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The Wife is as a diamond richly set;
The Maid unset doth yet more rich appear ;
The Widow a jewel in the cabinet,
Which though not worn, is still esteem'd as dear.--Sir J. Davis.


The fourth of the Moon Sebat was appropriated as a fast day by the Jews in memory of the death of the Elders, who succeeded Joshua.

Edward Ist writes to the abbot of Cluni from Ashridge on this day, 1291, acquainting him with the demise of his Queen, Eleanor, and requesting that mass, and other usual offices, might be performed for the rest of her soul. Tapers were burnt both day and night upon her tomb at Westminster for more than two centuries, and every lisper in English story will remember that the three crosses standing at Geddington, Waltham, and Northampton, are so many monuments, which time has spared, of Edward's gratitude.

“I am now sitting this present fourth of January” (Pera of Constantinople, 1716) writes Lady Montagu to a female correspondent, “ with the windows open, enjoying the warm shine of the sun, while you are freezing over a sad sea-coal fire ; and my chamber is set out with carna- } tions, roses, and jonquils, fresh from my garden. I am charmed with many points of the Turkish law, to our shame be it spoken, better designed and better executed than ours; particularly the punishment of convicted liars (triumphant criminals in our country, God knows): they are burnt in the forehead with a hot iron, when they are proved the authors of any notorious falsehoods. How many white foreheads should we see disfigured, how many fine gentlemen would be forced to wear their wigs as low as their eyebrows, were this law in practice with us! I should go on to tell you many other parts of justice, but I must send for my mid

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War is declared against Spain, 1762. This spark was fanned by a remnant of that old enthusiasm which properly should have (quite) expired with the date of Queen Elizabeth.

In 1793 the Alien Bill passes. It was during the debate on this measure that the great Burke threw upon the floor of the house, a Sheffield dagger, to enforce his powers of oratory.

Covent Garden Theatre is founded, 1809.

It is a desperate, but thin cunning of some impertinents, to raise and rail most against those very weaknesses and vices which they are but too conscious belong wholly to themselves.

Donne's Letters.

Man, like the generous vine, supported lives;
The strength be gains is from the embrace he gives.
Thus God and Nature link'd the general frame,
And bade self-love and social be the same. Pope.

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Non. Francis Suarez, 1548, Granada. Edward the Confessor, 1066.

Dr. B. Rush, 1745, Pennsylva Westminster.

Charles the Bold, 1477. killed,

I consider woman as a beau-

Alex. de Medicis, ass. 1537.
tiful romantic animal, that may |

Nich. Thoynard, 1706. d. Paris. be adorned with furs and feathers,

Czartan Petrarch, 1724. d. Ko

frosch, aged 185.
pearls and diamonds, ores, and
silks. The lynx shall cast its skin

J. B. de Valincour, 1730. d. at her feet to make her a tippet :


Elizabeth (of Russia). 1762. the peacock, parrot, and swan

James Merrick, 1769. d. Read-
shall pay contributions to her
muff ; the sea shall be searched,

1. ing.
for shells, and the rocks for Isaac Reed, 1807. Amwell.
gems; and every part of naturel

E. Griffith, 1793. d. Millicent. furnish out its share towards the

| Frederick, Duke of York, 1827. embellishment of a creature that The same hath happened to is the most consummate work of the truly wise, which befalls ears it.--Addison, in dié.

of corn; they shoot and raise

their heads high and pert, whilst Obits of the Latin Church.

empty ; but when mature and

swelled with grain, begin to flag St. Telesphorus (Pope) m. 2nd and droop. So those men who Century.

have tried and sounded all things, St. Syncletica, Virgin, d. Ales- and discovered nothing solid and

andria, c. 4th Century firm, have quitted their presumpSt. Simeon Stylites, of Cilicia, tion and acknowledged their na- } 459.

tural condition.-Montaigne.

When the grape (uva) of the palate becomes inflamed by moisture, it is the cause of suffocation,

Aristoteles. ........................... 16 .........

If you would be venerable, instruct your children, and so partake of their good actions.

Persian Sentence.


ARATUS, of Sicyon, on the fifth day of the Month Anthesterion, B. C. 251, rescues his native town from the Macedonian tyranny. An annual festival of thanksgiving and sacrifice to Jupiter Soter, the preserver, was afterwards instituted, around his tomb, to celebrate this patriotic achievement; and another, called the Arateia was solemnized on his birthday, at which his son officiated, wearing a girdle of white, with purple spots, in the presence of the assembled citizens—the sage and schoolboy.

The healing benediction, first assumed by Edward the Confessor in 1058, and bequeathed by him to his successors, the sovereigns of England, was, it may be supposed, frequently exercised on the day when so devout a King disappeared from the world. In 1272 we find that Edward I. after touching for the malady called, by distinction, the Evil, gave gold medals, which were suspended, with a formula of prayer, round the necks of the patients. This coin, in value ten shillings, was impressed with the figure of an Angel, and so named. The custom may probably be derived from the baptismal ceremony; for we learn from Zeno, Bishop of Verona, that in his time (4th century) it was usual to give a medal to every one who received the sacramentary ablutions, but whether stamped with a sacred image, or with the monogram and cross, then recently adopted by Constantine, is not recorded. Queen Elizabeth first relinquished the sign of tbe cross in the ceremony, and Queen Anne deprived the nation, with her life, of the royal virtue itself. She had touched the infant Hercules, Samuel Johnson, in the Lent of 1712, then but thirty months old, an incident which he very well remembered.

