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Ich, 13 6: Ex. 2. 30,

31 : 31 2: 34 H

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I Ex. 22. 13: P

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1.5; ser Num. 2232

3: see Judg. & 31;

34 And the children of Reuben and the children of Gad called the altar Ed (i.e. al witness >]: for it shall be a witness between us that the LORD is God.

'sech. 26 27 Joshua's exhortations and varnings. 23 AND it came to pass a long time after that the LORD a had given rest unto ch. 11. 44:16

Israel from all their enemies round about, that Joshua waxed old and stricken ch. 13 2. 2 in age. And Joshua " called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their ch. !: Deg. Bl.

heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them, I am old 3 and stricken in age: and ye have seen all that the LORD your God hath done!

unto all these nations because of you; for the LORD your God is he that hath ach je 14, 22EL 4 fought for you. Behold, I have divided unto you by lot these nations that

remain, to be an inheritance for your tribes, from Jordan, with all the nations

that I have cut off, even unto the great sea westward. 5 And the LORD your God, he shall expel them from before you, and drive them' from out of your sight; and ye shall possess their land, 8 as the LORD your God La Dent

Num. 33. 31, 83 6 hath promised unto you. Be ye therefore very courageous to keep and to do all

en that is written in the book of the law of Moses, that ye turn not aside therefrom

i Den & 2; 98 14 7 to the right hand or to the left; that ye k come not among these Tiations, these *** :

that remain among you; neither 'make mention of the name of their gods, nor , Eph1 8 cause to swear by them, neither serve them, nor bow yourselves unto them: but | Jer. n cleave (or, if ye will cleave) unto the LORD your God, as ye have done unto ch.2.5: Dea, la

: IL : 13.4 9 this day. “For the LORD hath driven [or, then the LORD will drive] out froni Deu 11. zi before you great nations and strong : but as for you, no man hath been able to

• ch. 1. & 10 stand before you unto this day. P One man of you shall chase a thousand : for L. 76 8: Der

the LORD your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you. 1.15 15. 2 Sam. 2x 11 Take good heed therefore unto yourselves your souls), 'that ye love the LORD 1. Des 22" ** 12 your God. Else if ye do in any wise 'go back, and cleave unto the remnant of see reis, tu, . these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall " make marriages with

16; ML12 : Heh 13 them, and go in unto them, and they to you: know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you:12.31. 16: Den 7.1

Judg. 2.3 y but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and ET 23 Nm thorns in your eyes, ? until ye perish from off this good land which the LORD.11.

your God hath given you. 14 And, behold, this day I am going the way of all the earth : and ye know in

#1 ki, 2. 9; Job all your hearts and in all your souls, that not one thing hath failed of all the ch. 21. 45; L1.H. S2

good things which the LORD your God spake concerning you; all are come to 15 pass unto you, and not one thing hath failed thereof. Therefore it shall come e Deu. 63 to pass, that as all good things are come upon you, which the LORD your God

dlm. 14, etc. Des. promised you; so shall the Lord bring upon you "all evil things, until he have

25. 15, 16, etc. destroyed you from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you. 16 When ye have transgressed the covenant of the LORD your God, which he com

manded you, and have gone and served other gods, and bowed yourselves to them; then shall the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and ye shall perish quickly from off the good land which he hath given unto you.

Joshua assembles the people, and reneros God's covenant roith them, 24 AND Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and called for

the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers; and they presented themselves before God.

41 Sam. 10. 19. 2 And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, * Your A Ge !1. 6. 21. fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood® in old time, even Terah, the father 354

*Ge. 12. 1-4; Aci. 3 of Abraham, and the father of Nachor: and 'they served other gods. And *I | 22

9 Ex. 14. 14;

Err. 18. 21: Zeph.

