« 이전계속 »
sions of thankfulness, the hopeful trades- partly maintained himself, free of cost, by man paid his penny. On the first of the constituting himself milk-taster general at succeeding month, Audley again called, the market. He would munch his scrap and demanded twopence, and was as po- of bread, and wash it down with these gralitely satisfied as before. On the first of tuitous draughts. By such parsimonious December he received a groat ; the first artifices, and a most penurious course of of February, one shilling and fourpence. life, he succeeded in amassing an enorStill Miller did not see through the artifice, mous fortune, and was in a position to lend but paid him with a gracious smile ; per- vast sums of money to the French governhaps, however, there was something cyni- ment. When he had occasion to journey cal in the look of Audley as he left the from Boulogne to Paris, he avoided the shop this time, for the poor tradesman's expense of coach-fare by proceeding on suspicions were aroused, and he put his foot; and, lest he should be robbed, he pen to paper, as he ought to have done never carried more than threepence in his years before, to ascertain the amount of pocket, although he had a distance of a his subsequent payments. Reader, what hundred and thirty miles before him. If think you would have been the amount of he found this sum insufficient, he would the payment due on the first of the twenti- profess poverty, and beg from the passeneth month? What sum, think ye, the gers on the road a trifle to help him on. little penny had become? No less than in the year 1735, Vandille, the miser, was two thousand one hundred and eighty worth nearly eight hundred thousand pounds! And what was the aggregate pounds! He used to boast that this vast sum of all these twenty monthly pay- accumulation sprang from a single shilling. ments? Why, the enormous sum of four The winter of the year 1734 had been very thousand three hundred and sixty-six cold and bitter, and the miser felt inclined to pounds, eleven shillings, and threepence? purchase a little extra fuel in the summer It sounds incredible ; but, if you think it time, to provide, to some extent, against a fable, do as Miller did, and reckon for the like severity in the ensuing winter. yourselves. Of course Miller refused the He heard a man pass the street with wood payment of his bond, and forfeited five to sell; he haggled for an unconscionable hundred pounds by the benevolence and time about the price, and at last completed charity of the miser.
his bargain at the lowest possible rate. VANDILLE is one of the most remarkable Avarice had made the miser dishonest, and characters, as a miser, that is to be found he stole from the poor woodman several among the eccentric biographies of France. logs. In his eagerness to carry them His riches were immense, and his avarice away, and hide his ill-gotten store, he and parsimony extreme. He hired a mis- overheated his blood, and produced a feerable garret in one of the most obscure For the first time in his life he sent parts of Paris, and paid a poor woman a for a surgeon. “I wish to be bled,” said sous a day to wait upon him. Excepting he ; “what is your charge ?"
“ Half a once a week, his diet was never varied ; livre," was the reply. The demand was bread and milk for breakfast, the same deemed extortionate, and the surgeon was for dinner, and the same for supper, all the dismissed. He then sent for an apotheweek round. On a Sunday he ventured to cary, but he was also considered too high; indulge in a glass of sour wine, and he and he at last sent for a poor barber, who strove to satisfy the compunctions of con- agreed to open the vein for threepence a science by bestowing, in charity, a far- time. “But, friend," said the cautious thing every Sabbath. This munificence, miser, “how often will it be requisite to which incurred an expenditure of one shil- bleed me?" “ Three times," replied the ling and a penny per annum, he carefully barber. “ Three times ! and pray what noted down; and just before his death he quantity of blood do you intend to take found, with some degree of regret, that from me at each operation ?" “About during his life he had disbursed no less eight ounces each time,” was the answer. than forty-three shillings and fourpence. “ Let me see,” said the possessor of Forty-three shillings and fourpence! pro- three-quarters of a million, “ that will be digious generosity for the richest man in ninepence : too much ! too much! I have France ! Vandille had been a magistrate determined to go a cheaper way to work; at Boulogne, and while in that of he take the whole twenty-four ounces at once,
and that will save me sixpence.” The tained. Yet to this singular being the barber remonstrated, but the miser was Empress Catherine the Second owed a firm; he was certain, he said, that the million of rubles. His cellar, it was said, barber was only desirous to extort an extra contained casks of gold, and packages of sixpence, and he would not submit to such silver were stowed away in the dismal scandalous imposition. His vein was corners of his ruinous mansion. He was opened, and four-and-twenty ounces of one of the richest men in Russia. He reblood were taken from him. In a few lied for the safety of his hoards upon the days, Vandille the miser was no exertions of a huge mastiff, which he had The savings of his life, the wages of his trained to bark and howl throughout the vice and avarice, he left to the King of night, to strike terror into the hearts of France.
