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nursing his indolence and destroying his self A most timely and valuable book is before us, dependence with too much help. This should entitled China, Pictorial, Descriptive, and Hisbe, but is not always, the golden mean with torical ; to which is appended some account of classical commentators.

Ava and the Burmese, Siam, and Anam. It conVoices of the Heart, by Fanny Fales. Boston:

tains a map, and nearly one hundred illustraB. B. Mussey & Co., 1853. A small volume of tions. It will be recommendation enough to short poems, on a variety of well-chosen themes.

say, that it is one of the volumes of Bohn's Most of those we have read are pervaded by the London Illustrated Library. Bangs, Brother, spirit of genuine poesy. The book has a very

& Co., New-York. neat exterior, and is creditable both to author We have experienced a mournful pleasure in and publisher. We hope the fair author may examining Tribulation exchanged for Glory, a find many readers.

funeral discourse on the death of the wife of The Methodist Quarterly Review.—The October Rev. James M. Freeman, of New Jersey Connumber of this sterling Quarterly has been laid ference, preached by Rev. N. Vansant.

The upon our table, but at too late a moinent for a sermon will long be treasured by her many full notice. The following are its contents :

friends. 1. The Bacon of the Nineteenth Century. We have now received parts eleven and twelve (Second paper.)

of the fine reprint of Shakspeare, with the II. The Ground of Moral Obligation, by Rev. manuscript corrections, by Redfield, New-York. Israel Chamberlayne.

Also, the American Journal of Dental Science, III. On the Second Epistle of St. Paul to edited by Drs. Harris and Blandy, and published Timothy, by Rev. Dr. Bangs.

by Lindsay & Blakiston, Philadelphia, and IV. Davidson's Biblical Criticism, by James Armstrong & Berry, Baltimore; a valuable work Strong, Esq.

we should judge. Also, the District School V. The Origin of Evil and the Fall, by Rev. Journal of Education, of the State of Iowa, B. H. Nadal.

edited by R. R. Gilbert, and published by R. VI. Anselm of Canterbury.

Spalding. Also, The Foreign Missionary, pub VII. Miscellanies.

lished by the Board of Foreign Missions of the VIII. Short Reviews and Notices of Books. Presbyterian Church. An American edition of

There are few Quarterlies of our country Household Words is on our table, published by which are up to this in real ability, and none M'Elrath & Barker, 15 Spruce-street, New-York; before it. This is our sober judgment, after no a good idea. Also, The Annual Reports of the little familiarity with this department of Ameri Board of Inspectors and Officers of the Massacan literature. It it a bad indication, not only chusetts State-Prison. Also, The Catalogue of for the Methodist Church but for the country, the Wesleyan Female Institute, Staunton, Va., that such a work should suffer for want of Rev. John Wilson, A. M., Principal ; sixty-nine patronage.


Literary Record.

DURING a late debate in the House of Commons, The endowed schools and colleges of Great it was stated that the Catalogue of the Library Britain possess property to the amount of of the British Museum, now in process of com three hundred and seventy-five millions of dollars. pilation, has already cost a hundred thousand A society has been formed recently for the pounds, and is so far from being complete that single purpose of investigating and exposing it cannot be finished in less than forty years. the abuses in the administration of this vast This catalogue already fills twelve thousand property. folio volumes. When completed it will form

Miss Mary Legare has made a donation of “ a neat and portable work of thirteen thou- three thousand dollars to found a Female Colsand volumes."

lege at West Point, Iowa, to be under the Mr. Lockhart, the son-in-law and biographer auspices of the Presbytery of Iowa, and Rev. of Sir Walter Scott, and the editor of the Lon-Salmon Cowles has been appointed its Princidon Quarterly Review, has been compelled by pal. She makes prospective offers of a liberal indisposition to cease, for a season, from all character as to future endowments. literary labor. He is about to seek the benefit

Mr. Halliwell, the Shakspearian editor, has of an Italian sky.

