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States for his eloquence on the platform, and was selected as the orator on many great public occasions.

His integrity, clean character, and devotion to concession and harmony in the State Republican convention of 1882, when he said in a brief speech, “I love my party better than any wing or faction of it, and only less than I love my country,” won a deserved recognition when he was made, without the slightest premonition, the candidate for Congressman at large. It was the year in which General Beaver was defeated for governor. Mr. BROSIUS went down with the rest, but ran 7,600 ahead of his ticket.

He first came to this House as a member of the Fifty-first Congress, and was reelected to the Fifty-second, Fifty-third, Fifty-fourth, Fifty-fifth, Fifty-sixth, and Fifty-seventh, receiving a majority of 14,000 over his competitor at his last election.

My acquaintance with our deceased member antedates our meeting in the halls of Congress some thirty years. While we both served in the Union Army during the war, I did not make his acquaintance until a few years after its close, when we became closely associated in Grand Army work. That association was kept up until I came here as a fellow-member in the Fiftyfifth Congress.

I think I but voice. the sentiments of the members of this House who knew him when I say that Mr. BROSIUS made friends because of his manliness, his devotion to duty, his love of fair play, his gentle qualities of heart, his readiness to oblige, his fair, honorable, and generous treatment of a political opponent, and his love for his friends.

He was popular with his party, and in many Presidential campaigns in which he took part in other States than his own he was known as “The man eloquent from Pennsylvania.”

Mr. BROSIUS was at times a great sufferer, and I doubt not many members of this House have noticed that he never raised his right arm, but without knowing that it was the result of the terrible wound he had received in the defense of his country. I remember at a breakfast given to some noted ex-Union soldiers at Philadelphia, July 1 of the centennial year, among those present were Horace Binney, Sergeant, Generals Devins and Hartranft, and others. There was a quiet sentiment and interest among these men that had served their country in its hour of danger that some expression should go out to our late foes that would strengthen the desire to bury all animosity between the sections. Mr. Brosius was to respond to the toast "The American flag.” He arose, pale, weak, and trembling, supporting himself by his left hand on a chair, paid a wonderfully eloquent tribute to the flag of our Union, and gave utterance to the sentiment of all present when, in closing, he said:

To this exalted fellowship of equal rights, duties, charities, opportunities, and rewards we welcome the whole gathered South; our hands are outstretched with kindest warmth. Hasten the day when in like mood they grasp and hold—when we shall be one people in the fullest sense, as we are in political form—the time when conscience and equity shall reign supreme.

He never faltered until the last word, then sank exhausted to his chair.

His life, so full of hope, of praiseworthy ambition, of promised usefulness to his country, of need to his loved ones, answered the call of God's messenger, and we are reminded, as with him, so with all.

One by one our days are weaning,

From things earthly go toward
Gorgeous harvest days of gleaning,

In the full tracts of the Lord. Mr. BROSIUS was very domestic in his habits; his home was the center of his affections. Faithful as husband and father, he has left behind him in the hearts of widow and children the tenderest memories of love and devotion. Among his people and comrades he was a much-loved citizen and one of whom they were very proud.

He loved his fellows and their love was sweet.

As a fitting close to this faint tribute it would not be inappropriate to use the words quoted by him in this very Chamber two years ago at the memorial services over a departed colleague :

That while green grass will cover his grave, blue skies bend over it, sweet birds sing near it, and the place will be hallowed ground, yet greener than the grass, fairer than the skies, sweeter than the birds, more hallowed than the grave itself will be his fragrant memory enshrined with supreme sacredness in their heart of hearts.

H. Doc. 712_ 2


Mr. SPEAKER: When MARRIOTT BROSIUS died the State of Pennsylvania lost a favored citizen, Lancaster County a beloved son, and this House a conspicuous member.

Wherever he served his people he was at all times found useful, and his service was appreciated and approved by them. His representation of the great agricultural county of Lancaster was an accomplished success, and his party commended him to the nation by unanimously renominating him many times. He was devoted to his native county and all the people therein, and they in turn manifested great devotion to him. He was a neighbor to every person in his district, because he knew them all, and they in turn reciprocated his friendly familiarity to the fullest measure.

An acquaintanceship of thirty years, with but 40 miles dividing his home from mine, with almost daily intercourse between the two places, enables me to speak of Mr. BROSIUS as one who knew him well. I knew of him as a brave soldier. He was but a lad when he volunteered for the Union's sake. His enlistment was in a regiment in part recruited from my native county (Chester), and I have often heard his comrades speak of him. His service lasted longer than three years, when he returned, badly wounded, but grown in strength, to take up the life he quitted when his country made its appeal to him. When the war had ceased, the Government tendered him a commission as a second lieutenant in the Regular Army for bravery in battle, thus not consenting to part with him without first having blessed him. While only a plain soldier, he had done his full duty, and with his comrades acquired the first place in the affections of a grateful people. To his last day those affections were never diverted from him, because he had earned them, and one of the great comforts of his life was the knowledge that he had so earned them.

When the great occasion which demanded his service had disappeared, he immediately set about a preparation for the pursuits of civil life. The three years spent in his country's cause forced him to greater activity that he might be ready to take his place amongst the brilliant men who had already made his home famous. He had been raised amongst business pedple, and had learned well the advantages which come to those who labor diligently and intelligently. From the plain and simple surroundings set before him while a boy, from the sincere and earnest ways of those who brought him forth and directed his first steps, Mr. BROSIUS was impressed with feelings of tolerance and kindness that invited people to his side and induced them to remain. He also learned from these sources the habits of mind that distinguished him amongst his fellow-men.

He was at all times free from duplicity in his behavior and strictly truthful in his speech. His dealings were always open, and no man ever charged him with an attempt to practice a deceit. In the cause of his client he exhibited the same faithfulness as he did in the representation of his district.

He was modestly ambitious for himself and his household that they might take a foremost place amongst respectable and well-meaning people. He aspired only to make his public and private service entirely acceptable, and in this aspiration he was eminently successful. His gentility, which added to his attractiveness, was the same whether at home or abroad, and strangers and kinsmen alike will be pleased to testify that it was habitually present.

Mr. BROSIUS was constant in his advocacy of every principle

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