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fair reasoning. It is not likely that he shouk propose to go to Fyzabad, which was considerably out of his way, at the moment the rebellion was said to rage there. Sir Elijal has admitted that, in giving his evidence, he has never answered without looking equally to the probability and the consequences of the fact in question. Sometimes he has even admitted circumstances of which he has no recollection, beyond the mere probability that they had taken place. By consulting what was probable and the contrary, he may certainly have corrected his memory at times, and I will accept that mode of giving testimony provided that the inverse of the proposition may have place; and that where a circumstance is improbable a similar degree of improbability may be subtracted from the testimony of the wit

Five times in the House of Commons and twice in that court has Sir Elijah Impey sworn that a rebellion was raging at Fyzabad, at the time of his journey to Lucknow. Yet on the eighth examination he has contradicted all the former, and declared that what he meant was, that the rebellion had been raging and that the country was then restored to quiet. Thus he ignores the letter he received from Mr. Hastings informing him that the rebellion was quelled, and, also, his own proposition of traveling through Fyzabad to Lucknow.” After pointing out the various methods by


which it had been attempted, but in vain, to make the public believe in the fiction of a rebellion, Sheridan then described the desolation brought upon some provinces of Oude by the misgovernment of Colonel Hannay, and the insurrection at Gurrackpore against him in consequence.

"If we could suppose a person to have come suddenly into the country, unacquainted with any circumstances that had passed since the days of Sujah-ul-Dowlah, he would naturally ask-What cruel hand has wrought this wide desolation, what barbarian foe has invaded the country, has desolated its fields, depopulated its villages? He would ask, What dispute: succession, civil rage, or frenzy of the inhabitants had induced them to act in hostility to the words of God, and the beauteous works of man? He would ask, What religious zeal or frenzy had added to the mad despair and horrors of war? The ruin is unlike anything that appears recorded in any age; it looks like neither the barbarities of men, nor the judgments of vindictive Heaven. There is a waste of desolation, as if caused by fell destroyers, never meaning to return and making but a short period of their rapacity. It looks as if some fabled monster had made its passage through the country, whose pestiferous breath had blasted more than its voracious appetite could devour. "If there had been any men in the country,

who had not their hearts and souls so subdued by fear, as to refuse to speak the truth at all upon such a subject, they would have told him, there had been no war since the time of Sujah-Dowlah,--tyrant, indeed, as he was, but then deeply regretted by his subjects—that ro hostile blow of any enemy had been struck in that land—that there had been no disputed succession—no civil war—no religious frenzy, -but that these were the tokens of British friendship, the marks left by the embraces of British allies—more dreadful than the blows of the bitterest enemy. They would tell him that these allies had converted a prince into a slave, to make him the principal in the extortion upon his subjects ;—that their rapacity increased in proportion as the means of supplying their avarice diminished; that they made the sovereign pay as if they had a right to an increased price, because the labor of extortion and plunder increased. To such causes, they would tell him, these calamities were owing.

“Need I refer your lordships to the strong testimony of Major Naylor when he rescued Colonel Hannay from their hands—where you see that this people, born to submission and bent to most abject subjection--that even they, in whose meek hearts injury had never yet begot resentment, nor even despair bred courage -that their hatred, their abhorrence of Colonel Hannay was such that they clung round him by thousands and thousands ;—that when Major Naylor rescued him, they refused life from the hand that could rescue Hannay ;that they nourished this desperate consolation, that by their death they should at least thin the number of wretches who suffered by his devastation and extortion. He says that, when he crossed the river, he found the poor wretches, quivering upon the parched banks of the polluted river, encouraging their blood to flow, and consoling themselves with the thought, that it would not sink into the earth, but rise to the common God of humanity, and cry aloud for vengeance on their destroyers ! This warm description—which is no declamation of mine, but founded in actual fact, and in fair, clear proof before your lordships--speaks powerfully what the cause of these oppressions were, and the perfect justness of those feelings that were occasioned by them. And yet, my lords. I am asked to prove why these people arose in such concert:—There must have been machinations, forsooth, and the Begums' machinations to produce all this !'

Why did they rise ? Because they were people in human shape; because patience under the detested tyranny of man is rebellion to the sovereignty of God; because allegiance to that Power that gives us the forms of men commands us to maintain the rights of men. And never yet was this truth dismissed from the human heart-never in any time, in any agenever in any clime, where rude man ever had any social feeling, or where corrupt refinement had subdued all feelings,-never was this one unextinguishable truth destroyed from the heart of man, placed, as it is, in the core and centre of it by his Maker, that man was not made the property of man; that human power is a trust for human benefit; and that when it is abused, revenge becomes justice, if not the bounden duty of the injured. These, my lords, were the causes why these people rose.”

Another passage is remarkable, as exhibiting a sort of tourney of intellect between Sheridan and Bourke. Mr. Bourke had, in opening the prosecution, remarked that prudence is a quality incompatible with vice, and can never be effectively enlisted in its cause:"I never,” he said, “knew a man who was bad, fit for service that was good. There is always some disqualifying ingredient, mixing and spoiling the compound.

The man paralytic on that side; his muscles there have lost their very tone and character; they cannot move. In short, the accomplishment of anything good is a physical impossibility for such a man. There is decrepitude as well as distortion: he could not, if he would, is not more certain than that he would not, if he could.” To this sentiment the allusions in the following passage refer:

“I am perfectly convinced that there is one idea which must arise in your lordships' minds as a subject of wonder-how a person of Mr.


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