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NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS LAW NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS LAW
(UNIVERSAL) (continued)

(UNIVERSAL) (continued)
interpretation. See “form and inter- by delivery, warranty, 3883.
pretation," this title.

liability of indorser, 3884.
irregular indorser, liability, 3883.

by prior party, when may be made,
joint debtors, presentment for payment

3880.
to, 3886.

conditional indorsement, 3878.
jointly liable persons, notice of dishonor continuation of negotiable character,
to, 3890.

3880.
kinds of indorsement, 3877.

effect of an instrument drawn or in-
law merchant governs when, 3908.

dorsed to a person, 3879,
liability of accommodation party, 3876.

indorsement. See “indorsement,” this
liability of parties

title.
acceptor, 3882.

how made, 3877.
accommodation party, 3876.

in representative capacity, 3879.
agent, 3884.

kinds of indorsement, 3877.
broker, 3884.

blank, 3878.
drawer, 3882,

conditional, 3878.
general indorser, 3883.

restrictive, 3878.
indorser, where paper negotiable by

special, 3878.
delivery, 3884.

must be of entire instrument, 3877,
irregular indorser, 3883.

of instrument payable to bearer,
maker, 3882.

3879.
order of liability of indorsers, 3884.

where name misspelled, 3879.
person signing assumed or trade name,

where payable to two or more per-
3874.

sons, 3879.
warranty where negotiated by delivery, place of indorsement and presumption
3883.

as to, 3879.
when person deemed indorser, 3883.

prior party, when may negotiate, 3880.
where paper negotiated by delivery, qualified indorsement, 3878.
3884.

restrictive indorsement, what consti-
liability of person signing in trade or as.

tutes, 3878.
sumed name, 3874.

effect of, 3878.
lien on instrument, when constitutes special indorsement, 3878.
holder for value, 3876.

blank indorsement, how changed to,
maker, liability of, 3882.

3878,
material alteration of negotiable instru- striking out indorsement, 3880.
ment, what is, 3894.

time of indorsement and presumption
misspelled name in instrument, indorse-

as to, 3879.
ment, 3879.

transfer without indorsement, effect of,
money, particular kind, 3872.

3880.
name

what constitutes, 3877.
assumed, liability of person signing, what constitutes restrictive indorse-
3874,

ment, 3878.
trade, liability of person signing, 3874.

effect of, 3878.
negotiable character, continuation of, when prior party may negotiate instru-
3880.

ment, 3880.
negotiable instrument, form of, 3870. non-acceptance, effect of failure to give
negotiability, additional provisions not

notice of, 3892.
affecting, 3871.

non-payment
negotiate instrument, prior party may dishonor by when, 3887
when, 3880.

liability of person secondarily liable,
negotiation

3887
as to what constitutes, 3877.

notice of. See "notice of dishonor,"
blank indorsement, how changed to

this title.
special indorsement, 3878.

where acceptance refused, 3892.

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NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS LAW NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS LAW
(UNIVERSAL) (continued)

(UNIVERSAL) (continued)
notice before full amount paid, 3881.

when protest must be made, 3892.
notice of defective title, what constitutes, when protest need not be made, 3892.
3881.

when sender deemed to have given
notice of dishonor

due notice, 3890.
agent may give when, 3889.

when sufficient, 3889.
by agent, 3888.

where notice must be sent, 3891.
by whom given, 3888.

where parties reside in different places,
delay in giving, how excused, 3892.

3890.
deposit of notice in post office, what

where parties reside in same place,
constitutes, 3891.

3890.
drawer need not be given when, 3892.

where party dead, 3889.
due notice, when sender deemed to

omission to give notice of non-accep-
have given, 3890.

tance, effect of, 3892,
effect of, given on behalf of holder,

omissions, 3972.
3889.

order in which indorsers are liable, 3884.
effect of omission to give of non-accep-
tance, 3892.

order, when payable to, 3872.
effect where given by party entitled

original defenses, when subject to, 3882.
thereto, 3889.

particular money, 3872.
form of, 3889.

parties, liability of. See "liability of par.
indorser need not be given when, 3892.

ties," this title.
of non-acceptance, effect of failure to partners
give, 3892.

notice of dishonor to, 3890.
of non-payment where acceptance re- presentment for payment to, 3886.
fused, 3892.

party, accommodation, liability of, 3876.
omission to give of non-acceptance,

party primarily liable, 3907.
effect of, 3892.

party secondarily liable, discharge of,
on death of party, 3889.

3893.
protest

payable at bank
waiver of, 3891.

effect of, 3887.
when must be made, 3892.

presentment of instrument which is,
when need not be made, 3892.

3885.
sender deemed to have given due no-

payable to two or more persons, indorse-
tice when, 3890.

ment, 3879,
sufficiency of, 3889.
time within which must be given, 3890.

payment in due course, what constitutes,

3887.
to bankrupt, 3890.
to parties residing in different places,

payment, in particular money, 3872.
3890.

payment, to bearer when, 3872,
to parties residing in same place, 3890. payment to holder, 3880.
to partners, 3890.

notice before full, 3881.
to persons jointly liable, 3890.

payment to order, when, 3872.
to subsequent party, 3891,

persons jointly liable, notice of dishonor
to whom may be given, 3889.

to, 3890.
to whom to be given, 3888.

persons primarily liable on instruments,
waiver of, 3891.

