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timation of the President's intention to wait a reasonable time for the counter representation of captain Home and such explanations from him and Mr. Moore as they should think proper to offer. That time has elapsed and no satisfactory explanations have been given; on the contrary, it appears that captain Home is continuing his aggressions. The President has therefore decided on the measures, which his duty requires him to take, to vindicate the sovereignty and rights of the United States. In pursuance of this determination, I am now to desire your excellency to communicate to the said captain Rodham Home the demand of the President of the United States, that he immediately remove from a station within the jurisdiction of the United States, where he has violated and continues to violate their rights; and that he forthwith liberate the three seamen, to wit, William Jones, John Caton, and George White, whom with an armed force he, on the 24th of the last month, seized and took from on board the ship Anne, John Tillinghast, master, then sailing within the jurisdiction of the United States, and carried on board the said ship Africa, where they are detained. I am also to request your excellency to make known to him, the said captain Home, that after forty eight hours from the time these requisitions shall be communicated to him, all intercourse between the citizens of the United States and the ship under his command will be forbid. den : Those only can claim the rights of hospitality who respect the laws and rights of the nation on which the claim is made. To such, of whatever nation, the President desires with perfect impartiality, to render and secure all those accom. modations and advantages to which they are entitled from the United States.

I have the honour to enclose an act of the President by which he has revoked the Exequatur formerly granted to Mr. Moore as vice consul at Rhode Island, and to request your excellency to cause the same to be published. I am, &c.

TIMOTHY PICKERING.

No. 159.

Mr. Pickering to Mr. Thomas William Moore. Department of State, Sept. 5, 1795.

Sir,—It having been ascertained that on the 2d of August, 1795, you transmitted to the governour of the state of Rhode Island a letter dated the 31st of July, addressed to you by captain Rodham Home, commander of the British ship of war Africa, the contents whereof you saw were highly indecent and unjustifiable: as unrestrained by the respect you owed the government by whose permission you exercised your office, you have thus co-operated with captain Home, in grossly insulting its authority: the President of the United States has judged it to be nc longer proper that you should be permitted to exercise the functions or powers of a vice consul within the United States.

You will, therefore, receive enclosed a copy of the letters patent, which have been issued for the revoking the Exequatur, heretofore granted to you, and which will be made publick.

I am, sir, See. TIMOTHY PICKERING.

No. 160.

George Washington, President of the United States of America' To all whom it may concern:

Thomas William Moore, Esquire, having heretofore produced to me his commission as vice consul of his Britannick majesty, within the state of Rhode Island, and having thereon received from me an Exequatur bearing date the 5th day ol December, 1793, recognising him as such, and declaring him free to exercise within the said state, such functions and powers, as may be given or permitted by the laws of the land to the consuls of nations between whom and the United States no treaty or convention exists for permitting specifick powers and functions to be exercised by their consuls reciprocally. And the said Thomas William Moore, having on the second day of August, 1795, transmitted to the governour of the state of Rhode Island a letter dated the 31st of July, 1795, addressed to him the said Thomas William Moore, and written by captain Rodham Home, commander of the British ship of war Africa, then laying at, or near the port of Newport, in said state, which said letter is conceived in terms of menace and insult against the authority of the United States, and the said Thomas William Moore having participated in the commission of the said menace and insult, by transmitting the letter as aforementioned, having perfect knowledge of its contents ; and it being no longer proper and consistent with the respect due to the government and authority of the United States, that the said Thomas William Moore should continue to exercise any of the functions or powers heretofore allowed in virtue of his said commission of vice consul: These are therefore to declare, that I do no longer recognise the said Thomas William Moore as vice consul of his Britannick majesty, in any part of these United States, nor permit him to exercise any of the functions or powers heretofore granted; and I do hereby wholly reroke the said Exequatur heretofore given, and do declare the same to be absolutely void from this d3y forward.

i

In testimony whereof I have caused these letters to be made patent,and the seal of the United States of Ame[l. S.] rica to be hereunto affixed. Done at the city of Philadelphia the fifth day of September, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five,and of the independence of the United States of America the twentieth.

GEO. WASHINGTON.

By the President's command,

TIMOTHY PICKERING.

No. 161.

Mr. Pickering to Mr. Monroe. Department of State, Sefit. 14/A, 1795.

Sir,—Before this letter reaches you, inofficial information will probably get to hand of the outrage committed by the British man of war the Africa, commanded by captain Rodham Home, in his attempt to take Mr. Fauchct and his papers, on his passage from New-York down the sound to Newport, where he was to embark for France in the frigate Medusa. The station taken by the Africa, in the waters of the state of Rhode Island, seems to have suggested to the people at Newport the idea that she intended to intercept Mr. Fauchet. An express was therefore sent to Stonington in Connecticut, where the sloop in which Mr. Fauchet had embarked was detained by contrary winds, to warn him of his danger. He then quitted the sloop, and taking his valuable papers with him, pursued his journey by land.