10. 38, 3; : Pes 2 20, 21,

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1 A witness of the relation in which they stood to the religion was by no means needless: nor is it less necessary God of Israel, and of their coneurrence with the rest of that Christians should be often admonished to be faithful the tribes in the same common faith.

to their Divine Lord. See 2 Pet. i. 12-15. 2 Joshua's administration lasted probably about twenty 4 The fact that God had done all for the people (vers. six or seven years : 80 that this might be about fifteen 3, 9, 14), and had engaged to do still more frers. 5, 10), years after the last division of the land. .

constituted a special ground for the command to keep his 8 The veteran chieftain, like the aged lawgiver of law (vers. 6-8), and to avoid intercourse with idolaIsrael, closes his administration by a solemn renewal of tors (ver. 11, ete.) The remembrance of God's mercies God's covenant with his people. His addresses contain and promises should engage us to faithfulness in his some designed repetitions of the forcible words of his service. predecessor: yet they have his own eminently practical 5 Where they had heard and responded to the blessings charaeter stamped upon them; especially when, in de- and curses of the law from mounts Ebal and Gerizim manding a fresh avowal of allegiance to their heavenly (ch. viii. 30—35). The tabernacle may have been reKing, he declares his own determination to serve the moved hither for the occasion. The Greek version, how. Lord. The subsequent history shows that the care he ever, has Shiloh instead of 'Shechem.' took to maintain the adherence of the Israelites to their | 6 Rather, ‘river:' i. e. the Euphrates.

P Ex. 3 10

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1 John 4, 23, 43
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took your father Abraham from the other side of the flood, and led him through4 out all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his seed, and 'gave him Isaac. And I

ve him Isen. Andri Ge ?12.3; P.

Se gave unto Isaac * Jacob and Esau : and I gave unto " Esau mount Seir, to possess

Cor. 23. 24-26.

Cor 32 3; 3. 5 it; but Jacob and his children went down into Egypt. I sent Moses also and. Deus.

fie. 161-6; de 7. Aaron, and "I plagued Egypt, according to that which I did among thein: and 1.15 6 afterward I brought you out. And I brought your fathers out of Egypt: and Es: 21912

'ye came unto the sea; "and the Egyptians pursued after your fathers with 62122
7 chariots and horsemen unto the Red Sea. And when they * cried unto the LORD, EX: 110
* he put darkness between you and the Egyptians, and brought the sea upon 361. 14.20

them, and covered them; and ? your eyes have seen what I have done in Egypt: Esin 31 iku 4 8 and ye dwelt in the wilderness & a long season. And I brought you into the land - 6 Num. 12.

of the Amorites, which dwelt on the other side Jordan; "and they fought with och 13. 10: Num, 21. you: and I gave them into your hand, that ve might possess their land; and I l 14. Dela 2. 3%; 9 destroyed them from before you. Then · Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, [seo Judg. II. 25.

arose and warred against Israel, and « gent and called Balaam the son of Beor to Num. 22. 5, 6; Deu. 10 curse you: but I would not hearken unto Balaam; therefore he blessed you xum...».12.10 11 still: so I delivered you out of his hand. And sye went over Jordan, and came Rim, 23. 11, 2; "24

unto Jericho; and the men of Jericho fought against you, the Amorites, and the

Perizzites, and the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Girgashites, the Hivites, no. 61:10.13 klla 12 and the Jebusites; and I delivered them into your hand. And I sent the hornet Ex, 23 28; Drun

before you, which drave them out from before you, even the two kings of the 13 Amorites; but not with thy sword, nor with thy bow. And I have given you * A. 148–8

a land for which! ye did not labour, and cities which ye built not, and ye dwell'h!13; Deu..

in them; of the vineyards and oliveyards which ye planted not do ye eat, 14 - Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in a sincerity and in truth; and Denn, 10 2; 1 Sam.

put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and 6. 17.0);"333; 15 ' in Egypt; and serve ye the Lord. And if it seem evil unto you to serve the

LORD, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether " the gods which your
fathers served that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, l ?22

in whose land ye dwell; 'but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD. 1..7 . 2018. 16 And the people answered and said, God forbid that we should forsake the 17 LORD, to serve other gods; for the LORD our God, - he it is that brought us up. Jahnk. 07.**

and our fathers out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, and which E2 23 24,32. 33; 34.

did those great signs in our sight, and preserved us in all the way wherein we is: o . io. 18 went, and among all the people through whom we passed : and the LORD drave

rave *spe rels, ch. 23. 12.

