« 이전계속 »
to lodge authority for agreeing to have a committee's hearings broad
cast in the committee rather than in the chairman, although the committee
might subsequently delegate that authority to its chairman,
During discussion of this amendment it was pointed out that under
it "a majority vote would not have to be obtained prior to each hearing
In other words .., the committee itself can adopt rules in
advance, for a month or for the whole session, if it wishes.
committee could adopt rules for the broadcast of proceedings of those
committees, without the necessity of obtaining a majority vote before each broadcast."
During the same discussion, the floor manager of the bill declared
it to be the intent of the provision as amended that "the decision as
to whether the rights (to have hearings broadcast) were granted for
a day or a week or for the session should be within the province of the committee; and the decision as to whether it will be delegated to the chairman by the committee or left to the majority of the committee to work its will, should be a part of the internal operation of the
committee, and not one of the areas in which the Senate itself should
prescribe hard and fast rules."
Senate Committee Rules Governing the Broadcast of Hearings, 93d Congress
For the 93d Congress the published rules of nine Senate committees contain provisions relating to the broadcasting of their hearings: Appropriations, Commerce, Finance, Government Operations, Interior and Insular Affairs, Post Office and Civil Service, Public Works, Select
Presidential Campaign Activities, and Select Standards and Conduct.
Those of the Select Committee on Standards and Conduct flatly prohibit
broadcasting. Those of Appropriations and Coverancut Operations cor
tain essentially no more than is provided for in subsection 116(a),
although Appropriations provides that any objection to broadcast be
referred to the full committee for a decision.
The Committees of
Finance, Commerce, Public Works, Post Office and Civil Service, and
Presidential Campaign Activities have delegated the decision on broadcasting to their respective chairmen, although Finance also permits broadcasting upon written request of a member. The Committee on Commerce has delegated the decision to the chairman and ranking minority member. One committee in the Senate, the Committee on the Judiciary, has no written rules, while thirteen committees have no broadcasting provisions in their rules (Aeronautical and Space Sciences, Agriculture and Forestry, Armed Services, Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, District of Columbia, Foreign Relations, Labor and Public Welfare, Rules and Administration, Veterans' Affairs, Select
on Nutrition and Human Needs, Select on Small Business, Special on
Aging, and Special on Termination of the National Emergency).
The following are the rules of Senate committees for the 93rd
Congress regarding broadcast of hearings:
REGARDING BROADCAST OF KLARINGS
5. BROADCASTING AND PHOTOGRAPHING OY COMMITTEE HEARINO
The Committee or any of its subcommittees may permit the photographing and broadcasting of open hearinge by television and/or radio. However, 11 any member of a subcommittee, including ex officio members, objects to the photographing or broadcasting of an open hearing, the question shall be referred to the Pull Committee for it. decision.
IV -- BROADCASTING OF HEARINGS
Public hearings of the full Committee, or any Sub comunittee thereof, shall be televised or broadcast only when authorized by the chairman and the ranking minority member of the full committee.
SENATE COMPATTEE RULES FOR THE 93RD CONGRESS
REGARDING BROADCAST OF HEARINGS
Broadcasting of Hearings. -- (a) Broadcasting
(b) If such approval is granted, broadcasting
(c) Equipment necessary for coverage by tele-
(d) Additional lighting may be installed in the
(e) The additional lighting authorized by sub-
SZUATE COMMITTEE RULES FOR THL 9310 QONGRESS
REGARDING BROADCAST OF HEARIICS
(f) No witness shall be required to be photographed at any hearing or to give testimony while the broadcasting (or coverage) of that hearing is being conducted. At the request of any such witness who does not wish to be subjected to radio or television coverage, all equipment used for coverage shall be turned off.
C. Radio, television, and photography. The Committee, or any sub committee thereof, may permit the proceedings of hearings which are open to the public to be photographed and broadcast by radio, television or both, subject to such conditions as the committee, or sub committee, may impose. (Sec. 133A (b), Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, as amended.)
Rule 10. During open public hearings, photographers and other reporters using mechanical recording or filming devices shall position their equipment in such fashion as will not interfere with the seating or vision of Committee Members or staff on the dais, nor with the orderly process of the hearing.