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resolution adopted by at least a three-fourths vote of all the members composing a county, or city and county, board of education, recommending that the diploma be granted, and also by an affidavit of the applicant, specifically setting forth the places in which, and the dates between which, said applicant has taught.

[Fee.] The application for any credentials or diploma or document mentioned in this chapter must be accompanied by a fee of two dollars, and in addition thereto each applicant permitted to take an examination shall, before he is so permitted, pay a fee of ten dollars. All of the above fees must be paid into the state treasury to the credit of the contingent fund of the state board of education and applied by said board in defraying or in partially defraying the expense of investigating the qualifications of candidates, issuing credentials, documents or diplomas, and providing for the employment of professional experts to conduct examinations for special credentials and highschool credentials, as specified in subdivisions second and fourth of this section.

Seventh. [Revocation of life diplomas.] To revoke or suspend for immoral or unprofessional conduct, or for evident unfitness for teaching, life diplomas, documents issued under the provisions of sections one thousand five hundred three and one thousand seren hundred seventy-five of this code, or credentials issued in accordance with the provisions of this section; and to adopt such rules for said revocation as they may deem expedient or necessary.

Eighth. [commission of credentials.] The state board of education, in order to meet emergencies, is hereby authorized to create a commission of credentials, to consist of the commissioner of elementary schools, the commissioner of secondary schools and the commissioner of industrial and vocational education. This commission, when directed by the board, shall have authority to review the cases of applicants for the special credentials and the high-school credentials, specified in subdivisions second and fourth of this section, and when said commission is satisfied that any candidate fully meets the standards maintained by the state board it may issue the proper credential; provided, that said credential to be valid must be issued upon the regular form used by the state board of education and must be signed by the secretary and president of said state board.

History: Original section, relating to free text-books for state institutions, enacted April 24, 1915, Stats, and Amdts. 1915, p. 184; amended into present provision May 18, 1917, Stats. and Amdts. 1917, p. 701. In effect July 27, 1917.

8 1519b. COMPILE TEXT-BOOKS. The state board of education shall have power and it shall be its duty:

First. To compile in whole, or in part, and to manufacture such text-books as are DOW in use; to compile, or cause to be compiled, and manufacture such other additional text-books or books, as it may deem necessary or proper for use in the elementary schools of the state, as provided by section one thousand six hundred sixty-five of the Political Code; to purchase books when necessary, or lease plates, maps, engravings or copyright matter for use in manufacturing such text-books; contract for, or lease copyrights for use in compiling, printing or publishing such books; to provide for the payment of royalties or for the leasing of plates or making the whole or any part of a book, and to do any or all things that may be necessary for the purpose of procuring a uniform series of text-books for use in the elementary day and evening schools of the state.

Second. [Contract for use of plates, etc.) Whenever any plates, maps, or engravings of any publisher or author are adopted for use, or whenever any books have been purchased, as hereinbefore provided, the state board of education shall enter into a contract for not less than four years nor more than eight years for the use of the same in the elementary day and evening schools of the state, and shall require a good and sufficient bond of the owner or owners of such books, plates, maps or engravings under a written guarantee[y] that the same shall be kept revised and free from all errors and up to date as may be required by the state board of education.

$ 1519a. CREDENTIALS FOR HIGH-SCHOOL CERTIFICATES. The state board of education shall have power and it shall be its duty:

First. To prescribe by general rule the credentials upon which persons may be granted certificates to teach in the high schools of this state. No credentials shall be prescribed or allowed, unless the same, in the judgment of said board, are the equivalent of a diploma of graduation from the University of California, and are satisfactory evidence that the holder thereof has taken an amount of pedagogy equivalent to the minimum amount of pedagogy prescribed by the state board of education of this state, and include a recommendation for a high-school certificate from the faculty of the insti. tution in which the pedagogical work shall have been taken.

