party affirmed plainly discerned through the interventhat he distinctly heard the low hissing of a ing shrubbery. On the right hand was
spread the expansive waters of the mighty verse he heard a sermon which he never Pacific, now reposing in treacherous tran can forget ; this chapter is associated with quillity, stealthily waiting the summons of some affecting event in his domestic hisnature to lash themselves into foaming tory; and here is a paragraph which gave fury! On our left, in the distance, rose rise to a dialogue or meditation, ever memthe towering “ Mouna Roa,” whose snowy orable in his religious career. peak strangely contrasted with the sultry Yet, were a hundred such illuminated air of the valley.
Bibles compared, it would be found that Looking up, we once more beheld dark in no two of them is the same set of pasheavy clouds rolling “ to and fro,” as if sages marked and made prominent. Some preparing for a terrible conflict. Wisely may coincide, and a few emphatic senheeding nature's signs, we urged our al- tences may be common to all ; but, accordready jaded steeds to a more prompt and ing to individual peculiarities or provispeedy performance of their duty. They, dential circumstances, it will turn out that too, began to think of home, and new vigor portions fraught with glory to one eye are seemed imparted to us all. As we struck obscure or ordinary to every other. upon the highway of the town, large drops To take two instances. Suppose that began to fall. On entering, we rode di- each man were to mark in vermilion the rectly up to the hospitable mansion of the verse that first convinced him of sin, or Rev. T. Coan, seamen's chaplain at Hilo, first made him anxious for the saving of and had barely dismounted when the rain his soul. In the Bible of the Apostle seemed to “let go," and down it poured Paul, the tenth commandment would be in torrents.
inscribed in red letters; for, as he tells us, After a plenteous repast and happy “I had not known sin, except the comgreetings, I started for my ship, the mandment had said, Thou shalt not covet.” rain in the meantime having abated. I In the Bible of Alexander Henderson it found one of my boats at the beach in wait- would be, “ He that entereth not by the ing, and a few strokes of the oar by its door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up hardy crew put me alongside our vessel. some other way, the same is a thief and a In another minute I was once more upon robber;" for that was the shaft which the deck of my floating home, glad to find pierced the conscience of the unconverted “ all well,” and myself benefited by the minister. In the Bible of the Ironside excursion.
soldier, the rubric would be found at Ec
cles. xi, 9; for it was there that the bullet THE ILLUMINATED BIBLE AND THE stopped, which, but for the interposing
Bible, would have pierced his bosom ; and LIVING EPISTLE.
when the battle was over, he read, “ ReEFORE the days of printing, the copy joice, O young man, in thy youth, and let ists
thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy their manuscripts, and Bibles were then youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, elaborately embellished. Traced in silver and in the sight of thine eyes : but know and gold and brilliant colors, occasionally thou, that for all these things God will executed on tinted parchment, the mere bring thee into judgment." letters were often a gorgeous picture ; Or, suppose that each were to mark in and such illuminated manuscripts will al golden letters the text which has been to ways awaken the astonishment and delight him the gate of heaven; the text through of the tasteful antiquarian.
whose open lattice a reconciled God has We do not print our Bibles in silver looked forth on him, or through whose and gold ; nor have we verses marked out telescope he first has glimpsed the cross. from the others by their vermilion ink, or The Ethiopian chamberlain would mark their bolder character. And yet we have the fifty-third of Isaiah ; for it was when sometimes thought that every careful reading about the Lamb led to the slaughreader can illuminate his own copy as he ter that his eye was directed to the Lamb proceeds. The book is all bright with of God, who taketh away the sin of the passages which, at one time or another, world, and he went on his way rejoicing. have stirred or strengthened him :-it is The English martyr, Bilney, would indiall radiant with texts which have accused, cate the faithful saying, “ Christ Jesus or rebuked, consoled him. On this came into the orld to save sinners, of
whom I am chief;" for it was in sight of howling wilderness, restored his soul. these words that the burden fell from his Here is the smooth stone with which he back which fasts and penances had only struck down that terrible temptation, and rendered more weighty. There was here is the good sword with which he cut stricken deer" who had long been panting off its head. Here is the harp on which for the water-brooks, but he had yet he discoursed sweet music when God gave found no comfort; when, one day, list- him songs in the night; and there is the lessly taking up a Testament, it opened staff with which he was comforted when at the words, “Whom God hath set forth he walked through the valley. to be a propitiation through faith in his An illuminated Bible makes an illustrablood, to declare his righteousness for the tive reader; and if, in your private perusal, remission of sins that are past," and in- you come ever and anon on passages made stantly he realized the sufficiency of the dear and memorable by their bearing on atonement, and embraced the gospel; and, your personal history, in your own turn doubtless, the Bard of Olney would sig- you will, in some measure, supply that nalize by the most brilliant memorial the commentary which, of all others, is the spot where the Sun of Righteousness first greatest desideratum,-a legible Christian, shone into his soul. “ Now unto the King -an epistle of Christ that may be known eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise and read of all men. God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Perhaps my reader is a young man. Amen." These were the words which Perhaps he is a young man of enthusiasm instantly converted into a living temple and energy. In exuberant health, and with the calm and stately mind of Jonathan spirits briskly bounding, he has the prosEdwards; and we may be sure that-like pect not only of living long, but living Jacob, who, at Luz, would always see largely ;-a man who will feel in every lingering the light of the ladder-every fiber all the influences of the coming age, time he returned to the passage, even in and who will be himself no mean influence his most cursory perusal, the devout theo- in it. logian would perceive a surviving trace of Brother, look before you.
" Wherethat manifestation, which into his vacant, withal shall a young man cleanse his way?" wistful soul brought "the only wise God,” In this abundance of life, and this measure and in glorifying that God gave him an of ability, God has given you a solemn object worthy of the vastest powers and trust. You cannot help telling on others the longest existence.
for good or evil. And when a few years Such is the divine variety of Scripture ; are past, you will have done a great deal and thus from the stores of religious bi- to deepen the perdition, or to highten the ography might be compiled a sort of his bliss of yourself and others. torical commentary, showing what service Methinks I hear you say, “I do n't in the way of “ doctrine, reproof, correc- want to be vicious; nay, I would rather tion, and instruction in righteousness," the be uncommonly virtuous. I would like to different passages have done. It would be a better man than most of your sobe found that in this quiver there are hun- called saints. I am sick of their affectadreds of arrows which have pierced the tions and hypocrisies. I cannot bear their conscience and convinced of sin. It would cant. I want to be in every action sincere be found that from this tree of life as and earnest,-every atom true. I cannot many leaves have dropped, and proved ef- fill up a ready-made formula : I cannot fectual to the healing of such wounds. It stow myself away in the stiff exuviæ of a would be found that in this garden there misshapen antiquity. I must be original, hardly grows an herb, but some visitor independent, real. I shall make my own has been regaled by its beauty, or revived model, and then I shall make myself.” by its fragrance ; and those which have By all means be genuine ; nay, by all not been so sweet to the taste, have, in means be original. But, on the part of a their very bitterness, yielded a salutary creature, what is the truest originality? tonic. How many a text should we find Is it not the closest copying of perfection? invested with its true and touching legend! that is, the most implicit imitation of the This was the lamp which lighted such a Creator's originals? When Phidias or pilgrim through that ominous eclipse ; and Praxiteles took a block of marble, did he this was the hidden manna which, in the say to himself, “ Now I shall make a new
VOL. III, No. 4.--Z