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superintendent of such fact, naming the day of opening or closing. Boards of education and boards of school trustees must in every case give to the teacher a notice of at least two weeks of their intention to close the term of school under their charge. No superintendent shall draw any requisition for the last month's salary of any teacher until said teacher has filed with him the notice required by this subdivision.

3. [Enforce course of study.] Enforce the course of study, the use of the legally authorized text-books, and the rules and regulations prescribed for schools.

4. [Hold pupils to account for conduct.] Hold pupils to a strict account for their conduct on the way to and from school, on the playgrounds, or during recess; suspend, for good cause, any pupil from the school, and report such suspension to the board of school trustees or city board of education for review. If such action is not sustained by them, the teacher may appeal to the county superintendent, whose decision shall be final.

5. [Keep register.] Keep a state school register, in which shall be left, at the close of the term, a report showing program of recitations, classification and grading of all pupils who have attended school at any time during the school year. The superintendent shall in no case draw. a requisition in favor of the teacher until the teacher has filed with him a certificate from the clerk of the board of school trustees to the effect that the provisions of this subdivision have been complied with.

6. (Make annual report.] Make an annual report to the county superintendent at the time and in the manner and on the blanks prescribed by the superintendent of public instruction. Any teacher who shall end any school term before the close of the school year, shall make a report to the county superintendent immediately after the close of such term; and any teacher who may be teaching any school at the end of the school year shall, in his or her annual report, include all statistics for the entire school year, notwithstanding any previous report for a part of the year. Said teacher shall attach to the annual report a certificate showing the number of children attending said school who reside in other districts within the county, together with the names, residence by district and the average daily attendance of said children. The principal of a school of more than one teacher shall combine the separate certificates from the teachers in the school of which he is principal and shall make a certificate to the county superintendent showing the facts set forth in the separate certificates of the teachers. On receiving the certificates mentioned above from any school district under his jurisdiction, the county superintendent shall deduct the average daily attendance of such children, from the total average daily attendance of the district in which they have attended school, and add it to the total average daily attendance of the district or districts in which said children reside; provided, that whenever the consent of the trustees of the district in which such children reside is obtained, as provided elsewhere in this code, the attendance shall be counted in the district in which the pupils attend school unless there shall be filed with the county superintendent of schools on or before the first day of June of the year in which the attendance is to be counted, a written demand of the trustees of the district in which such children reside for the counting of such attendance in the home district, and then only when such demand is approved by the superintendent of schools. The superintendent of schools shall in no case draw a requisition for the salary of any teacher for the last month of the school term, until the report required by this subdivision has been filed, and by him approved.

7. Make such other reports as may be required by the superintendent of public instruction, county superintendent, board of school trustees, or city board of education,

History: Enacted March 12, 1872; amended March 28, 1874, Code Amdts. 1873-4, p. 98; April 7, 1880, Code Amdts. 1880 (Pol. C. pt.), p. 39; March 15, 1887, Stats, and Amdts. 1886-7, p. 130; March 15, 1889, Stats, and Amdts. 1889, p. 190; March 20, 1891, Stats. and Amdts. 1891, p. 161; March 23, 1893, Stats, and Amdts. 1893, p. 255; May 1, 1911, Stats. and Amdts. 1911, p. 1338; May 31, 1917, Stats, and Amdts. 1917, p. 1376. In effect July 30, 1917.

$ 1696b. ORDER FOR TEXT-BOOKS BY TEACHER. Upon closing a térm of school, each teacher or principal shall prepare, upon requisition blanks furnished by the superintendent of public instruction, an order for the number of state textbooks estimated to be required for use in the school under his charge at the opening of the ensuing term. Such order shall be a part of the annual report required by subdivision six of section one thousand six hundred ninety-six of the Political Code. The superintendent of schools shall in no case draw a requisition for the salary of any teacher for the last month of the school term until the order required by this section has been filed and by him approved. Orders for additional books may be forwarded at any time on the approval of the county superintendent of schools.

