« 이전계속 »
The redbreast, sacred to the household gods,
Walleran, Count of St. Pol, issues against Henry IV. of England his famous cartel of defiance, 1402. .
All Souls' College at Oxford is founded by the gift of Archbishop Chicheley, 1437. In the quadrangle, which was roofed, 1440, is a curious dial, contrived by Wren, which shows the time to a minute.
Ferdinand Cortez sails from Cuba, with five hundred and eight soldiers, one hundred and ten sailors, sixteen horses, thirty-two cross-bow men, thirteen musketeers, and ten pieces of artillery, on his expedition against the Mexicans, 1519. The first English vessel ever seen in the West Indies arrived at Porto Rico the same year.
Peter the Great signs the plan which he had projected of the Imperial Academy of Sciences at Petersburgh, 1724.
The French pillage the town of Loretto, and send the Madonna to Paris, 1797. No pious feeling could prevail with an insolent soldiery, where so much of the grossest superstition was unveiled. In all kinds of adversity we find a purifying virtue, and that people are surely the most happy who have the sense to profit by their sad experience.
In Addison's “ Freeholder" of this day is a humorous assemblage of patriot fans : “ A pretty young lady will very soon appear with a fan, which has on it a nunnery of lively black-eyed vestals, who are endeavouring to creep out at the grates. Another has a fan mounted with a fine paper, on which is represented a group of people upon their knees very devoutly worshiping an old ten-penny nail. A certain lady, who has a good satirical turn, has filled her fan with the figure of a huge tawdry woman, representing the whore of Babylon. The following designs are already executed on several mountings. The ceremony of the Holy Pontiff opening the mouth of a cardinal in a full consistory. An old gentleman, with a triple crown upon his head, and big with child, being the portrait of Pope Joan. Bishop Bonner purchasing
great quantities of faggots and brush-wood, for the conversion of here8 ticks : with a distant view of Smithfield.”
The comic muse holds to the world a picture of itself, raising the fair impartial laugh.
Then what's a virgin but a fruitless bay?
The fair Contention.
Princess Elizabeth, (of York), Heraclius (Emperor), 641. | 1466, Westminster.
St. Benedict, 821. d. Cleves. Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, Amurath II. (Emperor), 1451. 1657, Rouen.
d. Adrianople. Elizabeth Plantagenet(of York),
Thomas Haweis, 1820.
others, Martyrs of Africa. 304. The Utopians think that we St. Leverinus, of Agaunum, d. are made by God to live accord507.
ing to nature.-More. The Empress Theodora, d. 867.
We are not, idly, to busy ourselves respecting the evil dispositions of others, but to run on straight in the line, without any loose and extravagant motion.--Agatho.
It is to the English barons that we are indebted for the laws and constitution we possess; their virtues were rude and uncultivated; but they were great and sincere; their understandings were as little polished as their manners; but they had hearts to distinguish the rights of humanity, and they had spirit to maintain them,
HENRY III. in 1225, subscribes the Great Charter of liberties, which is witnessed by thirteen bishops, twenty abbots, and thirty-two earls and barons. • Mezerai records the appearance of a comet of extraordinary magnitude, which was visible in this month, 1471 ; its head was in the sign of the Balance, and it had a long tail, turning a little towards the north.
Drake, the navigator, is conducted by the Symerons to the summit of a large tree, notched with steps, which served them as a watch-tower, and from thence blessed him with a sight of the two seas, on one of which (the Pacific) no English vessel had ever sailed, 1573.
Peter the Great presents to the Royal Academy of Sciences, at Paris, an exact chart of the Caspian Sea, accompanied by a letter of this date, 1721 : “ The choice you have made of our person for a member of your illustrious Society, could not but be very agreeable to us; and we would not delay to acquaint you by these presents, with what joy and gratitude we accept the place you offer us in your Society, having nothing more at heart, than to contribute our utmost to the advancement of arts and sciences in our kingdoms, in order to render ourselves the more worthy so honourable a rank.”
Gray writes to his pupil, Horace Walpole, 1751, on the subject of his far-famed “ Elegy,” which the Magazine of Magazines was about to publish by his indulgence, and begging the honour of his correspondence : “ As I am not at all disposed to be either so indulgent, or so correspondent, as they desire, I have but one way left to escape the honour they would inflict upon me; and therefore am obliged to desire you would make Dodsley to print it immediately from your copy, but without my name, in what form is most convenient for him, but on his best paper and character ; he must print it without any interval between the stanzas; and the title must be, “ Elegy, written in a country churchyard.”, The illustrious brat was published on the 19th, Shrove-Tuesday, with a pinch or two by nurse Dodsley in the cradle, “ that I doubt it will bear the marks of as long as it lives.”
