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PAGE.

CHAP. 143. Concerning the Organization of the Militia,..

793

144.—Concerning the Organization of the Militia,..

804

145.–To provide for the Lion of Mechanics and others,

808

146.—Supplementary to "An Act to provide for the Lien of Mechanics and others,"

passed April 12, 1850,......

811

147.-Defining the Rights of Husband and Wife,

812

148.—Defining the Time for commencing Civil Actions,..

815

149.—Defining the Time of commencing Civil Actions in certain cases,.

821

150.-For the Government and Protection of Indians,.

822

151.-To license Gaming,......

826

152.—Dividing the State into Counties and establishing the Seats of Justice therein, 827

153.-Concerning County Recorders, .......

838

154.-Supplementary to An Act entitled An Act concerning County Recorders, passed

March, 1851,.....

846

155.—Concerning the office of Public Administrator and making it elective,.

846

156.- Concerning the office of Public Administrator for the County of San Francisco

and making it elective,......

848

157.-Requiring County Treasurers and Public Administrators to settle their Accounts, 849

158.–To exempt the Homestead and other Property from Forced Sale in certain cases, 850

159.–To license Hawkers and Peddlers in this State,..

852

160.-Concerning Estray Animals,...

854

161.-To fund the Debt of the State, ..

856

162.-Supplementary to " An Act to fund the Debt of the State,” passed April 29, 1851, 859

163.-To fund the Indebtedness of the State which has accrued or may accrue from

April 29, 1851, to Dec. 31, 1852, inclusive, and sto provide for the Payment

of the three por cent. Bonds, ...

.... 860

164.-Supplementary to “ An Act to fund the Indebtedness of the State which has

accrued or may accrue from April 29, 1851, to Dec. 31, 1852, inclusive, and

to provide for the Payment of the three per cent. Bonds." Approved May 1,

1852,.......

865

165.—To prevent the City of San Francico from selling or in any other wise disposing

of Lots within its Corporate Limits,....

866

166.—Concerning Judges of the Plains (Jueces de Campo) and defining their Duties, 866

167.—To provide for the Disposal of the Five Hundred Thousand acres of land granted

to this State by Act of Congress, ..

868

168.- Providing a Fund for the Use of a State Library,..

871

169.-Supplemental to an Act entitled “ An Act providing a Fund for the Use of a

State Library,” passed May 1, 1852,....

.... 873

170.-Concerning the Salaries of Officers and Pay of the Members of the Legislature, 873

171.-Prescribing the Time of Payment of the Salaries of the Officers of State,.... 875

172.-To authorize the Treasurer of State to make Special Deposits, ....

875

173.—To create a Board of Supervisors for the Counties of this state, and to define

their Duties and Powers, ..

.... 876

174.—To abolish the Board of Supervisors in the Counties of Calaveras, Sacramento,

and Colusi,......

879

175.-Supplementary to an Act entitled “ An Act to abolish the Board of Supervisors

in the Counties of Calaveras, Sacramento, and Colusi," passed May 11, 1863,. 879

176.- To abolish the Board of Supervisors in the County of El Dorado,.....

880

177.—To limit the Compensation of the Board of Supervisors of the County of San

Francisco,......

881

PAGE.

CHAP. 178.-To authorize Married Women to transact Business in their own Names as Sole

Traders, ......

881

179.-To establish a System of Common Schools,..

883

180.-To provide for the appointment of a Gauger for the Port of San Francisco, .. 894

181. For the Protection of Game,..

895

182.-Prescribing the Mode of maintaining and defending Possessory Actions on

Public Lands in this State,...,

896

183. In relation to Actions wherein the State is a Party,.

898

184.- To provide for the Incorporation of Water Companies,

898

185.-
Concerning the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, .

899

186.-To amend an Act relating to Corporations,...

900

187.—To amend an Act entitled “An Act concerning Corporations,” passed April
22, 1850,....

900

188.To authorize a Transfer of Causes from tho Superior Court of the City of San

Francisco,

901

189. Concerning Notaries Public,.

902

190.-Supplementary to an Act to provide for the Appointment and prescribe the

Duties of Guardians, passed April 19, 1850,..

904

191.- To provide for the Measurement of Lumber,

905

192.—To provide for the better Publication of Official and Legal Notices, .

908

193.-In relation to Personal Mortgages in certain cases,...

911

194.-Providing for the Erection of a State Prison and declaring null and void the

existing State Prison Contract,...

911

195.-Concerning the auditing of Accounts by the Court of Sessions and Board of

Supervisors,

914

196.-To fix the Compensation of County Judges and Associate Justices of the Court

of Sessions, and to repeal a like Act passed April 22, 1850,...

915

197.—To amend an Act entitled " An Act declaring certain Rivers and Crecks navi.

gable," passed February 18, 1851,.

916

198.-An Act entitled An Act to prevent Persons from enticing Seamen to desert,.... 917

199.-To limit the Hours of Labor,..

918

200.-For the more effectual Distribution of the Laws, Journals and Public Docu-

ments of the State of California, ..

918

201.-Declaratory of the Effect of the Repeal of Criminal laws,.

920

202. To amend the Fourteenth Section of An Act ontitled “ An Act concerning the

Office of County Treasurers," passed March 27, 1850,..

920

203.—To establish an Asylum for the Insane of the State of California, ..

921

204.--To abolish the present State Hospitals, and to provide for liquidating the In-

debtedness of the same,..

926

205.-To apportion the Senatorial and Assembly Districts of this state,

927

206.-In relation to resistance of Payment of Revenues due the State, .

930

207.--For the permanent Location of the Seat of Government of the State of Cali.

fornia,..

930

208.-To amend an Act to provide for the Redemption of Comptrollers' Warrants

drawn on the General Fund, passed April 1, 1853,.

931

209.—To legalize certain Records of Deeds and other Instruments in the County of

Sacramento,

931

210.-To fix the Times for holding the Terms of the District Court throughout this 931

State,...

932

211.To protect the Archives of State and prevent their Removal from Benicia, .... 934

212.-Prescribing the Manner of applying for Pardons,

934

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When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for Declaration of one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected Independence. them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident; that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that, whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes ; and, accordingly, all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of these colonies, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former systems of government. The history of the present king of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and

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