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spent in examining it. It comprises a a printed charter from King Charles the library, reading-room, and museum of Second to the proprietors of East Jersey, natural history and curiosities, &c. It conferring upon them powers of governwas organized at a meeting of naval offi- ment. It is dated Whitehall, November cers, held on the 27th of November, 1833, 23, 1683. Americans no longer ask of and incorporated in 1835, under the title crowned heads the privilege of governing of “ The United States Naval Lyceum." themselves. A century after the above By donation and purchase it has acquired date they were laying the foundation of a a library of more than three thousand system of government in which the good volumes, and nearly two thousand charts of the governed is the cardinal principle, and maps. Its rooms, though not as large and in less than half a century they placed and well lighted as might be desired, are its practicability beyond all doubt. tastefully arranged, and decorated with But these privileges were not obtained busts and portraits of the various presi- without a struggle, and here lies a memodents of the United States, celebrated offi- rial of it in the shape of some links of the cers of the navy, &c. Models of all chain that was stretched across the Hudvessels built at the station are to be seen son River, below West Point, to prevent there ; relics of several that have been the ascent of the British vessels of war. destroyed or rebuilt; also, models of va- Fifty-one of these links were recovered rious useful inventions connected with from the bed of the river some years ago. naval affairs. One of the most prominent They are about two feet long, and weigh objects is a large goblet-shaped mass of | from thirty to thirty-five pounds a piece. madrepore, inclosed in a glass case, and The iron in many places was much corcalled Neptune's Cup. It is about two feet roded, and stones, some of them weighing six inches high, and was taken from about from fifteen to twenty pounds, were found sixty feet below the surface, in the bay of adhering to it. Bengal. Its base seems to be composed Still further on, there is also a blanket, of mingled madrepore and shells, and it is which was used by Abraham Canfield an object altogether unique.

through the whole of the Revolutionary At a little distance from this natural He was present at the battles of curiosity are two bomb-shells, bearing in-Bunker Hill, Bennington, &c., and at the scriptions stating that they were fired surrender of Burgoyne. It was made by from the castle of San Juan de Ulloa, dur- his mother, Sarah Canfield, of Derby, Coning the siege of Vera Cruz. In another necticut. It was thus that our forefathers part of the room is a piece of the material were encouraged in that trying seasonof this same castle; it appears to be a while they fought, their wives and mothers species of madrepore.

cheered them with their approving smiles In one of the cases is a British standard and efforts for their comfort. of red silk, bearing the arms of England, But we cannot attempt to describe everyand the motto Dieu et mon droit.” It thing that is to be seen here. There is a is said to have been taken by a retreating fine collection of minerals and shells ; party at the battle of Long Island, in 1776. among these last are two, curiously perVarious other trophies are to be seen; forated in the center, as if for key-holes. also many specimens of old rusty arms, In the lower part of one case are a number and warlike implements of savage nations. of beautiful stalactites from the island of A glass case in the gallery contains a coat Minorca. Here are models, and casts, and of mail from Sapitioma, one of the South miniature copies in plaster of the celebrated Sea Islands, we believe; it hardly seems Elgin Marbles. Here are fragments from invulnerable either to bullets or sabers, for Tyre, Baalbec, Philippi, Athens, &c.; its material is a species of grass. In an- pieces of carving, &c., from the Alhamother case is part of a wharf-pile, exhibit-bra; and bits of mosaic and lamps and vases ing the ravages of the worm (teredo nav from Pompeii. Among these last are some alis) in Pensacola bay. Here, also, are found in tombs, and supposed to be lachnumerous jars of pickles or preserves, not rymatories, or tear-bottles, such as the likely to excite the appetite, however, for Psalmist refers to in Psa. lvi, 8. The they contain scorpions, moccasin snakes, shape and finish of many of these specimens and other lovely creatures, put up in of ancient skill are extremely beautiful. brandy. Against the wall, in a frame, is | Peru and Central America have also con

VOL. III, No. 5.—KK

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tributed specimens of their wares and Critics may snarl, but should they bite, some of their idols of wood and stone

Then we'll our power exert;

For we ’re assured, the more we write, hideous enough. In the opposite case is

Will make us more expert." a mummy of a girl partly unwrapped, taken from Thebes; with mummies of cats, Editors for the latest Rebel Papees."

