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ADDRESS OF MR. PENROSE, OF PENNSYLVANIA.
Mr. PRESIDENT: We have suspended the business of the Senate that we may commemorate the life and services of MARRIOTT BROSIUS, late a Representative from the Tenth district of Pennsylvania, and that we may pay our tribute of esteem and respect to his memory. Mr. BROSIUS was a distinguished Representative from the State of Pennsylvania. He was born in Colerain Township, in Lancaster County, on March 7, 1843. His ancestors, both paternal and maternal, were of sturdy Quaker stock. His great-grandfather, Henry Brosius, emigrated from England in the year 1780 and settled in Philadelphia. His grandfather, Mahlon, was born in Chester County, and was a potter by occupation and a prominent member of the Society of Friends. His father, Clarkson, was also a native of Chester County, and was engaged in agricultural pursuits.
Clarkson Brosius was a splendid type of the antislavery socialreform agitators, and did much to mold the sentiment of the North in the exciting political events that marked the period prior to the outbreak of the civil war, and young BROSIUS absorbed all of the patriotic spirit of his father. His early days were spent on a farm, but he grasped every opportunity to procure such education as was afforded by the neighboring schools. In November, 1861, being a student at Chestnut Hill Academy and 18 years of age, he enlisted as a member of Company K, Ninety-seventh Pennsylvania Infantry, under Capt. William Wayne, a grandson of Gen. Anthony Wayne. The regiment saw hard service, and returned in March, 1864, with only one-third of the original muster left. Subsequently the regiment was assigned to Gloucester Point, and it was in the engagements at Green Plains and Bermuda Hundred. In this battle Mr. BROSIUS was a sergeant and received the wound that ever afterwards prevented him from raising his right arm. Years after, one of the field officers of his regiment paid him this tribute:
His record is linked and written with the Ninety-seventh Regiment, on whose roll his name was subscribed in 1861. Its history is his history, and its fame is his fame, and its glorious deeds are the sum of the faithful and brave deeds of the men who, with him, went forth at the call of this country to battle for the preservation of the nation. Among the most earnest and yet quiet and unobtrusive in all his actions was MARRIOTT BROSIUS. From the day of his enlistment in the service until stricken down by the bullet of the enemy he was ever at his post of duty, active and vigilant as a sentinel, brave and courageous in the line of battle. He was regarded as a model soldier, as well froni the force of culture that indicated the perfect gentleman as from the exact fulfillment of duty that indicated the trained veteran and soldier.
Upon returning home after the war, Mr. Brosius resumed his studies at the Millersville Normal School, where he remained until 1867. He then taught school in Chester County for a short time, and finally returned to Lancaster to read law with Hon. Thomas E. Franklin, ex-attorney-general of the State. Later he entered the law department of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, and graduated with honors in 1868. In the same year he was admitted to the Lancaster bar, and soon gained a fine reputation as a lawyer. He early became known as an orator of high attainments. As a public speaker he attracted and impressed his audiences by his commanding presence, his distinct elocution, and his polished rhetoric. In the early days of the temperance movement he received from the Order of Good Templars an offer of the position of State lecturer of the organization, being recommended for this position by the poet George W. Bungay, who had been much impressed by his speeches. He performed this arduous work with fidelity, and his services were in constant demand. He gradually acquired a national reputation as a speaker. He delivered memorial addresses at the national cemeteries at Antietam, at Gettysburg, and at Arlington. He addressed many prominent political clubs in New York and Chicago, and made numerous Grand Army of the Republic, Decoration Day, literary, and political speeches. In 1893 Ursinus College conferred upon him the honorary degree of LL.D.
In 1882 Mr. BROSIUS was a delegate to the Republican State convention. The Republican party of Pennsylvania was at that time torn asunder by factional strife. Mr. Brosius received the nomination from the convention as Congressman at large, but was defeated, with the rest of the Republican State ticket, at the election. In 1888 he was nominated and elected a Representative in Congress from the Tenth district, and he was reelected for every term since that date, his last term, his seventh, establishing a record without an equal in the district. As a member of Congress, Mr. BrosIUS, by reason of his eloquence, his ability, and his industry, soon acquired a prominent position. In the Fifty-first Congress he was a member of the Committee on Agriculture, and immediately took an interest in measures of special importance to his agricultural constituents. He was also a member of the Committees on the Militia and on Private Land Claims, and with great industry he took up and discussed before the House questions of pensions, the tariff, silver, and immigration. In the Fifty-sixth Congress, during which the present currency act became a law and the gold standard was adopted, he was the chairman of the Committee on Banking and Currency.
As a representative of Lancaster County, Mr. Brosics was earnest and conscientious. He was endowed with high personal character and possessed the love and respect of his constituents
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to a marked degree. At the time of his death he was perhaps the best known citizen in his district, at home and abroad. He was patriotic, eloquent, and conscientious to a preeminent degree.
Hon. J. Hay Brown, one of the justices of the supreme court of Pennsylvania, thus spoke of him at a meeting of the members of the Lancaster bar held to pay tribute to the memory of Mr. Brosius:
The virtues of our dear friend and brother have been justly extolled by those who have spoken, and it is not needful that I should longer dwell upon them. But if I do not speak of them it is not because any other man's appreciation of them was higher. In every relation of life he was exemplary, and from the beginning to the end he was pure and his hands were clean. His good qualities ought to be remembered here and recalled from time to time in order that they may be emulated. As a citizen, soldier, lawyer, statesman, husband, and father he was pure, brave, successful, abie, affectionate, and God-fearing. More than this can not be said of mortal being, and though he fell at his work when the rays of the day's sun were still shining upon him, and before the shades of eventide had gathered about him, his life was not lived in vain.
The Tenth district, which Mr. BROSIUS so long represented in Congress, embraces the county of Lancaster, which is one of the richest and most fertile sectious of Pennsylvania, if not of the whole United States. There is no finer agricultural land in the world than Pequea Valley. The limestone land in Donegal, Hempfield, and Manor is equally fertile. There is not another county in the State possessing such an amount and variety of the sources of natural wealth, and none where these resources have been more industriously developed. Beginning in the year 1710 the county was rapidly settled by a large immigration of Scotch-Irish Presbyterians and Germans from the Palatinate. These Scotch-Irish and Germans are recognized as being the two most important elements in the settlement of our country.
In Lancaster County particularly the Germans, by their thrift, intelligence, enterprise, and industry, developed the
agricultural and mineral resources of the county with extraordinary success, and great and flourishing communities have been built up. James Buchanan and Thaddeus Stevens are counted among the many distinguished sons of Lancaster County. It is doubtful whether there is another county which can boast of as many wealthy and well-to-do farmers, or of as many thriving and progressive communities.
The State of Pennsylvania has lost an eloquent and distinguished Representative. We, his colleagues, lament the death of an esteemed associate, and we extend to his family our sincere sympathy in their great bereavement.