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How reverend is the face of this tall pile;
Whose ancient pillars rear their marble heads,
To bear aloft its arch'd and ponderous roof,
By its own weight made stedfast and immoveable,
Looking tranquillity! It strikes an awe
And terrour on my aching sight; the tombs
And monumental caves of Death look cold,
And shoot a chilness to my trembling heart.-Congreve.


The death of Edward III. in the fifty-first year of an illustrious reign.

The cross in Cheapside is broken and defaced, and an image of the infant Christ sacrilegiously conveyed away during the night, 1581. It was originally one of Queen Eleanor's memorials; but had been embellished in 1446 with sculptured religious figures.-See 2d May.

The Anniversary of the foundation of the CATHEDRAL OF St. Paul, 1675. The highest stone of the lantern was placed by the son of the architect in 1710. This sublime House of the Godhead, is supposed to have been erected near the ruins of a fane devoted to the heathen mistress, Diana, as the Christian Abbey at Westminster appears to have arisen beneath the ashes of an idolatrous temple, consecrated to Apollo ; both striking monuments of the grandeur and durability of truth : for the same knowledge which taught a Wren to construct his cupola, has directed the human intellect to seek the sources of omnipotence beyond the visible world. This cathedral stands upon two acres and sixteen perches of ground. Its height is four hundred and four feet, or double that of the Monument. The bell belonging to the clock, fixed in the south turret, is ten feet in diameter. Dr. Henry Compton was the diocesan.

The naval victory at Cadiz, under Howard and Essex, when the latter, in a fit of delight, threw his hat into the sea, 1596.-See 22d.

A flood, near the Havannah, which swept away 3000 persons, 1791.

The BATTLE OF VITTORIA, 1813. In this solstitial victory (which agrees with the birth of, in every view, a near relative), the Marquis of Wellington totally defeated the French under King Joseph (Buonaparte) and Marshal Jourdan, with immense loss of men, one hundred and fifteen pieces of cannon, four hundred and fifteen waggons of ammuni. tion, and all their baggage, provisions, treasure, &c.; together with the Marshal's baton, and drove them out of Spain. London and Westminster were illuminated for three nights successively; and a hecatomb of Spanish buffaloes should (properly) have been offered in Madrid. Eye-witnesses shall write down what they know, and read it.---Athenian Laws. ancora.roccorrow..... .... 415 sororoonarroanorama

They talk of Nine, I know not who,
Female chimeras, that o'er poets reign;
I ne'er could find that fancy true,
But have invok'd them oft, I'm sure, in vain :
They talk of Sappho; but, alas! the shame!
Ill-manners soil the lustre of her fame;
Orinda's inward virtue is so bright,
That like a lantern's fair inclosed light,
It through the paper shines where she does write..--Ode.

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Gaspar Barthius, 1576, Custrin, Alphonso V. (of Arragon),
Christian Noldius, 1626, Hoy- 1458.
boy, in Schonen.

Nicholas Machiavel, 1527. Flo-
Robert Nelson, 1656, London. rence.
James Delille, 1738, Clermont, Bishop (John) Fisher, 1535.
in Auvergne.

beheaded, Tower Hill.
Thomas Day, 1748, London. Catharine Philips, 1664. died,

Mahomet IV. (of Turkey), as-

sassinated, 1691.
And how does it beat, Mon-I Solyman III.(of Turkey), died,
sieur ? , said she. With all the 1601
benignity, said I, looking quietly Edmund Pourchot, 1734. d.
in her eyes, that I expected.

Paris. She was going to say something John Peter de Bougainville, civil in return-but the lad camel 1763. d. Castle of Loches. into the shop with the gloves.- Philip Carteret Webb, 1770. Apropos, salad, want a coupled. Busbridge. of pairs myself.—The Pulse.

Obits of the Latin Church. Her voice is a low, soft music, St. Alban, Protomartyr of Bri

Bris formed to charm those only who tain, d. Verulam, 303. (See can distinguish a company from English Church Calendar.)

s a

a crowd ; 1

crowd ; it has this advantage, St. Paulinus, Bishop of Nola. you must come close to her to 431.

hear it. A Character.

For he that fights and runs away

May live to fight another day.---Sir John Mennis. wowowowo....... 416 .....................

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Tut, I can counterfeit the deep tragedian;
Speak and look back, and pry on every side,
Tremble and start at wagging of a straw,
Intending deep suspicion: ghastly looks
Are at my service, like enforced smiles;
And both are ready in their offices,
At any time, to grace my stratagems.-Buckingham.


The Battle of Pydna, and defeat of Perseus, the last king of Macedonia, by the Romans, under Æmylius Paulus, B. C. 168. This date is settled by the eclipse, which happened the preceding night. Perseus was shortly afterwards seized by the conqueror, in Samothrace, and thus terminated the independence of a country which had seen a succession

of thirty legitimate monarchs, and eight usurpers. The great and third } Alexander was the nineteenth lineal ruler from Caranus, the founder of the empire, B. C. 814, six years after the fall of Assyria.

The third Ecumenical council assembles at Ephesus, to execute the decree of Pope Celestine as to the heresy of Nestorius, A. D. 431. There were present, in the first session, one hundred and thirty-eight bishops. He was deposed from his see, and banished to an oasis.

The death of Saint Wenefride, of Holy-well.-See 3d November,

A remarkable eclipse, eight in the morning, 2d Richard I. (who was then at Acre), which caused an artificial night. In that year a parhelion appeared, undistinguishable by the naked sight from the real sun, 1191.

