« 이전계속 »
escape without difficulty, and whither they on with threats or blows. Lately, a trav. could not easily be brought back. They eler fell in with one of these melancholy are exceedingly useful to their owners,
It consisted of about twenty who enjoy indolence and comfort, through camels laden with ivory, and thirty girls, their industry : and for this reason it is, who had been seventy days on their monotthat when the slave-hunting army returns, onous, mournful way. Most of these poor so much delight fills the population as creatures had performed journeys, on their they salute the army with the beautiful road from their own happy villages to Arabic word “ Alberka!"_" Blessing !" captivity, which would acquire for any In the same spirit the Italian bandit repeats European traveler who should perform an invocation to the Virgin while he cocks them an unequaled renown. Some of his pistol !
them had little children slung on their The slaves cultivate the ground, cook backs. They met an old woman who was food, sweep the huts, and do all kinds of returning free to her own country, under menial offices for their masters, and when the protection of a party of white men. they offend, are punished with awful No envy filled their sad breasts. They severity by them. Yet they are not on fell upon her aged neck, weeping and the whole inhumanly treated, and are kissing her, and blessing her in return for allowed to enjoy some of their favorite the kind wish she uttered, that the same amusements. On the “night of power,” happiness might be in store for all of in which the Koran is said to have them. descended from heaven, they are permitted Away the caravan proceeds, over the to have a feast, a free dance, and songs ; unmeasured desert, the camels pacing and then they forget for the hour all thought along in strings, one being tied to another, of suffering, and are as happy as under their and resembling, in the distance, a moving native shades. On certain days, too, they mass of troops, especially when the mirage visit the tombs of their dead friends, burn- multiplies their long piles to the eye. A ing incense over them, calling upon their solid bed of rock constitutes the basis of names, and praying to be restored “to the region, scattered over with fine dry sand, them and to liberty after death.” They or blue pebbles, except when a fountain dress very gayly on holidays, and derive splashes amid its little green paradise, from such occasions an enjoyment which like a smile on the face of desolation. seems almost compensate for the sadness Occasionally, a vast assemblage of rocks of the rest of the year. Many of them appears on the horizon, and seems, to the are patterns of fidelity, and after a length- believing eye of the Moslem, some abanened period of service will die for their doned city of the Jinn. Then a small masters.
lake shines like a patch of silver under But the most unhappy are those who some palms, and some pretty red and are doomed to be sent across deserts, to be yellow wild-flowers are scattered along the sold in distant cities, and scattered far over track; and the wanderer, unaccustomed to the earth in strange lands. Regular cara- beauty amid all this dreariness, vans are formed to take them across the
“In barren deserts, with surprise, Sahara to the market of the coast. They Sees lilies spring, and sudden verdure rise ; are either sold or confided to the dealers, And starts amid the thirsty wilds to hear and marched in the heat of the day over
New falls of water murmuring in his ear.” the desolate wastes of sand and rock, with The slaves, as they march, wear scarcely no alleviation to their toil, except the any clothes, and are treated as much like lightness of their own hearts and the cheer merchandise as possible. Three or four of their own songs. The train is ready— are often made into a
-a young it starts ; little time is given for adieus, woman, a young man, and two children. and the links of blood, and the bonds of Their condition varies, of course, with the love, and all the dear affinities of the heart, character of their drivers. Some are are broken forever!
grossly and savagely used, whipped along A number of camels, with a file of armed by day, and made the toy of their masters men, march with the weary cavalcade of in the camp; others are kindly treated, slaves. They may be seen straggling well fed, and permitted to ride in turns. along the brown desert, some crawling and Those with infants in their arms are bescarcely able to move, others urged sullenly haved to with tenderness and even respect
-respect, I mean, of the sort which is sugar-canes and cotton-fields of Alabama paid to women in this part of the earth. and Carolina. In such festivities the unGenerally, females are not believed to pos- happy creatures fall into forgetfulness of sess souls ; they have no moral motives to their lot, and seem as though lost by an virtue, no family or feminine pride, no indifference, which, however, only lasts liberty of the affections, and are expected while the merriment goes on. See them to do wrong if they can. From women next morning setting out, with unwilling in such a position what can be anticipated ? steps, their heads bent, their eyes downSultan Ennoor, of the unexplored kingdom cast and dull, their faces marked with of Aheer, told Richardson his ideas on sorrow, and all the illusion of the moonlit this subject :
revelry passes away, and they become " The opinion of his highness of women does again as cheerless and desolate as the not flatter the ladies : he recommended us Sahara itself. never to listen to the advice of our wives; if we And so the caravan toils along, now did we should be lost. The women were very winding in irregular files along the plain, well to fetch water, pound ghaseb, and cook the supper, but for nothing else.