In ordering free text-books, any teacher may order one copy of any series of books for use on the teacher's desk, if not supplied with such book, which copy shall be sent by the superintendent of public instruction free of cost with other school-books.

History: Enactment approved May 18, 1917, Stats, and Amdts. 1917, p. 707. in effect July 27, 1917.

8 1697. SCHOOL MONTH, WHAT CONSTITUTES [repealed).

History: Enacted March 12, 1872; amended February 20, 1907, Stats. and Amdts. 1907, p. 12, Kerr's Stats, and Amdts. 1906-7, p. 103; repealed May 18, 1917, Stats. and Amdts. 1917, p. 708. In effect July 27,

1917.

ARTICLE XIV.

ESTABLISHMENT AND GOVERNMENT OF HIGH-SCHOOLS AND HIGH-SCHOOL

DISTRICTS.

$ 1720. Secondary schools provided for.
$ 1723. Jurisdiction over high-school districts [repealed].
8 1728. Formation of joint union high-school districts.
$ 1743. Principals of high schools; report of.
8 1743a. Report of high-school principal.
$ 1750a. Intermediate school course.
8.1750b. Junior college courses [new].
$ 1750c. Special day and evening classes [new].

$ 1720. SECONDARY SCHOOLS PROVIDED FOR. The secondary schools of the state shall be designated as high schools, technical schools, and junior colleges. High schools may be established and high-school districts formed and organized in accordance with the provisions of this article. Whenever any high-school district is so formed and organized the governing body thereof shall establish and maintain one or more high schools, technical schools, or junior colleges therein.

History: Enactment approved March 19, 1909, Stats. and Amdts. 1909, p. 474; amended May 14, 1917, Stats. and Amdts. 1917, p. 463. In effect July 27, 1917.

8 1723. JURISDICTION OVER HIGH-SCHOOL DISTRICTS (repealed).

History: Enactment approved March 19, 1909, Stats. and Amdts. 1909, p. 475; repealed May 18, 1917, Stats, and Amdts. 1917, p. 713. In effect July 27, 1917.

8 1728. FORMATION OF JOINT UNION HIGH-SCHOOL DISTRICTS. Whenever a majority of the registered electors, residing in each of two or more con. tiguous school districts, having in the aggregate at least one hundred pupils in average daily attendance in the elementary schools of such districts, shall unite in a petition to the superintendent of schools of the county who would have jurisdiction over the joint high-school district proposed to be formed, which petition shall pray for the formation of a joint union high-school district, under a name specified therein, such superintendent shall, within twenty days after receipt of such petition, verify the signatures thereto, and, if he finds it sufficient, the same proceedings shall be had on such petition as are directed in section one thousand seven hundred twenty-seven, except that the county superintendent of schools shall file his certificate of the result of the election with the county clerk of each county in which any part of the joint union high-school district is situated. If it appears from such certificate that a majority of the votes cast at such election were cast in favor of the formation of such district, such joint union high-school district shall be deemed to be formed from the time of the filing thereof. The county clerk shall record the certificate in full in his record of high-school districts.

History: Enactment approved March 19, 1909, Stats. and Amdts. 1909, p. 476; amended April 14, 1911, Stats, and Amdts. 1911, p. 917; May 18, 1917, Stats, and Amdts. 1917, p. 712. In effect July 27, 1917.

8 1743. PRINCIPALS OF HIGH SCHOOLS; REPORT OF. Nothing in this article shall be construed so as to prevent the principal of any high-school from acting as principal of the elementary school of the school district in which the highschool is located, or as supervising principal of one or more elementary school districts included in the high-school district, if so desired by the trustees of said school district or districts and the high-school board; provided, that no high-school principal shall supervise the elementary schools of any district except the district in which the high-school building is located without the approval of the county superintendent of schools.