The victory of the Scotch Earl of March, on Nesbit Moor, 1402.

The defeat of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, at Morat, in Switzerland, 1476. Philip de Comines, speaking of this celebrated conflict for liberty, mentions harquebussiers as troops.

The accession of the usurper, Richard III. 1483. It was that memorable Sunday when Dr. Shaw, a brother of the Lord Mayor, preached at St. Paul's Cross, from the singular text, “ Bastard slips shall not strike deep roots ;” and thence proceeded, by the appointment of Gloucester, to show the illegitimacy of the infant princes.

The Cornish rebels, under Lord Audley, encamp on Blackheath, 1497.

Sir Thomas Randolph embarks at Harwich, as Envoy to Russia, 1568. A mercantile treaty was concluded there the 20th of June, 1569.

The King's favour, to say the truth (for sin it were to belie the devil), she never abused to any man's hurt, but to many a man's comfort and relief; and now she beggeth of many at this day living, that this day had begged if she had not been.

Sir Thomas More's character of Jane Shore.

False in thy glass all objects are,
Some set too near, and some too far:
Thou art the fire of endless night,
The fire that burns, and gives no light,
All torments of the damn'd we find

In only thee,

O Jealousy!
Thou tyrant, tyrant of the mind. – Dryden.


The surrender of Cadiz, by capitulation, 1596. The impetuous Essex, with a handful of men, at that moment was in the market-place, dealing death around him as the devil's cards. A ransom of 120,000 crowns was to be paid for their lives ; and the town and merchandize were abandoned to the rapacity of the conquerors. The Admiral, Howard, in a letter to his father-in-law, Lord Burleigh, kindly but flatteringly observes : “I can assure you, there is not a braver man in the world than the Earl is; and I protest, in my simple poor judgment, a grave soldier ; for what he doth is in great order and good discipline performed.

An order of the Privy Council, 1600 (the Court was then at Greenwich), inhibiting all public performances about the city, except in two houses ; the Globe, in Surrey, upon the Bankside ; and the other, the Fortune, in Golding Lane, Middlesex, then erecting by one Edward Allen, a servant of the Lord Admiral, instead of another (The Curtain) to be plucked down. “And for the other house to be allowed on Surrey side, whereas their lordships are pleased to permit, to the company of players, that shall play there (Shakspeare's covey] to make their own choice, which they will have, of divers houses that are there, choosing one of them and no more. And the said company of players, being the servants of the Lord Chamberlain, [' skill-embracing heir of Hunsdon'] have made choice of the house called the Globe.” It was also ordered, that the two companies should play “twice a week and no oftener; and especially

they shall refrain to play on the Sabbath-day.” & Henslowe, MSS. : “Lent unto Benjemy Johnsone, at the apoyntment

of E. Alleyn and William Birde, the 22 of June, 1602, in earnest of a boocke [play] called “ Richard Crook-back," and for new adycions for “ Jeronimo,” the sum of xlb.” That tragedy if ever acted,' was speedily withdrawn.

For plays are good, or bad, as they are us’d;
And best inventions often are abus'd.-Water-Poet.

Wi' joy unfeign'd brothers and sisters meet,

An' each for other's weelfare kindly spiers.
The social hours, swift-wing'd, unnoticed fleet;

Each tells the uncos that he sees or hears :
The parents, partial, eye their hopeful years.

The mother, wi' her needle an' her shears,
Gars auld claes look amaist as weel's the new;

The father mixes a' wi' admonition due.---Saturday Night.


HENRY III. upon his going into Gascony, delivers the custody of the
Great Seal, as Chancellor, to Eleanor his Queen, 1253.

Sir Nicholas Bacon, a son of the Lord Keeper of that name, is created by King James I. the premier Baronet of England, 1611.

Galileo and his books are condemned by the Inquisition, 1632.

The Scottish covenanters are defeated at the bridge of Bothwell, a village on the Clyde, by the Duke of Monmouth, 1679.

Mr. Canning's motion in favour of the Catholic claims, is carried by a signal majority of one hundred and nineteen. The same motion, introduced by the Marquis Wellesley, in the House of Lords, on the 1st of July, 1812, was only lost by a majority of one ; "and on each side," says a judicious annalist, “were ranged ministers and their habitual supporters, Royal dukes and bishops ; the latter, indeed, in very unequal proportion.” In short, the solid array of mind in this cause, which at length it has achieved by storm, would illuminate many pages; and to omit one name (as Gray has very well said) is better avoided.

Louis XVI. King of France and his family, who had escaped the preceding day from Paris, are arrested at Varennes, in the department of the Meuse, and conducted back to the Thuilleries, 1791.

A brilliant and general illumination to commemorate the battle of Waterloo, 1815. Louis XVIII, re-entered Paris the 8th of July.

Messieurs Brougham and Denman are first heard at the bar of the House of Lords, as the advocates of the late Princess of Brunswick, called by courtesy, the Queen, 1820. While men are endowed with passions there will be excess and prejudice; so long as this country is free, there must be party, and the weak will always find protectors; but existence is far too limited and valuable to busy ourselves with personal enmities respecting those who, disrobed of every earthly vanity, their little feelings now no more,” are mingled peaceably together.

The King is the fountain of honour, which should not run with a waste pipe, {lest the courtiers sell the water, and then (as Papists say of their holy wells) it loses the virtue.

Bacon. o rowowoww................ 419 c..............................ook


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