페이지 이미지

Hath not a Jew eyes? hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions ? fed with the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject to the same diseases, healed by the same means, warmed and cooled by the same winter and summer, as a Christian is? if you prick us, do we pot bleed ? if you tickle us, do we not laugh? if you poison us, do we not die? and if you wrong us, shall we not revenge?

Merchant of Venice,


FERDINAND V. banishes the Jews from Spain, 800,000 souls, 1492.

Johnson and Garrick start on the morning of this day from Lichfield, 1738. They “ rode and tied” to London ; the great lexicographer with two-pence halfpenny in his pocket, and Davy with something less. The latter, then in his twenty-third year, entered as a scholastic pupil of Colson, at Rochester, and Johnson sought employment in translation and the drama. his friends having great expectation that he would“ turn out a fine tragedy-writer.” The spectator of their schemes of life on the way, their reciprocities of encouragement, and of vanity, dismounting on a hillside to spout or listen to some rotund soliloquy from the “ Irene,” or to debate with half-sword parley on grace and accent, alexandrines and trochees, a lenten fast, or the last penny; would surely have seen a rich picture of the exuberance of youth-the distant prospect sun-gilt. • Lord Chesterfield writes to his son: “Whereabouts are you in Ariosto? or have you gone through that most ingenious contexture of truth and lies, of serious and extravagant, of knights-errant, magicians, and all that various matter, which he announces in the beginning of his poem ? I am by no means sure that Homer had superior invention to Ariosto. What can be more seducing and voluptuous than the description of Alcina's person and palace? What more ingeniously extravagant than the search made in the moon for Orlando's lost wits, and the account of other people's that were found there? The whole is worth your attention, not only as an ingenious poem, but as the source of all modern tales, novels, fables, and romances.”

The extensive copper-mine in the Isle of Anglesey is discovered, 1768, a day that has been kept as a festival.

The Savoy Palace in the Strand is burned to its foundations, 1776. It was constructed for the use of Peter of Savoy, an uncle of Henry III.

The world has few greater pleasures than that which two friends enjoy, in tracing back, at some distant time, those transactions and events through which they have passed together.


Some other nymphs, with colours faint,
And pencil slow, may Cupid paint,
And a weak heart in time destroy ;
She has a stamp, and prints the boy,
Can with a single look inflame
The coldest breast, the rudest tame.-Waller.



Gisbert Voet, 1589, Heusden. Sir Nicholas Carew, beheaded,
Non. B. F. Count de Pagan, 1604, 1539. Aldgate.

| Arthur Plantagenet (Viscount
Edmund Waller, 1605, Coleshill. L'Isle), 1541.
Sir W. Davenant, 1606, bap- John Frederick (of Saxony), }

tized, Oxford.
Sir Peter Leicester, 1613. John Sturmius, 1589.
Thomas Otway, 1651, Trotting. Walter Baley, 1592. Oxford.

Edward Somerset, Earl of Wor.
He that builds a fair house cester, 1628. Windsor Castle.
upon an ill seat, committeth George Herbert, 1633. buried }
himself to prison; as an unol Bemerton.
equal air with diversity of heat Robert Hooke, 1703.St. Helen's.
and cold, which is dwelling in Campegio Vitringa, 1722. d.
several places ; ill ways, ill! Franeker.
markets, and if you will consult Camillo, Duke de Tallard, 1728.
with Momus, ill neighbours. Dr. Wm. Stukeley, 1765. East

Bacon. | Ham.
Obits of the Latin Church. I bury.

Joseph Highmore, 1780. Canter-
Sts. Marinus and Asterius Mar- Robert Adam, 1792. Abbey.

tyrs in Palestine, c. 272.
Sts. Emeterius (or Madir) and

Chelidonius. Martursin Spain. The propriety of goods is the
St. Winwaloe (or Winwaloc). mother of courage, and the nurse

Abbot in Armorica, d. c. 529. of industry, makes us valiant in St. Lamalisse, of Scotland, 7th C. war and good husbands in peace. St.Cunegundes, Empress,d.1040.


I believe because it is impossible.---Tertullian's Creed.

Not monumental stone preserves our fame,
Nor sky-aspiring pyramids our name:
The memory of him for whom this stands,
Shall outlive marble, and defacers' hands.

Shakspeare's Lines on Sir Thomas Stanley.


SHAKSPEARE's historical play of Henry VI. (now called the first part) is produced at the Rose Theatre, standing on the Bankside, and represented by the players then under the protection of Ferdinand, Lord Strange, 1592. It was very popular; for it had a run, in the course of fifteen weeks, of thirteen days. That biting satirist, Tom Nash, speaks of it, in the same year, in the following terms : “How would it have joyed brave Talbot, the terrour of the French, to think that after he had lien two hundred year in his tomb, he should triumph again on the stage ; and have his bones new embalmed with the tears of ten thousand spectators at least, (at several times) who, in the tragedian that represents his person (Alleyn] behold him fresh bleeding.” There have been those, and acute judges too, in some things, that, by a kind of tortious criticism, laboured to deprive Shakspeare of the honour of building this tragedy; on no other apparent ground than that it is inferior to his later and more finished compositions. But Leonard Digges must be heard, who wrote his elogy, immediately after the appearance of the first folio in 1623.

