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28, 4; 2 Cor. 2. 15;

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Ps. 6.15; Am. 5. 22. • le 66. 3.

15; 24. 7; Is. 66. 3;

6 ch. 7. 9: 10. 12, 13.

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! 8 priest shall put fire upon the altar, and * lay the wood in order upon the fire: and - Ge. 22. 4

the priests, Aaron's sons, shall lay the parts, the head, and the fat, in order upon 9 the wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar: but his inwards and his legs

shall he wash in water: and the priest shall burn all on the altar, to be a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

Ge. 8. 91: Fize. 20. 10 And if his offering be of the flocks, namely, of the sheep, or of the goats, for a Eph. & 3, Phil 11e. 11 burnt sacrifice, he shall bring it a male ' without blemish.? And he shall kill it see refu. ver. &

on the side of the altar northward before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron's sons, 12 shall sprinkle his blood round about upon the altar. And he shall cut it into his

pieces, with his head and his fat: and the priest shall lay them in order on the 13 wood that is on the fire which is upon the altar: but he shall wash the inwards

and the legs with water: and the priest shall bring it all, and burn it upon the altar: it is a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto

the LORD. 14 And if the burnt sacrifice for his offering to the Lord be of fowls, then he shall 15 bring his offering of' turtledoves, or of young pigeons. And the priest shall bring l’ch. 5. 7; 12. 8; Lk.

it unto the altar, and 'wring off his head, and burn it on the altar; and the blood eh. 36. 16 thereof shall be wrung out at the side of the altar: and he shall pluck away his

crop with his feathers, and cast it 'beside the altar on the east part, by the place 1 ch. 6.0. 17 of the ashes. And he shall cleave it with the wings thereof, but" shall not divide Ge. 15. 10.

it asunder: and the priest shall burn it upon the altar, upon the wood that is upon the fire : "it is a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

The law of the meat (or meal) offering. 2 AND when any will offer " a meat offering unto the Lord, his offering shall be les 18.215.2 2 of fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put : frankincense thereon: and

he shall bring it to Aaron's sons the priests: and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense

thereof; and the priest shall burn the memorial of it? upon the altar, to be an 7979; ch. 5. 12; 6. 3 offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD: and the remnant of the Ac. 10. 2 meat offering shall be Aaron's and his sons': it is a thing most holy of the offer- lich: 8° 17; 21: 2;

Fx. 29. 37 Num. ings of the LORD made by fire. 4 And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the oven, it shall be

unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers - anointed Ex. 21. 2.

with oil. 5 And if thv oblation be a meat offering baken in a pan (or, on a flat plate or slice), 6 it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mingled with oil. Thou shalt part it in pieces,

and pour oil thereon: it is a meat offering. 7 And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in the fryingpan, it shall be made 8 of fine flour with oil. And thou shalt bring the meat offering that is made of

these things unto the LORD: and when it is presented unto the priest, he shall 9 bring it unto the altar. And the priest shall take from the meat offering, 'a ver. 2.

memorial thereof, and shall burn it upon the altar: it is an offering made by Ex. 29. 18. 10 fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD. And that which is left of the meat | Phil. 4. 18.

offering shall be Aaron's and his sons': it is a thing most holy of the offerings of

the Lord made by fire. 11 Yo meat offering, which ye shall bring unto the LORD, shall be made with ch. 6. 17; Ex. 12. 19,

leaven :4 for ye shall burn no leaven, nor any honey, in any offering of the LORD made by fire. 12 "As for the oblation of the firstfruits, ye shall offer them unto the LORD: but c. H 10, 11; Ex.

they shall not be burnt on the altar for a sweet savour. 13 And every oblation of thy meat offering 'shalt thou season with salt; neither 3. Mk. 9. 19; Col.

shalt thou suffer on the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy Nom. 18. 19; 2Chr. meat offering : * with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.

