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SIMPKIN, MARSHALL & CO., STATIONERS' HALL COURT;

J. D. POTTER, 31, POULTRY;

KENT & CO., PATERNOSTER ROW;

And The Principal Nautical Publishers At All Seaports.

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THE

NAUTICAL MAGAZINE

FIFTY-THIRD YEAR.

VOLUME LIII.—No. I.

JANUARY, 1884.

THE STABILITY OF MERCHANT SHIPS.

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'URING the last year the attention of those interested in shipping has been drawn in a marked degree to the question of the stability of merchant ships. In July last, in the launching of a vessel on the Clyde, a great disaster occurred which was made the subject of a searching investigation conducted by an eminent naval architect, and in September an enquiry was held by the Wreck Commissioner into a case of partial capsize and sinking in harbour of one of the largest merchant steamers afloat. The Daphne enquiry served to bring home to shipbuilders the importance of attention to precautions which had of late somewhat fallen into disuse, and was made the occasion of probably the first public statement in scientific language of a branch of the theory of the stability of floating bodies. Tho second enquiry certainly did not bring out anything new, and indeed there appeared no reason arising from the merits of the question why any great amount of consideration should have been given to the question of the ship's stability; but nevertheless the Austral like the Daphne was made to illustrate a lesson on the importance of scientific knowledge and

VOL. LIII. A

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