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written in his first edition in folio, “ A certain Du. chess, in her last will, left considerable annuities and legacies to her cats;"—and in subsequent editions, when he had caught the name, having inserted it without changing the original structure of the sentence, by printing—“ A certain Duchess of Richmond,” &c. But on inquiry it turns out, that both the poet and Sir David Dalrymple (who in general was extremely accurate,) were mistaken ; the one in supposing any such bequest to have been made, at least by a Duchess of Richmond after the Restoration; and the other, in the motive assigned for this bequest; for I have examined the will of la belle Stuart, and not one word does it contain concerning the maintenance of cats. The will of Frances Terese, Duchess of Richmond, who was a widow for near thirty years, was made Sept. 24, 1702, and it was proved on the 21st of the following October, six days after her death. (Pr. Orr. Herne, qu. 166.) This lady appears not to have forgotten that she had been celebrated for her beauty; for she directed by a codicil to her will, that her “effigies, as well done in wax as could be, and dressed in coronation robes and coronet, should be placed in a case with clear crown glass before it, and should be set up in Westminster Abbey,” near Lodowick Stuart, the old Duke of Richmond, and Frances, his wife.
Anne Brudenell, Duchess of Richmond, died in Dec. 1722, about ten years before Pope's Epistle was written, and was therefore more likely to have been in his contemplation : but she made no will, dying in her husband's life-time.--It appears, therefore, that the poet too hastily gave credit to a false tale, unless the will of Frances Howard, the widow of Lodowick Stuart, Duke of Richmond, should contain the bequest above mentioned ; which is so improbable, that I have not taken the trouble to learn whether she made a will or not. She died in 1639. P. 106. 1. 14. For prologue, r. some verses.
P. 111. 1. 2. For preparatory, r. preparatively.
co-adjutors : but his co-adjutor most assuredly was not wit a young Irishman, who has been lately suggested as the
writer of the work alluded to; an opinion for which the following among other reasons of equal weight has been assigned ;-because he used to carry Junius in his
C pocket, and was in the habit of repeating to his friends
various passages of that work !!! P.184. n. 3. 1. 8. “ About the time of this event, some pe
cuniary losses,” &c. The pecuniary losses which are
here coupled with the death of Mr. Dyer, happened in . Nov. 1769, near three years before that event. . P. 190. I. 4. Dele the words a second time. Lord Ro. - chester had before been at the head of the Treasury,
but was not made Lord High Treasurer till after the :: accession of King James II.; as I have elsewhere
stated. P. 205. I have, I find, inadvertently omitted to mention
in the List of our Author's Works, his translation of the Life of St. Francis Xavier, which should have been
introduced here. The Dedication prefixed to that piece .. is printed in its proper place.
In the Bodleian Catalogue another work is attributed to our author, on very slight grounds : “ Ani Exposition of the Doctrine of the Catholick Church," translated from Bossuet, Bishop of Meaux, and published at London in 1685. The only authority for attributing this translation to Dryden, should seem to have been the following
note in Bishop Barlow's hand-writing, at the bottom of the titlepage of the copy belonging to the Bodleian Library :
“ By Mr. Dryden, then only a poet, now a papist too : may be, he was a papist before, but not known till of late."
This book had belonged to Bishop Barlow, who died in 1691. P. 207. 1. 3. After offices, add-and, as he himself has told
us, he conscientiously relinquished them. P. 222. n. 7. Dele the words in this volume. · P. 233. last line of text. Read-had been, &c. The word
had was inadvertently omitted at the press, after this
page had been revised for the last time by the author. • P, 235. 1. 6. From a Letter of Dryden to Jacob Tonson,
it should seem that the translation of Virgil was sent to the press, when only eight books of it were finished. Tonson therefore probably began to print at an earlier
period than I have supposed. P. 236. n. 8. For xvi. r. xv. P. 258. n. 8. I. 12. For AUTHOLOGIA, 1. ANTHOLOGIA. P. 278. n. l. 3. After Penseroso, add-and elsewhere.. P. 28o. n. 1.9. For Damel, r. Henry. Henry Purcell, how· ever, being then dead, this musick must have been old. P. 292. l. ult. n. Read which was made, May 26, 1697,
and proved Sept. 7, 1698. P. 297. 1. 2. For is, r. are. P. 302. n. 6. Jeremiah Clarke also composed the musick of the Prologue to THE WORD IN The Moon, an
Opera by Settle, performed in 1697. P. 313. 1. 2. For—First Lord, r. a Lord. See vol. i.