Gene out from before us all the people, even the Amorites which dwelt in the land : " vers. 5–14.

therefore will we also serve the LORD; for he is our God. 19 And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannoto serve the LORD: for he is an Mc. 6 24; Lk. 14.27.

- holy God; he is " a jealous God; "he will not forgive your transgressions nor Le. 19. 2:1 Sum. 20 your sins. If ye forsake the LORD, and serve strange gods, – then he will turn

and do you hurt, and consume you, after that he hath done you good. A And the people said unto Joshua, Nay; but we will serve the LORD. 22 And Joshua said unto the people, Ye are witnesses against yourselves that 'ye have chosen you the LORD, to serve him.

d ch. 23. 12, 13, 3: Is. And they said, We are witnesses.

• Ex. 19, 8 21 3; 23 Now therefore & put away, said he, the strange godswhich are among you,

and incline your heart unto the LORD God of Israel. 24 And the people said unto Joshua, The LORD our God will we serve, and his

voice will we obey. 25 So Joshua ^ made a covenant with the people that day, and set them a statute sec Es, 18. :24.3, 26 and an ordinance i in Shechem. And Joshua wrote these words in the book of : *r. 26

* Ex. 21, 4; Deu. 31. the law of God, and took 'a great stone, and in set it up there * under an oak, |, 24.

I see Judg. 9. 6. 27 that was by the sanctuary of the LORD. And Joshua said unto all the people,

Behold, this stone shall be a witness unto us; for Pit hath heard all the words of G. 35. 4.

the Lord which he spake unto us: it shall be therefore a witness unto you, lest yel Ge. 31. 48, 32; Deu! 28 deny your God. So Joshua let the people depart, every man unto his inheritance. Del. .

The death of Joshua and Eleazar ; interment of Joseph's remains. 29 •AND it came to pass after these things, that Joshua the son of Nun, the servant Judg. 2. &. 30 of the LORD, died, being an hundred and ten years old. And they buried him in

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20; Ps. 99 3. 9; Is. 5. 16.

sre reis. Ex 20.5
6 Ex. 23. 21.
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15 %; Ezra &
l. 1. 28; 13. 1), 19;
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68. 10; Ar. 7. 42.

Den, 26. 17.

Ps 119. 173. & ver. 14; Cir. 25. 2;

Judg. 10. 16; 1 Sam.

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9 Judg. 26

1 Or, ‘land wherein ye,' eto. So the Genevan version and others read.

? By this strong expression, Joshua sets before the people the difficulty of maintaining fidelity to Jehovah: which, however, must not be used to discourage zeal, or to excuse backsliding; but to excite to watchfulness and

determined effort, as well as humble dependence on Divine help.

3 Faithful as the mass of the people were, Joshua feared that there were some idolators among them. The purest religious community on earth cannot be supposed to be altogether unmixed. See John vi. 70.

the border of his inheritance in Timnath-serah, which is in mount Ephraim, on eb.19. 59; Jurig.. 9

the north side of the hill of Gaash. 31 And Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the Indg. 2. 7.

elders that overlived Joshua,' and which had " known all the works of the LORD, "ree Deu.1l. 2; 31.12

that he had done for Israel. 32 And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of - Ge. 50%; Ex. 12 18.

Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of Ge B 1. the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver

for, lambs): and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph. 33 And Eleazar the son of Aaron died; and they buried him in a hill that pertained to · Phinehas his son, which was given him in mount Ephraim.