thieves. The miser outlived the dog; but A similar anecdote is related of Sir he disliked to part with any portion of his William Smyth, of Bedfordshire. He treasure in the purchase of another cur, was immensely rich, but most parsimoni- and he resolved to save his money by offious and miserly in his habits. At seventy ciating as his own watch-dog. Every years of age he was entirely deprived of morning, and every evening, would that his sight, unable to gloat over his hoarded insane old man wander about his dismal heaps of gold; this was a terrible affliction. habitation, barking and howling in imitation He was persuaded by Taylor, the celebra- of his recent sentinel. ted oculist, to be couched; who was, by The miser, poor wretch! as he approaches agreement, to have sixty guineas if he re- eternity, clutches his gold the firmer. stored his patient to any degree of sight. Fain would he take it with him, but that Taylor succeeded in his operation, and cannot be. He must allow it to pass to Sir William was enabled to read and write, others, who, perhaps, squander as foolwithout the aid of spectacles, during the ishly as, and far more speedily than, he acrest of his life. BI no sooner was his cumulated. Strange stories are told, in sight restored, than the baronet began to the book before us, showing the strength regret that his agreement had been for so of the passion even in death. How terrilarge a sum; he felt no joy as others would ble, sometimes, is the death of the miser! have felt, but grieved and sighed over the That which he made a god, and thought a loss of his sixty guineas ? His thoughts saviour, proves a destroyer. were now how to cheat the oculist; he A miser, of the name of Foscue, who pretended that he had only a glimmering, had amassed enormous wealth by the most and could see nothing distinctly; for which sordid parsimony and the most discreditareason, the bandage on his eyes was con ble extortion, was requested by the govtinued a month longer than the usual time. ernment to advance a sum of money, as a Taylor was deceived by these misrepre- loan. The miser, to whom a fair interest sentations, and agreed to compound the was not inducement sufficiently strong to bargain, and accepted twenty guineas, in- enable him to part with his treasured gold, stead of sixty. Yet Sir William was an declared his incapacity to meet this deold bachelor, and had no one to care or mand; he pleaded severe losses, and the provide for. At the time Taylor attended utmost poverty. Fearing, however, that him, he had a large estate, an immense some of his neighbors, among whom he sum of
money in the stocks, and six thou was very unpopular, would report his imsand pounds in the house.
mense wealth to the government, he apMany years ago, there lived in a large, plied his ingenuity to discover some effectcheerless, and dilapidated old house in ual way of hiding his gold, should they atSt. Petersburg, a wretched miser. He tempt to institute a search to ascertain the confined himself to one room, and left the truth or falsehood of his plea. With great rest of the rambling edifice to molder into care and secrecy, he dug a deep cave in ruin ; he cared for no comfort, and de- his cellar; to this receptacle for his treasprived himself even of those things which ure he descended by a ladder, and to the the poorest regard as the necessaries of trapdoor he attached a spring-lock, so that, life; he seldom lit a fire to repel the damp- on shutting, it would fasten of itself. Byness which hung on the walls of his soli- and-by the miser disappeared : inquiries tary chamber, and a few worthless objects were made ; the house was searched; of furniture were all that the room con woods were explored, and the ponds were
dragged; but no Foscue could they find; sions, to singe, if not to burn, the end of and gossips began to conclude that the his tail; and to watch the contortions of miser had fled, with his gold, to some part his face, the while, is excruciatingly droll where, by living incognito, he would be indeed! The cat, too, often gets singed; free from the hands of the government. and the antics consequent thereupon among Some time passed on ; the house in which the monkeys, foxes, &c., is funny-very. he had lived was sold, and workmen were But in the association of these creatures, busily employed in its repair. In the pro- there is no “art of taming" exhibited. A gress of their work they met with the door stick, a rod of hot iron, starvation, and of the secret cave, with the key in the “use,” (“second nature,") are the inducelock outside. They threw back the door, ments" held out to make these creatures and descended with a light. The first ob- fraternize--and they surely are very ject upon which the lamp reflected was the powerful persuasives. We look at these ghostly body of Foscue the miser, and things several times; and all wonder, all scattered around him were heavy bags of interest ceases. gold, and ponderous chests of untold treas It not so with birds or animals reguure; a candlestick lay beside him on the larly “tamed.” We see in them that the floor. This worshipper of mammon had prevailing feeling is affection—that the gone into his cave, to pay his devoirs to animal loves you for yourself. It hears his golden god, and became a sacrifice to your voice, your step; and tries hard to his devotion !-S. F. Merryweather. get at you. If a bird—it sits on your
finger, your head, or your shoulder; it eats
from your mouth ; nestles in your bosom; THE ART OF TAMING ANIMALS.