now crawling up a mountain, now bivouachimself paid any attention to what they said: ing near a well, and on the green fields of they were awful talkers."
an oäsis. As it goes, some of the victims So much for the old savage. However, fail in strength, and sink and perish on the women in bonds are not likely to be the road. The very aged especially leave best representatives of their sex.
their bonds in this manner half-way beHappy is it for the poor slave-girls, on tween their former dwelling-places and the their march through the Sahara, that they termination of the journey to bondage. It have light hearts. They sing touching and seems a gratuitous cruelty on the part of plaintive songs, laden with memories of the slave-hunters to disturb tottering old home, laden with thoughts of former joys, men and women, who have nothing left to laden with recollections of the field and huts do on earth but to die, and who, if they where they spent their happy youth; and were actually brought to market, would so they beguile their way. As soon as not sell for more than one shilling, so the place of encampment is reached, they feeble and useless are they. When they arrange everything and light fires, first for expire, a hole is dug, or rather scratched their masters, and then for themselves. in the sand, and they are thrown in, and a The cold of the desert is bitter at night, loose stone is placed over them. Numbers and the wretched creatures wear little or of such graves mark the four great caravan no clothing. Their rations of food are tracks, from the kingdom of the Sahara to then served to them: and too often the the northern coast. Many little mounds, barley-meal and water which would be too, mark the resting bed of children who scarcely sufficient for one is divided among have died on this road; the earth is ten of the famished and squalid slaves. hollowed for them the moment they have
They may have been on foot fourteen ceased to breathe, even before; and no hours; they may be still hungry, thirsty, mother, no friend, can ever come to visit weary; yet, as the evening deepens, they the sacred place again. An undistinguishrise one by one to the dance, and trip upon
able hillock remains for a while upon the the sand until the moon grows pale. They spot, but the desert is soon subdued to its beat their untcouth drums, and the young level, and every sign of their existence slaves fly round, often in very modest and is gone. graceful measures, though often, too, in figures quite of another character. A ENERGY AND Victory.—The longer I peculiar hopping step is much in practice live, the more I am certain that the great among them; and it is by no means an un- difference between men, between the curious circumstance that we can trace feeble and the powerful, the great and the many of the favorite negro dances in insignificant, is energy-invincible deterAmerica to their origin in the remote mination. A purpose once fixed, and kingdoms of the Sahara. They have even then,-death or victory. That quality preserved some of the most singular of will do anything that can be done in this the movements and evolutions, as well as world; and no talents, no circumstances, many of the native airs; so that the spirit no opportunities, will make a two-legged of Africa is breathed again among the creature a man without it.-Buxton.
[For the National Magazine.)
deeply interested in a lady of rare attracLIEUTENANT HEYWOOD, U. S. N.
tions of person and manner, and very highly accomplished; and at the termina
tion of the cruise was united to her in THIS officer was born in Waterville, Me., i marriage, and she accompanied him to his
BY AN OFFICER OP THE NAVY,
age of seventeen, where he acquitted him- sided. Several interesting children have self creditably in study, and, by his amiable resulted from this marriage, who, with and conciliatory deportment, endeared him their bereaved mother, now mourn the loss self to his instructors, class-mates, and of their best and truest earthly friend and college companions. But his naturally protector. ardent and restless spirit was dissatisfied On a subsequent cruise to the coast of with this sedentary life, and he obtained, Africa, in a small vessel, he was infected by the aid of his friends, a cadet's appoint- with the fever peculiar to that climate, and ment to the Military Academy at West great fears were entertained for his life, Point. Remaining there two years, and but, by a timely change, in returning to preserving a respectable position in his the United States previous to the terminaclass, his inclinations led him to seek a tion of the cruise, the fatal consequences still more active life, and he resigned his were avoided. A report of his death was, situation and repaired to Washington to however, by some unpardonable carelesssolicit a midshipman's appointment in the ness, circulated in the journals of the day, navy. Unaided by the influence of friends, and caused great distress to his family; he was kept from day to day, for several but his arrival home immediately afterweeks, in attendance on the Secretary of ward relieved their fears and gladdened the Navy, and each day was put off to the their hearts. next, sometimes with some slight encour During the late war with Mexico he agement, oftener with none. Others might was actively and conspicuously employed have been weary and disheartened with on the Western coast, and at San José these delays ; not so young Heywood; no rendered services which reflect great obstacles that could be overcome turned credit upon the squadron to which he was him aside from his object, thus exhibiting attached, and firmly established for hima trait of character which peculiarly fitted self a reputation truly enviable. him for his chosen profession. At length After a short tour of service on shore, he was successful ; Mr. Southard, (then Lieutenant Heywood was again ordered Secretary of the Navy,) seeing the worth to sea, as first lieutenant of the steam and perseverance of the applicant, informed frigate Saranac; and although the position him that a warrant should be immediately was not such as should have been offered made out and forwarded to his residence, to so distinguished an officer, yet, never which