Eze. 13. 24. 1 or rather meal, or wheaten offering. The word never stances of the people. refers to A sh in the Levitical offerings; nor was this ? That is, a part as representing the whole. properly a sacrifice. The greater part of it was to be 3 If this reading be correct, this refers to the flat plate

ned. It consisted principally of used by eastern travellers for baking their cakes. flour, or flour made into cakes; to which was added a 4 The acid lees of wine, or dough kept till it became suitable quantity of wine for a drink offering. See Exod. sour, was the leaven used by the Hebrew's. In this, Arix. 40, 41; Lev. xxiii. 13; Numb. xv. 5, 10, etc. therefore, the corruption to which all sweet things are When presented alone it appears to have been an ex liable had already begun; and having passed its best pression of gratitude for ordinary providential blessings; state, it was unfit to be presented to God. Salt, on the though its reception through the priest, and the oblation contrary, as a preservative of animal substances from deo part of it by fire, keep in view the mediation of Christ cay, was the emblem of purity, perfection, and perpetuity; is the only acceptable way of offering praise. See Heb. and for this reason, as well as from being eaten with xiii. 15, 16. The various forms in which it might be every meal, it was a symbol of friendship. Honey includes made (vers. 2, 4, 5, 7) were suited to the varying circum- all that is sweet, and is forbidden because it turns sour.

A rer. 3

20; M. 166, 12: Mk. & 15; Lk. 12.1; I Cor. & 6-*; Gal.

I Fern 7. 22; Mt. 3. Deu. 28.

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17. 21, 22; 22%:

14 And if thou offer a meat offering of thy firstfruits' unto the LORD, •thou shalt 1 ch. 23 10, 14, 16;

offer for the meat offering of thy firstfruits green ears of corn dried by the fire, 15 even corn beaten out of ' full ears. And thou shalt put oil upon it, and lay P2KL 4. e. 16 frankincense thereon: it is a meat offering. And the priest shall burn 'the ver!

memorial of it, part of the beaten corn thereof, and part of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof: it is an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

The law of the peace-offering. 3 AND if his oblation be a sacrifice of peace offering, 3 if he offer it of the herd;+ ch.7.11–21, 29–34;

22 91: PL 6 15; whether it be a male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the LORD. 107. 22: 116. 17, 18; 2 And he shall lay his hand 5 upon the head of his offering, and kill it at the door 9; col. 1. 2014 of the tabernacle of the congregation : and Aaron's sons the priests shall sprinkle

1 2 .3 3 the blood upon the altar round about. And he shall offer of the sacrifice of the

peace offering an offering made by fire unto the LORD; the fat that covereth the eh. 4. 8, 9; Ex. 29. 4 inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards, and the two kidneys, and the

fat that is on them, which is by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the 5 kidneys, it shall he take away. And Aaron's bons shall burn it on the altar ch. 6. 19; Ex. 22. 12

upon the burnt sacrifice, which is upon the wood that is on the fire: it is an

offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD. 6 And if his offering for a sacrifice of peace offering unto the LORD be of the flock; 7 male or female, * he shall offer it without blemish. If he offer a lamb for his & ver. I, ete. 8 offering, then shall he offer it before the LORD. And he shall lay his hand upon

the head of his offering, and kill it before the tabernacle of the congregation : and 9 Aaron's sons shall sprinkle the blood thereof round about upon the altar. And

he shall offer of the sacrifice of the peace offering an offering made by fire unto the LORD; the fat thereof, and the whole rump, it shall he take off hard by the

back bone; and the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the 10 inwards, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, which is by the

flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away. 11 And the priest shall burn it upon the altar: it is the food of the offering made ver. 16: ch. 21. & * by fire unto the LORD.

Num. 2; Ere. 12

44 7; Mal. L 7, 12 And if his offering be a goat, then he shall offer it before the LORD. , And he lover. 1, 1. etc 13 shall lay his hand upon the head of it, and kill it before the tabernacle of the

congregation : and the sons of Aaron shall sprinkle the blood thereof upon the 14 altar round about. And he shall offer thereof his offering, even an offering made

by fire unto the LORD; the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is 15 upon the inwards, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, which is

by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take 16 away. And the priest shall burn them upon the altar: it is the food of the 17 offering made by fire for a sweet savour: all the fat is the Lord's. It shall be

