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Beautiful, yes! none denies it; beauty were a lovely thing,
Were it not so false and fleeting, had it not a futtering wing.
'Tis a passing shadow only, 'tis a flow'ret born to die.

Spanish Poet.
Acts.

This day of the month was considered by the Greeks as the star-day, and the most propitious for the birth of women. It naturally presides over three virtues; beauty, patience, and kindness, a little knot that binds the world. See 14th day of each month.

St. Hilary's day (a festival which belongs to the 13th January in our English calendars) is, upon an average, the coldest day in the year. In 1205 a frost began on this day, which endured for more than two months; and it was then, 1820, that the Society for relieving the Houseless was founded in London.

Henry III. the weakest of our kings, espouses Eleanor of Provence ; who, six days after, was crowned with great splendour, 1236.

Francis I. of France is conveyed from the place of his captivity in Italy to Madrid, where, on this day, 1525, he signs a disadvantageous treaty, which he afterwards infringed, under the Pope's absolution.

In 1734-5 (0. S.) Dr. Gmelin observes that the thermometer at Yeneseisk, in Siberia, fell to-120° of Fahrenheit's scale. The foggy air was in a state of fixation, so that smoke had no passage, and the birds dropped frozen to the ground.

The Pope issues his edict against the assemblies of Freemasons, under penalty of the rack and condemnation to the gallies, 1739.

In All Souls' College, Oxford, a custom is occasionally observed on this day; that of keeping the Mallard Night, in remembrance of the discovery of a very large mallard, in a drain, when digging for the foundation of the college. At the celebration, an old song, called “ The swapping, swapping mallard,” is always introduced.

I highly approve of the intent of Pythagoras's injunction (writes Lord Chatham on this day); which is, to dedicate the first parts of life to hear and to learn ; and not to be presuming, and flippant, and thus expose the nakedness and emptiness of the mind, like a house opened to company before it is furnished either with necessaries, or with ornaments, for their reception and entertainment.

I am ignorant of any one quality that is amiable in a man, which is not equally so in a woman: I do not except even modesty and gentleness of nature. Nor do I know one vice, or folly, which is not equally detestable in both.

Letter to a Youny Lady on her Marriage.

Be in peace with many; nevertheless, have but one counsellor of a thousand.

Panaretos.

XVIII

Day.
Births.

Deaths.
Christian Kortholt, 1633, Burg. Sergius Galba,assassinated, A.D.
Lewis Dutens, 1730, Tours. 169.
Dr. S. Parr, 1747, o.s. Harrow. Father Paul (Sarpi), 1623.
Dr. John Aikin, 1747, Kibworth. Bishop (John) Cosin, 1672.
Gen. Sir B. Leighton, 1747. Auckland.

Sir Philip Warwick, 1683.
I read with disgust, the mu- Richard Boyle, Earl of Bur-
tual reproaches of Romanists

S lington, 1698. and Protestants, as they are

y are Robert, Count of St. Germain, called ; and in conversing with 1778. English divines, I often resist John Landen, 1790. d. Milton. their attacks upon the church of Rome, even in events, which have long ago passed away.

Obits of the Latin Church. The Roman empire more reSt. Paul, the first Hermit, d. sembled the extravagant passions Egypt, 342.

and ravings of the Titans, which St. Isidore, of Scété, c. 390.

the poets speak of, when it was St. Isidore of Alexandria. d. 403. torn to pieces by rebellion, and St. Main, a British Bishop.

nop• turned its arms against itself ; St. John Calybite, d. Constant. not so much through the ambi5th Century.

tion of the emperors, as the avaSt.Ita (or Mida,)V.of Waterford, rice and licentiousness of the d. 569.

soldiers, who drove out one emSt. Maurus, of Anjou (the root

"peror by another. Plutarch, in of the noble family of Sey-1"

mour), d. 584.
St. Bonitus (or Bonet), d. Lyons,

710.

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Depth in philosophy, which can behold the chain of second causes confederate and linked together, must needs fly to Providence and Deity.

Bacon.

Labour was the son of Necessity, the nursling of Hope, and the pupil of Art; he had the strength of his mother, the spirit of his nurse, and the dexterity of his governess, and came down upon earth to oppose the devastations of Famine.

Johnson.

Acts.

The fifteenth day of the month Shebat began the years of trees, when the Jews were first permitted to eat the fruit of them, after being planted three years.—Lev. xix. 23.

An ancient Roman festival was kept on this day in honour of Postverta and Porrima, sisters of the prophetess Carmenta, supposed to preside over teeming women. She was the Themis of the Greeks, and the mother of Evander, and received sacrifices the same day, with her companions,

The violent storm, with a south-west wind, recorded by Walsingham, and other historians, and mentioned also in the Visions of Pierce Ploughman, happened on the evening, of this day (Saturday), 1362.

Elizabeth, of lion-port, and awe-commanding face, is crowned, 1559. Col. Coote takes and demolishes the settlement of Pondicherry, 1761. The libertine Masquerade is introduced into Scotland, 1773.

