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joint high-school district proposed to be formed, which petition shall pray for the formation of a joint union high-school district, under a name specified therein, such superintendent shall, within twenty days after receipt of such petition, verify the signatures thereto, and, if he finds it sufficient, the same proceedings shall be had on such petition as are directed in section one thousand seven hundred twenty-seven, except that the county superintendent of schools shall file his certificate of the result of the election with the county clerk of each county in which any part of the joint union high-school district is situated. If it appears from such certificate that a majority of the votes cast at such election were cast in favor of the formation of such district, such joint union high-school district shall be deemed to be formed from the time of the filing thereof. The county clerk shall record the certificate in full in his record of high-school districts.

History: Enactment approved March 19, 1909, Stats. and Amdts. 1909, p. 476; amended April 14, 1911, Stats, and Amdts. 1911, p. 917; May 18, 1917, Stats, and Amdts. 1917, p. 712. In effect July 27, 1917.

8 1743. PRINCIPALS OF HIGH SCHOOLS; REPORT OF. Nothing in this article shall be construed so as to prevent the principal of any high-school from acting as principal of the elementary school of the school district in which the highschool is located, or as supervising principal of one or more elementary school districts included in the high-school district, if so desired by the trustees of said school district or districts and the high-school board; provided, that no high-school principal shall supervise the elementary schools of any district except the district in which the high-school building is located without the pproval of the county superintendent of schools.

[Annual report of number of pupils, etc.] The principal of every high-school shall annually, at the close of the term and prior to receiving his last month's salary and as a prerequisite for such salary, make out under oath and deliver to the superintendent of schools of each county in which any part of his high-school district is, situated, a full and complete report of said high-school for the entire term or school year. Such report shall show the total number of pupils enrolled during the year, the average daily attendance, the number of teachers regularly employed, the total number of new pupils enrolled during the year, the names of all pupils residing in elementary school districts not embraced in any high-school district, and attending such high-school, such names being segregated according to the districts in which such pupils reside, and such other information as may be required by the superintendent of public instruction or the county superintendent of schools.

The said report shall be made upon blanks furnished by said superintendent of public instruction, as other school report blanks are furnished, and in the case of a joint union high-school district the statistics of attendance and other data for each county separately shall be given in said report.

[Annual report on text-books, etc.] The principal of every high-school, shall, annually, during the month of October, make out under oath and deliver to the state board of education, and to the county superintendent of schools, a full and complete report of text-books then in use in such high-school, the courses of study offered, the requirements for graduation, the names of teachers employed, the subject taught by each teacher, the grade of certificate held by each, and the salary paid to each, and such other information as may be required by the state board of education.

[Salary withheld until report filed.] If such report is not filed with the state board of education, on or before October thirty-first, the state board of education shall notify the county superintendent of schools having jurisdiction of the high-school failing to report, and it shall thereupon be the duty of such county superintendent of schools to withhold the salary of the principal of such high-school until he has been notified by the state board of education that such report has been filed as required by this section.

History: Enactment approved March 19, 1909, Stats. and Amdts. 1909, p. 487; amended May 29, 1917, Stats, and Amdts. 1917, p. 1327. In effect July 28, 1917.

$ 1743a. REPORT OF HIGH-SCHOOL PRINCIPAL (repealed).

History: Enactment approved May 22, 1915, Stats. and Amdts. 1915, p. 770; repealed May 29, 1917, Stats. and Amdts. 1917, p. 1328. In effect July 28, 1917.

$ 1750a. INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL COURSES; ELECTION. The highschool board of any high-school district or the trustees of any county high-school, may prescribe intermediate school courses, and admit thereto pupils who have completed the sixth year of the elementary school; provided, that no intermediate school course shall be prescribed in any county, union or joint union high-school district, unless a majority of the trustees of the elementary school districts comprising such high-school district shall approve the organization of such course in writing, and shall file a statement of such approval with the high-school board, or unless, at an election called for that purpose in the same manner as the election for the formation of the high-school district, a majority of the qualified electors voting thereat shall vote in favor of such intermediate school course.

The ballots used at such election shall contain the words "Intermediate school course—Yes" and "Intermediate school course—No." The result of said election shall be determined and certified to the superintendent of schools as provided in case of the election for the formation of the district. The first two years of such intermediate school course shall include instruction in the school studies generally taught in the seventh and eighth grades of the elementary school, and may include such other studies, including secondary, vocational and industrial subjects, as said high-school board may prescribe.

[Daily attendance.] The average daily attendance of all pupils from each district, enrolled in the first two years of such intermediate school course, shall be kept separate and shall be credited to the common school district in which the various pupils reside; provided, that when any intermediate school course is first established under the provisions of this section, the course of study therefor shall be adopted between the first day of July and the date of the opening of school for the current school year,

[Lapsing of course.] Whenever the average daily attendance of pupils enrolled in the first two years of the intermediate school course of a district is less than twenty-five for any school year, such intermediate school course shall be deemed to have lapsed.