sidles towards you in the cage; and must HOME years since, the public were full enjoy your society. Its heart, though
of wonder when they beheld a large small, is full of love, and it will impart it cage in the Waterloo Road, filled with a
This is true affection. variety of animals of opposite tastes, Now all this is the result of a naturallyhabits, and dispositions. They saw the affectionate disposition in the master or cat familiar with the rat, pigeons with mistress. It affects the atmosphere it owls; jackdaws, hawks, guinea pigs, inhabits—diffuses, by contact, all its leverets, hares, rabbits, &c., &c., herding healthful influence around. It is the same together in apparent amity. This cage as with ourselves and our associates—for was christened the “Happy Family," and there is a very close analogy, in many the exhibitor reaped a rich harvest of pence. things, between the higher and the lower With him, the “harvest" is now over. world. The instincts of the latter are He is cut down and withered. The strangely marvelous. We have had birds grave closed on his remains years agone. in our time whose "love" for us, and ours He was himself a happy creature. We for them, has been such that no person see him now, with his full-moon counten- could credit it. We shall, therefore, be ance, triumphing mentally as well as facially contented with this remark, en passant. in the work of his hands. It was Now, as regards animals generally, good as a play" to see him glide myster- they are won in precisely the same way. iously round the corner of the cage, armed Kindness of speech, familiarity of manner, with a saucer to collect the dues; one the whole heart given up, and confidence almost felt the "obliged party” whilst shared—these the animal readily comprecontributing to the funds.
hends, appreciates, reciprocates. Perhaps The mantle of this brute-tamer has since the horse and the dog are the most susdescended upon some others; and we have ceptible to“ pure friendship" of all animals. now foxes, badgers, pole-cats, monkeys, and we have had proofs innumerable of this. a host of other novelties, gracing some What would our readers think of us, if we half-dozen similar cages in different parts were to say that we have had more real of the town. As regards ourselves, we see happiness, experienced more true affection little to marvel at in these animals, or in and constancy, from certain of these their training. We sometimes smile at quadrupeds, than from any other creature them in the winter season, when a lighted living! We will not say it—but if we did, candle is placed inside. It is no uncommon every word would be truly spoken. circumstance for a monkey, on such occa We cannot help smiling at some of the
are so won.
letters we receive on this subject. The always a fibber, we have seen the bird and writers, evidently most truly amiable, judged fairly. Fame, in this case, has evince so much charming ignorance that redeemed her character. The gray parrot we cannot be angry with them. They is an admirable performer. “ want their little friends to love them, but The parrot rejoices in the name of don't know how to set about it.” If we “George.” He has been in Mr. Trotter's knew any nice, affectionate young lady, possession fourteen years; and never was and wanted her to love us, how should we yet known to utter the word " Polly." set about it? We always meet the case In this, he is a solitary exception, it is in this way. Why, by delicate attention ; believed, among all his tribe ; neither does showing our delight by constant propinquity, he shriek nor scream. In all respect he (that overpowering argument in matters is a mirror of perfection. When we saw of the heart,) and by tendering little offer- him, he was, like an ordinary parrot, ings of affection. This is the talisman. seated on his perch, in a large cage. But it is not always that animals or birds His master's voice reached him, and their
The eye has much to do eyes met. A sympathetic chord ran with the subjection of certain of the larger through the twain. kinds. The eye' speaks the wish of the “Give me your right foot and kiss me,” master. The eye enforces the commands said the master. The foot was presented, of the master. The animal sees, feels, and the kiss was given. The same request instantly obeys. We have been in the was made for the left foot, and the kiss ; stables of the late Andrew Ducrow (at and with the same result. There were Astley's) when two horses (between which many attempts made to persuade the bird we were standing) on hearing his voice, he was “mistaken”—but he knew better. trembled to the very foundation. They He also passed and repassed his master's quaked through fear. (He was an awful arm, by stooping, when requested so to do. brute to them.) We have noted his eye ; George” next went through a very we noticed their eyes. There was “a mys- curious and entertaining series of experitery” to us, no longer. This is Mesmer-ments. He lay down at command as ism, properly so called. We may introduce “dead." He was then taken up, an apthe word now, harmlessly; for all the parently lifeless mass, thrown backwards world are opening their eyes to its power. and forwards, hither and thither, upwards Its quondam bitterest enemies, are, whilst and downwards. Still, no motion. He we write, among its firmest adherents. was then de-mesmerized, and once more
Our lady readers will not need to have “himself again.” Then did he go through recourse to the “eye,” when taning their a long exercise with three tea-spoons. “pets.” The “heart” is everything with one he held firmly in his mouth, and one them;
and we must confess, it is the best in each of his claws. He was then held “ argument" of the two. Never yet was up by the hand of his master, and performed affection foiled, if it had the smallest par- a dance, first on his head, and then on his ticle of good material to work upon. We feet. It was a dance—à la three teacould be eloquent on this, and bring proofs spoons. A tune was whistled to him; inexhaustible. When others have failed, and he kept time to it.* This and much we have
gone in-and won!” This more. In all that we have related of perhaps ought to have been a “confidential George,” it must be borne in mind that communication !" Our remark, however, the “ eye" alone has been called into does not necessarily apply to the “higher” exercise. world.