1' E1.6 %; Judg.M 1 These had been born, or had grown up, during the to the generation which succeeded that of Joshua. journeyings in the wilderness, and consequently belonged

NOTE ON THE DESTRUCTION OF THE CANAANITES. The wars of the Israelites in Canaan, and the terrible! It should further be observed, that God had borde long destruction brought upon the inhabitants of that country, with the Canaanites; that they had neglected former are to be regarded as the execution of a just though awful warnings-especially the general deluge, and the dreadful sentence pronounced by God against their enor destruction of the cities of the plain, situated in the very mous and incorrigible crimes; making them an example heart of Canaan; that these judgments were not executed to the whole world of His avenging wrath against sins till the measure of their wickedness was filled up; and of heinous magnitude.

that this extermination, which might have been accomThe judicial character of these transactions will appear plished by pestilence, fire, or earthquake, was appointed from the following considerations: 1. The Israelites were to be done by the hands of the Israelites, as being the expressly appointed by Divine authority to discharge this clearest and most intelligible method, especially in that duty; and the warrant by which they were commissioned age of the world, of displaying the power and righteousness set forth the cause of this proceeding against the Canaan of the God of Israel. This procedure would also be likely ites; enumerating their crimes, and stating distinctly to have the most beneficial influence upon the Hebrews that they were, on this account, devoted to destruction. themselves; for they were thoroughly aware that the (See Deut. vii. etc.) 2. The resources of the Divine miserable end of their predecessors in the land of promise government were made available to the Hebrews as the was the direct result of s n-and were sol

arned officers of God's justice. The passage of the Jordan; the against imitating their conduct, lest they should incur falling down of the walls of Jericho; the prolongation of the same penalties : whilst, at the same time, their whole the day for the completion of their victory; the hail experience in the performance of this service was emistones at Gibeon, which, without touching the Israelites, nently fitted to teach them to trust in God, and to rely slew more of their enemies than the sword did - were with confidence upon his presence and aid, so long as they all so many proofs of their commission and authority, were obedient to his will." which were also recognised by the confession of their | It appears, further, that the Canaanites had had long enemies. 3. In the execution of this office, their persons warning of the danger which awaited them. It is highly were under Divine protection; so that, after their greatest probable that the grant of the entire country to Abrnham's battles, the warriors returned to the camp without one posterity was known to them. They had also heard, missing or wounded. So distinct was the assurance of forty years before, how God had fought for his people God on this subject, that when, in consequence of trans against the Egyptians their brethren; and there is reason gression, they were at first routed before Ai, and thirty-six to believe that, even after the time of God's forbearance men were killed, this slight reverse filled them with dismay, had expired, the Canaanites still had the alternative to flee as being entirely different from what they had expected. elsewhere, as many did, settling in Africa and in Spain; The general course of these events is therefore strictly

these events is therefore strictly I or to renounce their idolatries and crimes, and submit analogous to the system of moral government constantly to and serve the God of Israel : in which case, it appears exercised in the world, with this only difference, that the from several passages that there was mercy for them. measures of Divine administration, which are usually | This great act of retributive justice, exhibiting as it carried into effect through the operation of ordinary does, to all nations, in all ages, God's displeasure against agents, under the control of the supreme Ruler, were here sin, may be considered as an emblem of that destruction executed by his avowed interposition and authority. I which awaits the ungodly at the judgment of the great day.

THE BOOK OF JUDGES.

This book contains some account of the affairs of the Israelites under the government of their Judges, from the death of Joshua to the time of Eli. It is not to be considered as a complete and connected history; many particulars being entirely omitted which would have formed essential parts of such a plan. Nor was such a history required; as the times of the Judges formed no new era in the annals of God's people and the development of the Divine purposes. At their close, a new era did begin under the monarchy: but the place which the present period occupies in sacred history is important, chiefly, as showing the intimate connection subsisting between departure from the Lord and misery on the one hand, and between

to him and well-being on the other. Apostasy and punishment --repentance and deliverance -- are the main subjects of the whole narrative, which it was professedly intended fully to exhibit. See ch. ii. 11-23.

