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9. A booth with broadcast facilities and a closed-circuit televised feed of the floor proceedings would be an important supplement to a commentator in the chamber. It would permit reports to be made for newscasts during a debate on the floor.

10. For radio coverage, the main consideration should be to improve the sound system in the two chambers. The House has approximately ten stationary microphone pusitions to which members come when they wish to speak. This system should be improved or a parallel system set up to assure broadcast quality sound. In the Senate, each member has a microphone but their quality is far below broadcast quality. The entire system should be upgraded.

ATTACHMENT 1.—CONGRESSIONAL HEARINGS AIRED BY NATIONAL PUBLIC RADIO

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May
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.....do..... June Senate Government Operations Subcom- Intergovernment Revenue Act of 1971 and

mittee on Intergovernmental Relations. related legislation (revenue sharing).
7 Senate Committee on Banking Housing and Emergency loan guarantee legislation.

Urban Affairs.
8 ....do...
9 .....do.

.do 11 .....do...

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Lochkeed.
....do..
23 House Government Operations Subcom- Secrecy classification (Pentagon Papers).

mittee on Foreign Operations and Gov-
ernment Information.
do..

-do...........
do.

do... ...do.

.do..

...do... ...do...

.....do.... Senate Foreign Relations.

Mainland China... 21 Senate Small Business, Select Committee of Mood drugs...

Subcommittee on Monopolies. ...do...

.....do.----------23 Hearings continued Sept. 22 30 Senate Judiciary Subcommittee

Constitutional amendment, 18-yr-old vote.. Sept. 22 Senate Small Business Select Committee of Mood drugs.....

Subcommittee on Monopolies.
29 Senate Subcommittee on Constitutional Freedom of the press....

Rights.
do............

do Nov. Senate subcommittee..

Financial disclosure legislation...
Senate Commerce Subcommittee.

Environment, detergents..
Congressional Black Caucus...

Racism in military
18 Senate Committee on Agriculture and Fores. Nomination of Butz as Secretary of Agri-
try.

culture. 29 Senate Select Committee on Aging (field Trends in long-term care....

hearings from Minneapolis, Minn.). Dec. 7 Senate Select Committee on Nutrition...... Nutrition and Human Needs, 1971 (pt 10,

micro-nutrient supplements for school

lunch programs). 15 Senate Subcommittee to Investigate Juvenil Barbiturate abuse, 1971-72....

Delinquency.

ATTACHMENT 1.-CONGRESSIONAL HEARINGS AIRED BY NATIONAL PUBL

Radio Continued

Time Hours

Date

Committee

Topic

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1972
Feb. 1 Senate Subcommittee on Constitutional Freedom of the press........

Rights.
.....do.....

....do...
Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee Amnesty for deserters...

on Administration Practices and Proced

ures. 29 .....00.......................................00............................... Mar. 1 -...do......

. ..do...
6 Congressional Black Caucus...

Mass media and the black community-
..do.
17 House Committee on Government Operations Freedom of information...

Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and

Government Information.
21 Senate Subcommittee on Communications... The Surgeon General's report on the effects

of TV violence on children.
..do.
....do.
...do

..do.
Apr. 10 House Committee on Interior and Insular Fuels and energy..

Aftairs.

Hearings ran also 17, 18, 19, and 20...
171 House Committee on Interior and Insular Fuels and energy.----

Affairs.

Senate Foreign Relations (hearings ran also) Vietnam... 18 .---.do.

.do.... House Interior and Insular Affairs. Fuels and energy.

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May i Senate Antitrust and Monopoly Subcom- Failure of Federal housing programs.

mittee.
Hearings ran May 3, 4, 5........

.....do..
3 Senate Subcommittee on Oceans and Inter- Stockholm conference on the environment.

national Environment.
Senate Antitrust and Monopoly..... ... Federal housing.......
4 .....do..

do..
Senate Foreign Relations (hearings ran U.S. involvement in Vietnam

Apr. 10 ?).
5 Senate Antitrust and Monopoly.

Senate Foreign Relations..
15 House Select Committee on Crime

Crime and organized sports.
...do.

do..
----.do..

Other hearings June 13-16
28 House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on National security policy and the changing

National Security Policy and Scientific world power alinement.

development.
6 hearing/symposiums running from May ----

28 to July 2 on Sundays only at 8 p.m.
June 13 House Select Committee on Crime.. . Crime and organized sports.....
...do.-.-.-..----

...do..
15 do.. .

....do....
(The number 21 for hours may apply to
total of all the hearings on crime and

organized sports.)
19 Senate Foreign Relations.