& "perpetual statute for your generations throughout all your dwellings, that ye eat neither · fat nor blood. 8

The law of the sin-offering. 4 AND the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, s 2 saying, " If a soul shall sin through ignorance against any of the commandments Eze. 14.7, 15.

of the LORD concerning things which ought not to be done, and shall do against 3 any of them: if the priest that is anointed do sin according to the sin of the

people; then let him bring for his sin which he hath sinned, 'a young bullock ich. 9 2 1 These offerings differ from those in ver. 12, being of 6 The part in this case consumed upon the altar was ears of corn, not flour.

not very valuable. 2 In this as in other cases, what was offered to God was 7 The tail of many eastern sheep is broad and fat, and to be the best of its kind.

| is reckoned the finest part. 3 The peace-offering was the only sacrifice of which 8 That is, neither the fat or suet within, nor the blood the people were permitted to eat the flesh. God was of the larger vessels. The heathen sometimes drank the supposed to partake of the feast with the offerer and his blood of their sacrifices. Sec Psa. xvi. 4. friends; thus giving a religious character to social fes- 9 As distinguished from sins of presumption (Numb. tivities, and indicating the completeness of the Divine xv, 22, 28); that is, deliberately and wilfully committed, reconciliation. The need of an atoning sacrifice, in for which there was no atonement. The word 'ignorance' order to such friendship, is kept prominently in view in allows us to include sins of thoughtlessness, and urgent these offerings. The feelings of a true worshipper in or plausible temptation, as well a

unce. presenting the sacrifices and offerings prescribed in this On account of the scarcity of books and of public inand the two preceding chapters are beautifully set forth structors, this class of sins would probably be very nuin Psa. Ixvi. 13–20.

merous. The penalty is proportioned to the supposed 4 Here we see the same gradation in the offerings, advantages of the offender; and consequently falls most adapted to the means of different classes of persons, as in heavily upon the high priest, whose victim was to be as the burnt-offering and the meat-offering: viz., the bullock costly as that of the whole congregation; and was, like or heifer (ver. 1), and the lamb (ver. 7) or goat (ver. 12). that, to be offered with the peculiar solemnity of the

5 Representing the transference of the guilt of the sevenfold sprinkling, and to be wholly consumed without offerer to the sacrifice.

the camp, as if he required a new consecration.

Tech. 7. 23-25; 17.6;

1 Sam. 2. 15; 2Chr.

7. 7. 4 ch, 6 13;i ; l.

ver. 16. comp. with Den. 2.14: Ne. 10 eh. 7. 23.%17. 10. 14; Ge. 9 4: Dert 12. 16: 1 Sam. Il 3;

eh. & 18, 17: Num 15 29-49: I Sam.

14. 97; Ps. 1912-11 A eh. & 19; Heb 1. X

16. 18.

7.8, 10. 16, 17; Bi. 29. 14; Num. 19.5 Jer. 31. 40; Mt. 27.60.

Jos. 7. 11.
eh. 5. 41, 17.

4 without blemish unto the LORD for a sin offering. And he shall bring the bullock
i funto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD; and shall #ch. I. 34.

lay his hand upon the bullock's head, and kill the bullock before the LORD.
5 And the priest that is anointed shall take of the bullock's blood, and bring it to ch. 16 1; Num.
6 the tabernacle of the congregation : and the priest shall dip his finger in the

blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the LORD, 2 before the vail
7 of the sanctuary. And the priest shall " put some of the blood upon the horns of "ch. & 15; 9. 9;

the altar of sweet incense before the LORD, which is in the tabernacle of the con-
gregation; and shall pour * all the blood of the bullock at the bottom of the altar *ch. 5. 9.

of the burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 8 And he shall take off from it all the fat of the bullock for the sin offering; the 9 fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards, and the

two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, which is by the flanks, and the caul 10 above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away, 'as it was taken off ch, 8 3-4

from the bullock of the sacrifice of peace offerings : and the priest shall burn them 11 upon the altar of the burnt offering. And the skin of the bullock, and all his r comp. with ch. 7. 12 flesh, with his head, and with his legs, and his inwards, and his dung, even the

whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp ? unto a clean place, where h: '112 the ashes are poured out, and burn him on the wood with fire: where the ashes Heb. 13. 11.