published a new tract entitled “Curiosities of The Czar has ordered that in the higher Modern Shakspearian Criticism." It is a justieducational establishments, for civilians in Rus- fication of his manner of editing Shakspeare. sia, the Greek language shall be taught, with The State of New-York has placed eight the modern Greek pronunciation.

thousand five hundred copies of Noah Webster's The Rev. E. E. E. Bragdon, A. M., has accept- Quarto American Dictionary in her district ed a call to a professorship in the Ohio State schools. University, and removed from the city. The The Great Seal of England.--The Great Seal Rev. E. R. Keycs, A. M., succeeds him as pas wherewith Queen Victoria signifies to her subtor of the Vestry-street (M. E.) Church, New-jects her royal will and pleasure is no wafer York.

and sealing-wax affair, such as suffices in this

ized agent.

Republican country, but a solid cake of wax materials, &c., are estimated at $60,853. Its some six inches in diameter by two inches in cash and stock amount to $22,044 15. Its thickuess, and weighing at least three pounds. notes and accounts amount to $111,417 26. It is tied to the document of which it forms a The liabilities are $16,530 91, leaving as the part, by two or three yards of ribin. On the net capital of the concern, $226,271 78. The seal are various inscriptions and devices, among profits for the year ending March 31st, 1853, which is a figure of the queen on horseback. were $10,068 25.

In addition to these two immense establishA National Convention of Librarians was held in New-York in September, for the purpose of

ments, the General Conference has published,

much under its immediate supervision, a paper devising measures for the management of libra

at Pittsburgh, at Buffalo, at Chicago; a Sab ries, and to increase their prosperity and use

bath-school Journal, with an immense circulafulness.

tion, a Quarterly Review, and two Monthlies. In the Roman Catholic Schedule of Female For the various papers thus issued, as well as Education, great stress is laid upon music, for all the books published, each traveling and dancing, and French. Among the boys at their local preacher of the denomination is an authorcolleges, the effort is to familiarize the mind with the classics—and that by the oldest and At the last session of the General Conference, now exploded methods. The mathematics, na that body determined to make Chicago a base tural, mental, and moral science play a subor for newspaper and book operations. Accorddinate part, while our own language and litera- | ingly, a branch of the Cincinnati Book Conture, the noblest in the world, are overlooked. cern was opened some ten months since. Dr. Wayland has generously presented the

the first of January the Northwestern Christian

Advocate was also established. By reports made copy-right of his new work to the widow of Dr. Judson, and she has already been offered twenty sales of the first have already amounted to

to the Rock River Conference, we learn that the thousand dollars for it, but has been advised | $19,000, and the circulation of the latter has by her friends not to sell it.

reached four thousand two hundred. The remark was once made to Moore, the poet, that it was supposed his verses slipped off his eight primary schools for boys, and forty-nine

There are in Greece three hundred and thirtytongue as if by magic, and a passage of great ease was quoted : Why, sir,” Moore replied,

for girls, attended, the former by thirty-three " that line cost me hours, days, and weeks of

thousand eight hundred and sixty-four boys, attrition before it would come."

and the latter by six thousand three hundred

and twenty-three girls. There are eighty-six The Nero - York Mercantile Library Association secondary ancient Greek schools, with one hunwas founded in 1820. Its library of seven dred and fifty-eight teachers, and four thousand hundred volumes was opened in 1821. Since three hundred and eighty-three pupils ; seven then it has steadily increased, until it now gymnasiums, or superior schools, with forty numbers forty thousand volumes. The Astor-professors, and one thousand and seventy-seven place Opera House has been purchased by the pupils; and a university, with thirty-nine proAssociation, and is to be disemboweled and fitted fessors, and five hundred and ninety students. up for the reception of its handsome library. Besides these, there is a Normal school for the On the first floor will be the reading-room, formation of schoolmasters, an ecclesiastical sixty-two feet by eighty-five, with all the ac seminary, besides the faculty of theolgy, a pols. commodations of tables and desks, where from technic school, a school of agriculture, and three hundred to four hundred persons may other establishments necessary for instruction, read without inconvenience.

such as the National Library, the Botanic Gar

den, the Astronomical Observatory, and the The Chicago Democratic Press contains the