... Ratification of SALT Treaty.
Hearings ran 21, 26, 28, 29.
June 21 Senate Foreign Relations

SALT
22 Joint Economic Committee (House and Construction of Alaska pipeline.----

Senate), Senator Proxmire chairing.
26 Senate Foreign Relations...

-- SALT.

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..do... July 7 House Select Committee on Crime, field Drugs in School...

hearings from Florida.

(Doublecheck)......
25 Senate Commerce Committee

- Auto safety
Dec. 4 Special U.S. Senate hearings on congres- Congressional effectiveness and reform....

sional reform. Sponsored by Charles
Mathias (Republican, Maryland) and

Adlai Stevenson (Democrat, Illinois).
...do.................................do

---- ----...do...........
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ATTACHMENT 1.-CONGRESSIONAL HEARINGS AIRED BY NATIONAL PUBLIC

RADIO_Continued

Time

Date

Committee

Topic

Hours Minutes

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mehead...........

1973 ? Feb. 1 Senate Commerce.

..- No-fault insurance.... can do...

...do....... ....do....

..--...do...-------...do...

Energy policy. 20 Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Consti- The people's right to be informed.

tutional Rights (other hearings on 21, 22,

23, 27 and Mar. 13, 14).
Senate Commerce Subcommittee on Com- OTP Whitehead.

munications.
21 Senate Judiciary Constitutional Rights...... People's right.
. ..do....

......do...... Senate Commerce Communications... .. OTP Whitehead.. 23 Senate Judiciary-Constitutional Rights.... People's right.. . ..do.

...00.......... Mar. 7 Congressional Conference on Constitutional The Congress and the Executive...

Powers (organized by Senator H. Hughes

with many congressional sponsors). --...do.....

....do.......... 13 Senate Judiciary, Constitutional Rights People's right.. House Foreign Affairs...

War powers.. 14 Senate Judiciary, Constitutional Rights..... People's right.. House Foreign Affairs....

War powers..... do... 21 Joint Senate Committee.......

Legislation for a consumer protection agency. . ..do...

....do..... 28 Senate Commerce Subcommittee on Com- Funding of public broadcasting.. .

munications. 29 .-...do......

...do... ...do...

. ..do.... Apr. Senate Commerce Committee

No-fault insurance. 10 Joint hearings: Separation of Powers and Executive privilege and Government secrecy.

Government Subcommittee on Intergov.

ernmental Relations.
Senate Commerce Committee (delayed).... No-fault insurance...
Joint hearings.....

Executive privilege and Government secrecy..
Senate Commerce Committee (delayed).... No-fault insurance....
Joint hearings...

-

Executive privilege and Government secrecy -
Senate Commerce Committee....

No-fault insurance...
19 Senate Agriculture Commerce (field hear. Proposed farm legislation.....

ings, WOI). May Senate Select Committee on 1972 Presi- Watergate.

dential Campaign Activities (Watergate). ....do....

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ATTACHMENT 1.-CONGRESSIONAL HEARINGS AIRED BY NATIONAL PUBLIC

RADIO Continued

Time

Date

Committee

Topic

Hours Minutes

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Aug. 1 Watergate.

Watergate.... ...do....

..do.. ..do....

... do... ..do...

...00......-------do...

...do... 9 Senate Armed Services..

Bombing in Cambodia Sept. 7 Senate Foreign Relations...

Confirmation on Henry Kissinger as Secre

tary of State. 10 .....do..

..do. 11

do. 14 .....do...

lo.... 1974 Jan. 21 Senate Permanent Select Committee for Energy crisis..............

Investigating Government Operations. ..........

....do...................... .. ... ...do...

do..... Senate Commerce...

. Confirmation of James Quelle... 25 Senate Permanent Select Committee for Energy crisis.

Investigating Government Operations. 31 House Judiciary.-----

.... Markup session on subpena powers on

impeachment. Feb. 20 Joint Committee on Congressional Operations. Congressional communication through the

mass media.

do.. 7 ----do

.. .do...
House Subcommittee on Courts, Civil Amnesty legislation.

Liberties, and the Administration of

Justice.
---..do.......

.............00.................................
.....do..

---.do...-.
20 Joint Committee on Congressional Opera- Congressional communication through the
tions.

mass media.
Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Separa. On an independent Justice Department and
tion of powers.

a permanent Special Prosecutor.
. ..do...

.do.
do...
Apr. ---do....

--..do...
Senate Communications Subcommittee.. . Television and violence..
Senate Foreign Relations and Judiciary On Government wiretaps...

Subcommittee.
4 Senate Communications Subcommittee...... Television and violence..........
-- do....

