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before, is an act of greater energy than the expansion or decoration of the thing produced. Set down diligently your thoughts as they rise in the tirst words that occur; and when you have matier, you will easily give it form; nor, perhaps, will this method be always necessary; for by habit, your thoughts and diction will flow together.

This coin position of sermoos is not very difficult: the divisions not only help the memory of the hearer, but direct the judgment of the writer : they supply sources of invention, and keep every part in its proper place.

What I like least in your letter is your account of the manners of your parish ; from which I gather, that it has been !ong neglected by the parson. The Dean of Carlisle, who was then a little rector in Northamptonshire, told me, that it might be discerned whether or no there was a clergymao resident in a parish, by the civil or savage manner of the people. Such a congregation as yours stands in need of much reformation : and I would not have you think it impossible to reform them. A very savage parish was civilized by a decayed gentlewoman, who came among thein to teach a petty school. My learned friend, Dr. Wheeler, of Oxford, when he was a young man, had the care of a neighbouring parish for fifteen pounds a yeur, which he was never paid ; but he counted it a convenience, that it compelled him to make a sermon weekly. One woman he could not bring to the communion; and when he reproved or exhorted her, she only answered, that she was no scholar. He was advised to set some good woman or man of the parish, a little wiser than herself, to talk to her in a language level to ber miod. Such honest, I muy call them holy, artifices, must be practised by every clergyman; for all means must be tried by which souls may be saved. Talk to your people, however, as much as you can ; and you will find, that the more frequently you converse with them upon religious subjects, the more willingly they will attend, and the more submissively they will learn, A clergy man's diligeuce always makes him venerable. I think I have now only to say, that in the momentous work you have undertaken, i pray God to bless you.

I am, Sir,

Your most humble servant, Bolt-court, Aug, 30, 1880.

SAM, JOHNSON. My next letters to him were dated August 24, September 6, and October 1, and from them I extract the following passages :

My brother David and I find the long indulged fancy of our comfortably meeting again at Auchinleck, so well realized, that it in some degree confirms the pleasing hope of 0! preclarum diem! in a future state.

I beg that you may never again harbour a suspicion of my indulging a peevish humour, or playing tricks; you will recollect, that shen I confessed to you, that I had once been intentionally silent to try your tegard, I gave you my word and honour that I would not do so again. No. 10.

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I rejoice to hear of your good state of health ; I pray God to continue it long. I have often said, that I would willingly have ten years added to my life, to have ten taken from yours ; I mean, that I would be ten years older to have you ten years younger. But let me be thankful for the years during which I have enjoyed your friendship, aod please myself, with the hopes of enjoying it many years to come in this state of being, trusting always, that in another state, we shall meet never to be separated. Of this we can forin no notion; but the thought, though indistinct, is delightful when the mind is calm and clear.

The riots in Londou were certainly horrible; but you give me no account of your own situation during the barbarous anarchy. A description of it by Dr. Johnson would be a great painting ; you might write another “ London, a Poem,"

I am charmed with your condescending affectionate expression, Let us keep each other's kindness by all the means in our power ;' my revered Friend ! how elevating is it to my mind, that I am found worthy to be a companion to Dr. Samuel Johnson ! All that you have said in grateful praise of Mr. Walmsley, I have long thought of you ; but we are both tories, which has a very gencral jufluence upon oar sentiments. I hope you will agree to meet me at York, about the end of this month; you

will come to Carlisle, that would be better still, in case the Dean be there. Please to covsider, that to keep each other's kindness, we should every year have that free and intimate communication of mind which be had only when we are together. We should have both our solemu and our pleasant talk. I write now for the third time, to tell you


desire for our meeting this autumn is much increased. I wrote to 'Squire Godfrey Bos ville, my Yorkshire chief, that I should, perhaps, pay him a visit, as I was to hold a conference with Dr. Johnson at York. I give you my word and honour that I said not a word of his inviting you ; but he wrote to me as follows:

.I need oot tell you I shall be happy to see you here the latter end of this mouth, as you propose ; and I shall likewise be in hopes that you will persuade Dr. Johnson to finish the conference here. It will add to the favour of your own company, if you prevail upou such an associate, to assist your observations. I have often been entertained with his writings, and I once belonged to a club of which he was a member, and I never spent an eveniog there, but I heard something from him well worth rememhering.'

We have thus, my dear Sir, good comfortable quarters in the neighbourhood of York. where you may be assured we shall be bearrily welcome. I pray you then resolve to set out; and let not the year 1780 be a blank in our social calendar; and in that record of wisdom and wit, which I krep with so much diligence, to your honour, and the instruction and delight of others,


Mr, Thrale had now another contest for the representation in parlias ment of the borough of Southwark, and Johnson kindly lent him his aɛs sistance, by writing advertisements and letters for him, I shall insert one as a specimen.



A new Parliament being now called, I again solicit the honour of being elected for one of your representatives; and solicit it with the greater confidence, as I am not conscious of having neglected my duty, or of having acted otherwise than as becomes the independent representative of independent constituents ; superior to fear, hope, and expectation, who has no private purposes to promote, and whose prosperity is involved in the prosperity of his country. As my recovery from a very severe distemper is not yet perfect, I haye declined to attend the Hall, and hope an omission so necessary will not be harshly censured.

