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ATTACHMENT A.-COMMITTEE AND SUBCOMMITTEE HEARINGS
Number Date of hours
Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearings on mainland China (gavel to June 24, 1971
June 25, 1971
June 29, 1971
July 20, 1971 NPACT.. Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearings on U.S. withdrawal from Viet. Apr. 17, 1972 nam (gavel to gavel).
Apr, 18, 1972
Senate Commerce Committee Communications Subcommittee hearings on Mar. 28, 1973
Mar. 29, 1973
Mar. 30. 1973
Sept. 10, 1973
Sept. 14, 1973
(0) tivities (Watergate) (gavel to gavel) NPACT........ Senate Rules Committee hearings on the confirmation of Gerald Ford (gavel Nov. 1, 1973 to gavel).
Nov. 5, 1973 NPACT........ House Judiciary Commitee-Opening session of impeachment inquiry..----May 9, 1974
151 days of hearings in 1973, from May 17 to Nov. 15.
Radio, Television News Directors Association
WASHINGTON, D.C., April 30, 1974. Mr. JOHN STEWART, Joint Committee on Congressional Operations, U.S. Congress, Washington, D.C.
DEAR Mr. STEWART: In accordance with your request, RTNDA would like to outline some of our objections to the restrictions placed upon broadcast coverage of Congress.
With the exception of a few designated areas, broadcast newsmen are hindered in their news gathering by the requirement that they seek permission for the use of the tools of their trade anywhere on the Capitol. This rule applies not only to the Capitol itself, but also to Congressional office buildings, hearing rooms, grounds and sidewalks. Frequently it is inconvenient for members of Congress to travel to the designated areas for a brief film interview. In order to get permission to film or record interviews outside the designated areas the broadcaster must get permission from not just one but a variety of offices. For instance, for a television or radio reporter to take his equipment onto the Capitol steps, he must have a member of Congress with him, and he must have the permission of the Sergeant at Arms for the Senate or the Speaker of the House.
On the Senate side, we question the need to have equipment installed 30 minutes before the beginning of a hearing. The House requires only 15 minutes, and we feel that this should be sufficient for the Senate as well. Additionally, the rule that organizations may not pull out of Mults until hearings are recessed means that an entire crew may be tied up for a morning or an afternoon hearing when it is interested in getting the testimony of only one witness.
Specific permission must be gained for the use of portable sound-on-film equipment anywhere on the Capitol, which is an added difficulty that broadcasters must contend with. And at stake outs beside committee rooms, hand-held microphones are not permitted. All microphones must be fastened to a stand.
RTNDA appreciates the interest of the Joint Committee on Congressional Operations in this matter, and we hope this information may prove helpful in your deliberations. Sincerely,
ALEXANDER B. CHADWICK,
Manager, Washington Office.
Westinghouse Broadcasting Co., Inc.
WASHINGTON, D.C., June 14, 1974. Hon. LEE METCALF, Chairman, U.S. Senate, Joint Committee on Congressional Operations, Washington, D.C.
DEAR SENATOR METCALF: I will attempt to be helpful in response to your questionnaire regarding news coverage of the Congress.
I believe I should first explain that Westinghouse Broadcasting Company is not a network. While our coverage parallels network news coverage in every way, we are a Group broadcaster serving the seven Westinghouse radio stations and its five TV stations. The Westinghouse Broadcasting Company Washington News Bureau was the first Group broadcasting bureau established in the nation's capital. It continues to be unique in its field. The objective of the Washington News Bureau therefore is to provide national news as well as news of regional importance to our individual stations. With respect to the Congress this means blanket coverage of Congress as an institution and as a collection of 535 individuals. Our correspondents cover the activities of Congressmen from our station areas. With respect to your questions:
1. We request permission from time to time to cover hearings on major issues being considered by the Congress. These include the Judiciary Committees of both houses, the Armed Services Committees of both houses, the Commerce Committees of both houses, the Joint Economic Committee, Appropriations Committees, House Ways and Means Committee, and Education and Labor of both houses. The requests have been for news film and audio tape coverage.
2. We have been denied permission to film or record in the following: House Judiciary Committee, House Armed Services Committee, and Ways and Means Committee. In many instances we simply do not request permission anymore because of the long established practice by some committee chairmen and some members against open coverage.
3. Yes. We asked for and received permission to cover a conference between the House and Senate on the Energy Bill in December 1973.
4. Yes. See answer to question #2.
5. The Westinghouse Broadcasting Company in 1968 produced a television series called the “Government Story”. This series is made up of forty half-hour productions that explain the workings of the government. A large part of the series was devoted to the workings of Congress as an institution. These TV films were made available to other television stations across the nation, universities and high schools. They are still in circulation. The series is also available to and is being used by clubs and organizations. The "Government Story” was made possible through the cooperation of wives of congressmen, including Mrs. Gerald Ford, Mrs. Hale Boggs and Mrs. Charles Vanik.
We have produced special radio series on major matters before Congress which explained how the Congress would act on issues as an institution. A special film unit on Capitol Hill will, from time to time, report on how Congress functions.