was accordingly done in November, having declined any orders, or shrunk from 1826. Passing through this grade and any service, he promptly entered upon his that of passed midshipman, he was com- duties, and sailed for the coast of Brazil. missioned as a lieutenant in 1837. In a He was destined never again to visit his long course of service rendered in these native land, never more to enjoy the tengrades he was, for the most part, actively der endearments of home, to watch over employed on the different stations at home the progress and interests of his family, and abroad, and established an enviable never more to extend a hearty greeting to reputation as an officer and a gentleman. his many sincere friends and companions. An immovable firmness of purpose, an The fever, then prevalent at Rio de Janeiro, untiring perseverance in the discharge of assailed him, and, after a short illness, he his duties, and an irreproachable moral was removed from the scene of his labors, life, combined with an overflowing meas we trust and believe to a better world. ure of kindness and benevolence, and a While he retained his senses, neither he modest, retiring, and unobtrusive manner, nor his medical attendant entertained any served to win the esteem and elicit the doubts of his recovery; but a sudden and friendly responses of all his associates. unexpected change came over him, and he
On his first cruise, after promotion to passed away rapidly and unconsciously. the rank of lieutenant, during the visits The blow was a severe one to all on board. of the squadron to Mahon, he became | When the melancholy event was commu
nicated a sad and gloomy feeling pervaded activity and desperate courage,") with all parts of the vessel. Respected, hon- summary vengeance. Under the consterored, beloved, and lamented throughout the nation caused by these threats, the resident whole
corps, he died as he had always lived, Americans fled, and the friendly Califortrue to himself and true to his country; nians were in the greatest terror. leaving behind him a name and a reputa- The force left under Lieutenant Hey. tion which no time can obscure,—which wood amounted to twenty-five, all told, will elevate the standing and add a bright furnished with a nine-pound carronade, page to the history of the navy.
seventy-five carbines, and a limited supply The honorable services performed by of ammunition. This force was numeriLieutenant Heywood during the Mexican cally swelled by the enrollment of twenty War have failed in calling forth from the friendly Californians; but they proved of executive notice commensurate with their little service, and with their families only deserts. True, the officers of the navy, and helped to reduce the provisions, and useparticularly those who were intimately ac- lessly waste the ammunition. After landquainted with the facts, rendered freely to ing a supply of provisions for thirty days, him all praise and honor; but that which | the squadron sailed, leaving Lieutenant the naval or military officer most prizes, Heywood, with this scanty force, for the which sustains him through a long course defense of San José. An old missionof privations, hardships, and exposures, house, situated at the upper end of the fell not to his lot. The service on his village, a square building, protected in the part was rendered faithfully, brilliantly; rear by an abrupt descent to the base of the reward, so well merited, was not at the plain, the front facing and looking tained. The fruits of his gallantry are down upon the whole length of the main nevertheless infallible, and remain the in- street, was selected, upon which to hoist heritance of those who come after him. the flag. It was strengthened by crossHis achievements at San José alone should pieces and upright pillars, several useless place him among the first of heroes. Ours doorways and windows closed in with will be the pleasure to recall them.* masonry, leaving but one entrance in front
The flag of the United States had and one in the rear, and port-holes made been, in March, 1847, hoisted at San José, for musketry. The carronade, mounted with the consent of the town council, and on an old clumsy slide, without wheels with a national salute, thereby taking for- for easy transportation, or any of the conmal possession, and assuming jurisdiction veniences necessary for maneuvering on over it; but owing to the extent of opera- land, was planted in front to command tions and the small naval force on that the avenue; this was designated as the station, it had been hauled down on the cartel. Another building-owned by an departure of the squadron, the commodore American, Mr. Mott, and occupied by Mr. deeming it injudicious to leave a flag fly- Gillespie, a merchant of San José—being ing without a force adequate for its pro- in dangerous proximity, (if occupied by an tection. The circumstance, however, of enemy,) was also occupied by Passed Midhauling down a flag, after hoisting it in so shipman M'Lanahan, assisted by Mr. Gi!formal a manner, being calculated to pro- lespie, a corporal of marines, and twelve duce mistrust, induced him subsequently California volunteers. Every preparation to order the landing of a force; and for being made for the defense of their posithis service Lieutenant Heywood was se- tion, this little band found themselves with lected, having under his command three only forty rounds of cartridges, the buildpassed midshipmen and a party of marines. ings filled with native families, seeking This was also rendered the more impera- protection, and consuming their provisions, tive from the fact that a majority of the and with constant rumors reaching them inhabitants of the town were friendly to of meditated attacks by greatly superior the United States, and desired their pro- numbers. tection, having been threatened by the Vague rumors of the force and moveguerrillas, headed by Mejares, ("a man of ments of the enemy were from time to
time received, and on the morning of the © This narrative is compiled from the Port- 19th of November, (ten days after the sailland Advertiser of March 8, 1853, and from Los Gringos, by Lieutenant Wise, who was at ing of the squadron,) they were reported the time in the same squadron.