[Annual report of number of pupils, etc.] The principal of every high-school shall annually, at the close of the term and prior to receiving his last month's salary and as a prerequisite for such salary, make out under oath and deliver to the superintendent of schools of each county in which any part of his high-school district is, situated, a full and complete report of said high-school for the entire term or school year. Such report shall show the total number of pupils enrolled during the year, the average daily attendance, the number of teachers regularly employed, the total number of new pupils enrolled during the year, the names of all pupils residing in elementary school districts not embraced in any high-school district, and attending such high-school, such names being segregated according to the districts in which such pupils reside, and such other information as may be required by the superintendent of public instruction or the county superintendent of schools,

The said report shall be made upon blanks furnished by said superintendent of public instruction, as other school report blanks are furnished, and in the case of a joint union high-school district the statistics of attendance and other data for each county separately shall be given in said report.

[Annual report on text-books, etc.] The principal of every high-school, shall, annually, during the month of October, make out under oath and deliver to the state board of education, and to the county superintendent of schools, a full and complete report of text-books then in use in such high-school, the courses of study offered, the requirements for graduation, the names of teachers employed, the subject taught by each teacher, the grade of certificate held by each, and the salary paid to each, and such other information as may be required by the state board of education.

[Salary withheld until report filed.] If such report is not filed with the state board of education, on or before October thirty-first, the state board of education shall notify the county superintendent of schools having jurisdiction of the high-school failing to report, and it shall thereupon be the duty of such county superintendent of schools to withhold the salary of the principal of such high-school until he has been notified by the state board of education that such report has been filed as required by this section.

History: Enactment approved March 19, 1909, Stats. and Amdts. 1909, p. 487; amended May 29, 1917, Stats, and Amdts. 1917, p. 1327. in effect July 28, 1917.

§ 1743a. REPORT OF HIGH-SCHOOL PRINCIPAL [repealed).

History: Enactment approved May 22, 1915, Stats, and Amdts. 1915, p. 770; repealed May 29, 1917, Stats. and Amdts. 1917, p. 1328. In effect July 28, 1917.

$ 1750a. INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL COURSES; ELECTION. The highschool board of any high-school district or the trustees of any county high-school, may prescribe intermediate school courses, and admit thereto pupils who have completed the sixth year of the elementary school; provided, that no intermediate school course shall be prescribed in any county, union or joint union high-school district, unless a majority of the trustees of the elementary school districts comprising such high-school district shall approve the organization of such course in writing, and shall file a statement of such approval with the high-school board, or unless, at an election called for that purpose in the same manner as the election for the formation of the high-school district, a majority of the qualified electors voting thereat shall vote in favor of such intermediate school course.

The ballots used at such election shall contain the words "Intermediate school course—Yes" and "Intermediate school course—No.” The result of said election shall be determined and certified to the superintendent of schools as provided in case of the election for the formation of the district. The first two years of such intermediate school course shall include instruction in the school studies generally taught in the seventh and eighth grades of the elementary school, and may include such other studies, including secondary, vocational and industrial subjects, as said high-school board may prescribe.

(Daily attendance.) The average daily attendance of all pupils from each district, enrolled in the first two years of such intermediate school course, shall be kept separate and shall be credited to the common school district in which the various pupils reside; provided, that when any intermediate school course is first established under the provisions of this section, the course of study therefor shall be adopted between the first day of July and the date of the opening of school for the current school year.

(Lapsing of course.] Whenever the average daily attendance of pupils enrolled in the first two years of the intermediate school course of a district is less than twenty-five for any school year, such intermediate school course shall be deemed to have lapsed.

[Estimated expenses.] The high-school board of any high-school district maintaining an intermediate school course, may include in the annual estimate of expenses of such high-school district filed with the county superintendent of schools in accordance with the provisions of this code, the estimated expenses for maintaining such intermediate school course.

History: Enactment approved April 23, 1915, Stats, and Amdts. 1915, p. 113; amended May 29, 1917, Stats, and Amdts. 1917, p. 1328. In effect July 28, 1917.