3-"A generous price will be given by the one of them cut in two longitudinally, exhibiting the interior; also of crocodiles, Then follow half-a-dozen advertiseand jars containing the sacred ibis. Again, ments, the last of which is as follows:there are specimens of Indian skill-gar

" MACINTOSH ments, blankets, necklaces, baskets, drink- Carries on the business of a Taylor with the ing-vessels, &c. A piece of Mexican greatest propriety at his shop, situated between picture-writing is also to be seen. Among Mr. Smith's, watchmaker, and Mr. Boss's

tavern." the engravings is one which, though small, is calculated to excite much interest. It

At the bottom are the words “ Virant represents Washington on a visit to his Rer et Regina." aged mother, at the close of the Revo The yard is open to visitors every day lution. The attitude of affectionate and during the hours of labor ; the Lyceum respectful attention with which he listens can be seen any time after nine o'clock in to her, while she appears to be claim the morning. ing all a mother's authority over her noble son, are truly characteristic and in

THE OLD MAN AND THE YOUTH. structive. Would that there were more mothers like her! then would there be more ERON, an old man of eight years, truly great men, like her beloved George. U was one day sitting before the door of

But the reader will be wearied if we his rustic dwelling, enjoying the bright and continue the list. We conclude our cheerful autumn morning. His eye rested sketch with some extracts from a printed now upon the blue hills in the distance, sheet hanging up in a frame near the desk from whose tops the mist was stealing of the polite librarian, Dr. Guillon. It is upward, like the smoke of burned offerabout fifteen inches by ten, and is headed ings, and now upon his mirthful grand" Pro Bono Publico, Brooklyn Hall, Super- children, who were sporting around him. Extra Gazette, Saturday, June 8, 1782.” A youth from the city approached the old It appears to be a burlesque, published man, and entered into discourse with him. by British officers or tories. The first When the youth heard the number of his paragraph is as follows:

years from his own lips, he wondered at "On Thursday evening last we were blessed his vigorous age and his ruddy countewith many refreshing showers, attended with nance; whereupon he asked the old man loud thunder, &c. The distance from our friends in New-York prevented us giving them strength and cheerfulness in the late au

whence it came that he enjoyed such more early intelligence." “Religion and morality gain much ground,

tumn of life? Geron answered :-"My for, to be sure, a tavern-keeper a few days since son, these, like every other good thing, gave away his old black coat, to enable a are gifts which come to us from above, minister of the gospel (just then come in from the merit of which we cannot claim to the rebels) to mount the rostrum with decency." ourselves, and still we can do something

• The Rev. Dr. Witherspoon, president of the here below to enable us to obtain them.” college of Princetown, has invented a new creed, and is now writing a paraphrase on the Having uttered these words, the old man Fifth Commandment, by which he intends fully arose, and led the stranger into his orchard, to prove that there is no duty due from a child and showed him the tall and noble trees to a parent, from an inferior to a superior, from covered with delicious fruit, the sight of a subject to a sovereign, unless a Congress ; which (ccork] is to be published as an appendix which gladdened the heart. Then the to an essay, ready for the press, entitled · A old man spoke :-“Canst thou wonder that Treatise against Moral Obligations.'

I now enjoy the fruit of these trees? See, "Our passage boats have had a middling my son, I planted them in my youth; thou good time in crossing the ferry lately—not a

hast the secret of my happy and fruitful single life has been lost.”

old age.” The youth cast a look full of " Whether or no we meet esteem, Regardless as a praw,

meaning upon the old man, for he underNo real injury we mean

stood his words, and treasured them up in In our Gazette Extra.

his heart.--Krummacher.

The National Magazine.

between three and four thousand tons. She will be able to carry out flour enough to meet the present wants of the whole State of California for five weeks --thirty thousand barrels. For her crew she will

require one hundred men-a little republic in itself. NOVEMBER, 1853.

