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STATEMENT OF OWNERSHIP, MANAGEMENT AND CIRCULATION
1. DATE OF FILING: October 1, 1972
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122,
OFFICES OF THE PUBLISHERS: 1771 N St., N.W., Washington,
St., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20036.
7. OWNER (If owned by a corporation, its name and address must be stated and also immediately thereunder the names and addresses of stockholders owning or holding 1 percent or more of total amount of stock. If not owned by a corporation, the names and addresses of the individual owners must be given. If owned by a partnership or other unincorporated firm, its name and address, as well as that of each individual must be given.) Association for Professional Broadcasting Education, 1771 N St., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20036.
8. KNOWN BONDHOLDERS, MORTGAGEES, AND OTHER SECURITY HOLDERS OWNING OR HOLDING 1 PERCENT OR MORE OF TOTAL AMOUNT OF BONDS, MORTGAGES OR OTHER SECURITIES (If there are none, so state): None
AVERAGE No. ACTUAL No.
ISSUE DURING ISSUE PUBLISHED 10. EXTENT AND NATURE OF
PRECEDING NEAREST TO
12 MONTHS FILING DATE
1511 C. Total paid circulation
830 G. Total (sum of E and F-should equal A) 2500
I certify that the statements made by me above are correct and complete.
/S/ CHRISTOPHER H. STERLING, Editor
of team of hat lede
Broadcast Coverage of State Legislatures
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS,
Washington, D.C., September 4, 1974.
Division (Kenneth E. Gray, Division Chief). Subject: Broadcast Coverage of State Legislatures.
The enclosed table was prepared in response to your request for information on broadcast coverage of regular floor proceedings in State legislatures. The research that led to the preparation of the table was performed by a team of CRS analysts who contacted the clerks and secretaries of both houses of each State legislature. In some instances CRS analysts were also able to obtain information from State legislative research service personnel.
The table indicates whether or not broadcast coverage is permitted in each of the houses of the State legislature. If coverage is permitted the table indicates when such permission was first granted. Notes accompanying the table indicate special conditions applying to permission for coverage, and they provide other relevant information as well.
The analysts who conducted the research uniformly asked the following questions:
(a) Does upper house of legislature presently authorize and permit broadcast coverage of regular floor proceedings by radio?
(b) Ditto by television? If so, on what date ...?
(c) Does lower house of legislature presently authorize and permit broadcast coverage of regular floor procedures by radio? If so, on what date was such permission first granted?
(d) Ditto by television? If so, on what date ...?
Analysts were told that additional details were not needed, but that appropriate information could be added in footnotes. Analysts met in a group before making their calls and it was explained the emphasis was on the regular coverage of floor proceedings. In several cases callbacks were necessary to clarify ambiguous or puzzling reports.
The dates were especially difficult to obtain. In many instances time did not permit the responding State officials to review their files and to provide CRS with the exact date of the first granting of broadcast permission. Estimates were obtained where possible.
I trust that this information will meet your needs. If the government division can be of any additional assistance to you in this matter, please do not hesitate to call.
1974 1950 1965 1969
1965. 1969. 1955.
1955. 1961. 1971.
i With permission of the presiding officer.
3 With permission of the clerk of the house of representatives.
8 There has never been any broadcast coverage of regular sessions of this house of this state legislature, but the rules do not prohibit such coverage.
There was earlier coverage in this house of this state legislature, but the current rule governing coverage went into effect in 1973. Respondents were unable to provide the date of first coverage in the time required by requestor.
1 Coverage is permitted only on a limited and occasional basis, such as for major gubernatorial addresses to the
11 There is no policy in this house of this state regarding broadcast coverage. It is neither allowed nor disallowed under current rules of procedure.
19 There was one broadcast on educational television in 1974. Further broadcast coverage is currently under consideration. 13 Only taping is permitted, not live broadcasting. 14 Approval by membership required. 18 Coverage became frequent beginning in 1963. 16 Broadcast coverage has never been an issue, and has never occurred. 17 Nebraska has a unicameral legislature. 18 Rules applying to press apply to radio and television broadcasts. Such coverage has never been disallowed.
10 Exact date of first coverage is not available at this time, but respondent indicated that coverage is relatively recentoccurring only during the last several sessions.
20 Educational TV is allowed on last day of session.
Washington, D.C., April 2, 1974.
DEAR SENATOR METCALF: It has been brought to my attention that an erroneous statement concerning the rules governing the anchoring of media broadcasts of the hearings held by the Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities was submitted during testimony before your Committee on February 21, 1974. I wish to take this opportunity to inform you of the guidelines which governed the anchoring of such broadcasts during the course of the hearings. I make this statement in my capacity as the Deputy Chief Counsel of the Select Committee and as the immediate supervisor of the day-to-day workings of the hearings.