6. Greater access to floor activities would help. But I believe it would take an act of Congress to simplify the rules in order to make floor coverage more understanding.
7. Some of the rules of the House and Senate Radio and Television Correspondent's Galleries are archaic. It would be a simple procedure to remove restrictions on filming on the grounds of the Capitol and in certain areas inside the Capitol which are now off limits. Special permission must be granted by the Capitol Architect before interviews can be conducted beyond three specific areas on the Capitol grounds. There are also restrictions inside the Capitol that could be modified. For instance, it takes special permission from the Architect of the Capitol or the Sgt. at Arms to film a Congressman or Senator as he leaves a hearing room if that hearirg room is off limits. Such permission could take several hours.
8. Although we have covered this in our testimony, it bears repeating. The space situation in the Senate Radio Television gallery is critical. The work
space should be enlarged. I believe constant attention must be paid to the space problems in both galleries because of the increasing number of organiza: tions seeking to cover Congress.
9. Radio coverage would be a rather simple operation in both chambers, However, I believe this entire question should be answered by the Radio-TV
pool. I trust this response will be helpful to your study and produce some favorable response. Sincerely yours,
II. SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL SUPPLIED BY
Matthew Coffey, president, Association of Public Radio Stations, list of noncommercial radio coverage of State legislatures—1973.
THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN,
AUSTIN, Tex., March 8, 1974. Hon. LEE METCALF, Chairman, Joint Committee on Congressional Operations, Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C.
DEAR SENATOR METCALF: I want to thank you and the other Committee members for permitting me the privilege of testifying yesterday on behalf of KUT-FM and the nation's other public radio stations.
Your Committee is to be commended for conducting these particular hearings. They are, in my personal opinion, of exceptional interest; and they are necessary to all who are members of Congress, and to the American people whom that institution serves so ably and benefits so well.
As I indicated at the conclusion of my remarks, I would secure, either for the record or for staff study, a copy of the Australian Parliamentary Proceedings Broadcasting Act (1946). That document is attached, together with a subsequent amendment of 1960. I have also attached, as I indicated, a copy of Broadcasting of Parliamentary Proceedings in Australia (1946–1968), a study conducted by Mr. A. R. Browning, Sergeant-at-Arms, The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia.
I understand that the Committee may have further questions to which I may respond in writing. I shall be glad to comply and to assist you further in whatever way I am able. Cordially,
WILLIAM S. GIORDA,
THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA
(No. 20 of 1946) An Act to provide for the Broadcasting of the Proceedings of the Houses of the Parliament, and for other purposes.
(Assented to 5th July, 1946.) Be it enacted by the King's Most Excellent Majesty, the Senate, and the House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Australia, as follows: Short title. 1. This Act may be cited as the Parliamentary Proceedings
Broadcasting Act 1946. Commence
2. This Act shall come into operation on the day on which it ment.
receives the Royal Assent. Definitions.
3. In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears“national broadcasting station" means a national broadcasting station within the meaning of the Australian Broadcasting Act 1942;
"the Committee" means the Joint Committee on the Broad
casting of Parliamentary Proceedings appointed under this Act. Broadcasting of 4. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Australian Broadparliamentary casting Act 1942, the Australian Broadcasting Commission shall proceedings.
broadcast the proceedings of the Senate or the House of Representatives from
(a) a medium-wave national broadcasting station in the capital city in each State and in the city of Newcastle in the State of New South Wales; and
(b) such other national broadcasting stations (including shortwave national broadcasting stations) as are prescribed, upon such
days and during such periods as the Committee determines. Constitution of 5.-(1.) As soon as conveniently practicable after the commencecommittee. ment of this Act, and thereafter at the commencement of the first
session of every Parliament, a Joint Committee of nine members of the Parliament, to be called the Joint Committee on the Broadcasting of Parliamentary Proceedings, shall be appointed according to the practice of the Parliament with reference to the appointment of members to serve on Joint Select Committees of both Houses of the Parliament.
(2.) One of the members of the Committee shall be the President of the Senate, one member shall be the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and, of the other seven members of the Committee, two shall be members of, and appointed by, the Senate and five shall be members of, and appointed by the House of
Representatives. Tenure of
6. The members of the Committee shall hold office as a Joint office of
Committee until the House of Representatives for the time being members of committee.
expires by dissolution or effluxion of time. Resignation. 7.-(1.) Any member of the Committee (other than the President
of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives) may resign his seat on the Committee by writing under his hand addressed to the President of the Senate if he be a Senator, or to the Speaker of the House of Representatives if he be a member of the House of Representatives.
(2.) The seat of any member of the Committee shall be deemed to have become vacant if he ceases to be a Senator or a member of
the House of Representatives (as the case may be). Vacancies.
8. Where the seat of any member of the Committee (other than the President of the Senate or the Speaker of the House of Representatives) becomes vacant, it shall be filled by appointment according to the practice referred to in section five of this Act within fifteen sitting days after the happening of the vacancy if the House of the Parliament of which he is a member is then sitting, or, if not, then within fifteen sitting days after the next meeting of that House.