The expense of her construction will reach the

amount of three hundred thousand dollars. She is EDITORIAL VARIETIES.

to be commanded by a brother of the constructor,

Captain L. M'Kay, late of “The Sovereign of the Tue Editor has returned to his post, after an

Seas." When she glides gracefully into her pre

destined element, she will be indeed absence of some months, though not in time to

“The monarch of all she surrey, contribute anything to the present number of

Her right there is none to dispute." the Magazine. His absence has been rendered

The exhibition of the useful and beautiful manu. necessary by laborious duties devolved upon

factures of Massachusetts has drawn great crowds of him at the time of his appointment, but which visitors to the city, and afforded them unmingled dewere postponed for nearly a year, in order that

light and profit. It is wonderful to see how rapidly la

bor-saving machines are multiplied. or the one ar. he might more fully attend to his Magazine

ticle of sewing machines, a great variety of inventions tasks. He will now resume more fully the lat were presented. For plain sewing on garments, and ter. The Magazine will not suffer by the re on boots and shoes, these machines are rapidly taking cent enlargement of his official sphere ; it will

the place of human tingers. I am afraid the time

will come when Hood's touching “ Song of the Shirt" rather gain by that fact, as the assistance with

will become obsolete. which it is reinforced will secure to it more Covering almost all of one side of Fancuil Hall, thorough attention. While the communica

and arresting the eye of the spectator the moment he tions and pictorial matter will be in other and

enters, and often drawing it away from the little

clegancies and conveniences inviting observation capable hands, the editorials will be fully re below, hangs Healey's great picture of the United sumed by the official editor, and on a scale of

States Senate when Webster answered Colonel

Hayne. more variety and amplitude than heretofore.

Is it treason to confess it? I never see this august scene without thinking,-if its principal

actor, upon whom all eyes are bent, awful and We have some hundreds of clergymen on our glorious in his majesty, had been as true to conscience subscription list. It is our design to furnish a

as to the constitution, what a memory would he have

left behind for all time! good leading article, especially adapted to them,

It is a happy thing for New-England, and the whole in each number. The essays of this kind al country, that Massachusetts gave her children a soil ready inserted have excited no little attention,

so sterile, and a climate so severe. She has discipand been extensively copied.

lined her children to the highest ingenuity, and ever administered the wholesome spurof necessity, the only

effectual goad to invention. The probabilities really We are happy to be able to present to our seem to increase, as one wanders through these readers another Boston Letter. It will be found

mechanical fairs, that very soon, as the Turkish to contain interesting matter.

visitor examining our endless machines remarked,

We especially - Everything will do itself." Brains and machinery invite attention to the remarks on "The Great are now made to take the place of hands and toil. Republic."

In the literary world, few new works are announced

by our booksellers. The unusually large sales at the A wonder of genius and art is the immense ship late trade-sales have put them in ino temper, and constructed in our harbor, which, while your readers after the holidays they will put new works to press. are glancing over this notice, will be lying at one Many of the books announced last month, hare of your wharfs in New York, or speeding on her first enjoyed a liberal patronage. Hillard's “Six Months voyage to California. At the date of this letter, she in Italy," with its full and elaborate descriptions, towers up, a stupendous monument of human labor, showing the research of the careful scholar, and the upon the shore, not having yet reached her destined ease of the practiced writer, meets with universal element. She is well named "The Great Republic, favor. The children are never tired of the classical, for she will nobly represent in her structure, and fairy fictions of Hawthorne; “ Tanglewood Tales" officers, and we hope, also, in her multitudinous crew, has charmed many a young reader. The publishers the land whose proud title she bears.