[Estimated expenses.] The high-school board of any high-school district maintaining an intermediate school course, may include in the annual estimate of expenses of such high-school district filed with the county superintendent of schools in accordance with the provisions of this code, the estimated expenses for maintaining such intermediate school course.

History: Enactment approved April 23, 1915, Stats, and Amdts. 1915, p. 113; amended May 29, 1917, Stats. and Amdts. 1917, p. 1328. In effect July 28, 1917.

$ 1750b. JUNIOR COLLEGE COURSES. The high-school board of any high-school district having an assessed valuation of three million dollars or more, may prescribe junior college courses of study, including not more than two years of work, and admit thereto the graduates of such high-school, the graduates of other highschools and such other candidates for admission who are at least twenty-one years of age, and are recommended for admission by the principal of the high-school maintaining such junior college courses. Junior college courses of study may include such studies as are required for the junior certificate at the University of California, and such other courses of training in the mechanical and industrial arts, household economy, agriculture, civic education and commerce as the high-school board may deem it advisable to establish,

[Regulations.] The high-school board shall adopt regulations governing the organization of such courses of study and shall prescribe requirements for graduation from such courses;

[Requirements for graduation.) provided, that the minimum requirement for graduation from junior college courses of study shall be at least sixty credit-hours of work. A credit-hour is hereby defined as approximately three hours of recitation, study and laboratory work per week carried through one half-year.

[Courses of study.] Courses of study organized under the provisions of this section may be offered in any or all day and evening high-schools of the district, or in a separate junior college, as the high-school board may determine.

[Attendance included in average daily attendance of district.] The attendance of students enrolled in junior college courses of study shall be kept according to regulations prescribed by the state board of education, and the average daily attendance of such students shall be included in the annual report of the average daily attendance of the high-school district required in section one thousand seven hundred forty-three of the Political Code. The superintendent of schools of each county, in making the annual estimate of county high-school fund required, shall include in the basis of such estimate the average daily attendance of all students enrolled in junior college courses during the preceding school year. In apportioning the county high-school fund, the superintendent of schools of the county shall count the average daily attendance of all students enrolled in junior college courses as a part of the average daily attendance of each high-school district in which such students are enrolled.

[Included in estimate for apportioning fund.] The state controller, in making the annual estimate of the amount necessary for the support of high-schools, as required in section one thousand seven hundred sixty of the Political Code, shall include in the basis of his estimate, the average daily attendance of all students enrolled in junior college courses, and the superintendent of public instruction, in apportioning the state high-school fund, shall count the average daily attendance of students enrolled in junior college courses as a part of the average daily attendance of each high-school district in which such students are enrolled.

[Approval of courses by state board of education.] All courses of study prescribed in accordance with this section shall be subject to approval by the state board of education, and no state high-school funds shall be apportioned to any high-school district on account of the attendance of students enrolled in junior college courses, unless such courses have been approved by the state board of education.

History: Enactment approved May 14, 1917, Stats. and Amdts. 1917, p. 464. In effect July 27, 1917.

g 1750c. SPECIAL DAY AND EVENING CLASSES. The high-school board of any high-school district subject to the provisions of section one thousand seven hundred fifty of this code, shall have power to establish and maintain, in connection with any day high-school under its jurisdiction, special day and evening classes for the purpose of giving instruction in any of the branches of study that may be taught in a high-school. These classes may be convened at such hours and for such length of time during the school day or evening, and at such period and for such length of time during the school year as may be determined by said governing authority; and the enrollment of and attendance upon such classes shall be kept separately and the units of average daily attendance shall be determined as provided in section one thousand eight hundred fifty-eight of this code, and shall be added to the high-school attendance of the district.

[Vocational courses.] The high-school board of any high-school district subject to the provisions of section one thousand seven hundred fifty of this code shall have power to establish and maintain, in connection with any high-school under its jurisdiction, parttime vocational courses in agricultural, commercial, industrial, trade or other vocational subjects. The enrollment of and attendance upon such courses shall be kept separately and the units of average daily attendance, determined as provided in section one thousand eight hundred fifty-eight of this code, shall be added to the high-school attendance of the district; provided, that each pupil of a class pursuing such a parttime course in agriculture shall devote, under the direct supervision of a teacher holding a special certificate in agriculture or a vocational certificate in agriculture, at least three hours daily or an equivalent amount of time to farm mechanics and to farm project work conducted by him on a commercially productive basis, and at least three hours daily or an equivalent amount of time to academic work in school or in class, a part of which shall supplement the practical work; and provided, further, that each pupil of a class pursuing a part-time course in commerce, industry, trade, or other vocational subject shall devote, under the direct supervision of a competent teacher holding a vocational certificate in the special subject, at least three hours daily or an equivalent amount of time to educative practical work under employment and at least three hours daily or an equivalent amount of time in school or class to academic work, a part of which shall supplement the practical work.

[Transportation for teachers of agriculture.] The high-school board of any highschool district maintaining a part-time agricultural course as provided above may, at its option and in such manner as it may deem advisable, furnish the necessary transportation for teachers of agriculture engaged in supervising the project work of the pupils and may pay any expense so incurred from the county or district high-school funds of the district.

