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river: while here I received information of their having again deviated from their route, and gone to Gareeagaum, due west of that place, and eight coss from Moaz ; we were again in motion at five P. M.; and on my arrival at Gareeagaum I learnt that they had halted there the night before : having satisfied myself of the correctness of this information, I continued my route to the westward ; and although nearly two hours were lost by our guides taking the detachment a wrong road, yet I conceived that there was still a possibility of coming up to the pursued before day-break of the 17th. In this supposition, I am happy to say, I was not deceived, for at three o'clock I instructed two of my commissioned and non-commissioned confidential officers to enter a village in disguise, who seized upon a man, whom I afterwards compelled, by threats, to conduct us to the Marhatta camp, which I had reason to suppose “was about four or five miles off. During the time we were going this distance I made the necessary arrangements for an attack in three divisions, by the two in front, consisting of the flank companies of the 14th Madras, and two companies of the 3d Bombay N. I. under Captains Smyth and Deschamps, diverging from the head of the column to the right and left on entering the encampment, and by directing the 3d division, two companies of the 2d Bombay N. I. under Captain Spears, to move steadily into its centre without breaking, with a view to this division becoming a point upon which the others might rally in case of necessity. On coming within two miles of the village of Pattre, the forces of the encampment were clearly discernible, upon which the column moved forward with a hastened step, and shortly before daylight entered the inclosures of the village. It was
then that we plainly perceived that the Marhatta or
Pindarry horse were either mounted or mounting for a march ; under these circumstances no time was to be lost, and being then only a few paces as I supposed from their rear picquet, I directed Lieutenant Beach to give them a volley from the front rank of the leading division, having previously ordered the front ranks only of the leading divisions of the 3d and 14th to load; this was accordingly done, and the column immediately after rushed forward to the charge. The horse fled in all directions, leaving fifty or sixty killed and wounded on the ground. They were pursued for some distance, when the exhausted state of the men, and the scattered order which they were necessarily obliged to assume for a pursuit, induced me to concentrate my little force; and I was the more persuaded of the propriety of this measure from observing considerable bodies of horse, apparently well organized, in commanding situations on our flanks. This arrangement I presume induced them to draw off, nor did I deem it right or expedient to continue a pursuit after a fresh body of horse, with infantry jaded and exhausted from our long marches, continued for five successive days and mights. At ten or eleven, A. M. we were called to arms by the re-appearance of a body of about two hundred well mounted horse, in promiscuous order, who after firing a few shots from their matchlocks at the party brought out to keep them in check, retired. I omitted to mention before, that this body of horse, which could not have been less than four thousand, murdered Lieutenant Warre, of the Madras Artillery, and his sepoy guard, at the village of Soonie, on the evening of the 16th, a few hours prior to my passing through it ; and that they plundered all the smaller unprotected villages on their route from the southward to Pattre. Some baggage, a quantity of arms, and from 1817. M m One one hundred to one hundred and fifty horses of different descriptions, were left on the ground; the greatest part of which were pillaged by the villagers in the neighbourhood during the pursuit, &c. I am happy to add, that we met with no casualties, with the exception of one non-commissioned officer of the 2d Bombay N. I. wounded. Had we not unfortunately been led out of the route by the guides, as before mentioned, we should in all probability have found the enemy less prepared for flight, and consequently have been enabled to give a better account of them; as it is, however, I hope you will give me credit when I assure you, that every exertion was made by both Officers and men for the public service; and I feel great pleasure in having this opportunity of bearing testimony to the cheerfulness with which they bore the fatigues, and the zeal and alacrity with which the Officers performed their several duties. I estimate the distance traversed by the detachment, to be about one hundred and fifty miles, including the morning it marched with the camp, and during the last twenty-four hours, it actually marched forty-one miles, not including the pursuit. In concluding, I beg you will excuse the prolixity of this report, and have the honour to remain, Sir, your most obedient servant, II. SMITH, Major 14th, commanding detachment.
SIR, Camp Soonie, April 19, 1817. I HAVE the honour to report, that since my letter, of yesterday's date, I received information that the body of horse, who were attacked on the morning of the 17th, fled in such haste imme4iately after that affair, that they crossed the GoGodavery in the direction of Nassuck ; I consequently deemed any further pursuit of little use, and accordingly left Pattre, and arrived here yesterday.
I have the honour further to mention, that the number of killed and wounded found on the ground, and in the neighbourhood of Pattre, has been ascertained to have exceeded seventy; and presume, from the nature of the attack, that many of those who fled must have been wounded also.
I have the honour to be, &c.
Colonel Lionel Smith,
Extract from Division Orders by Colonel Lionel Smith, commanding the Poonah Subsidary Force.
Camp, near Dound, 23d April, 1817.
THE Commanding Officer has great satisfaction in announcing to the force, the successful operations of the detachment under Major H. Smith, of the first battalion of the fourteenth Madras Native Infantry, which consists of two companies of the first battalion of the second Bombay Native Infantry, two companies of the first battalion of the third Bombay Native Infantry, and the flank companies of the first battalion of the fourteenth Madras Native Infantry, and was detached from the Reserve on the evening of the 12th instant, against a body of horse rated at three or four thousand strong, in
the service of Trimbuckjee Dainglia. After four successive days and nights marching, over a distance of one hundred and fifty miles, this detachment, on the morning of the 17th, came upon the enemy, killed and wounded seventy, took several prisoners of consequence, a quantity of arms and baggage, and many horses. ... * • Colonel Smith never troubles the troops with M m 2 idle idle praise, he hopes therefore that the sincerity with which he applauds the steady perseverance, the eool judgement, and military skill of Major Smith upon this occasion, and the conpicuous exertions of the officers and soldiers under him, may prove the more acceptable. With equal sincerity and in the name of his superiors, he requests the Major and all the officers and men of his detachment to receive his very grateful thanks. The march of these six companies at this season of the year, will become memorable and useful. It's result, both in exertions and suceess, has been truly honorable, and they have all zealously upheld the character of the excellent battalions they belong to. True Extract, H. Tovey, Deputy Adjutant-General.
Ettract of a Dispatch from Mr. Elphinstone, to the Governor General, dated April 26, 1817.
*THE body of Trimbuckjee's horse that was pursued by Colonel Smith, crossed the Neera, at a place to the south-west of Barramutty, and the Beema at Coomargong; some parties and many individuals separated from them about this place. and beyond it, apparently with the intention of returning to their own country. This reduced the party from four thousand to three thousand, during the period they were closely pursued by Major Smith, of the i4th Regiment Madras Native Infantry, whom Colonel Wilson had detached from the reserve to march to the south of the Beema; Major Smith came up with the enemy on the Paiza, after the admirable march which has already been reported to your Excellency, and beat him up at Pa- - tra,