of these volumes, Messrs. Ticknor, Reed, & Field, Her builder and owner, Donald M'Kay, Esq., is have just issued another volume of papers by De still a young man, although he has lived long enough Quincey, entitled “Autobiographical Sketches." to make his name well known and honorable all over | They possess the same magical charm as the “Conthe “high seas." He has already constructed, and sessions," and exhibit a like masterly command of sent forth on their commercial mission, some thirty the English tongue, which has placed the author at five of the finest clipper-ships that cut the wave. the head of English writers in this respect. A rcHis preceding vessel. “ The Sovereign of the Seas," freshing exhibition of magnanimity is given by this was the largest and fleetest merchant ship ever firm, in voluntarily paying to the author a copy-right, launched; and now, in the last, he presents to com which neither law nor precedent forces upon them. merce the largest vessel of any description that An unusual demand anticipated the publication of floats upon the ocean. It is a pleasant denomina the Life of Dr. Judson, by Dr. Wayland; some twenty cional item that Mr. M'Kay is a generous member thousand being ordered by the trade in advance of of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and offers to take its issue. By an act of noble generosity, the copyout any amount of freight which the Missionary right of the work has been presented by the author Society or Book Room may wish to send to California, to Mrs. Judson. It promises to be a very handsome without charge. Your readers may be pleased to run patrimony for the family of the deceased missionary. over a few of the dimensions of this ship, and at We learn that Mrs. Judson's health is very poor, and tempt to form in their minds some idea of her size. that it is not probable that she will long remain to She is three hundred and twenty-five feet long, from enjoy the sympathy and respect of the Christian her taffrail to her knight-heads--one hundred feet community. longer than the Pennsylvania, the largest man-of Horace Mann remarked, at a late Temperance Conwar in the American Navy. If she should be raised vention, that the temperance reform would be a erect upon her stern, she would rise into the air permanent benefit to the world, after the immediate forty-five feet higher than Trinity spire, in New occasion for its activities had been removed, in the York, and ninety feet higher than Bunker-Hill literature which it had called into being. No small monument. She is thirty-seven feet deep from her proportion of the success thus far secured in this upper deck to her keelson, having four decks or cause, is to be credited to the impression made upon swries; and is fifty-two feet in breadth.

the community by the admirable series of Temperance She will hare fuur masts, the mainmast being one Tales by Sargeant and Arthur. And now, as the hundred and thirty-four feet high, and forty-six feet question has asslimed new aspects, and calls for new in circumference. The main yard is one hundred defenses, literature has come again to the aid of and fifteen feet in length. Her capacity will be forensic argument. B. B. Mussey & Co. havo pub

our race.

lished a handsome volume, illustrated with designs to slake our burning thirst; or, ever pressed with by Billings, entitled Uncle Sam's Palace; or. The hunger, we are not compelled to gaze upon the Reigning King," by Emma Wellmont, in which the necessity of a prohibitory law is urged and defended.

most delicious fruits just within our grasp, and A work that exhibits many characteristics of De not dare to pluck them. “ The Lord, the Lord Quincey's Confessions, and is marked with a touching God, merciful and gracious; abundant in goodpersonal interest from ita autobiographical character, has been issued by the same publishers, entitled

ness and truth," has not thus cruelly dealt with "Passages from the History of a Wasted Life," by

That he has implanted within us the author of Pen-and-Ink Sketches. It is intended such restless cravings, is evidence that he has to illustrate the perils to which the young and

also furnished an ocean, deep enough and wide intellectual are now peculiarly exposed.

"The Mysterious Parchment; or, The Satanic License" by enough to supply them; and that, when that Rev. Joel Wakeman, published by Jewett & Co., is ocean is spread out before us, we may lave in directed to the accomplishment of the same purpose. its waters, and look up with gratitude to God, The tales, like the songs of the people, will go far to

its giver. There are perils here, it is true; and fashion their moral sentiments. These volumes will be powerful co-laborers in the temperance reforma

it is the office of religion to point them out, tion:

B. K. P. that we may be restrained from evil, and pre

served in innocence and joy. AMUSEMENTS.-Man is created with infinite The long evenings are just before us—the longings and capacities for happiness. This is gay and the foolish will meet for merrimentin itself satisfactory evidence that "we were the blazing fire will shed its cheerful light into brought into being to be blessed;" for it cannot the halls of social pleasure—the white snow be that a God of infinite love has so endowed will overspread the earth, and muffled compahis creatures, and yet given them nothing an- nies will speed them on with merry jingling in swering to these desires and abilities of the search of joy. A thousand young hearts will be soul. The Creator of the faculty must have anxiously inquiring for the boundaries of innoprovided something for its gratification : " He cent mirth; and truly important is the inquiry, openeth his hand, and satisfieth the desire of Youth is the season of activity and joy. Our every living thing." The law within us, then, being no sooner begins to unfold itself, than it as well as the law without, commands us to re- has the most pleasurable experiences. These joice.