Second. [Special cases.] To consider the cases of individual applicants who have taught successfully for a period of not less than seventeen school months, and who are not possessed of the credentials prescribed by the board under the provisions of this section, and where the evidence submitted by the applicant does not satisfy the board it may, in its discretion, provide for his examination. The said board, in its discretion, may issue to such applicants high-school credentials upon which they may be granted certificates to teach in the high-schools of the state. In such special cases, the board may take cognizance of any adequate evidence of preparation which the applicants may present. The standard of qualification in such special cases shall not be lower than that represented by the other credentials named by the board under the provisions of subdivision first of this section.

Third. [Special certificates for special subjects.] To establish and prescribe by general regulations the qualifications upon which county boards of education may grant to any person a special certificate to teach any special subject or subjects in such grades as are mentioned therein; provided, that no qualification shall be prescribed for certification to teach in any grade whatever a vocational subject unless the candidate shall have had, as a minimum, three years' experience as a journeyman, or, where this terminology does not apply, its equivalent, in the vocation in which he desires certification.

Fourth. [Applicants without necessary qualifications.] To consider the cases of indi. vidual applicants who are not possessed of the qualifications prescribed in subdivision third of this section, or in the general regulations of the state board of education, and where the evidence submitted by any applicant who meets the academic requirements of the board does not satisfy the board of his knowledge of the special subject and methods of teaching the same, it may, in its discretion, provide such examination as it may deem expedient and wise. When the state board of education is satisfied that any applicant possesses qualifications equivalent to those so specified, it may issue to such applicant a state board credential upon which county boards of education may grant to him a special certificate to teach such special subject or subjects as are listed in said credential in such grades and for such length of time as therein specified.

Fifth. [Life diplomas.) To grant life diplomas for four grades, valid throughout the state, as follows:

(1) High-school: Authorizing the holder to teach in any primary or grammar or highschool.

(2) Elementary school: Authorizing the holder to teach in any elementary school.

(3) Kindergarten-primary: Authorizing the holder to teach in the kindergarten class of any primary school.

(4) Special: Authorizing the holder to teach in any school such special branches and in such grades as are named in such diploma.

Sixth. [Qualifications for life diplomas.] To issue, except as provided in sections one thousand five hundred three and one thousand seven hundred seventy-five of this code, life diplomas only to such persons as have held for one year, and still hold, a valid county, or city and county, certificate, corresponding in grade to the grade of diploma applied for, and who shall furnish satisfactory evidence of having had a successful experience in teaching of at least forty-eight months. Not less than twenty-one months of said experience shall have been in the public schools of California. Every application must be accompanied to the state board of education by a certified copy of a

resolution adopted by at least a three-fourths vote of all the members composing a county, or city and county, board of education, recommending that the diploma be granted, and also by an affidavit of the applicant, specifically setting forth the places in which, and the dates between which, said applicant has taught.

[Fee.] The application for any credentials or diploma or document mentioned in this chapter must be accompanied by a fee of two dollars, and in addition thereto each applicant permitted to take an examination shall, before he is so permitted, pay a fee of ten dollars. All of the above fees must be paid into the state treasury to the credit of the contingent fund of the state board of education and applied by said board in defraying or in partially defraying the expense of investigating the qualifications of candidates, issuing credentials, documents or diplomas, and providing for the employment of professional experts to conduct examinations for special credentials and highschool credentials, as specified in subdivisions second and fourth of this section.

Seventh. [Revocation of life diplomas.] To revoke or suspend for immoral or unprofessional conduct, or for evident unfitness for teaching, life diplomas, documents issued under the provisions of sections one thousand five hundred three and one thousand seren hundred seventy-five of this code, or credentials issued in accordance with the provisions of this section; and to adopt such rules for said revocation as they may deem expedient or necessary.

Eighth. [Commission of credentials.] The state board of education, in order to meet emergencies, is hereby authorized to create a commission of credentials, to consist of the commissioner of elementary schools, the commissioner of secondary schools and the commissioner of industrial and vocational education. This commission, when directed by the board, shall have authority to review the cases of applicants for the special credentials and the high-school credentials, specified in subdivisions second and fourth of this section, and when said commission is satisfied that any candidate fully meets the standards maintained by the state board it may issue the proper creden. tial; provided, that said credential to be valid must be issued upon the regular form used by the state board of education and must be signed by the secretary and president of said state board.