part ii. p. 102, n. 6. P. 318. n. 1. For xxvi. r. xxxiii. P. 329. 1. ult. n. Read-died at Chelsea, and was buried.
there Sept. 9, 1711. P. 333. When this page was printed some months ago,
I little expected that at a subsequent period the palpable
errour of Dryden and Prior, and their contemporaries, respecting the commencement of the century, would be gravely relied on, as adding support to so strange a notion. This, however, has been the case; and, in addition to these authorities, we have been told of the statute for regulating the year, and the correction of the Calendar, enacted in 1751, 24 Geo. II. C. 23; where the following words are found : “For the next century, that is, from the year 1800 to the year 1899, inclusive, add to the current year,” &c. The authority, it must be acknowledged, is weighty, full, and complete; but unfortunately no authority or statute can convince the understanding, that two and two do not make four, or that ninety-nine years do make one hundred. All that follows from that statute, is, that Lord Macclesfield, whọ drew it, was in an errour, as Dryden, Prior, and others, had been before him. Addison, however, should seem not to have adopted this strange mistake ; for in THE SPECTATOR, No.72, after having given an account of the EVERLASTING CLUB, he adds,—" It is said, that “ towards the close of 1700,' being the great year of Jubilee, the Club had it in consideration, whether they should break up, or continue their session; but, after
many speeches and debates, it was at length agreed to • sit out the other century.” P. 340. n. I. 16. Read—and gratuitously instructing, &c. P. 348. 1. 5. Read—that far the greater part of, &c. P. 349. n. l. 3. For Philadelpha, r. Philadelphia. P. 359. n. l. ult, For Stewart, r. Steward. P. 361. n. 4. 1. 2. For Harveain, r. Harveian. P. 388. For-1 Mai, r. Maij 1. P. 419. Add to note 2.- No discredit was in the last age
attached to this foolish study. There are several sermons in print, preached before the learned Society of
Astrologers. P. 439. I. 5 from the bottom. The poem here described, after it had received Swift's corrections, was published in London in quarto, under the title of “ EUGENIO, or Virtuous and Happy Life;" and was inscribed to Mr. Pope. A few days after its publication, May 17, 1737, the author, who was a wine-merchant at Wrexham,
killed himself in a very shocking manner. P. 467. Add to note 1.-To this change, and the subse
quent erection of Buckingham-House, Dr. King has alluded in his ART OF COOKERY, written about forty years afterwards (1709): “ The fate of Kings is always in the dark ; • What Cavalier would know St. James's Park ? “ For Locket's stands, where gardens once did spring, “ And wild-ducks quack, where grasshoppers did sing : “ A princely palace on that space does rise,
• Where Sidley's noble Muse found mulberries.” The princely palace was that built by Sheffield, Duke of Bucks, on the site of Arlington-House, before 1705; for his long letter to the Duke of Shrewsbury, describing his new house, appears to have been written in that year, soon after he resigned the office of Lord Privy Seal. P. 485. n. 2. l. ult. For 23, r. 21. P. 488. I. 5. For visitors, r. visiters. P. 494. n. 8. In 1699, however, plays seem not to have
begun till five o'clock. Thus Garth, in The DISPENSARY, Canto IV. which first appeared in that year : “ Not far from that frequented theatre, .
“ Where wand'ring punks each night at five repair," &c. P. 495. n. 9. I. 8. After Carew, put a comma. P. 499. n. *. The Duke of Buckinghamshire used to go
almost every day to Marybone Bowling-Green, and frequently stayed there till it was dark ; whence in THE TATLER, No. 18, he is described as living there, not in St. James's Park. P. 517. I. 10. For study, r. instruction.