The state expends, yearly, for public following statements respecting the Methodist

instruction, $701,573. Book Establishments at New-York and Cincinnati. They were made at the late meeting Dr. J. Newell, of Harvard, Worcester County, of the Rock River Conference in that city : Mass., a descendant of the old English martyr,

The total assets of the New-York establish- John Rogers, has in his possession one of the ment amount the very large sum of oldest Bibles in this country. It is printed in $706,733 05. Its real estate in New-York, the Latin tongue, at Geneva, by Petrum Sanbuildings, and the requisite materials for print- tandreanum, A. D. MDLXXXIII—1583—two. ing, binding, &c., amount to $243,947 $3. hundred and seventy years ago. It has invested in public stocks some $49,500.

It is reported that the third volume of MaIts present cash assets are given at $16,947. Its books and sheet-stock on hand is worth caulay's History of England will not be published

until the latter part of 1854. The story that $176,130 35. There are due in notes and ac

he is a confirmed opium-eater, is asserted to be counts $210,207 10. The liabilities are only

a fabrication. $29,858 56, which, deducted from total assets, leaves the actual capital of the

Madame de Staël, one night expatiating on $676,874 49. The sales during the past year the merits of the French language, and illusamounted to $182,757 80. The sum received trating her meaning by the word “sentiment," for periodicals for the same time was $69,890 77, which has no exact equivalent in English, Lord making a total of $252,648 57.

Palmerston answered her that we had a phrase The Cincinnati establishment has a capital of which to a nicety expressed the “sentiment $242,802 69. The value of its real estate is of the French--namely, “ 'T is all my eye and put down at $65,000. Its stock on hand, I Betty Martin."



Religious Summary.

The Marquesas Islands have recently sent one otherwise with their unhappy sisters of Tusof their chiefs, a man of great energy and cany. A gentleman, whose veracity and whoge strength of character, to the Sandwich Islands, means of information are unquestionable, into solicit a visit from some of the missionaries. forms me that in one of the best managed conThe people had heard of the mission recently vents in Florence, three girls have died during sent to the Micronesian Islands, and deter- the course of the last year, screaming, foaming, mined to throw open their islands to the gospel. and cursing the system to which their youth The friends of the Madiai, in England, are

had been offered up. busily engaged in raising a thousand pounds, The Journal de Bruxelles says, that the Pope by penny subscriptions; the sum to be applied has sent the Duke of Brabant a fragment of the to the purchase of an annuity for those unfor wood of the manger which formed the cradle tunate people. Copies of the subscription paper of our Saviour. When this precious relic was have been sent to this country. The Madiai presented to His Royal Highness, he is said to are still at Geneva, and are gradually recover have been much affected. ing their health. The success with which the

Bishop Boone, of the Episcopal Church, progood providence of God has crowned the efforts

poses (D. V.) to sail for China toward the close made in their favor has encouraged some of the most eminent Christians in Europe to set about ficient reinforcement of fellow-laborers for the

of October, and hopes to carry with him a sufestablishing a society which shall especially mission at Shanghae. take in hand the cause everywhere of Christians suffering for their faith.

The Dutch Reformed Churches are considering

the propriety of dropping the word " Dutch The King of Bavaria, during his recent visit

from the name of their denomination. to Rome, received from the Pope a rare relic, declared to be a small piece of the robe of the

A “ devotion train” is organizing at Lyons Virgin Mary, set in a valuable gold frame. and Marseilles for a pilgrimage to Jerusalem;

the fare to be one thousand francs there and Romanism in Baltimore.— Baltimore is one of

back. the strongholds of the Roman Catholic Church in this country. Yet even there, it has church Thomas Scott, now of Chillicothe, Ohio, and accommodations for only eleven thousand six better known as Judge Scott, is the oldest living hundred persons.