3907.
whom affected by, 3891.

person secondarily liable discharge of,
waiver of protest, 3891.

3893.
when dispensed with, 3891.

place of indorsement, presumption as to,
when may be given by agent, 3889.

3879.
when need not be given to drawer, place of presentment for payment, 3885.
3892.

post office, what constitutes deposit in of
when need not be given to indorser,

notice of dishonor, 3891.
3892.

postdated paper, 3873,

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NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS LAW NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS LAW
(UNIVERSAL) (continued)

(UNIVERSAL) (continued)
presentation for acceptance

promissory notes and checks
of bill of exchange. See "bills of ex- certification of check, effect of, 3906.
change," this title.

procured by holder, effect of, 3906.
presentment for payment

check must be presented within what
delay in making excused when, 3886.

time, 3906.
effect of want of demand on principal check operates as an assignment when,
debtor, 3884.

3906.
instrument must be exhibited, 3885.

definition of check, 3906.
liability of person secondarily liable definition of promissory note, 3906.

when instrument dishonored, 3887. effect where holder of check procures
place of presentment, 3885.

it to be certified, 3906.
rule where instrument made payable liability for non-payment of check,
at bank, 3887.

3911.
time

protest
how computed, 3887.

and notice of non-acceptance or non-
of maturity, 3887.

payment of bill of exchange. See
to joint debtors, 3886.

"bills of exchange," this title.
to persons liable as partners, 3886.

must be made when, 3892.
what constitutes a sufficient present- need not be made when, 3892.
ment, 3885.

waiver of, 3891.
what constitutes payment in due

provisions, additional, not affecting nego-
course, 3887.

tiability, 3871.
when delay in making is excused, 3886.

qualified indorsement, 3878.
when instrument dishonored by non- reasonable time, what constitutes, 3907.
payment, 3887.

renunciation by holder as a discharge,
liability of person secondarily liable,

3893
3887.

representative capacity, indorsement in,
when may be dispensed with, 3886.

3879.
when not required to charge drawer, restrictive indorsement, what is, 3878.
3886.

effect of, 3878.
to charge indorser, 3886.

right of holder to sue, 3880.
where instrument is payable on de- payment, 3880.
mand, 3885.

right of party discharging negotiable in-
where instrument is not payable on

strument, 3893.
demand, 3885.

rights of the holder. See "holder for
where instrument payable at bank,

value" and "holder in due course,"
3885.

this title.
where principal debtor is dead, 3886. notice before full amount paid, 3881.
presumption

payment to, 3880.
as to consideration, 3875.

rights of holders in due course, 3881.
as to date, 3873.

right to sue and payment to, 3880.
as to place of indorsement, 3879.

what constitutes holder in due course,
as to time of indorsement, 3879.

3881.
of delivery, 3874.

what constitutes notice of defect, 3881.
principal debtor

when person not deemed holder in due
death of, presentment for payment,

course, 3881.
3886.

when subject to original defenses, 3882.
demand on, effect of want of, 3884.

when title defective, 3881.
prior party may negotiate instrument who deemed holder in due course, 3882.
when, 3880.

seal, 3872,
procuration, signature by, effect, 3875. sender deemed to have given due notice
promise unconditional when, 3871.

of dishonor when, 3890.

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NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS LAW NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS LAW
(UNIVERSAL) (continued)

(UNIVERSAL) (continued)
signature

what constitutes holder in due course,
by agent

3881.
authority, how shown, 3875.

what constitutes holder for value, 3876.
liability of person signing as, 3875. what constitutes material alteration, 3894.
liability on, 3875.

what constitutes negotiation, 3877.
by procuration, effect of, 3875.

what indorsement restrictive indorse-
forged, effect of, 3875.

ment, 3878.
in assumed name, liability, 3874.

effect of, 3878.
in trade name, liability, 3874,

when blanks may be filled, 3873.
special indorsement, 3878.

when date may be inserted, 3873.
blank indorsement, how changed to,

when lien on instrument constitutes
3878.

holder for value, 3876.
striking out indorsement, 3880.

when payable on demand, 3872.
subsequent party, notice to of dishonor,

when payable to bearer, 3872.
3891.

when payable to order, 3872.
sufficiency of notice of dishonor, 3889. when person deemed indorser, 3883.
sufficiency of presentment for payment,

when person not deemed holder in due
3885.

course, 3881.
sufficiency of terms, 3873.

when prior party may negotiate instru-
sum, certainty as to, what constitutes,

ment, 3880.
3871.

when promise is unconditional, 3871.
terms, when sufficient, 3873.

when subject to original defenses, 3882.
time

when title defective, 3881.
determinable future, what constitutes,

what constitutes notice of defect, 3881.
3871.

who affected by waiver of notice of dis-
how computed, 3887, 3907.

honor, 3891.
of indorsement, presumption, 3879.