...do......
ŏ Senate Foreign Relations and Judiciary Sub- On Government wiretaps..

committee.
9 Joint Committee on Congressional Opera. Congressional communication through the
tions.

mass media. 10 .....do..

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1 The Senate Foreign Relations hearings as result of President's message were sudden on part of Congress and NPR's coverage. Logs must be analyzed.

Winter quarter.

Public Broadcasting Service

PUBLIC BROADCASTING SERVICE,

Washington, D.C., May 30, 1974. Hon. LEE METCALF, U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C.

DEAR SENATOR METCALF: I read with interest the additional questions you sent to me May 8 regarding Congress and mass communications. They evidence your sensitivity to the problems which confront broadcast journalists in attempting to make the workings of government accessible to the public at large.

I have attempted to answer the questions fully and concisely. However, I would suggest that in some areas the views of public television producers such as NPACT, the National Public Affairs Center for Television, would be helpful.

Again, I appreciate your interest in this important issue. Please let me know if I can be of further assistance. Sincerely,

HARTFORD N. GUNN, Jr.

RESPONSE BY PUBLIC BROADCASTING SERVICE TO QUESTIONS FROM SENATOR

METCALF

1. Since 1971, PBS has distributed the following programs covering committee and subcommittee activities (See Attachment A for exact date, length and producer of programs):

Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearings on Mainland China, 1971
Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearings on Withdrawal of U.S.

Troops from Viet Nam, 1972
Senate Commerce Committee Communications Subcommittee Hearings on
| PTV, 1973
Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearings on Confirmation of Henry

Kissinger as Secretary of State, 1973
Senate Select Committee on Campaign Practices (the Watergate Hearings),

1973 Senate Rules. Committee Hearings on the Confirmation of Gerald Ford, 1973 House Judiciary Committee, Opening Session of Impeachment Inquiry, 1974. 2. To my knowledge, none of our producers has been denied permission for such coverage since the Rayburn Rule was changed.

3. To my knowledge, none of our producers has ever requested permission to cover a conference committee.

4. No. We assume that hearings are always open for broadcast coverage unless such coverage is explicitly denied.

5. In addition to coverage of the hearings listed above, PBS has distributed the following programs concerning Congress as an institution:

The Advocates No. 15-"Should the Congressional Seniority System be

Abolished?Jan. 12, 1971
The Advocates No. 83—“Should Congress Limit the President's War

Powers?" Dec. 7, 1971
Bill Moyers Journal No. 111—"Congress and the President” Jan. 23, 1973
The Advocates No. 3194"Should the President be Required to Spend

Money Congress Appropriates?" Feb. 15, 1973
Bill Moyers Journal No. 205—"Mr. Aspin and the Pentagon" Nov. 28, 1973
Great Decisions No. 301—-"The President vs. Congress” Feb, 10, 1974
Washington Connection No. 114-on lobbyists Apr. 24, 1974

Washington Connection No. 116-on the impeachment process May 8, 1974. 6. I would respectfully suggest that Congress not allow its routines and practices to be in any way upset by the presence of television cameras. It is not our intention to turn Congressional floor debate into an event "produced especially for television." The burden should be on the television journalists to bridge the gaps in understanding that must exist, at least initially, between Congress and the viewing public.

7. We agree with the commercial networks that they and the public television producers responsible for providing coverage should each be permitted the use of one unilateral camera in addition to the broadcast pool equipment on covering floor debates. The task of making the workings of Congress understandable as discussed in question six, is a creative process which cannot be left entirely to the pool. Four unilateral cameras are required so that each pool member may have the flexibility needed to present and explain the Congressional activity in what each considers the most compelling and clear fashion.

8 and 9. For answers for these questions I would refer you to the producers who cover the Congress for public broadcasting, particularly NPACT. As I understand it, these producers do not currently staff the House and Senate Radio and Television Correspondents' galleries.

10. We cannot estimate what would be involved in providing facilities for a limited trial period of broadcast coverage of floor proceedings. We can say, however, that the cost to public broadcasting will be different from the cost to the commercial networks. We would consider any expenditure required by a trial run to be well worth the financial risk, in view of our commitment to educate the public as to both the great issues before Congress and the way our representative system of government works.

For any trial run, we would be willing to pool equipment and resources, and we certainly hope that such a trial period would be successful. However, we refer you to our original testimony stating that we strongly urge the installation of permanent broadcast facilities in the Congressional chambers in the same fashion that such facilities are permanently installed at the United Nations. The availability of such equipment would simplify television coverage enormously and put the television camera in the role of spectator and not intruder.

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