“ Next Nature only helped him, for look thorough
This whole book, thou shalt find he doth not borrow
One phrase from Greeks, nor Latins imitate,
Nor once from vulgar languages translate ;
Nor plagiary-like, from others glean,
Nor begs he from each witty friend a scene,
To piece his acts with : all that he doth write

Is pure his own ; plot, language, exquisite." His late Majesty, King George III. recommends to parliament, in a speech from the throne, the passing of an act for establishing the future independence of the judges, 1761: “ I look upon the independency and uprightness of the judges of the land as essential to the impartial admi

nistration of justice, as one of the best securities to the rights and liberties { of my loving subjects, and as most conducive to the honour of the crown.”

The principles of the English laws are sufficiently clear: they are founded on reason, and are the masterpiece of the human understanding ; but it is in the text that I would look for a direction to my judgment, not in the commentaries of modern professors.---Chatham.

That lightning flash and show,
With that clear spirit of thine,
Will suddenly decline;
And you fair murth'ring eyes
Shall be love's tombs, where now his cradle lies.-Daniel.


Don Pedro (of Portugal), 1394. Saladin, 1193. d. Damascus.
Non. James Earl of Waldegrave, Bernard Gilpin, 1583. d. Hough-

ton le Spring. John Lord Somers, 1652, Wor-Gerald Grace (the Horseman), cester.

1618. d. Ballylinch. Peter Pautre, 1659, Paris. Benedict Turretini, 1631. d.


Matthias Hoe, 1645. d. Dresden. } The apple was a native of J. Vanderlinden, 1664. d. LeyItaly, and when the Romans den. had tasted the richer flavour of Nicolas de Malezieu, 1727. the apricot, the peach, the pome-John Anstis, 1744. Duloe. granate, the citron, and the Thomas Seward, 1790. d. Lichorange, they contented them- ' field. selves with applying to all these new fruits the common denomi

1 His character was uniform nation of apple, discriminating

and consistent with itself, and them from each other by the ad

his whole conduct of a piece : ditional epithet of their country. I

Y] his principles were founded in Gibbon.

reason, and supported by virtue ;

and therefore did not lie at the Obits of the Latin Church.

mercy of ambition, avarice, or

resentment. In a word, he St. Lucius, Pope, Martyr, 253.

concluded his course among the St. Adrian, Bp. of St. Andrews, same well-chosen friendships

Martyr in the Isle of May,874. and alliances, with which he St. Casimir, Prince of Poland, began it.-Addison on Somers.

d. at Vilna, 1482.

Useful rather than conspicuons. – Motto of Lord Somers.

The bow-men mustered on the hills,

Well able to endure;
Their backsides all, with special care,

That day were guarded sure.---Chevy Chase.


The Egyptians sacrificed to the sun on the fourth day of every month ; } an institution, according to the genealogists, of Orus the son of Isis and

Osiris. So great was the veneration these people felt for this luminary that they burnt incense of appeasement three times on every day : resin at his first appearance; myrrh when he was in the meridian; and a mixture called kuphi when he passed the western horizon.

Cicero writes to the learned Trebatius, B. C. 53 : " I forbore to write being ignorant where to direct my letters. I suppose, however, that this is a plea which your loftiness will scarce condescend to admit. But tell me then, is it the weight of your purse, or the honour of being the counsellor of Cæsar, that most disposes you to be thus insufferably arrogant ? Let me perish if I do not believe that thy vanity is so immoderate, as to choose rather to share in his councils than his coffers. But should he admit you into a participation of both, you will undoubtedly swell into such intolerable airs that no mortal will be able to endure you : or none, at least, except myself, who am philosopher enough, you know, to endure any thing."- This is a fine specimen of the friendly raillery.

Edward III, by the advice of his parliament at York, signs there, 1328, the preliminaries of peace with Robert Bruce, by which he resigned all dominion and supremacy over the kingdom of Scotland, and agreed that any instruments of subjection should be delivered up, and the palladium restored. This peace was concluded at Edinburgh, the 17th of March, and received the sanction of the parliament, at Northampton, the 4th of May following ; Bruce, as an equivalent for these concessions, paying the sum of twenty thousand pounds.

The tenants of Sir Edward Charlton, Lord of Powis, execute on this day, at Shrewsbury, 1421, letters of release and satisfaction, as “ takers of Sir John Oldcastle, that was miscreant and unbuxom to the law of God, and traitor convict to the King.”—Edward IV. is proclaimed, 1461.

The traveller, George Sandys, leaves Cairo, for Jerusalem, 1611. He entered the sacred city seventeen days after.

Rossini produces his delightful Opera, “ Tancredi,” 1813.

Of all the number of men slain in the wars, not the tenth man hath been killed fighting, but flying.

King James.

« 이전계속 »