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Since we have locks to safeguard necessaries,
And pretty traps to catch the petty thieves.
While that the armed hand doth fight abroad,
The advised head defends itself at home;
For government, though high, and low, and lower,
Put into parts, doth keep in one concent, (4)
Congreeing in a full and natural close,
Like music.

CANT. Therefore doth heaven divide
The state of man in divers functions,
Setting endeavour in continual motion ;
To which is fixed, as an aim or butt,
Obedience: for so work the honey bees,
Creatures that, by a rule in nature, teach
The act of order to a peopled kingdom.
They have a king, and officers of sorts :
Where some, like magistrates, correct at home;
Others, like merchants, venture trade abroad;
Others, like soldiers, armed in their stings,
Make boot upon the summer's velvet buds;
Which pillage they with merry march bring home
To the tent-royal of their emperor ;
Who, busied in his majesty, surveys
The singing masons building roofs of gold,
The civil citizens kneading up the honey;
The poor mechanic porters crowding in
Their heavy burdens at his narrow gate;
The sad-ey'd justice, with his surly hum,
Delivering o'er to executors pale
The lazy yawning drone. I this infer,-
That many things, having full reference
To one concent, may work contrariously;
As many arrows, loosed several ways,
Fly* to one mark; as many ways meet in one town;
As
many

fresh streams run f in one salt sea ;
As
many

lines close in the dial's centre;
So may a thousand actions, once afoot,
End † in one purpose, and be all well borne
Without defeat. Therefore to France, my liege.
Divide your happy England into four;
Whereof take you one quarter into France,
And you withal shall make all Gallia shake.
If we, with thrice such powers left at home,
Cannot defend our own doors from the dog,
Let us be worried, and our nation lose
The name of hardiness and policy.
K. HEN. Call in the messengers sent from the Dauphin.

[Erit an Attendant. Now are we well resolv'd : and, by God's help,

(*) First folio, Come.

(1) First folio, meet.

(1) First folio, And.

And yours, the noble sinews of our power,
France being ours, we'll bend it to our awe,
Or break it all to pieces. Or there we'll sit,
Ruling, in large and ample empery,
O'er France, and all her almost kingly dukedoms,
Or lay these bones in an unworthy urn,
Tombless, with no remembrance over them :
Either our history shall, with full mouth,
Speak freely of our acts; or else our grave,
Like Turkish mute, shall have a tongueless mouth,
Not worshipp'd with a waxen * epitaph.

Enter Ambassadors of France.
Now are we well prepar'd to know the pleasure
Of our fair cousin Dauphin ; for, we hear,
Your greeting is from him, not from the king.

AMB. May't please your majesty to give us leave,
Freely to render what we have in charge;
Or shall we, sparingly, show you far off
The Dauphin's meaning and our embassy?

K. HEN. We are no tyrant, but a Christian king;
Unto whose grace our passion is as subject,
As are f our wretches fetter'd in our prisons:
Therefore, with frank and with uncurbed plainness,
Tell us the Dauphin's mind.
AMB.

Thus then, in few.
Your highness, lately sending into France,
Did claim some certain dukedoms, in the right
of your great predecessor, king Edward the third.
In answer of which claim, the prince our master
Says,—that you savour too much of your youth ;
And bids you be advis'd, there's nought in France,
That can be with a nimble galliard a won;
You cannot revel into dukedoms there:
He therefore sends you, meeter for your spirit,
This tun of treasure; and, in lieu of this,
Desires you let the dukedoms that you claim
Hear no more of you. This the Dauphin speaks.

K. HEN. What treasure, uncle?
EXE.

Tennis-balls, my liege.
K. HEN. We are glad the Dauphin is so pleasant with us;
His present and your pains, we thank you for.

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(*) Quarto, paper.

(1) First folio, is. A nimble galliard-] Sir John Davies in his “Orchestra," 1622, describes the galliard as :

A gallant daunce, that lively doth bewray

A spirit and a vertue Masculine,
Impatient that her house on earth should stay,
Since she her selfe is fiery and divine:
Oft doth she make her body upward fline;
With lofty turnes and capriols in the ayre,
Which with the lusty tunes accordeth faire.”

:

When we have match'd our rackets to these balls,
We will, in France, by God's grace, play a set
Shall strike his father's crown into the hazard :
Tell him, he hath made a match with such a wrangler,
That all the courts of France will be disturb'd
With chases. And we understand him well,
How he comes o’er us with our wilder days,
Not measuring what use we made of them.
We never valued this poor seat of England;
And therefore, living hence, did give ourself
To barbarous licence; as 't is ever common,
That men are merriest when they are from home.
But tell the Dauphin,— I will keep my state,
Be like a king, and show my sail of greatness,
When I do rouse me in my throne of France :
For that I have laid by my majesty,
And plodded like a man for working-days;
But I will rise there with so full a glory,
That I will dazzle all the eyes of France,
Yea, strike the Dauphin blind to look on us.
And tell the pleasant prince,-this mock of his
Hath turn’d his balls to gun-stones ; (5) and his soul
Shall stand sore charged for the wasteful vengeance
That shall fly with them: for many a thousand widows
Shall this his mock mock out of their dear husbands,
Mock mothers from their sons, mock castles down,
And some are yet ungotten and unborn,
That shall have cause to curse the Dauphin's scorn.
But this lies all within the will of God,
To whom I do appeal ; and in whose name,
Tell you the Dauphin, I am coming on,
To venge me as I may, and to put forth
My rightful hand in a well-hallow'd cause.
So, get you hence in peace; and tell the Dauphin,
His jest will savour but of shallow wit,
When thousands weep, more than did laugh at it.-
Convey them with safe conduct.-Fare you well.

