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Peace is that harmony in the state, that health is in the body.-Clarendon.

Acts. The Eight nundinal letters, A to H, corresponding in the Roman Calendar with the first eight days of January, and so repeated, like our dominical character, throughout the year, were used for the convenience } of those who resided in the country, in order that they might assemble within the city, and transact their affairs. These markets were held every ninth day, on the return of the letter, and hence is derived their name, “ Nundinæ.”

The Agonalia, a feast in honour of the god of business, Agonius (or of Janus, as some suppose, but incorrectly, as the old Calendar marks his sacrifices on the eighth, unless he be confounded with Mercury, the man, for the master), was kept on the present day.-See 21st May.

The town of Altona, on the Elbe, is burnt by the Swedes, 1712, under the command of General Steinbock, so illustrious for his wisdom and heroic virtues.

The treaty of Constantinople is signed, by which the sovereignty of the Crimea was ceded to Russia, 1784. Upon the same day, 1792, a final treaty of peace was concluded by Catharine with the Ottoman Porte, fixing the river Dniester as the common boundary between the two empires.

Beattie explains to Dr. Blacklock his motives for pruning the sickly and exotic plant of infidelity, 1769: “A very little truth will sometimes enlighten a vast extent of science. I found that the sceptical philosophy was not what the world imagined it to be, nor what I, following the opinion of the world, had hitherto imagined it to be; but a frivolous, though dangerous, system of verbal subtilty, which it required neither genius, nor learning, nor taste, nor knowledge of mankind to be able to put together; but only a captious temper, an irreligious spirit, a moderate command of words, and an extraordinary degree of vanity and presumption.”

Two ships sail from Gravesend, with black people on board, to effect a new settlement at Sierra Leone, 1787. This is the prosperous colony founded by Granville Sharp.

Sir David Baird takes possession of the Cape of Good Hope, by capitulation, upon the defeat of General Janssens, 1806.—The funeral of Nelson was solemnized at St. Paul's, on the same day, amidst a nation's tears.

The paths of glory lead but to the grave.--Gray.

Fame, if not double-faced, is double mouth'd,
And with contrary blast proclaims most deeds;
On both his winys, one black, the other white,
Bears greatest names in his wild aery flight.- Milton.

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Nich. Steno, 1638, Copenhagen. Miltiades (Pope), 314.
L. F. Duke of Bouflers, 1644. Gregory, Bp. of Nyssa, 400.
| Card. Gabrielli, 1654, Castella. John I. (of Constant.) 976.
Joshua Barnes, 1654, London. Bishop Bloet, expired 1123.
J. E. Grabe, 1666, Koningsberg. Gregory X. (Pope), 1276.
Michael Ney, 1769, Sarre-Louis. J. Cochlæus, 1552. d. Breslau.

Sir Maurice Abbot, 1640.

Abp. (W.) Laud, behead. 1645. Age will superciliously cen-Edw. Cave, 1754. Clerkenwell. sure all who are younger than John, Duke of Rutland, 1711. themselves, and the vices of the Francis Nicole, 1758. d. Lyons. present time as new and unheard Adm. Boscawen, 1761. Penkenel. of. when in truth they are the Adam Anderson, 1765. very same they practised, and

George Costard, 1782. practised as long as they were

ey were Elias de Beaumont, 1785.

in able. They die in an opinion Pet

PP-Peter Lyonet, 1789. d. Hague. that they have left none wiser

M.J. de Chenier, 1811.d. Paris. behind them, though they have left none behind them who ever had any esteem of their wisdom. I cannot think Nature is so and judgment.Clarendon. spent and decayed, that she can

| bring forth nothing worth her Obits of the Latin Church.

former years. She is always

the same, like herself; and when St. Marcian, d. Constant. oth she collects her strength, is abler | Century.

still. Men are decayed, and St. Agatho (Pope), d. 682.

studies : she is not.-Jonson. St. William, Abp. of Bourges,

d. 1209.

Prosperity is so favourable to the coward, that it may even conceal his baseness; but those misfortunes which make him known, and despised, enable the brave to show themselves in their genuine colours.-Archidamus.

Write nothing but what you have seen, nor let it be published until you are dead.-Boccalini.

Acts.

THEODOSIUS establishes the Catholic creed upon the ruins of Arianism in all the provinces of the East, by means of a military commission, dated on the present day, A.D. 381.

The ancient Swedish year began with the midwinter of the Romans ; i.e. the twentieth (this) day after our winter solstice, when the festival of the new year was celebrated in the city of Stockholm.

No gentle breathing breeze prepares the spring,
No birds within the desert region sing.
The ships, unmoved, the boisterous winds defy,
While rattling chariots o’er the ocean fly.
The vast leviathan wants room to play,
And spout his waters in the face of day;
And starving wolves along the main sea prowl,

And to the moon in icy valleys howl.-A. Philips. Oliver Cromwell takes his seat in the House of Commons, 1628. It was King Charles's third parliament.

Dom. John Bourget, so respectable for his learning and piety, is elected an honorary member of the Society of Antiquaries, London, 1765.

Bruce, the traveller, returns to Cairo from the Abyssinian court, after an absence of more than four years, 1773.