are associated with an almost unwearying acIt cannot be denied that religion alone is a tivity. From morning till night the infant is satisfying portion. Nothing short of its joys busy seeking to gratify its budding energies. can fill the immortal mind, or adequately grat- Any other condition at this early period than ify its powers. Wealth and honor, possessed one of joyful activity must be the result of disever so extensively, leave the soul as hungry as order. Smiles are the natural language of before. The millionaire is as unsatisfied with infancy, and cries and tears are indicative of his acquisitions as when he was the possessor some physical derangement. This is the foundaof but a few hundreds ; and the conqueror of a tion of that love for toys and glee which fills world weeps that he has reached the limit of the baby-life of all the race. As life progresses, his triumphs. But an indwelling Christ trans- these gradually lose their charms—boyhood forms this emptiness into an unutterable fulla having its plays, youth its pleasures, inanhood its ness of glory and of God, and constitutes within stern endeavor, and old age its love of rest and the man an earthly Eden. All this is true, quiet. The wisdom of this arrangement will but yet God has not forbidden the Christian to readily appear. swell the stream of his joys by whatever rivu- It evidently promotes the happiness and groutk lets of earth may lawfully become tributary to of our race. God has, in all stages of life, asthis great end. The religion of our adorable sociated employment with happiness. Idleness Redeemer is not, even in the most limited sense, is misery. But ir infancy and childhood there an embargo on human bliss. If God had given is little that can employ the mind. The undeus this beautiful world, enriched with a variety veloped state of the intellectual powers leaves of sources of pleasure, and yet made us inca- no chance for large mental gratification. Its pable of appreciating them, there would seem physical imbecility precludes the child from all to have been no object for which these glories efforts to provide for its own wants; hence it were created. Why the tints of the flowers, cannot be occupied with business. Its little why the loveliness of the landscape, if no eye life would be all ennui, were it not that trifles to see them ? The carol of the bird, without an interest and amuse it. This activity is also ear for its music, would have seemed almost essential to the development of its physical useless. So also if man had capacities for en- nature. On its entrance into the world, its joyment, but nothing to enjoy, there would body is but in a state of formation-growing have been an unaccountable deficiency in the di- rapidly-receiving its strength and induration vine arrangement. But we find an adaptation from exercise. This necessity for activity to on the part of the one to the other; and we strengthen and preserve the natural life has inter that the world was created as it is, that a response in the bosom of the babe, in its love we might relish its beauties.

for the exercise of its limbs : a law of God so It evidently cannot be that God has made us plainly written, that he who would hush the with thesc hungerings and thirstings after laugh of the babe, or spoil its sports, should be pleasure, and surrounded us with this abund- thought a brute. The same truth is written ance so well calculated to afford it, and yet on on all animal creation, and for the same reason. every bliss-bestowing object written Unlaw- The colt is seen careering through the fields, ful." Our God is not the god of mythology; and the lamb frisking on the mountain-side. nor are we in the situation of the king of To interfere with this law would be to interLydia, doomed by a cruel decree to stand up to fere with God himself. Now, the God of the our neck in a crystal stream, and yet forbidden | Bible is the God of nature; and his rule in one

department of his universe is never found in- spirit of Paul is here presented for our imitafringing upon that of another: all is complete tion, who would renounce the use of meat for harmony. There must be something unscrip-life, rather than that any should stumble. tural, therefore, in that creed which would for We cannot conclude without an intimation bid the boy of less than a dozen years to play, that much of this seeking of worldly pleasure or even youthful manhood to be sprightly. Nei- is derived from an inability to enjoy the nobler ther are our physical and mental natures materi- joys of a pure Christianity. A soul fully renoally altered when that great moral change takes vated by divine grace must be possessed of a place which makes us new creatures in Christ relish for heavenly things. That the worldling Jesus. Though converted, Peter will still be sees no loveliness in the cross, no beauties in ardent; Paul logical; John affectionate ; and religion, is nothing to the case. Many there the child will remain a child, with all the pe are who would regard the most exquisite perculiarities of a child. Youth will still have the formance of the finest oratorio with complete vivacity of youth; and old age will love its indifference, while we would listen with rapquietness.