I can only send my respectful wishes, that all your deliberations may tend to the happiness of the kingdom, and the peace of the borough.

I am, Gentlemen,
Your most faithful

And obedient servant,
Southwark, Sept. 5, 1780.




Among the numerous addresses of coodolence which your great loss must have occasioned, be pleased to receive this froin one whose name perhaps you have never heard, and to whom your Ladyship is known only by the reputation of your virtue, und to whom your Lord was known only by his kindness and beneficence.

Your Ladyship is now again summoned to exert that piety of which you once gave, in a state of pain and dauger, so illustrious an example; aod your Lord's beneficence may be still continued by those, who with his fortune inherit his virtues.

I hope to be forgiven the liberty which I shall take of informing your Ladyship, thut Mr. Mauritius Lowe, a son of your late Lord's father, had, by recommendation to your Lord, a quarterly allowance of ten pounds, the last of which, due July 26, he has not received : he was in hourly hope of his remittance, and flattered himself that on October 26, he should have received the whole half year's bounty, when he was struck with the dreadful news of his benefactor's death.

May I presume to hope, that his want, his relation, and his merit, which excited his Lordship's charity, will contioue to have the same effect upon those whom he has left behind; and that, though he has lost one friend, he may not yet be destitute. Your Ladyship's charity can

pot easily be exerted where it is wanted more; and to a mind like yours, distress is a sufficient recommendation. I hope to be allowed the honour of being,


Your Ladyship's
Most humble servant,

Bolt-court, Fleet-street,
London, Sept. 9, 1780.

On his birth-day, Johnson has this note : “lam now beginning the seventy-second year of my life, with more strength of body, and greater vigour of mind, than I think is common at that age." But still he complains of sleepless nights and idle days, and forgetfulness, or neglect of resolutions. He thus pathetically expresses himself: “Surely Ishall uot spend my whole life with my owu total disapprobation.”

Mr. Maclean, whom I have mentioned more than once, as one of Johnson's humble friends, a deserving but unfortunate man, being now oppressed by age and poverty, Johnson solicited the Lord Chancellor Thurlow, to have hiin admitted into the Charter-house. I take the liberty to insert bis Lordship's answer, as I am eager to embrace every occasion of augmenting the respectable notion which should ever be en tertained of my illustrious friend.


Loudon, October, 24, 1780, SIR,

I have this moment received your letter dated the 19, and returned from Bath.

In the beginning of the summer I placed one in the Chartreux, without the sanction of a recommendation so distinct and so authoritative as yours of Macbean ; and I am afraid, that according to the establishment of the House, the apportunity of muking the charity so yood amends will not soon recur. But whenever a vacancy shall happen, if you'll favour me with notice of it, I will try to recommend him to the place, even though it should not be my turo to nominate.

I am, Sir, with great regard,
Your most faithful
And obedient servant,




I am sorry to write you a letter that will not please you, and yet it is at last what I am resolved to do. This year must pass without en interview; the summer has been gulishly lost, like inany other of my

summers and winters. I hardly saw a green field, but staid in town to work, without working much.

Mr. Thrule's loss of health has lost him the election; he is now going to Brighthelmston, and expects me to go with him; and how long I shall stay, I cannot tell. I do not much like the place, but yet I shall go, and stay while my stay is desired. We must, therefore content ourselves with knowing what we know as well as man can know the mind of mian, that we love one another, and that we wish each other happiness, and that the lapse of a year cannot lesson our mutual kindness. I was pleased to be told that I accused Mrs. Boswell unjustly, in

supposing that she bears me ill-will. I love you so much, that I would be glad to love all that love you, and that you love; and I have love

very ready for Mrs. Boswell, if she thinks it worthy of acceptance. I hope all the young ladies and gentlemen are well.

I take a great liking to your brother. He tells me that his father received bin kindly, but not fondly; however, you seein to have lived well enough at Auchiuleck, while you staid, Make your father as happy as you can, You lately told me of your health; I can tell you in return, that

my health has been for more than a year past, better than it has been for many years before. Perhaps it may please God to give us some time together before we are parted.

I am, dear Sir,
Yours, most affectionately,

Sam. JOHNSON. Oct, 17, 1780.



I hope you will forgive the liberty I take, in soliciting your interposition with his Grace the Archbishop; my first petition was success ful, and I therefore venture on a second. • The matron of the Chartreux is about to resign her place, and Mrs. Desmoulins, a daughter of the late Dr. Swinfen, who was well knowp to your father, is desirous of succeeding her. She has been accustomed by keeping a boarding school to the care of children, and I think is very likely to discharge her duty. She is in great distress, and therefore may properly receive the benefit of a charitable foundation. If you wish to see her, she will be willing to give an account of herself.

If you shall be pleased, Sir, to mentiou her favourably to his Grace, you will do a great act of kindness 10, Sir,

Your most obliged,

And most humble servant, Pec. 30, 17804


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