are poured out shall he be burnt. 13 And if the whole congregation of Israel sin through ignorance, "and the thing * Nom. 5. 24–26;

be hid from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done somewhat against any

of the commandments of the LORD concerning things which should not be done, 14 and are guilty ;' when the sin, which they have sinned against it, is known, then

the congregation shall offer a young bullock for the sin, and bring him before the 15 tabernacle of the congregation. And the elders of the congregation shall lay Feb. l.

their hands upon the head of the bullock before the LORD: and the bullock shall 16 be killed before the LORD. And the priest that is anointed shall bring of the ver. 5 ; Heb. 9. 19 17 bullock's blood to the tabernacle of the congregation : and the priest shall dip

his finger in some of the blood, and sprinkle it seven times before the LORD, even 18 before the vail. And he shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar

which is before the LORD, that is in the tabernacle of the congregation, and shall

pour out all the blood at the bottom of the altar of the burnt offering, which is at 19 the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. And he shall take all his fat from 2) him, and burn it upon the altar. And he shall do with the bullock as he did

with the bullock for a sin offering; 80 shall he do with this : and the priest ver. & 21 shall make an atonement for them, and it shall be forgiven them. And he shall

carry forth the bullock without the camp, and burn him as he burned the first

bullock: it is a sin offering for the congregation. 22 When a ruler hath sinned, and done somewhat through ignorance against any vers. 2, 13.

of the commandments of the LORD his God concerning things which should not %3 be done, and is guilty; or if his sin, wherein he hath sinned, come to his know e ver. 14.

ledge; he shall bring his offering, a kid of the goats, a male without blemish : 24 and he shall lay his hand upon the head of the goat, and kill it in the place where d vor. 4, etc. 25 they kill the burnt offering before the Lord: it is a sin offering. And the ver. 30.

priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it upon

the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and shall pour out his blood at the bottom % of the altar of burnt offering. And he shall burn all his fat upon the altar, as

the fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings : & and the priest shall make an atone- 1 ch.3. ment for him as concerning his sin, and it shall be forgiven him. 27 And if any one of the common people sin through ignorance, while he doeth ver. 9; Num 15. 9.

somewhat against any of the commandments of the LORD concerning things which 28 ought not to be done, and be guilty; or if his sin which he hath sinned, come to

his knowledge: then he shall bring, his offering, a kid of the goats, á female 4 29 without blemish, for his sin which he hath sinned. And he shall lay his hand er. 4. 24.

upon the head of the sin offering, and slay the sin offering in the place of the burnt 30 offering. And the priest shall take of the blood thereof with his finger, and put

it upon the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and shall pour out all the blood 131 thereof at the bottom of the altar. And 'he shall take away all the fat thereof, 'ch. 3. 14

*as the fat is taken away from off the sacrifice of peace offerings; and the priest ch. 2. 3 shall burn it upon the altar for a "sweet savour unto the LORD; and the priest eh. 1. 9; Ex. 29. 18. shall make an atonement for him, and it shall be forgiven him.

a ch, 1. 4: Num. 15.

25; Dan. 9. 24; Ro. 5. Il; Heb. 2. 17; 10. 10-12; 1 John 1. 7; 22

& ver. 20; Nam. 15

P. 92

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Seven was regarded as a perfect number; and was therefore used to express a perfect and complete action,

? The life-blood of the victim was accepted by God in the stead of the transgressor's.

3 Or, are suffering the penalty;' and so in ver. 22: as in Psa. xxxiv. 22: Isa. xxiv. 6, where the same word is rendered . are desolate.'

4 As being less costly than a ruler's sin-offering (ver. 23).

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Num. 9. 13

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Num, 37; Ezra 10 11, 12; Jab 22 97: Pro, X. 13: Jer. 2

32 And if he bring a lamb for a sin offering,' he shall bring it a female without prer. A
33 blemish. And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering, and slay
34 it for a sin offering in the place where they kill the burnt offering. And the

priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it upon

the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and shall pour out all the blood thereof at 35 the bottom of the altar: and he shall take away all the fat thereof, as the fat of

the lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of the peace offerings; and the priest shall burn them upon the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the ch 2 & LORD: "and the priest shall make an atonement for his sin that he hath com- vers. 25, 31. mitted, and it shall be forgiven him.