ture,—for the manifest reason they have no The conclusion from these reasonings is un

ear for music-no adaptation to its enjoyinent. mistakable. There must be no interference Could they suddenly, while listening, have their in the divine government. Law must not dash ears touched with this power, they would enjoy against law, annihilating the good government it as well as we. The reason why religion is of our King. Men may pursue their pleasures irksome to the unregenerate soul is, that he has just so far as they do not trespass on the writ no taste for its pleasure—no power to appreciate ten law of God. This is the limit of the Chris its joys—no ear for the music of heaven. The tian's worldly joy. Indeed, here, take life on blood-stained finger of Christ touching that the whole, it ceases to be joy ;-and the voice heart with its transforming energy, would imthat proclaims, “ Thus far mayst thou go, and part to it a love of divine things. A complete no further," is recognized as revealing a fearful revolution would take place within : the things precipice just beyond this barrier, from which once loved would be hated; those hated would it would fain preserve us.

be loved; all things would become new. We Pleasures that cannot be taken in the name repeat it, then, it is much to be questioned whethof the Lord Jesus are not pleasures. They are

er there is not in modern Israel some sighing like Bunyan's by-paths, very shady and in

for the flesh-pots of Egypt—some looking back viting at the outset, but ending in a dreary toward a forsaken Sodom. But let it be everywaste and final destruction. Or like the wine, where understood, sin adds no charms to life which seems red and sparkling at the beginning, religion takes none away. It is no real sacrifice “ but at the last it biteth like a serpent and sting to be a Christian. For a man to be a disciple of eth like an adder." Or like the smiles of the Christ, he must "sell all that he hath ;" yet by harlot, “ with the flattering of her lips," which so doing he is enabled to purchase “ a pearl of are not understood by the unwary “till a dart great price,” worth far more than all the cost. strike through his liver," and his eyes are

It is to be remembered that while some deem opened to behold written upon the door-posts, religion so dull--so insipid—others, with a Her house is the way to hell, going down to

sanctified nature, have derived from it a love so the chambers of death.” The line which limits intense as to exclude every other, as the inour participation in earthly pleasures is there tense rays of the sun are said to put out comfore the limit to all real pleasure. The youth mon fires. Royal David's delight was so fully may sow his wild oats," but he must not for

in the law of the Lord, that he could prefer one get" that whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he day of holy, spiritual comfort to a thousand of also reap." No one can deliberately put off the mere worldly bliss. He could prefer the office Lord Jesus—forsake the fountain of living wa of a porter at the gate, with his Redeemer as a ters and betake himself to the polluted pools of companion, to a residence in the palace from earth.-who will not have occasion to rue his fol

which Christ was excluded. A little heartly, even in time. By the very law we have laid searching upon this subject might account for down, therefore, the Christian should bring even

the love which some Christians bear the world. his pleasures into subjection to the law of God. The Christian youth may go only where he can

EDITORS. We find the following in an Encarry his Saviour-only where he may hope to glish periodical, and could scarcely restrain the enjoy the smile of his God-only where he can thought that the world was everywhere much ask the company of his Maker. He is never to alike, "as face answereth to face." Hoping be found where the trumpet of the judgment no one will receive it as personal—and lest would startle him into a consciousness of guilt. they should, assuring all concerned that it was He is to carry about with him a powerful by no means written for The National—we realization that “ for all these things God will venture to publish it:bring him into judgment." This, so far as he "A great deal has been penned about the calamities is individually concerned, is the check which of authors, but a pathetic volume might be written, kind Heaven has put upon his merriment.

and should be largely circulated, on the calamities

of editors. The editor lakes office, with the most “ All things are lawful, but all things are not genial feelings of respect and sympathy for all who expedient." Christians may not innocently may feel disposed to contribute to the pages of his participate even in all lawful amusements. The magazine. He has probably suffered tribulation, and

the shades of rejected addresses arise to teach him welfare of others is to be regarded; and if

mercy. He knows it is a duty, a wisdom, to be some weak one is to be offended, some soul to courteous; but he wishes to be kind. He commences be injured, better that we should forego the by answering every letter punctually, but finds, at

the end of his first month, that he had been able to do gratification of our own desires than bring nothing else. He gives notice on the cover," that about such serious results. The self-sacrificing ! on such a day, manuscripts will be returned to the

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