within a league. At eight A. M. a troop
of cavalry, well equipped and mounted, The next day was passed in quiet, save appeared on an elevation called La Som an attempt of the enemy to cut off comita, distant about three hundred and forty munication between the buildings. yards, bearing a white fag. Having been On the night of the 20th, at eleven met by an equal force of the American o'clock, the enemy appeared again in front party under Passed Midshipman M'Lana- and made a vigorous charge, and were rehan, a written summons was transmitted ceived with a rapid fire of musketry. to the commander, demanding a surrender Three of their leaders fell dead, and among at discretion, to which was returned the them Majares himself; one, bearing away following characteristic reply :
his leader, fell mortally wounded across " GENTLEMEN, -Having been informed of the his body. Deprived of their chief, the rest eontents of your favor, I have to reply, that I filed. This plan of attack (as afterward cannot comply with your summous, and that I am prepared to defend the flag of the United ascertained) was well concerted, and the States against all who may oppose it.
This party well supplied with ladders, crossbeing my determination, I have the honor to bars, &c. While Majares, with forty bo, gentlemen, your obedient seryant,
picked men, as a forlorn hope, charged “ CHARLES HEYWOOD."
the front of the building, sustaining the Upon the receipt of which the troops fire of the carronade, and occupying the retired, replacing the flag of truce with attention of the whole garrison, the rethe Mexican tri-color. At three P. M. the mainder, one hundred strong, led by A. enemy appeared in force of about one hun- Moreno and Vincente Mexia, were to scale dred and fifty cavalry, (Lieut. Wise says the walls on the three remaining sides, nearly two hundred,) and occupied a posi- and thus secure the destruction of the little tion on La Somita, where they established band. “ Equally unprepared for the galtheir head-quarters ; about sunset they lant conduct of the little band at San José opened their fire from a six-pounder, which and depressed by the loss of their leader, was continued until dark, the shot striking the guerrilla chiefs ordered their partisans the occupied buildings, and doing some to again unite in the north for a combined trifling damage. The garrison, wishing attack upon La Paz.” to husband their supply of ammunition for On the morning of the 21st two vessels closer quarters, merely returned two or appeared in the offing, which proved to be three shots.
the whale-ships Magnolia and Edward Nothing but the great disparity of force Captains B. Simmons and Barker. The deterred Lieutenant Heywood from sal enemy, after sending a party of fifty to the lying forth to dislodge them at the point beach, as if to cut off communication with of the bayonet. At ten o'clock, after the garrison, and, no doubt, under the ima cessation of firing for some time, the pression that they were vessels of war, enemy, having cautiously advanced under struck their flag and retired along the road cover of night, made a simultaneous at- to La Paz; not, however, without a parttack on both buildings, in front and rear, ing shot, which, not to be deficient in and made a vigorous attempt to dislodge courtesy, was returned from the second the party in the second building, which building, knocking a horseman from his was as vigorously met; and they were suc saddle. cessfully driven back from a position where The two captains of the whale-ships, they had posted their cannon, bearing upon having been escorted up from the beach the front of the mission house. Being re- by a party under Passed Midshipman pulsed on each attack, they took refuge in M'Lanahan, volunteered to Lieutenant the adjacent buildings, from which they Heywood all the assistance in their power; kept up a brisk fire for the greater part of and, “ being informed of the straitened the night, their balls flying in showers situation of their countrymen, with their through every port-hole, and splintering brave crews, armed with muskets, lances, the inner walls. “The only wish (says spades, and harpoons, landed and marched Lieutenant Heywood in his oficial report) to the cuartel ; and also brought on shore breathed by officers and men was for close a quantity of bread, all the powder they quarters.” Before daylight the enemy re- possessed, and even parted with their hand tired with one killed and several wounded ; and deep-sea leads to mold into bullets." on the side of the Americans three only At the request of Lieutenant Heywood were wounded.
they also remained at San José for several