History: Original section, relating to free text-books for state insti. tutions, enacted April 24, 1915, Stats, and Amdts. 1915, p. 184; amended into present provision May 18, 1917, Stats. and Amdts. 1917, p. 701. In effect July 27, 1917.

$ 1519b. COMPILE TEXT-BOOKS. The state board of education shall have power and it shall be its duty:

First. To compile in whole, or in part, and to manufacture such text-books as are now in use; to compile, or cause to be compiled, and manufacture such other additional text-books or books, as it may deem necessary or proper for use in the elementary schools of the state, as provided by section one thousand six hundred sixty-five of the Political Code; to purchase books when necessary, or lease plates, maps, engravings or copyright matter for use in manufacturing such text-books; contract for, or lease copyrights for use in compiling, printing or publishing such books; to provide for the payment of royalties or for the leasing of plates or making the whole or any part of a book, and to do any or all things that may be necessary for the purpose of procuring a uniform series of text-books for use in the elementary day and evening schools of the state.

Second. [Contract for use of plates, etc.) Whenever any plates, maps, or engravings of any publisher or author are adopted for use, or whenever any books have been purchased, as hereinbefore provided, the state board of education shall enter into a contract for not less than four years nor more than eight years for the use of the same in the elementary day and evening schools of the state, and shall require a good and sufficient bond of the owner or owners of such books, plates, maps or engravings under a written guarantee[y] that the same shall be kept revised and free from all errors and up to date as may be required by the state board of education.

Third. [Copyrights.] The state board of education may secure copyrights in the name of the people of the State of California, to any book that may be compiled.

[Uniform use of text-books.] Whenever any one or more of the state text-books shall have been compiled or purchased, published and adopted, the superintendent of public instruction, on the order of the state board of education shall issue an order to all county, city, city and county school superintendents by sending notices by registered mail to said superintendents who in turn shall notify the secretaries of all boards of education in the cities and the clerk of the board of school trustees and the teacher or principal in each school district, requiring the uniform use of such book, in the grades of the elementary day and evening schools for which they have been adopted, and when such order has thus been given and published, the same shall remain in force and effect for a term of not less than four nor more than eight years; provided, that such order for the uniform use of such book, shall not take effect until the beginning of the next fiscal year; namely, the first of July next following the issue of the order, or at such time thereafter as may be fixed by the state board of education; provided, that the book shall go into use at the beginning of a fiscal year.

When a book has been adopted, the state board of education shall enforce the uniform use of such book, in the elementary day and evening schools for which said book has been adopted.

Fourth. [Refusal to use state text-books.] Any teacher, or city, county, or city and county superintendent of schools or any board of education, refusing or neglecting to use said series of state text-books at the time required in the last preceding subdivision of this act, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon proof thereof of such refusal or neglect, shall be subject to a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars for each offense; provided, that nothing herein contained shall in any way restrict the addi. tional use of such books as are now provided in section one thousand seven hundred twelve of the Political Code.

Fifth. [Duties of superintendent of state printing.] The superintendent of state printing shall have supervision of all of the mechanical work connected with the printing of such books as may be compiled and adopted subject to the approval of the state board of education or such representative of the state board of education as may be appointed to supervise such work. The superintendent of state printing shall print and bind such books in lots of not less than five thousand and turn them over to the state board of education at the warehouse, and receive payment therefor on the approval of the items of said cost by the state board of education or the duly authorized agent of said board, and upon the approval of the bill by the board of control. He shall furnish one copy of a cost-finding report showing items of work and the materials and the exact cost of each item for each of said lot of books, to, the state board of education, and one copy to the board of control. The superintendent of state printing shall on the first day of each month furnish to the state board of education a detailed statement showing the name and number of books published by him during the preceding month, and the number then in course of publication.