Then he is a first-rate dancer-full of We have spoken of the "eye" as a fun, full of attitude, and as for “ talking," powerful agent in taming an animal. We there is no end to it. This last, however, are now about to prove it, by relating a he will do only when he pleases. The few particulars that have come under our eye” here has no power. His most notice, connected with a very wonderful favorite expressions are—“ Prince Albert! and a very clever gray parrot, the property of G. Trotter, Esq., a gentleman residing
• More correctly speaking, as the bird was in the Isle of Thanet. The fame of this shamming to be dead,” he passively danced,
under his master's guidance; the tune being bird has traveled far and near. Being mentally remembered, and repeated on a future anxious to satisfy ourselves if Fame was occ on.
Come and kiss pretty, pretty Queen Vic- like himself; but, having thus far satistoria—Pretty, pretty, Queen Victoria! fied the cravings of nature, let him follow Come and kiss poor George-Poor George me by the banks of the sweet river Ichen ; is in his cage and cannot get out-One he shall listen to the pleasant ditties of hundred guineas for poor George, cage the birds, and hear a music, an he and all, cage and all,” &c., &c. He will lists, in the light-toned trembling of the also, when he hears a noise, cry out reeds. The gaily-decked kingfisher shall “Silence!" This, of course, from having hover round the trunks of the moss-grown heard his master say so.
trees; and the trouts shall rise with their We need hardly add that this bird—a burnished fins so to tempt him, that he sweetly-pretty creature !—is, like the rest shall scarcely forbear the use of his rod of his tribe, possessed of certain powers, and line. And the nightingales! ay, largely developed by circumstances. He they shall feed the air with their melohas no knowledge of the meaning of what dious warblings. Very fragrant, too, shall he says, but mechanically obeys an im- the wandering breezes be, laden with the pulse over which he has no power. delicious aroma of the new-made hay.
Herein we have endeavored to show the Bees, and blossoms, and all fragile things, "Art of Taming and Training Animals." shall float in the clear and ambient air ; so It is a subject on which little can be said, if he be not cheerful and content he will save in outline ; but one that is replete be truly “a grave man.” Of a verity, it is with interest if carefully studied. We a lovely spot; and, all England over, there shall, no doubt, be constantly treating on is none other to be found so suggestive of something connected with it; for new one who once listened to the singing of its discoveries are being made daily.
birds, and who angled many a summer's
day in its pure and peaceful waters. And THE GRAVE OF ISAAC WALTON.
not far from this he rests in the long
sleep of the night that knows no waking. THERE are few places of more inter- | Who has not read the Complete Art of
est than Winchester, England. The Angling, by Isaac Walton, Gent. ? Who venerable cathedral would of itself amply has not followed him by this same stream, repay the cost and trouble of a summer and by the Lea, and heard him discourse day's pilgrimage. The hospital of St. upon the dainty pleasures of his favorite Cross is a most interesting structure, and pursuit? Who can ever forget his deis in many respects perfectly unique. scriptions of rural life in that quaint old Then there is the college, with its curious tome, or his free and pleasant colloquies ? ecclesiastical brasses, and the celebrated Above all, and through all, what a true and quaint figure. The market-cross, the unaffected piety! what a humble sense of round-table, the ancient gateways, the the divine blessings! what a fervent exruins of the castle, and the numerous pression of gratitude and joy for the beauchurches, are all objects of attraction, and ties with which the gladsome and teaming will afford the antiquary and artist very earth so copiously abound. He is truly great gratification and pleasure. The worthy to be ranked amid the number of opportunities of visiting this city are now those who string their lyres to gentle verse. so great, and the means so accessible by The apathy of the past and a passing age reason of the railways, that from London has too lightly regarded that amusing volor the west of England the journey can ume. Many, who look on angling as a cruel be accomplished with very little expense, pastime, and unworthy their attention, and in a very short time.
have turned with indifference and aversion It is not, however, my intention to lead from those delightful pages. Open the the reader to the contemplation of the book once with a fair and honest attention, architectural beauties of the work of and thou must read on,-0! lover of naWilliam of Wykeham ; or to invite him ture, poet, philosopher, moralist, or whatto linger in the cloisters of the beautiful ever other title thou dost call thyself! It hospital of St. Cross. He may, if he is a book for all ages, and all times. Thou pleases, eat a munchet of bread at the must needs be critical if there is aught to porch of the hospital, and bless the bounty offend thee in it. It is a perfect English that has so liberally provided for the cor- pastoral-an idyl in prose. To enjoy it, poreal necessities of pilgrims and wayfarers as it ought to be enjoyed, let it be read by