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Upon his return home from the war he immediately resumed his studies at the Millersville Normal School, where he remained until 1867. After teaching school for a short time in Chester County, he took up the study of law with the Hon. Thomas E. Franklin, ex-attorney-general of Pennsylvania. He graduated from the University of Michigan with honors in 1868 and was immediately admitted to the Lancaster County bar, where he was always recognized for his excellent equipment, superior native talent, and conscientious, painstaking interest in all matters which came before him. Those who knew Mr. BROSIU'S are all familiar with his wonderful gift of oratory, and it was this which led him to accept the position under the order of Good Templars as lecturer of the organization, and for a year or more he was continuously on the platform in behalf of this organization.
Mr. Brosius did not take an active part in politics until 1882, when he was sent as a delegate to the Republican State convention, at which time he was nominated as Congressman at large from the State of Pennsylvania. The Republican party that year was unsuccessful in its endeavor to elect its ticket, and Mr. BROSIUS was defeated. In 1888, however, he became a candidate in his own county for the position of Congressman from the Tenth district, which resulted in his nomination and election. From that time to the time of his death there was no material opposition to his remaining in Congress. As to his life in these halls of Congress I will leave to those who associated with him here to bear testimony. As a public speaker Mr. Brosius had a national reputation and was in national demand. He was the centennial orator in Lancaster on the Fourth of July, 1876. He delivered the address on the occasion of the unveiling of the statue at the national cemetery at Antietam, and also delivered the memorial orations on the
battlefield of Gettysburg in 1895 and at Arlington in 1896 and 1900.
He was essentially a scholarly man. His reading covered a wide range and he possessed a splendid memory, which enabled him to enrich his public utterances with constant and appropriate quotations from the world's illustrious writers. The honorary degree of LL. D. was conferred upon him in 1893 by Ursinus College.
MARRIOTT BROSIUS was not a politician but a patriot. His heart was wrapped up in the welfare of his country. He was a lover of home and the home circle. He was a statesman in the broadest sense, having no interest of his own to serve, but always interested in the welfare of others. He was beloved by the people of his county. The farmers, the manufacturers, the merchants, the women, and the children of the county which he represented loved him and had every confidence in his desire and ability to serve them faithfully and well. At a meeting of the bar association, held in Lancaster after the death of MARRIOTT BROSIUS, Justice J. Hay Brown in his remarks said:
His good qualities ought to be remembered here and recalled from time to time, in order that they may be emulated. As a citizen, soldier, lawyer, statesman, husband, and father, he was pure, brave, successful, able, affectionate, and God-fearing. More than this can not be said of mortal being, and though he fell at his work when the rays of the day's sun were still shining upon him, and before the shades of eventide had gathered about him, his life had not been lived in vain.
In conclusion, I would say, may the purity of his life and the honesty of his actions be an incentive to those who follow him in these halls of Congress, to be and to do that which is true and right.
ADDRESS OF MR. GRAHAM, OF PENNSYLVANIA. Mr. SPEAKER: In paying my brief but sincere tribute to the memory and worth of my fellow-member of this House, and my comrade, I am reminded of those lines:
Leaves have their time to fall,
And stars to set; but all,
Thou hast all seasons for thine own, O Death! MARRIOTT BROSIUS was one of the many notable examples this House has known of worthy ambition, integrity, industry, and courage peculiar to America. He came from a county of Pennsylvania that can point with pride to many illustrious and brave men who have been honored by their countrymen who have been leaders in the two great political parties of the present and past. She has given to the Army a Reynolds, Heintzelman, and a Franklin. A county known all over this broad land for the honesty and uprightness of her people and as a garden spot in agriculture and patriotismold Lancaster.
He came of Quaker ancestry and was born in Lancaster County in 1843, receiving such education as the public schools of his neighborhood and a small academy afforded him. When only 18 years of age the civil war broke forth, threatening to destroy the Union made by our fathers, and like thousands of young men abandoning college or store, farm or trade, with the paternal kiss and God bless you, my son, of father or mother, the tender parting and sweet promise of “to the end” from the maiden of their choice, thinking no less of them loving their country the more, their loyal spirits
flamed into defiant wrath, bounded eagerly and rejoicingly away, taking on the yoke of patient endurance, becoming heroes under privations, danger, conflict, wounds, and suffering.
He enlisted as a private soldier in the Ninety-seventh (threeyear) Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, and had for captain a grandson of Mad Anthony Wayne. The regiment fairly won its right to be placed among the 300 fighting regiments of the Union Army. From the volume I take the following:
The regiment lost in killed and wounded 519; of disease and accident 186. It took part in 15 battles and a number of skirmishes. In the fighting May 18 and 20, 1864, near Bermuda Hundred, the loss was 29 killed, 186 wounded, 22 captured; a total of 237. During the battle no less than 7 color bearers were shot.
Of the part taken by this regiment at that time, another writer has said:
That 300 men of the Ninety-seventh, under Colonel Pennypaker, were ordered to assault the intrenchments and retake the lost position, without considering the rifle pits behind which the enemy lay. The force was ridiculously inadequate. Every man of the 300 knew that some one had blundered, and that he was marching into the very jaws of death, but it was
Theirs not to make reply,
Theirs but to do or die. The charge was made across the intervening wheat field. Pickett's men reserved their fire until the gallant band was within 100 yards, when they opened a murderous fire from six fieldpieces and hundreds of muskets. The reaper, whose name is death, was doing terrible destruction. The noble fellows pressed onward, and not until their gallant leader had been twice wounded and more than half their comrades lay stretched on the stubble was the order given to fall back. Of the 300 men who engaged in the charge 125 returned. It was out of this fearful encounter that Sergeant BROSIUS came wounded almost to death. The wound was received as he stooped to pick up a wounded comrade. The ball passed through the right shoulder blade and through the ball of the right shoulder joint. Then followed months of great suffering. He lay for three months on his left side with his right arm across his breast. He was transferred from one hospital to another. The wound did not heal. Finally he reached the general hospital, and after four long months of intense agony the wound received the proper treatment and his heroic life was preserved. Weeks of suffering followed; then came convalescence.
He was discharged December 28, 1864, and on February 28, 1865, was commissioned second lieutenant for bravery on the field of battle.
After his return from the Army, with his shattered consti tution, Mr. BROSIUS found new demands, new difficulty, and new duties devolving upon him. His father had died during his absence, and a widowed mother with small children turned to him for counsel and aid. He did not falter, but resolutely and manfully assumed the new responsibilities with all a loving son's affection and devotion. .
When the war was over, when the battle-scarred, the maimed, hacked, hewn, decrepit of the blue and the gray came out of the hell fire of those horrible days, when our great leader said, “Let us have peace,” it found a ready response in his heart. He wished to see a full deliverance from the resentment and bitterness of war, a peace that would include fraternity and union, the peace of righteousness, the fraternization of that spirit which sees how the fatherhood of the divine includes the brotherhood of the human; a union under whose sway liberty throughout all the land shall walk hand in hand with justice. It could be well said of him
The sternest and swiftest when armies are launched
And the onset of daring is shouted
For the broken and ruined and routed. After the war he attended a normal school and took a course at Ann Arbor University, choosing the law for his profession. He read under the late Hon. Thomas E. Franklin, and was admitted to the bar in 1868. He was distinguished in his profession among his fellow-citizens for industry, probity, and public spirit. He was known throughout his own and other