Captain Home made the expected attempt. The sloop was brought to; and two officers of the Africa went on board to search and take Mr. Fauchet or his papers, or both—Captain Home, it seems, said the object was to take his papers only; and accordingly, finding that those of value had been landed with Mr. Fauchet, the rest were returned unopened. The particulars of this action are stated in the deposition of captain Thomas Bliss, the master of the packet in which Mr. Fauchet had embarked, of which a copy is enclosed. You will also find enclosed the copy of an insolent letter from captain Home, for the governour of Rhode Island, to be conveyed through the British vice consul, Mr. Moore, who was so indiscreet, and so little respected the dignity of our government, as to send the governour a copy of it.

The evidences of the outrage and insulting conduct of captaia Home, with the co-operation of Mr. Moore, were communicated to the British minister and charge des affairs; and the expectations of government of reparation announced. For this purpose, and to give opportunity for counter representations and

vOL. ii. 44

explanations, time was necessary. Time accordingly was given: for justice as well as prudence required an observation of the maxim— Audi alteram parlem.

After a reasonable time had elapsed, and no satisfactory explanations or counter proofs being offered, the President decided on the measures he would take. These you will find in the enclosed copy of my letter of the 5th instant to governour Fenner. Besides which, the minister of the United States in London is charged "fully to represent these outrages of captain Hornet and to press for such reparation as the nature of the case authorizes the President to demand. What this should be it was not necessary to specify. The President relies that his Britannick majesty will duly estimate the injuries and insults proved to have been committed by captain Home against the United States, and inflict upon him such exemplary punishment as his aggravated offences deserve—as the violated rights of a sovereign state require—and as it will become the justice and honour of his majesty's government to impose."

The letter before mentioned to governour Fenner was sent from Philadelphia by the post, on Saturday the 5th instant, when it bears date. On the Monday following, intelligence was received that the Medusa had sailed on the first, and that the Africa in two or three hours afterwards got under way to pursue her. I am particular in stating'the days when the President's orders to governour Fenner were despatched, and when the first intormation reached Philadelphia that the Medusa had sailed, because it is not improbable that the suspension of those orders may be represented as calculated to be inoperative; aud it may be suggested that they were not issued finally until it was known that the Africa had left the waters of Rhode Island. But the facts are as I have stated them ; and the true and only causes of the suspension are those which I have mentioned, and which you will see in the letter to governour Fenner.

The circumstances in respect to wind and weather under which the Medusa sailed, joined with her swift sailing, enabled her to escape from the Africa, which has since returned to her former station at Rhode Island. The President's orders prohibiting ell intercourse with her, will now come into operation: and for her additional violation of the rights of a neutral nation, in immediately pursuing the Medusa, a new demand of satisfaction will be made on the British government. A naval force to compel a due respect to our rights on the water you know we do not possess.

I have the pleasure to inform you, that peace with all the Indians on our frontiers is at length accomphshed. Georgia and the South Western territory have for some months pasi enj.oyed tranquillity ; and the most prejudiced against the Creeks believe their pacification sincere. On the third of August general W^ayne concluded a treaty with all the western Indians. This fact is declared in a letter of that date from the quarter master general at head quarters to his deputy major Craig, at Pittsburg. So I rely upon it. I suppose general Wayne must have sent off the official account with the treaty by one of his aids, whose arrival 1 daily expect.

Quiet possession has been taken of Presqu' Isle, where some works are now erecting for the protection of the inhabitants and the security of our garrison.

Bui for the vexations on our commerce by the belligerent powers (for they are not confined to the British) we should en. joy perfect repose amidst unexampled prosperity. I am very respectfully, sir, &c.

TIMOTHY PICKERING.

No. 162.

A'ewport, August 2, 1795.

Sir,—The following is a copy of a letter I received from Captain Home of his Britannick majesty's ship Africa, which t take the most early opportunity of forwarding to your Excellency. Having the honour to be, &c.

THOMAS WILLIAM MOORE.

His Excellency Arthur Fenner, Esq. governour and commander in chief of the state of Rhode Island, Sec. &c. Providence.

No. 163.

Africa, off Rhode Island, July 31, 1795.

Siu,—I did expect to have the pleasure of seeing you on board the Africa, but as that is not the case I am obliged to send an officer to you, under the present circumstances, and to desire that you will lay my letter before the governour or other chief magistrate of this island, which is to contain these several requests.

First, That there may be delivered up to me, immediately, an officer who was taken out of a British sloop while in Newport and confined on board the French frigate now in Rhode Island; this violent proceeding being contrary to the law of all nations in a neutral port. In the second place, that you may receive the aid of the civil power in this island to send on board the Africa all British seamen and others, who have been captured in any vessels and set at liberty in these states: not a feigned and pretended aid, but such as our nation have a right to expect from the United States, with whom we are at peace and amity. And thirdly, that I may be pevmitted to buy such re

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