$ 1750b. JUNIOR COLLEGE COURSES. The high-school board of any high-school district having an assessed valuation of three million dollars or more, may prescribe junior college courses of study, including not more than two years of work, and admit thereto the graduates of such high-school, the graduates of other highschools and such other candidates for admission who are at least twenty-one years of age, and are recommended for admission by the principal of the high-school maintaining such junior college courses. Junior college courses of study may include such studies as are required for the junior certificate at the University of California, and such other courses of training in the mechanical and industrial arts, household economy, agriculture, civic education and commerce as the high-school board may deem it advisable to establish.

[Regulations.] The high-school board shall adopt regulations governing the organization of such courses of study and shall prescribe requirements for graduation from such courses;

[Requirements for graduation.] provided, that the minimum requirement for graduation from junior college courses of study shall be at least sixty credit hours of work. A credit-hour is hereby defined as approximately three hours of recitation, study and laboratory work per week carried through one half-year. "

[Courses of study.) Courses of study organized under the provisions of this section may be offered in any or all day and evening high-schools of the district, or in a separate junior college, as the high-school board may determine.

[Attendance included in average daily attendance of district.] The attendance of students enrolled in junior college courses of study shall be kept according to regulations prescribed by the state board of education, and the average daily attendance of such students shall be included in the annual report of the average daily attendance of the high-school district required in section one thousand seven hundred forty-three of the Political Code. The superintendent of schools of each county, in making the annual estimate of county high-school fund required, shall include in the basis of such estimate the average daily attendance of all students enrolled in junior college courses during the preceding school year. In apportioning the county high-school fund, the superintendent of schools of the county shall count the average daily attendance of all students enrolled in junior college courses as a part of the average daily attendance of each high-school district in which such students are enrolled.

[Included in estimate for apportioning fund.) The state controller, in making the annual estimate of the amount necessary for the support of high-schools, as required in section one thousand seven hundred sixty of the Political Code, shall include in the basis of his estimate, the average daily attendance of all students enrolled in junior college courses, and the superintendent of public instruction, in apportioning the state high-school fund, shall count the average daily attendance of students enrolled in junior college courses as a part of the average daily attendance of each high-school district in which such students are enrolled.

[Approval of courses by state board of education.] All courses of study prescribed in accordance with this section shall be subject to approval by the state board of education, and no state high-school funds shall be apportioned to any high-school district on account of the attendance of students enrolled in junior college courses, unless such courses have been approved by the state board of education.

History: Enactment approved May 14, 1917, Stats. and Amdts. 1917, p. 464. In effect July 27, 1917.

8 1750c. SPECIAL DAY AND EVENING CLASSES. The high-school board of any high-school district subject to the provisions of section one thousand seven hundred fifty of this code, shall have power to establish and maintain, in connection with any day high-school under its jurisdiction, special day and evening classes for the purpose of giving instruction in any of the branches of study that may be taught in a high-school. These classes may be convened at such hours and for such length of time during the school day or evening, and at such period and for such length of time during the school year as may be determined by said governing authority; and the enrollment of and attendance upon such classes shall be kept separately and the units of average daily attendance shall be determined as provided in section one thousand eight hundred fifty-eight of this code, and shall be added to the high-school attendance of the district.

[Vocational courses.] The high-school board of any high-school district subject to the provisions of section one thousand seven hundred fifty of this code shall have power to establish and maintain, in connection with any high-school under its jurisdiction, parttime vocational courses in agricultural, commercial, industrial, trade or other vocational subjects. The enrollment of and attendance upon such courses shall be kept separately and the units of average daily attendance, determined as provided in section one thousand eight hundred fifty-eight of this code, shall be added to the high-school attendance of the district; provided, that each pupil of a class pursuing such a parttime course in agriculture shall devote, under the direct supervision of a teacher holding a special certificate in agriculture or a vocational certificate in agriculture, at least

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