Burns writes from Lochlee to Mr. Murdoch, at Staple's Inn, his indulgent father, and teacher, 1783 : “ I seem to be sent into the world to see and observe ; and I very easily compound with the knave who tricks me of my money, if there be any thing original about him which shows me human nature in a different light from any thing I have seen before. 'Tis incongruous, 'tis absurd, to suppose that the man whose mind glows with sentiments, lighted up at their sacred flame (Thomson, Mackenzie, Sterne, Ossian, and Shenstone); whose heart distends with benevolence to all the human race; he' who can soar above this little scene of things', can descend to mind the paltry concerns about which the terræ-filial race fret, and fume, and vex themselves.-I forget that I am a poor insignificant devil, unnoticed and unknown, stalking up and down fairs and markets, reading a page or two of mankind.”

Sir William Jones founds the Asiatic Society, at Calcutta, 1784, an act ever to be remembered in the diaries of science ; but this day is rendered doubly illustrious by the donation, from the SOVEREIGN, in 1823, of the Royal Library, containing 120,000 volumes, for the benefit of the British Nation, and the advancement of our Literature.

Pride and roughness may turn one's humour, but flattery turns one's stomach.

Sir William Temple.

Each test, and every light, his muse will bear,
Though Epictetus with his lamp were there.- Dryden.

Day.

Births.

Deaths.

xvii. Edmund Crouchback, 1245. Bp. Rufus de Belmeis, 1127. Cal. Rich. Savage, 1697, Fox-court. St. Osyth.

Edward, Earl of Lincoln, 1585. He was very little disturbed

Windsor. at the marks of contempt which

Edmund Spenser, 1599. Abbey. his ill fortune brought upon him,

Dudley, Lord North, 1666. from those whom he never es

Oliver Patru, 1681. teemed, and with whom he never

R. Nelson, 1715. Kensington. considered himself as levelled by

O F. M. Misson, 1721. d. London. any calamities; and though its

S. Aug. Souciet, 1744. was not without some uneasiness

John Lewis, 1747. Thanet. that he saw some, whose friend

"Miss Hill Boothby, 1756. ship he valued, change their be

Dr. John Leland, 1766. haviour ; he yet was more in.

Paul Henry Maty, 1787. clined to despise them, than to

Edward Gibbon,1794.Fletching. lament himself.-Life of Savage. Sir John Moore, 1809, k. Elvina.

Obits of the Latin Church. Charles Lloyd, 1828.
St. Marcellus (Pope), d. 310.
St. Macarius, the elder, of Egypt,
1 d. 390.

We shall best honour the dead
St. Honoratus, Abp. of Arles, d.

" | by extending our protection to 429.

the living ;-we must assist and St. Fursey, Abbot in Ireland, d.

| defend their widows, protect and c. 650. Saints, the five Friars, Ms. at

honour their parents, embrace

and cherish their orphans. Morocco, 1220.

Lysias. St. Henry, Hermit of Northum

berland, d. 1127.

You will discharge yourself best of your duty to your friends, if you do not wait till they apply to you; but freely, and of your own accord, relieve and assist them when occasion requires.

Isocrates.

No useless coffin confin'd his breast,
Nor in sheet, nor in shroud, we bound him ;
But he lay, like a warrior taking his rest,
With his martial cloak around him.-Wolfe.

Acts.
This day the Roman citizens dedicated to the goddess Concord.

William de Hamilton, Dean of York, is appointed Chancellor of England, 1305.

Columbus sails from Haïti for Europe on this day, and arriving at Palos, 15th of March, 1493, he completes his first American adventure.

An act of parliament is passed in 1542, which declares that “ It shall be felony to practise, or cause to be practised, conjuration, witchcraft, enchantment, or sorcery, to get money; or to consume any person in his body, members, or goods; or to provoke any person to unlawful love ; or for the despite of Christ, or lucre of money, to pull down any cross; or to declare where goods stolen be.Another curious piece of wisdom is pronounced by the senate, held on the same day, in the following year, prohibiting any “woman, or artificers' prentices, journeymen, servingmen, of the degree of yeomen, or under, husbandmen, or labourers, to read the New Testament in ENGLISH.

Thomas Harriot begins to observe the positions and revolutions of the satellites of the planet Jupiter, 1610.

Lady Montagu writes to her sister from Vienna, 1717: “I forgot to tell you one curiosity in all the German courts, which I cannot forbear taking notice of: all the princes keep favourite dwarfs. The emperor and empress have two of these little monsters, as ugly as devils, especially the female; but they are all bedaubed with diamonds, and stand at her majesty's elbow in all public places. I am told the King of Denmark has so far improved upon this fashion, that his dwarf is his chief minister. I can assign no reason for their fondness of these pieces of deformity, but the opinion all the absolute princes have, that it is below them to converse with the rest of mankind; and, not to be quite alone, they are forced to seek their companions among the refuse of human nature.”

Admiral Rodney defeats the Spanish fleet off Cape St. Vincent, 1780.

The bean-fed friars in 1790 are ejected from their convents by an Augean labour of the French Revolution.

The battle of Corunna and death of Sir John Moore. See Deaths. I am not the first admiral of my family: let them call me what they may. David was once a shepherd, and I serve the same God who placed him upon the throne.

Columbus.

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