England in the Eighteen-Eighties: Toward a Social Basis for Freedom

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Transaction Publishers, 1968 - 508페이지

Amid the current political disputes regarding the character of the Victorian period in England whether economic individualism or social responsibility were the major characteristics of the time this fine, scholarly study, first published in 1945, is again available to provide a benchmark by which to assess the political claims. The scholarly and political value of the work is clear; it is deeply researched, clearly written, and establishes guidelines for contemporary social action and thought.

In his perceptive introduction to this edition, Pomper points to lessons the book provides for contemporary politics: the values of careful documentation and research that characterized the work and enhanced the results of Fabianism; the need for a skeptical optimism in social thought; and an understanding of the contrasting fate of socialism in Great Britain and the United States.

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I The EighteenEighties
3
CHANGES IN THE EIGHTIES
21
II Material Environment
23
III Environment of Ideas
61
IV Intruding Events
113
V Signs of Change
155
ROLE OF SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN CHANGE
191
VI Political Parties
193
VIII Religion
299
IX Education
349
X Organization for Change
379
CONCLUSION
409
XI Toward Positive Freedom
411
Notes
431
Bibliography
461
Index
477

VII Organized Labor
237

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79 페이지 - I confess I am not charmed with the ideal of life held out by those who think that the normal state of human beings is that of struggling to get on...
77 페이지 - ... a State which dwarfs its men, in order that they may be more docile instruments in its hands even for beneficial purposes — will find that with small men no great thing can really be accomplished...
160 페이지 - ... do their duty in the state of life to which it shall please God to call them.
81 페이지 - The sense of honour, and personal dignity— that feeling of personal exaltation and degradation which acts independently of other people's opinion, or even in defiance of it; the love of beauty, the passion of the artist; the love of order, of congruity, of consistency in all things, and conformity to their end; the love of power, not in the limited form of power over other human beings, but abstract power, the power of making our volitions effectual; the love of action, the thirst for movement...
74 페이지 - But in all cases it must be remembered that a political combination of the lower classes, as such and for their own objects, is an evil of the first magnitude ; that a permanent combination of them would make them (now that so many of them have the suffrage) supreme in the country; and that their supremacy, in the state they now are, means the supremacy of ignorance over instruction and of numbers over knowledge.
215 페이지 - You ask me what the English workers think about colonial policy. Well, exactly the same as they think about politics in general: the same as what the bourgeois think. There is no workers...

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