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QUESTIONS FOR TELEPHONE SURVEY OF
HOUSE AND SENATE COMMITTEES AND SUBCOMMITTEES

ON FIELD HEARINGS

1. Has the committee/ subcommittee held field hearings in the past six years?

91 st Congress

1969
1970

92nd Congress

1971 1972

93rd Congress

1973
1974

2. Please list dates, places, and topic of each field hearing?

3. Why did the committee/subcommittee decide to hold hearings in the field

rather than in Washington ?

4. How did the committee, subcommittee arrange for field hearings?

(a) meeting places
(b) transportation
(c) lodging for Members and staff
(d) stenographic services
(e) equipment

5. Did the committeel subcommittee need to acquire prior consent from the

House Administration Committee or the Senate Rules and Administration
Committee to arrange for any of the items in question 5?

6. Were there any restrictions on such approval ?

7. How were the field hearings funded?

(a) out of committee inquiries and investigations funds - solely - partially

(b) special funds from the contingent funds of the House or Senate for

stenographic services, equipment, etc.

8. Did the committeel subcommittee encounter difficulties in having any vouchers

paid pursuant to expenses encountered in holding field hearings?

9.

Name, position, and length of service on committee of person answering survey questions.

Trevia Dean
Analyst in American National Government
Government and General Research Division

July 3, 1974

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This report sets forth the provisions of law and rules governing

the broadcasting of committee hearings in the Senate and the House

of Representatives. Included is the relevant text from the rules of those committees which have broadcast provisions. These texts are provided for Senate and House standing committees, select and special

committees, and the joint committees of Congress.

Statutory authority for the broadcast of hearings is found in

the legislative Reorganization Act of 1970 (Public Law 91-510, 84 Stat,

1140), which authorizes the broadcast either by radio or television,

or both, of open committee hearings in the Senate in sections 116(a)

and 242(a) and in the House in section 116(b).

Provisions of P.L. 9:1-510 Authorizing Senate Committee Broadcast of
Hearings

Section 116(a) of the 1970 Legislative Reorganization Act, containing Senate committee broadcast provisions, reads :

SEC. 116. (a) Section 133A (b) of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, as enacted by section 112(a) of this Act, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "Whenever any such hearing is open to the public, that hearing may be broadcast by radio or television, or both, under such rules as the committee may adopt,"

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In summary, the section provides that hearings open to the public

held by any Senate committee may be broadcast by radio or television, or both, under such rules as the committee may adopt. The Senate Committee on Appropriations, which is exempted from section 116(a), is governed in this matter by section 242(a) of the 1970 Act, which

states:

SEC. 242. (a) Each hearing conducted by the Committee
on Appropriations of the Senate shall be open to the pub-
lic except when the committee determines that the testimony
to be taken at that hearing may relate to a matter of
national security, may tend to reflect adversely on the
character or reputation of the witness or any other indi-
vidual, or may divulge matters deemed confidential under
other provisions of law or Government regulation. When-
ever any such hearing is open to the public, that hearing
may be broadcast by radio or television, or both, under
such rules as the committee'may adopt.

Thus, P.L. 91-510 authorizes all Senate committees, select and

special as well as standing, to broadcast open committee hearings.

Under prior Senate practice its committees were already permitted to broadcast their hearings by radio and/or television. P.L. 91-510 embodies that practice in rulemaking law, with the additional proviso

that committees may adopt rules to regulate the practice.

As originally reported to the Senate in 1967, s. 355, the legis

lative reorganization bill of 1967, provided that a hearing might be

broadcast "in the discretion of the chairman with the approval of a . majority of the members of the committee..." That language was stricken from the bill by an amendment adopted February 9, 1967. (Congressional Record, Feb. 9, 1967, pp. 3224-3225.) The effect of the amendment was

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