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PREPARED IN CONFORMITY WITH SECTION 3 OF THE
TRADE AGREEMENTS EXTENSION ACT OF 1955 AND
EXECUTIVE ORDER 10082 ISSUED OCTOBER 5, 1949

UNITED STAtes
Government Printing office
WASHINGton : 1959

Rep or t No. 202 ? Sec on d Series
UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION

EDGAR B. Brossard, Chairman
Joseph E. Talbot, Vice Chairman
WALTER R. Schreiber
Glenn W. SUTron
J. Weldon Jones
William E. Dowling

Donn N. BENT, Secretary

Address all communications
UNITED STATES TARIFF COMMISSION
Washington 25, D. C.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office Washington 25, D. C. - Price 50 cents

Foreword

This, the 10th report of the United States Tariff Commission on the operation of the trade agreements program, covers the period from July 1, 1956, through June 30, 1957. The 10th report has been prepared in conformity with the provisions of section 3 of the Trade Agreements Extension Act of 1955 and Executive Order 10082 of October 5, 1949. Section 3 of the Trade Agreements Extension Act of 1955 requires the Tariff Commission to submit to the Congress, at least once a year, a factual report on the operation of the trade agreements program. Before the passage of the Trade Agreements Extension Act of 1955, various Executive orders had directed the Commission to prepare similar annual reports and to submit them to the President and to the Congress. The latest of such orders—Executive Order 10082 of October 5, 1949—is still in effect.

During the period covered by the 10th report, the Contracting Parties to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade did not sponsor any multilateral tariff negotiations. The United States, however, engaged in limited trade-agreement negotiations, under the General Agreement, with Cuba and with the United Kingdom and Belgium. The report describes these negotiations and analyzes the concessions that the United States granted to and obtained from Cuba, as well as the compensatory concessions that it granted to the United Kingdom and to Belgium.

The 10th report also covers other important developments during 1956–57 with respect to the trade agreements program. These include the proposed legislation concerning United States participation in the Organization for Trade Cooperation; the major developments relating to the general provisions and administration of the General Agreement; the actions of the United States relating to its trade agreements program; the recent developments with respect to European economic integration, such as the Common Market and the proposed European free-trade area; the present relationship to the General Agreement of the various multilateral associations and regional groupings of countries that have grown up since World War II; and the changes made in exchange controls and quantitative trade restrictions by countries with which the United States has trade agreements.

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Items arising from the operation of the General Agreement......................

Complaint settled by June 30, 1957.......................................

Complaints not settled by June 30, 1957:

Brazilian internal taxes (art. III). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

French compensatory tax on imports (art. II)..........................

French internal tax on automobiles (art. III). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

French stamp tax on imports (art. II)................................

German (Federal Republic) turnover tax on imports of printed matter

(art. III). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Greek increase of bound duties (art. XIX)............................

United Kingdom subsidization of exports of eggs, cattle, and potatoes

(art. XVI). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

United States subsidization of poultry exported to Germany (Federal

Republic) (art. XVI). ............................................

United States restrictions on imports of dairy products (art. XI).........

Waivers of obligations granted at the 11th Session..........................

Revision of the Brazilian tariff (art. II)...............................

Central American free-trade area (art. I)..............................

Reports on existing waivers of obligations:

Australian special customs treatment of products of Papua and New Guinea

(third annual report) (art. I). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Belgian quantitative restrictions on imports (first annual report) (art. XI)..

Czechoslovak and New Zealand exchange-agreement obligations (second

annual report) (art. XV)..........................................

European Coal and Steel Community (fourth annual report) (arts. I and

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