Beattie, writing to the Duchess of Gordon, 1779, "I used to devour the Night Thoughts' with a satisfaction not unlike that which, in my younger years, I have found in walking alone in a churchyard, or on a wild mountain, by the light of the moon, at midnight. Such things may help to soften a rugged mind. When I first read Young, my heart was broken to think of the poor man's afflictions. Afterwards, I took it in my } head, that where there was so much lamentation, there could not be ex- } cessive suffering; and I could not help applying to him sometimes those lines of a song,

• Believe me, the shepherd but feigns ;

He's wretched, to show he has wit.'
I have since found, from his friends, that my conjecture was right.”

It is difficult to find a young fellow that is neither a wit in his own eye, nor a fool in the eye of the world.

Congreve.

Is it the curse of greatness to behold
Virtue through such false optics as unfold
No splendour, 'less from equal orbs they shine!
What Heaven made free, ambitious men confine.-Chamberlayne.

Day.

Births.

Deaths.

11.

111. Dr. T. Wren, 1632, Cambridge. Mendoza, Abp. of Toledo, 1495. Id.

Henry, Duke of Norfolk, 1654. Augustine Vincent, 1626.
Robert Hill, 1699, Miswell. William Chamberlayne, 1689.
Camille Jordan, 1771, Lyons. Shaftesbury.

John George Grævius, 1703.
Aspire not to public honours,

J. Zannichelli, 1729. d.-Venice.
enter not the palaces of kings Sir H. Sloane, 1752. Chelsea.
(said the expiring Emir to his

F. Roubilliac, 1762. d. London. son); thy wealth will set thee

Charles Linnæus, 1778. Upsal. above insult, let thy moderation

Abp. (w.) Newcome, 1800. d.
keep thee below envy. In the Dublin.'
height of my power, I said to

(F. Schlegel, 1829. d. Vienna.
defamation, who will hear thee?
and to artifice, what canst thou

| What a wretched condition } perform? But, my son, despise

are those kings and states in, not thou the malice of the weak

* who put their confidence in such est, remember that venom sup

men as believe neither natural plies the want of strength, and

nor revealed religion ! Indeed, that the lion may perish by the

men, who are themselves void of puncture of an asp.--Rambler,

learning, who give no credit to in die.

the judgment of any learned men Obits of the Latin Church. whatsoever ; who have no sort 3 St. Hyginus (Pope), d. 142. of concern for truth, but live in St. Theodosius the Cenobiarch, perpetual hypocrisy ; are by no 529. d. Palestine.

means fit to be trusted in any St. Salvius (or Sauve), Bp. of matters, not even with such as Amiens, 7th Century

relate to the public. Le Clerc. | St.Egwin, Bp.of Worcester, 1183.

In the works of Shakspeare a whole world is unfolded; and he who has well comprehended this, and been penetrated with its spirit, will not easily allow the

shed by the form, or listen to the cavils of those who are incapable of understanding the import of what they would criticise.-F. Schlegel.

The eternal God is every where : therefore, live justly.--Sentence of Linnæus.

Acts.

THE ANTHESTERIA, an Athenian festival in honour of“ plumpy Bacchus, with pink eyne," was held on the 11th, 12th, and 13th days of the month Anthesterion. The vessels were tapped, and tasted, on the first day; on the second the votaries “ took their cups," and drank, like true Greeks, to repletion; the last day was one of abstinence, divided, most rationally, between pot-luach and the tart comedy,

The Carmentalia, a feast of dedication, was celebrated on this afternoon by the Roman matrons, in commemoration of their connubial felicity.-See 15th day.

The expiatory lustrations and sacrifices are celebrated at Rome, as enjoined by the Sybilline books, which Aurelian and the senate had consulted previous to the emperor's victory at Fano over the invading Alemanni, A.D. 271. Adam de Houghton, Bp. of St. David's, receives the great seal, 1377.

The drawing of the first Public lottery begins at the west door of St. Paul's, 1569. It continued, by day and candle-light, until the 6th of May. The lots were forty thousand (without blanks), at ten shillings each, and the chief prizes consisted of plate. It seems that the profits ? of this scheme were to have been “converted towards the reparation of the

havens, and strength of the realm, and towards such other further good } works.” Thus about 20,0001. was ingeniously raised by a sale, in some shape, of the royal plate and trinkets-useless new years' gifts.

A human skeleton, according to M. Le Cat, is found, in 1613, entombed eighteen feet below the surface of a spot called the Giant's Field, in Dauphiny, which was twenty-five feet and a half long, and ten feet wide across the shoulders. There appeared on a gray stone this inscription : “ TheUTOBOCHUS Rex.”

Louis XIV. by a decree, 1680, establishes, at the Arsenal, a special court for the trial of poisoners and magicians; by which authority several persons, distinguished by their birth and titles, were gravely convicted.

Sir Edward Hughes storms and captures the Dutch settlement of Trincomalee, in Ceylon, valuable for its fine harbour, 1782. ,

Sir J. Moore finishes his memorable retreat, and enters Corunna, 1809. The master of superstition is the people; and in all superstitions wise men follow fools.- Bacon.

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