While no live anchoring was permitted during the Committee sessions, network commentators were allowed to be present in the hearing room during the course of the hearings and were allowed to broadcast directly from the hearing room both before the start of the hearing sessions and after the close of the sessions. In addition, Josh Darsa of National Public Radio was allowed to conduct interviews and provide live commentary from the hearing room during the frequent recesses which occurred in the course of the sessions. The Select Committee's experience with National Public Radio is especially noteworthy in that it was the only broadcast network which anchored the hearings from the hearing room itself for the complete duration of the hearings. This "no open microphone" arrangement resulted in a whollly acceptable accommodation between the needs of the broadcast journalists who covered the hearings and the desire to the Committee to safeguard against the distractions and interruptions which could have resulted from live broadcasting by commentators during the course of the hearings. I am convinced that the interviews with Committee members, staff members, public figures, and constitutional authorities which were aired by virtue of this arrangement provided an indispensable extra dimension to the live broadcasts of the hearing sessions. The function of the Congress in conducting hearings of the type which were conducted by the Select Committee is to inform the public. I firmly believe that the media coverage resulting from the ground rules employed by the Select Committee was the most efficient means of performing this informing function while still maintaining appropriate working conditions in the hearing room. I might add that Senator Ervin fully approved of the guidelines under which the various members of the news media operated, and he has authorized me to make these remarks.
I hope that this brief explanation of the rules employed by the Select Com-
Rufus L. EDMISTEN,
APRIL 9, 1974.
Dramatic Art, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa DEAR PROFESSOR MacCANN: I want to thank you for your very helpful letter regarding the Joint Committee's hearings on “Congress and Mass Communications" that will conclude this week. Your suggestions will be considered carefully by the members of the Joint Committee in drawing up whatever recommendations are ultimately approved
Enclosed is a preliminary study on the subject prepared by the Congressional Research Service which you may find interesting. Very truly yours,
THE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA,
Iowa City, Iowa, February 22, 1974. Senator LEE METCALF, Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C.
DEAR SENATOR METCALF: I see by TV Guide you are launching hearings into mutual access-radio and TV access to the House and Senate chambers, at least, and possibly by indirection access to TV by more members of Senate and House.
I am familiar with the hearings on the Fulbright proposals in August of 1970 and gave them some attention in my recent book, The People's Films (Hastings House), a history of U.S. government film production. Enclosed is a copy of a few relevant pages.
Some of my views are shared, as you probably know, by Newton Minow and his collaborators in Presidential Television (Basic Books). Ithiel de Sola Pool, professor of political science at MIT, also agrees with some of my assumptions about the President as educator, in his paper for the Aspen Notebook on Government and the Media.
The points on which I differ from the usual view are these: Congress should have control of its own TV image, recording what goes on in committees and on the floor as a visual Congressional Record, and offering this footage to the networks. But this would be no more than costly press releases on film unless there were also access to regular time on the Public Broadcasting Service. And there should also be quarterly and annual reports about specific issues in the form of documentary films.
While studying government subsidy and film in England last year on a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, I gave considerable study to British television. Among other things I watched a series of three programs about Parliament on commercial TV. If you want my reactions, I can send them. Sincerely yours,
RICHARD DYER MacCann,
Professor of Film.
NEDERLAND, COLO., April 9, 1974. CHAIRMAN, Joint Committee on Congressional Operations.
TO ALL MEMBERS: I was home ill today and listened to your hearings on Congress and Mass Communications on KUNC-Greely, Colorado. As one who has made his business-Communications-I fully support proposals to Televise Congressional Activities and to distribute them across our nation. There is no doubt in my mind that broadcasting could be accomplished without description and that with present Satellite Technology distribution would be no problem. The biggest problem would probably be a political one from objections by the phone company. If I can be of assistance please let me know. Sincerely,
Paul DAUBITZ. Senator METCALF, Joint Committee on Congressional Operations, Washington, D.C.
It was my good fortune that KQED-Radio brought me your considerations, (considering the problem of broadcasting via TV and radio), as Congress debates the issue. I am very grateful for this "inside story" of what goes on in Congressit is infinitely more "real" than words in print. But-and it is a large “but”could you then also permit the public to participate on issues by expanding the Franking Privileges to all mail addressed to as well as from officials by not requiring me to give up bread for a stamp? I cannot afford the double taxation; so I go unheard.
Mrs. MAENA HENDRICKS.
Senator LEE METCALF,
MY DEAR SENATOR(S): I have never been to Washington, but some day I hone to do so. It would be a blessing and a wonderful learning experience to me
able to see our government in action on TV. Please open your chambers Yes of the people, the television. After all, you are doing our business.