Other sects accommodate Methodist traveling preacher in the West, and over seven times that number.

probably in America, and was admitted into the

Western Conference in the year 1789. Joshua The total membership of the Methodist Epis- Wells, now resident somewhere in the vicinity of copal Church, South, consists in round numbers, Baltimore, entered the Western Conference at the of whites, 400,000; of colored, 150,000 : total, same time—a period of some sixty-four years 550,000.

since. Protestant Christianity is said to be making

Rev. John Hickling is the oldest of the Wesgreat progress in Syria, in consequence of the leyan Methodist preachers in Great Britain. labors of the American Protestant missionaries, He was ordained by Mr. Wesley over sixty-five and the influence of their schools, publications, years ago, and is now about ninety years old. and religious services. Copies of the Bible in

He made a very feeling and sensible address Arabic have been widely distributed, and may before the late British Conference. now be seen in most of the villages in the Durse Mountains, where controversial discussions on

An exciting controversy is going on at Pittsreligious subjects are very common, particularly burgh, with reference to the propriety of permitamong the lower orders of the people. As yet, ting omnibuses to continue their trips through however, the only Protestant congregation dis

the streets on Sunday the same as on other tinctly recognized by the government, is in days. Hasbeya, at the foot of Mount Hermon, and In 1818, the population of England and Wales numbers about two hundred members.

being then 11,642,683, the number of Sunday Rev. J. L. Wilson, a returned missionary of

schools was 5,463 ; of scholars, 477,225. In the Old School Presbyterian Church, from Africa, 1851, with a population of 17,927,000, there

were 23,984 schools, and 2,407,409 scholars. recently stated, as among the results of missionary labor in Africa, the gathering of more than The Episcopal Diocese of Virginia has 175 one hundred Christian Churches, containing ten parishes, and only 107 clergymen of all orders; thousand hopeful converts; the establishment the number of communicants reported is 5,299. of a hundred and fifty Christian schools, in The Diocese of Rhode Island has 23 parishes which from twelve to fifteen thousand youth and 28 clergymen, with 2,201 communicants. were receiving Christian and other instruction. The Diocese of Western New-York has 125 clerThe Bible had been translated, and its truths gymen, and a missionary fund amounting to brought into contact, directly or indirectly, $10,000. with a million of human minds.

The Metropolitan Methodist Church, of WashingMr. Seymour has stated, on the authority of ton city, it is said, will be of stone, three stories an official visitor of the Roman convents, that in hight, and seventy feet wide by one hundred one-half of the nuns die raving mad before they in length. It will not cost less than fifty thouhave reached the age of twenty-five. It is not / sand dollars, exclusive of the lot.


same reason.

Miss Martha Whiting, late the accomplished At a meeting of the San Francisco Association, Principal of the Charlestown Female Seminary, of the Baptist denomination, the California Bapa who died at Hingham a few days since, has left tist Education Society was formed. It is expected between five and six thousand dollars to objects they will take early measures for the founding of religious benevolence, and from a moderate of a literary and theological institution, at some income gave probably even more than this suitable place within the bounds of that State. during her lifetime.

A German traveler has discovered a race of There are now in Kentucky somo six or negroes, near the kingdom of Bambara, that are seven Free Churches~-having no fellowship with Jews in their religious rites and observances. slavery. These have met with opposition and Nearly every family have among them the law persecution, although this is dayly diminishing. of Moses, written on parchment; and, although At Favalo, in Sardinia, near the Gulf of

they speak of the prophets, they have none of Genoa, a very interesting movement is in prog.

their writings. ress, the result of a single Bible sent there ; forty Two missionaries of the Old School Prestige persons, belonging to seven branches of one terian Church, viz., Rev. Edwin T. Williams, and peasant family, have given themselves to Christ, William Clemens, with their wives, have taken and are diffusing light amid the surrounding passage in the bark Gem, from New-York, for darkness. It is wholly a native work, foreign- the Island of Carisco, on the coast of Africa, ers having had nothing to do with it.