Sixth. [Board of education to fix cost price of books.] On receiving a copy of the cost-finding report and estimated cost of the publishing of any book, the state board of education thereupon shall determine and fix the cost price of such books by adding to the cost of manufacture, the contract price to be paid as royalty or for the use of plates, maps, or engravings or copyrighted matter, and said price, to which has been added ten per cent of such price to cover overhead expense, shall be deemed to be the whole cost of publication of such book at Sacramento. The state board of education may provide for the sale at not less than cost price of state text-books to private schools, individuals, or dealers under such rules and regulations as may be adopted by said board of education; provided, that such books be not sold by dealers for more than the cost price at Sacramento, plus the postage, packing and cartage on such books, which prices shall be established by said board of education.

The state board of education may provide for the disposition of such text-books as are no longer in a fit condition to be used for purposes of instruction; provided, that whenever in its judgment it would be practicable to sell such old text-books for use in the manufacture of paper pulp or similar substances, the highest price obtainable shall be secured therefor, and the money so obtained deposited in the state school-book fund.

Sec. 4. A new section, to be numbered one thousand five hundred nineteen c is hereby added to the Political Code, to read as follows:

History: Enactment approved May 18, 1917, Stats, and Amdts. 1917, p. 704. In effect July 27, 1917.

8 1519c. STATE SCHOOL-BOOK FUND. The appropriation heretofore made, known as the "text-book appropriation," shall be subject to the draft of the state board of education for necessary expenses incurred by it for office supplies, the hiring of expert assistants, and for other necessary expenses; provided, that all claims shall be presented to the board of control for its approval. All moneys that have been received or may hereafter be received from the sale of said series of state textbooks to private schools or to dealers or persons or that may be appropriated by the legislature for publishing said series of state text-books, shall be kept by the state treasurer in a fund known as the "state school-book fund." This fund shall be subject to the order of the state board of education for all expenses incurred by the superintendent of printing for all material, labor, and other expenses necessary for publishing state school text-books, and for all books purchased, for the cost of shipping free text-books, and for necessary employees in connection with such shipment as may be determined by the state board of education. All claims to be drawn, after being certified by the claimant and the items approved by the secretary of the state board of education shall be presented to the board of control for its approval, and upon the approval of said board of control, the state controller is hereby authorized and directed to draw his warrant on the state treasurer, who is hereby directed to pay the same.

History: Enactment approved May 18, 1917, Stats, and Amdts. 1917, p. 706. in effect July 27, 1917.

8 1519d. ORDER FOR TEXT-BOOKS FROM HEAD OF STATE INSTITUTION. The president or principal of any state institution, in which instruction is given in the elementary branches, may order such state text-book, as may be used to advantage, for use in said institution, on blanks supplied by the superintendent of public instruction; provided, such orders shall be subject to revision by said superintendent of public instruction. Such book shall be delivered free of cost to such insti. tution on the order of the superintendent of public instruction, in the usual method of shipment.

History: Enactment approved May 18, 1917, Stats, and Amdts. 1917, p. 707. in effect July 27, 1917.

8 1521. COMPENSATION. First. The members of the state board of education shall receive as compensation fifteen dollars per day when the board is in session. They shall also receive ten dollars per day while engaged in committee work at the Sacramento or Los Angeles offices of the board or elsewhere under the direction of the state board of education; provided, that the total amount of such per diem for committee work, for all members of the board shall not exceed two thousand five hundred dollars for any fiscal year. They shall also receive their actual and necessary traveling expenses.

Second. [Salaries, assistant superintendents of public instruction.] Each assistant superintendent of public instruction provided for in section one thousand five hundred nineteen of the Political Code shall receive a salary of four thousand dollars per annum, payable at the same time and in the same manner as the salary of state officers is paid. They shall also receive their actual and necessary traveling expenses while on official business.

Third. [Clerical help.] Within their appropriation, the state board of education may appoint such clerical and other help as may from time to time be necessary.

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