History: Enactment approved May 31, 1917, Stats, and Amdts. 1917, p. 1382. In effect July 30, 1917.

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8 1771. POWERS OF COUNTY BOARDS OF EDUCATION. County boards of education have power:

1. To adopt rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the laws of this state, for their own government.

2. To prescribe and enforce rules for the examination of teachers, to examine applicants for elementary school certificates and to establish a standard of proficiency which will entitle the person examined to a certificate.

3. [Grant certificates.] To grant, in accordance with sections one thousand seven hundred seventy-two and one thousand seven hundred seventy-five of this code, the following certificates, renewable at the option of the board:

(a) (Secondary school.] Secondary school certificates, authorizing the holders to teach in any secondary or elementary school in the county.

(b) [Elementary school.] Elementary school certificates authorizing the holders to teach in any elementary school of the county, and in the first two years of any intermediate school course established as provided in section one thousand seven hundred fifty a of the Political Code; provided, that holders of elementary school certificates who have completed two years of work in a college, or one year of work in a college in addition to a normal school course, under regulations prescribed by the state board of education, may teach in the third year of any intermediate school course.

(c) [Kindergarten-primary.] Kindergarten-primary certificates, authorizing the holders to teach in any kindergarten class in the county.

(d) [Special certificates.] Special certificates, authorizing the holders to teach in the schools of the county such branch or branches of learning and in such grades as are named in such certificates. No special certificate shall be granted except for the oral teaching of the deaf or for the teaching of atypical children or for the teaching of special classes in citizenship, or for teaching a subject included under the manual and fine arts, oral and dramatic expression, library craft, technique and use, music, physical education, agriculture, commercial branches, commercial Spanish, vocational guidance and technical, household and industrial arts, and other vocational arts, not herein specified.

4, [Grant permanent certificates.] To grant, in accordance with the provisions of this code, permanent certificates of the grade and kind designated therein. Every certificate except a permanent certificate shall be valid for six years; provided, that when any certificate shall be granted on a recommendation or credential given for a limited period only, such certificate shall not be valid for a longer period than that specified in such recommendation or credential; and provided, further, that any certificate granted to a candidate who has not had at least one year of experience in teaching shall not be valid for a longer period than two years. All certificates must be issued upon blank forms prepared by the superintendent of public instruction, and must have the impress of the seal of the county board of education and be signed by a majority of the members of the county board of education issuing such certificate; and it is further provided, that the holder of any certificate issued for a limited period as hereinabove provided, may, upon application to the county board of education issuing the same, have said certificate renewed for a period of six years from the date of its expiration, provided that the holder of such limited certificate has completed one year of successful public school teaching and shall file application for such renewal with the county board of education prior to the date of expiration of such limited certificate.

5. [Adopt list of books.) To adopt a list of books and apparatus for district school libraries and books for supplementary use in elementary schools in their respective counties and cities and counties, as required by section one thousand seven hundred twelve of the Political Code; provided, that no pupil shall be required to purchase said supplementary books, and pupils must be expressly notified by teachers that it is not required or desirable that such books for supplementary use be purchased by pupils or parents. When supplementary books are purchased, they must be paid for by the school district. Except in cities having a city board of education, to prescribe and enforce in the public schools a course of study and the use of a uniform series of textbooks.

6. (Revoke or suspend certificates.) To revoke or suspend, for immoral or unprofessional conduct, evident unfitness for teaching, or persistent defiance of, and refusal to obey the laws regulating the duties of teachers, the certificates granted by them. But no certificate shall be revoked or suspended until after a hearing before the county board of education, and then only upon the affirmative vote of at least four members of the board. All charges of immoral or unprofessional conduct, of evident unfitness for teaching, or persistent defiance of, and refusal to obey the laws regulating the duties of teachers, shall be presented to the board in writing and shall be verified under oath. Notice of the time of hearing and a full and complete copy of the charges shall be furnished to the accused at least ten days before the hearing. The accused shall be given a fair and impartial hearing and shall have the right to be represented by counsel. The hearing shall be governed by, and conducted under, the rules of the board. .

7. To keep a record of their proceedings.

8. [Issue diplomas.) To provide for the conferring of diplomas of graduation, by examination by the county board of education, and to issue such diplomas of graduation from the elementary schools of the county except city schools governed by city boards of education; provided, that nothing herein shall be construed as prohibiting the county board of education from issuing diplomas of graduation without exami. nation to the pupils in any school which has been accredited by the said county board of education. Such diplomas shall be conferred only upon such pupils as have completed the course of study prescribed by the board. All diplomas granted by the county board of education shall be on blanks furnished by the superintendent of public instruction and shall be signed by the president and secretary of the board.

9. [Seal.) To adopt and use in authentication of their acts, an official seal, and to have such printing done as may be necessary.

10. [Prescribe course of study.) To prescribe and it shall be their duty to prescribe, on or before the first day of July of each year, the course of study in and for each grade of the elementary schools of the county for the ensuing school year; provided,

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