[Exeunt Ambassadors.

a

66

* Chases.] Hazard, courts, and chases, are terms borrowed from the game of tennis. • And show my sail of greatness,–] Nr. Collier's annotator reads, speciously,

- my soul of greatness;”
but sail we believe to have been Shakespeare's expression. Thus in the Third Part of
“Henry VI.” Act III. Sc. 3:-

now Margaret
Must strike her sail, and learn awhile to serve,

Where kings command.”
Again, in Massinger's play of “ The Picture,” Act II. Sc. 2:-

“Such is my full-sail'd confidence.”-
And in Beaumont and Fletcher's “ Thierry and Theodoret,” Act II. Sc. 1:-

I do begin
To feel an alteration in my nature,
And, in his full-sail'd confidence, a shower
Of gentle rain," &c.

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EXE. This was a merry message.

K. HEN. We hope to make the sender blush at it.
Therefore, my lords, omit no happy hour
That may give furtherance to our expedition :
For we have now no thought in us but France.
Save those to God, that run before our business.
Therefore, let our proportions for these wars
Be soon collected, and all things thought upon,
That may with reasonable a swiftness add
More feathers to our wings: for, God before,
We'll chide this Dauphin at his father's door.
Therefore, let every man now task his thought,
That this fair action may on foot be brought.

[Exeunt.

Enter CHORUS.
Now all the youth of England are on fire,
And silken dalliance in the wardrobe lies ;
Now thrive the armourers, and honour's thought
Reigns solely in the breast of every man.
They sell the pasture now, to buy the horse;
Following the mirror of all Christian kings,
With winged heels, as English Mercuries.
For now sits Expectation in the air ;
And hides a sword, from hilts unto the point,
With crowns imperial, crowns and coronets,
Promis’d to Harry, and his followers.
The French, advis'd by good intelligence
Of this most dreadful preparation
Shake in their fear; and with pale policy
Seek to divert the English purposes.
O England !-model to thy inward greatness,
Like little body with a mighty heart,-
What mightst thou do, that honour would thee do,
Were all thy children kind and natural !
But see thy fault! France hath in thee found out
A nest of hollow bosoms, which he fills
With treacherous crowns: and three corrupted men,

a With reasonable swiftness-] Mr. Collier's annotator has,

Seasonable swiftness,". which, however plausible, is tame and prosaic; by reasonable swiftness, is meant the speed of thought, as in “Hamlet,” we have,

wings as swift

As meditation,"
And in “ Troilus and Cressida,” Act II. Sc. 2:-

“ The very wings of reason.
• God before, – ] That is, “I swear before God,or God witness."

One, Richard earl of Cambridge; and the second,
Henry lord Scroop of Masham ; and the third,
Sir Thomas Grey, knight, of Northumberland, -
Have for the gilt of France, (O guilt, indeed!)
Confirm'd conspiracy with fearful France;
And by their hands this grace of kings must die
(If hell and treason hold their promises,)
Ere he take ship for France, and in Southampton.
Linger your patience on; and we'll digest
The abuse of distance; forcea a play.
The sum is paid : the traitors are agreed;
The king is set from London; and the scene
Is now transported, gentles, to Southampton.
There is the playhouse now, there must you sit,
And thence to France shall we convey you safe,
And bring you back, charming the narrow seas
To give you gentle pass; for, if we may,
We'll not offend one stomach with our play.
But, till the king come forth, and not till then,
Unto Southampton do we shift our scene.

[Exit.

ACT II.

1

SCENE I.-London. Eastcheap.

Enter, severally, Nym and BARDOLPH.
BARD. Well met, corporal Nym.
Nym. Good morrow, lieutenant Bardolph.
BARD. What, are ancient Pistol and you friends yet ?

Nym. For my part, I care not: I say little ; but when time shall serve, there shall be smiles ;-but that shall be as it may. I dare not fight, but I will wink, and hold out mine iron : it is a simple one, but what though? it will toast cheese, and it will endure cold as another man's sword will: and there's an end.b

BARD. I will bestow a breakfast, to make you friends, and we'll be all three sworn brothers to France : let it be so, good corporal Nym.

NYM. 'Faith, I will live so long as I may, that's the certain of it ; and when I cannot live any longer, I will dod as I may: that is my rest, that is the rendezvous of it.

:

• Force a play.) So in the original. Possibly, however, an allusion is intended to the dumb-shows which of old preceded each act, and we should read :

“Linger your patience on; and we'll digest

The abuse of distance; foresee a play."
See the Chorus before Act III.

And there's an end.] The quartos read, " And there's the humour of it.
. And we'll be all three sworn brothers) See note (), p. 137, Vol. II.
I will do as I may :] Monck Mason, with some reason, proposed to read :-

die as I may.”

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