The “ Journal des Sçavans” appears 1665, on this day, under the direction of its projectors, Messrs. Gallois and de Sallo.

In 1757 Robert Damiens attempts the assassination of Louis XIV. for which he suffered a punishment too terrific to find a place in human annals.

Who, but unhappy descendants, will praise their progenitors ?

Grecian Proverb.

Thy spirit, Independence, let me share!
Lord of the lion-heart and eagle-eye,
Thy steps I follow with my bosom bare,
Nor heed the storm that howls along the sky.






Richard II. 1366, Bourdeaux. Dionysius (of Portugal), 1325.
Joan of Arc, 1402, Domnemi. Jas. E, of Ormond, 1338, d. Irel.
John Daille, 1594, Chatelleraut. Bp. (William). Bateman, 1355.
John Soanen, 1647, Riom. Avignon.
Peter Metastasio, 1698, Rome. Bp. A. Corsini, 1373. d. Fiesoli.

Sir J. Stanley, 1414. d. Ireland. }
Anthony (of Palermo), 1471.

Qu. Catharine, 1536. Peterboro'.
Longevity ought to be highly Innocent X. (Pope) 1655.
valued by men of piety and ta-Bishop (Seth) Ward, 1689. Sa-
lents, as it will enable them to lisbury.
be much more useful to mankind, Lam

hankind, Lambert Bos, 1717. d. Franeker. and especially to their own coun-J. V. Gravina, 1718, d. Rome. try. As to others, it is no great John Dennis, 1734. (Ubivis.) matter ; since they are a disgrace Gaspard Duchange, 1757. to mankind, and their death is ra- |

14.Major Pierson, 1781. killed, St. ther a service to the public.


N. le Poivre, 1786. d. Lyons.
C. A. Count d'Argental, 1788.

Dr.Geo. Berkeley,1795.St. Clem.
Obits of the Latin Church. Rev. W.Jones, 1801. d. Paston.
St. Melanius, d. Brittany, 490. Among the writers of all ages,
St. Peter, Abbot in England, some deserve fame, and have it;
drowned 608.

others neither have, nor deserve St. Nilammon, Hermit of Egypt. it; some have it, not deserving;

others, though deserving, yet totally miss it, or have it not equal I to their deserts.—Milton.

'Would I had never trod this English earth,
Or felt the flatteries that grow upon it!
Ye have Angels' faces, but heaven knows your hearts.

King Henry VIII.


There is no slander in an allowed fool, though he do nothing but rail; nor no railing in a known discreet man, though he do nothing but reprove.

Twelfth Night.


The EPIPHANY, is a festival originally observed by the Church in 813, to commemorate the manifestation of Christ to the three Kings, or Magi, which happened on the Twelfth Day after the Nativity. It is the Christmas of the Greek and Russian Church, and kept as Old Christmas,” by those in England who, with King James, consider the patriarchs the best telescopes. The election of Kings by the bean,—a custom of greater antiquity than Twelfth-day, formerly took place, with the “ heavy-headed” wassail, on the night preceding that festival; for by changing it our playful ancestors encroached one day upon the season of labour, when the Plough and Distaff were resumed. “We had much mirth on board (says Henry Teonge, off the Morea, 1676): we had a great cake made, in which was put a bean for the king, a pease for the queen, a clove for the knave, a forked stick for the cuckold, a rag for the slut. The cake was cut into several pieces, and all put into a napkin, out of which every one took his piece, as out of a lottery; then each piece was broken to see what was in it, which caused much laughter to see our Lieutenant prove the cuckold.” The Marquis de Dangeau notes that Louis XIV., in 1698, refused to keep his Twelfth-night, at Versailles, on account of the great number of ladies (four hundred and seven !) whom he considered himself obliged to invite.

This was the Anniversary, according to Plutarch, of the coming (accessus), or birth, of Isis, the “ mighty mother” of Egyptian idolatry.

The New Year's day among the Druids, who began both their months and years, not from the change, but when the moon first became visible.

Cæsar passes Ceraunia on his march towards the fatal plains of Pharsalus, having embarked two days before at Brundusium, B. C. 48.

The Danes, in 878, take possession of the royal villa of Chippenham, and chase Alfred, with his little band, to seek shelter in the hospitable woods of Somersetshire ; from which seclusion came the old wives' tale of the burnt cakes.

The Lady Anne of Cleves unites her useful virtues to those of “ the majestic Lord, that broke the bonds of Rome," 1540.

There are three powerful ones in the world : a lord, an idiot, and nothing..

The Triads. Home

N eonorarone 19 memorroossermoteroroon

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