This is intended to be a point for a new AmeriThe danger of touching and tasting has re

can colony, having a magnificent bay and a ceived a melancholy illustration in the case of

healthy climate, with superior advantages for Rev. Mr. Alder, a prominent Wesleyan minister in England, who has forfeited his membership In Northern Oregon, generally, there is a in the Conference by becoming a drunkard. great dearth of moral, religious, and educational Three clergymen, of the Established Church of institutions. Rev. D. E. Blain, of the Methodist Scotland, have recently been expelled for the Episcopal Church, was recently appointed a

missionary to the northern part of the territory. The Pope has recently appointed eleven new The erection of a beautiful building is probishops for the United States.

gressing on Fayette-street, in the city of Balti. The subject of Ministerial Education in the

more, for the use of the American Bible md the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, is eliciting Maryland Tract Society. The dimensions are to much discussion, calling out the ablest minds

be forty-eight feet front by seventy-four feet of that denomination.

deep, three stories high. Rev. Dr. Van Maasdyk, a Fleming, who labors

A society has been formed in London " for in Brussels, states that his Church, which eleven exploring the ruins of Assyria and Babylonia, years ago had not twenty members, has now

with especial reference to Biblical illustration," one thousand, mostly rescued from the Church

under the patronage of Prince Albert. The plan of Rome; and members of this Church, in the

is to raise $50,000, and commence operations outskirts of the city, are formed into little

at once in various parts of Mesopotamia, and to groups, for maintaining worship among them

sustain necessary activity during three years; selves, and bringing others to the knowledge $25,000 is to be expended the first year. Å comof the truth.

mittee of twenty-eight noblemen and literati has

been formed to carry the design into execution; At a late monthly meeting of the Board of

and there appears to be no doubt of its success. Managers of the American Bible Society, a grant of $100 was made to the Reformed Church to

A very interesting case has recently been purchase Arabic Scriptures for their mission in

decided in Ireland, in which it was declared by Syria; and an appropriation of $3,000 was

the court that a nun could succeed to an estate made for a new edition of the Armeno-Turkish

as the lawful heir. The case is regarded as Scriptures.

important, making void, so far as the law can, The Congregationalist states that a large The decision is taken to the British House of

the vow of poverty taken by professed nuns. Protestant bookstore has been opened in Con

Lords on appeal. stantinople, in the very heart of the city. On its shelves are found copies of the Scriptures in

A chronological list of the generals of the twelve different languages, and thence have

Society of Jesus," from St. Ignatius, the founder, gone forth, during the past year, more than ten

to Pere Roothaan, recently deceased, shows that thousand copies of the word of God, besides

no American, Englishman, or Frenchman, is other religious books and tracts in the various found among the twenty-one generals who have languages of that part of the world. $400 controlled this Society. Loyola, a Spaniard, was worth of the Scriptures in the Ararat dialect elected 19th of April, 1541. have been sent into Russia during the same Only four young men graduated at the late period.

commencement of the Unitarian Dirinity School, Some one thousand six hundred acres of land Cambridge. A few years ago there were two or lave recently been purchased in Iowa, on which

three times that number. a colony of monks have settled. Among their The Rer. Antoinette L. Brown was recently peculiar habits may be mentioned that they ordained pastor of the Congregational Church never mingle with the world, and when they put in South Butler, N. Y. The sermon was preach. on a new suit of clothes, that suit is kept on, ed by Rev. Luther Lee, of Syracuse, Gerrit waking or sleeping, till it falls off, or becomes Smith was present, and addressed the conunfit for wear.



Drts and Sciences.

A MONUMENT to Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, The Marquis of Treedals has succeeded peris soon to be shipped at Leghorn, for Baltimore. fectly in working plows by steam-power. The It is from the studio of Bartholomew, whose distinguished English agriculturist, Mr Meche, beautiful works are now attracting much atten- in a late article, says, there can be no doubt tion in Rome,

but that very shortly every agriculturist must Mr. Robert Langton, wood engraver and

use steam-power if he is to stand his ground in

the race of agricultural competition. draughtsman, of Cross-street, Manchester, has discovered a method of applying photography to A singular phenomenon was witnessed during blocks of polished boxwood, such as are ordinari- a thunder-storm some weeks since, in the neighly used in his own art for wood engraving, thus borhood of West Fitchburgh. A gentleman, rendering the blocks ready for the application passing under a railroad bridge, was completeof the engraver's burin. The specimens are ly surrounded with electrical lights: every nail. exceedingly beautiful; and the discovery will head in the bridge being brilliantly illuminaprove of great utility to the arts.