The laws of trespass-offerings. 5 AND if a soul sin, 'and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether 1627 Sabila

he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his 2 iniquity. Or "if a soul touch any unclean thing, whether it be a carcase of an

ret. lĩ; ch, i 18; unclean beast, or a carcase of unclean cattle, or the carcase of unclean creeping 17. 16; 19.; 20. 171 3 things, and if it be hidden from him; he also shall be unclean, and . guilty. Or "ch. 11. 2, 3,1

if he touch the uncleanness of man, whatsoever uncleanness it be that a man ver, 17.

shall be defiled withal, and it be hid from him ;8 when he knoweth of it, then Jus. 15; Judg. 11. 4 he shall be guilty. Or if a soul swear, 4 pronouncing with his lips « to do evil, i sam. 14. 24

or 'to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and B 1:2 - Bee it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be guilty in one of

5.9: Mi, 16 7-; 5 these. And it shall be, when he shall be guilty in one of these things, that he 6 shall “confess that he hath sinned in that thing: and he shall bring his trespass e ch. 16. 91; 2 ;

offering unto the Lord for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an 13; 1 Jotu 18-10

atonement for him concerning his sin. 7 And if he be not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring for his trespass, ch. 12 %; 11 21;

which he hath committed, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, unto the LORD; . ch. 1. 14, 15 8 one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering. And he shall bring them

funto the priest, who shall offer that which is for the sin offering first, and wring ch. 1. 18 9 off his head from his neck, but shall not divide it asunder: and he shall sprinkle

of the blood of the sin offering upon the side of the altar; and s the rest of the sch. 4. 7, 18, 30, 31 10 blood shall be wrung out at the bottom of the altar: it is a sin offering. And he

shall offer the second for a burnt offering, according to the manner (or, ordi A ch. LIL nance): i and the priest shall make an atonement for him for his sin which he ich. 4. a

hath sinned, and it shall be forgiven him. 11 But if he be not able to bring two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he rer. 7.

that sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephahs of fine flour

for a sin offering ; 'he shall put no oil upon it, neither shall he put any frankin I Num. 5 15 12 cense thereon: for it is a sin offering. Then shall he bring it to the priest, and

the priest shall take his handful of it, even a memorial thereof, and burn it on #ch. 2. 2

the altar, ” according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD: it is a sin eh. 1 13 offering. And the priest shall make an atonement for him as touching his sin ch. 1. de

that he hath sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him: and P the remnant Peh. 2.

shall be the priest's as a meat offering. 14 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, "If a soul commit a trespass, and '; D.L'is. 1s.* 15 sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy

eb. 27.33; EL 32.13 estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass 16 offering: and he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy

thing, and 'shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest : "and the 13, 15, 4, 31; No priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, eh ta

and it shall be forgiven him. 17 And if a 'soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be l:ch. 4. 2

done by the commandments of the LORD; v though he wist it not, yet is he' guilty, 1 2 F 1. 13; 18 and shall bear his iniquity. ~ And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of fr. 1.2

the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: "and the lo ver: 16

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| truthfulness impaired. 2 That is, if a person hear the judge utter an oath of 5 About five pints. The expense was so small that adjuration requiring witnesses to come forward, and be no man's poverty would be a bar to his pardon. .. able to give testimony, and refuse or neglect to do so, he 6 The word 'trespass,' as distinguished from "gin shall be reckoned guilty

| (ch. iv, 2), is probably intended to imply some default or 3 That is, hid from him at the time, though it after- | injury, either in withholding what should have been wards come to his knowledge.

offered to God, through carelessness (ver. 15) or through 4 This would tend to prevent inconsiderate oaths, which ignorance (ver. 17); or in defrauding a neighbour (ch. are soon forgotten and broken, and thus the habit of l vi. 1–7).

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