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LAW ESTABLISHING THE CHILDREN'S BUREAU.

AN ACT To establish in the Department of Commerce and Labor a bureau to

be known as the Children's Bureau.

[620 Cong., 2d session. S. 252. Public, No. 116.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there shall be established in the Department of Commerce and Labor a bureau to be known as the Children's Bureau.

SEC. 2. That the said bureau shall be under the direction of a chief, to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and who shall receive an annual compensation of five thousand dollars. The said bureau shall investigate and report to said department upon all matters pertaining to the welfare of children and child life among all classes of our people, and shall especially investigate the questions of infant mortality, the birth rate, orphanage, juvenile courts, desertion, dangerous occupations, accidents and diseases of children, employment, legislation affecting children in the several States and Territories. But no official, or. agent, or representative of said bureau shall, over the objection of the head of the family, enter any house used exclusively as a family residence. The chief of said bureau may from time to time publish the results of these investigations in such manner and to such extent as may be prescribed by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor.

Sec. 3. That there shall be in said bureau, until otherwise provided for by law, an assistant chief, to be appointed by the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, who shall receive an annual compensation of two thousand four hundred dollars; one private secretary to the chief of the bureau, who shall receive an annual compensation of one thousand five hundred dollars; one statistical expert, at two thousand dollars; two clerks of class four; two clerks of class three; one clerk of class two; one clerk of class one; one clerk, at one thousand dollars; one copyist, at nine hundred dollars; one special agent, at one thousand four hundred dollars; one special agent, at one thousand two hundred dollars, and one messenger at eight hundred and forty dollars.

Sec. 4. That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor is hereby directed to furnish suficient quarters for the work of this bureau at an annual rental not to exceed two thousand dollars.

Sec. 5.· That this Act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage.

Approved, April 9, 1912.

1 Transferred from Departinent of Commerce and Labor to Department of Labor, upon the creation of the latter by act approved March 4, 1913.

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CONTENTS.

Page.

Letter of transmittal...
Pregnancy ..........

Signs of pregnancy...

Duration of pregnancy..
Personal hygiene......

Diet during pregnancy....
Quantity of food.
Condition of the bowels ..

Exercise

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Clothing ..
Care of the skin..........
Fresh air and ventilation..
Condition of the breasts........

Care of the teeth....
Complications of pregnancy and how to avoid them..

Disturbances of the kidneys....
Nausea and vomiting..
Heartburn.........
Varicose veins...
Hemorrhoids or piles.
Cramps........
Leucorrhea.......
Toxemia.............
Miscarriage.....

Maternal impressions......
Preparations for confinement....

Engaging the doctor and the nurs
Place of confinement.....
Supplies needed..
Preparation of dressings...

Other preparations....
Outfit for the baby..

The baby's clothes.......
Nursery equipment...

Additionai conveniences..
Birth of the baby...

Precautions that must be taken.......
Labor........

Emergencies...
Care of the baby......
Lying-in period.
(Nursing the baby........
Diet for a nursing mother.
Birth registration
Glossary .............
Index ..

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