ted, as well as the buckles on the harness of A rich proprietor, who has gained an immense

his horse, while the lightning played silently fortune by gas speculation, has proposed to

along the iron bolts of the bridge, contrasting warm all Paris by a concentrated gas of his in

most beautifully with the intense blackness

succeeding each flash. He experienced several vention, and he urgently solicits authority to commence with one of the quartiers. No de- slight shocks while passing the bridge. cision has yet been made upon this singular Electro-magnetism has been applied to locks; project.

the principle being to attach a plate of soft One of the huge granite boulders on the sum

iron to the door, which, when shut, is in conmit of Mount Washington, has been selected and

tact with the poles of an electro-magnet, the set aside for the apex or crowning-stone of the fastening and opening of the lock being effectWashington Monument, and measures will be

ed by the forming and breaking of the circuit. immediately taken to have this gigantic stone

Any number of locks throughout the house may on its way to the national capital.

be secured or opened at the same time. The effect of the means adopted for checking

A Bostonian has invented a "chronometrical disease in England, France, and Germany, dur-lock,” which, fixed to a door, cannot be opened

before the time determined on beforehand. It ing the past century, are such, that while formerly one out of every thirty of the popula- operates by clock-work, and the absence of a tion died each year, now the average is one out key-hole precludes all attempts to pick it. of every forty-five, reducing by one-half the

Mr. Adams communicated to the Royal Sonumber of deaths in those countries. In the ciety, at the closing meeting of their session year 1700, one out of every twenty-five of the in London, that he had discovered that the population died in each year, in England. In principle of Laplace's calculations of the secu1801 the proportion was one in thirty-five; in iar motion of the moon is positively erroneous. 1811, one in thirty-eight; and in 1848, one in This is a discovery which affects the whole forty-five; so that the chances of life have

range of lunar astronomy, seeing that all the nearly doubled in England within eighty years. calculations made on the assumption that the In the middle of the last century the rate for moon really was in the place assigned to her, Paris was one in twenty-five; now it is one in

are wrong. thirty-two.

Mr. J. B. Lindsay, of Dundee, who is at We have been informed that the valuable present in Glasgow, propounds a startling theocabinet of many thousand specimens in Com- ry—that of forming an electric telegraph beparatire Anatomy, Mineralogy, and other sci- twixt Great Britain and America without emences, collected in the course of years by that ploying submerged wires, or wires of any kind. distinguished savant, Professor Agassiz, has At a meeting in the Athenæum Mr. Lindsay been purchased for the University at Cambridge, illustrated his method. A large trough of saltat the price, as is rumored, of twelve thousand

water was employed, across which he transfive hundred dollars; the greater part of which, mitted the electric current, without any meit is said, was obtained by private subscription. tallic conductor, the water itself being the only

At the sale of the late Duchess (Dor:ger) of medium of communication. Mr. Lindsay er. Bedford's property, “The Highland Cabin," a

plained that he had obtained similar results

over a breadth of sixty feet of water. Some painting by Landseer, was sold for £770; “The Three Dogs," by Landseer, £225; "The High- calculations have been made in regard to the land Toilet," by Wilkie, £540; " A Landscape,”

expense, and Mr. Lindsay computes, according by Nesmyth, £400; “Coast Scenery,” by Bon

to his present information, that the cost of the nington, £220; “Dead Game," by Landseer, necessary battery and land wires to establish was purchased by Mr. Graves for £1,200, (said

a communication between England and America to be purchased for Her Majesty ;)

would not exceed £60,000. Tower of the Cathedral of St. Rombald," by The Indian papers announce that the munifiRoberts, £110; “ A River View in Scotland, by cent Parsee, Sir Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy, has made Landseer, £198; " The Hermit," by Landseer, over $50,000 to government, for the purpose of £100.

endowing a School of Design at Bombay.

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