The Judges were not a regular succession of governors; but extraordinary officers, raised up by God, as circum. stances required, to rescue his people from their oppressors, to reform the state of religion, and to administer justice. Without assuming the state of royalty, they were the immediate vicegerents of Jehovah, the King of Israel.

The condition of the Israelites, during this period, does not appear so prosperous, nor their character so religious, as might have been expected from the preceding his tory. But it must not be supposed to have been an uninterrupted series of idolatries and crimes. The apostasies which incurred punishment, and the deliverances which attended repentance, occupy almost the whole book : while long periods, amounting together to nearly three-fourths of the whole time, when, under the administration of pious judges, the people in the main served God and enjoyed peace, are passed over in a few sentences.

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Notwithstanding the sad religious defections, and the xviii.) 2. The brutal outrage committed by the men of scenes of civil discord and violence, which darken the Gibeah, leading to a fierce civil war, in which the tribe history, there were doubtless, during these times, many of Benjamin was nearly destroyed (xix.-xxi.) who feared and loved God; and some are quoted, in Heb. xi. 32, as illustrious examples of faith. It must also be | The chronology of the book of Judges is peculiarly borne in mind, that some of the disorders here related difficult. Different systems are founded upon statements affected certain districts of the country only, while the in different parts of Scripture. In 1 Kings vi. 1, the rest was in a better state.

period from the Exode to the foundation of the Temple This history is full of important instruction. It pre is said to be 480 years. Accordingly, many have adjusted sents, at some periods, a striking picture of an unsettled all the intervening chronology to this date. But, as nation; showing the disorders which prevail when the there is a variation in the numbers between the Hebrew bonds of union and the salutary control of government and the Septuagint, and no date is assigned in the parallel are relaxed (see ch. v. 6); and when the people are with passage in 2 Chron. iii. 2; as Josephus, Theophilus, and out the advantage of religious teaching. It illustrates Origen, in treating of the subject, appear to have been the corrupt tendencies of our fallen state; showing how ignorant of this computation, which is first mentioned in prone men are to be drawn aside to ungodliness and false the fourth century by Eusebius, who, however, in his religion. It displays, in a very affecting manner, the latest works does not adopt it; as it is directly opposed bitter effects of sin, and the happy consequences of re- | to the language of Paul, who assigns 450 years to the pentance; and it exhibits the attributes of God-his holi- time between the division of Canaan and Samuel the ness and justice, his truth in fulfilling his word, and his prophet (Acts xiii. 20); and as it would require that many compassion and mercy towards the penitent.

of the times of servitude should be included in the govern

ment of the Judges (apparently in opposition to repeated By whom this book was written is not known: but it statements that the land had rest'), and that several of is ascribed by an ancient Jewish tradition to Samuel, and these should be regarded as contemporaneous, -others nothing appears to render this improbable. It was cer have fixed the chronology without regard to that passage, tainly written before the events recorded in 2 Sam. v. 6–9. which they deem an interpolation. Still there is not a See ch. i. 21. Some have inferred. from the expressions perfect agreement among them. A table of the whole used in ch. xvii. 6; xviii. 1; xix. 1; xxi. 25, that it was era is subjoined, exhibiting the dates of Usher and Hales, written after the establishment of the monarchy; but as representing the extrenies of opinion on the question. those passages all occur in the appendix, which was pro-| The most probable theory fixes the length of the period at bably added by a different author at a later period. about thirty years below that assigned by Kales. The contents of this book are as follows:

EVENTS.

Y KARS I. A short account of the extent to which the wars | Departure from Egypt ........

1491 1648 against the Canaanites were carried on after the death of Moses dies

1451 1608 Joshua; followed by a sketch of the general course of Joshua dies...

1426 1582 events during the times of the Judges; forming an intro

Interval ..

10 to

1572 duction to the narratives which follow (ch. i.-iii. 4). I I. Servitude, to Mesopotamia..