Comets, importing change of times and states. - King Henry VI.
The grand debate,
Prid. Gabriel Naude, 1600, Paris. Pelagius II. (Pope), 590.
Bishop (John) Pearson, 1613, David ap Owen, Bp. 1512.
Lady Jane Grey, beheaded, 1555. Herman Witsius, 1626, Enck-Lord G. Dudley, beheaded, 1555. huysen.
Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, poi-
George Heriot, 1624.
Adolphus II. (of Sweden), 1771. I never noted the relations of Roger Boscovich, 1787.d. Milan. the devils and witches talking Gabriel Brotier, 1789. d. Paris. } together, but about foolish things. Ant.d'Auvergne, 1797.d. Lyons. King James. Laz. Spallanzani,1799. d. Pavia.
Immanuel Kant, 1804.
Obits of the Latin Church. What is in that word, honour ? St. Eulalia (or Olaire) Patro
Who hath it? He that died o' ness of Barcelona. V. Martyr,
Wednesday. Doth he feel it?
No. Doth he hear it? No. d. c. 305. St. Meletius, Patriarch of An
Is it insensible, then? Yea, to
| the dead. But will it not live tioch, d. 381. St. Benedict, of Anian, Abbot,
with the living ? No. Why? buried Inde, 821.
Detraction will not suffer it :St. Anthony Cauleas, Patriarch
therefore I'll none of it. Honour of Constantinople, d. 896.
is a mere scutcheon. -King Henry IV.
Youth prefer beautiful to profitable conduct; for they live more from moral precepts, than from reasoning; but reasoning is directed to that which is profitable, and virtue to that which is beautiful,
That is bad, saith Aristotle, which either from defect or excess, prevents us from contemplating God; and it is an universal proverb that the liar, who possesseth the courage to mock Heaven in the face, will turn his back, when he contendeth with men.---Anon.
Arts. Thomas PlantAGENET, surnamed De Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, is invested with the office of Earl Marshal of England, 1335. This title was conferred afterwards, in 1383, upon Thomas, Lord Mowbray; and 28th June, 1483, it was granted to Lord John Howard, on his receiving the Dukedom of Norfolk, in which noble house it is now hereditary.
The battle of Roveray, or of Herrings, 1429, in which that renowned rogue, Sir John Falstaff, with his little convoy of fifteen hundred archers, } entrenched by four hundred waggons of Yarmouth herrings, repulses a
body of five thousand French cavalry, and kills six hundred Scotch infantry; but whether these were salted and eaten by his tall fellows, is a problem, and the despatch which our poet had surely seen is not extant.
The dignity of Viscount is created in England by letters patent in favour of John Baron Beauchamp, 1440. The second Viscounty was conferred, 14th December, 1446, upon Henry Lord Bourchier.
This day is memorable for the murder, on the scaffold, of Lady Jane Grey: “Good Christian people, you come to see me die; not for any thing I have offended, for I will deliver to my God a soul as pure from trespass, as innocence from injustice.”
The immortal Milton is admitted a Pensioner of Christ's College, Cambridge, 1625. The entry is as follows : “ Johannes Milton, Londinensis, filius Johannis, institutus fuit in literarum elementis sub Mro. Gill, Gymnasii Paulini præfecto. Admissus est Pensionarius minor, Feb. 12, 1624, sub Mro. Chappell, solvitque pro ingressu 10s." His tutor Mr. William, afterwards Bishop, Chappell, is the reputed author of the “ Whole Duty of Man;" and Dr. Gill, Master of St. Paul's School, and a composer as it appears of ballads, was the father of Dr. Alexander Gill, Ben Jonson's scurrilous opponent, but whom the poet did not live to see degraded from the Mastership, in 1640, for his “cruelties and his crimes."
General St. Martin achieves the independence of Chili, 1817.
The Hilary and Candlemas Terms of law in the English and Scotch courts, conclude with the present day. .
It is a reverend thing to see an ancient castle, or building, not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient noble family, which hath stood against the waves and weathers of time,