NESTS
of maturity of instrument, 3887.

needlessly taking or destroying a misde-
reasonable, what constitutes, 3907.

meanor, 2134.
when last day falls on holiday, 3907.

NEVADA COUNTY
within which notice of dishonor must boundaries of, 504.
be given, 3890.

county seat of, 504.
title defective when, 3881.

NEW COUNTIES
what constitutes notice of defect, 3881. joint school district upon organization
trade name, liability of person signing

of, 181.
in, 3874.

NEW PROMISE
transfer without indorsement, effect of, sufficiency of to take case out of statute
3880.

of limitations, 1404.
two or more persons, indorsement of in- NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
strument payable to, 3879.

of personal character to be signed, 4086.
unconditional, promise is when, 3871. NEW TRIAL. See tit. Criminal Trial,
unintentional cancellation of negotiable as to generally, 1930.

instrument, burden of proof of, 3894. annotation, 1560-1567, 2203-2210.
waiver of notice of dishonor, 3891.

affidavit to procure, 3985.
who affected by, 3891.

appeal. See tit. Appeal,
waiver of protest, 3891,

application for, annotation, 3984.
want of consideration, effect of, 3876. conditional granting, 3085.
warranty where negotiation by delivery, definition of, 1559.
3883.

granting, annotation, 3982.
what constitutes certainty as

to sum,

in criminal actions, annotation, 4141.
3871.

grounds for
what constitutes consideration, 3876.

as to generally, 3085.
what constitutes determinable future newly discovered evidence, 3086.
time, 3871.

in probate proceedings, 4057.

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NEW TRIAL (continued)

NONSUIT (continued)
motion for

effect of granting
character of proceedings, 3087.

as to generally, 3075,
in absence of order of court, 1722.

reasons assigned and reasoning of
on what papers made, 3089.

court, 3075.
to be heard at time specified or dis- in action for damages from ignition of
missed, 1575, 3090, 3986.

escaping gas, 3075.
notice of intention to move, when to be in action upon written acknowledgment,.
given and what to contain, 1579, 3087,

3075.
3091, 3984,

judgment of, 1519,
amendment of, 3087.

motion for, admits what, 3075.
upon whom to be served, 1568, 3089. NORMAL SCHOOL. See tit. State Normal
what to contain, 1568, 3091.

School.
on court's own motion, 1577.

NOTARIES PUBLIC
on what papers moved for, 3089.

number governor may commission, 104,
order of, in criminal case, power of ap-

2408, 3448.
pellate court, 1359,

NOTE
province and discretion of court in grant-

executed out of state, limitation of action,
ing or refusing, 3087.

1397.
record. See tit. Record on Appeal.

NOTICE
relative positions of trial and appellate

actual and constructive, 823, 2816.
court, 3088,

admission of "due service," 1712.
specifications and statement, 3088.

appearance. See tit. Appearance.
vacation of judgment, 1578.

constable to serve, when, 609.
NIGHT-TIME HUNTING

constructive
prohibited, 2118.

as to generally, 823, 2816.
NOMINATION OF CANDIDATES

estimate of architect, 2816.
as to nominations otherwise than by pri.

instrument not entitled to registration,
mary election, 3458.

2816.
certificate of, filing of, 132, 2439.

costs for publication of, repayment, 807.
length of time to preserve nomination

definition of, 807.
papers, 2439.
nomination papers to be filed when, 3459.

devisee of pre-emption claim, 2516.
otherwise than by primary, 130, 2438.

directors to, as to generally, see annota-
NON-JUDICIAL DAYS. See tit. Holidays.

tion, 888.

to exercise powers and conduct bugi.
appointments for holding court on, 1354.
business not to be conducted on, 1353.

ness, annotation, 888.
constitutionality of amendment of 1907,

form of, 1712.

how served, 1711, 1712.
annotation, 1354.

of changing boundaries of permanent
injunction and writ of prohibition may
be issued and declared on, 1353.

road divisions, 347.
restriction of judicial business on special

of election, filing and contents, 2429.
holidays, 1355.

of election of directors of corporations,

887.
NON-PROFIT, CO-OPERATIVE, AGRICUL-

of election for school bonds, how given,
TURAL, VITICULTURAL, AND HOR-

242,
TICULTURAL ASSOCIATIONS. See

what notice shall contain, 243,
tit. Agricultural, Viticultural, and Hor.

of election for special tax, must specify
ticultural Associations.

what, 348.
NON-PROFIT, CO-OPERATIVE CORPOR.

of election to issue permanent road
ATIONS. See tit. Co-operative Corpor.

bonds, contents of, 350.
ations,

of hearing in justices' court, 1632,
NONSUIT. See tit. Dismissal.

of hearing of application for execution
as to generally, 1523-1525, 3073, 3973-3976.

against homestead, 1047,
action involving real property, 3074.

of injunction, 1496.

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