1394 1564 II. The oppressions of the Israelites by their enemies, list judge. Othniel .............. 40 to

1354 1524 and their deliverances by their Judges : comprising their

I. Servitude, to Moabites .... 18 1336 1506 subjection to Cushan-rishathaim, and to Eglon, king of 2nd judge Ehud, 3rd Shamgar .. 80 1316 1426 Moab; and their deliverance by Othniel and by Ehud (iii.

III. Servitude, to Canaanites ..

1296 5-11); the western tribes delivered by Shamgar (iii. 12

| 4th judge, Deborah and Barak ..

1256 1366 - 31); the oppression of the northern tribes by Jabin, king

| IV. Servitude, to Midianites .. 7 1249 1359 of Canaan, and their deliverance by Deborah and Barak (v.);

5th judge, Gideon ...............

1209 1319 the deliverance of the eastern and northern tribes from 6th Tola. 7th Jair ..............

1161 1271 the Midianites, with the history of Gideon and his family

V. Servitude, to Ammonites ..

1143 1253 (vi.-ix.); the administrations of Tola and Jair; the ; the 8th judge, Jephthah ............

1137 1247 deliverance of the Israelites from the_Ammonites by 9th Ybzan 10th Elon, 11th Abdon 25 1112 1222 Jephthah; and the administrations of Ibzan, Elon, and

VI. Servitude, to Philistines... 20 1140 1202 Abdon (x-xii.): the servitude of the Israelites to the 19th iudce Samson

1120 1182 Philistines; their deliverance by Samson ; and his history 13th Eli...

1141 1112 (xiii. xvi) With this, the regular history closes.

VII. Servitude, to Philistines

1120 1122 II. The remainder of the book may be regarded as an | 14th judge, Samuel...........

1095

1110 appendix, relating events which happened not long after list king. Saul....

1056 1070 the death of Joshua. It gives an account of the introduc- 1 and David...

40 to 1015 1030 tion of idolatry among the Israelites, and their consequent

3rd, Solomon, to Found. of Temple 3 to 1012 1027 corruption and punishment: exemplified by, 1. An account of Micah's idols, which were stolen by the Danites (xvii., | From Exode to Foundation of Temple.. | 480 | 621

Expedition of Juulah and Simeon against the Canaanites ; proceedings of the other tribes. 1 NOW after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel * Jos. 21. 29, 30.

I asked the Lord, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to ch. 20. 18; Num. 17. 2 fight against them? And the LORD said, Judah shall go up: behold, I have Ge 19.8–10; Num.

delivered the land into his hand. 3 And Judah said unto Simeon his brother, Come up with me into my lot, that

we may fight against the Canaanites; and < I likewise will go with thee into thy d ver. 17; 1 Sam. 30 4 lot. So Simeon went with him. And Judah went up; and the Lord delivered 23 28,99; Deu.

the Canaanites and the Perizzites 2 into their hand: and they slew of them in 5 Bezek ten thousand men. And they found Adoni-bezek in Bezek: and they SI Sam. 11. & 6 fought against him, and they slew the Canaanites and the Perizzites. But

Adoni-bezek fled; and they pursued after him, and caught him, and cut off 7 his thumbs, and his great toes. 3 And Adoni-bezek said, Threescore and ten

1 As the lot of Simeon fell within that of Judah, they | 3 This punishment was frequently inflicted on flagrant were naturally associated in this enterprise.

offenders, and on rebels or captive enemies, who were 2 Rather, the Canaanites, even the Perizzites.'

thus disabled for war.

1406

2 3.

24. 19-21 : I Sam. 5. 3: Ra 1 )

15

13.

1

-19.

Ge. 33. 11.

10. 29–3:: 2421,22; 1 Sum. 15. 6: I Chr. 2. 38: Jer. 35. 2

ver.
Num. 21. 13: Jos.

kings,' having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered their meat under my table: 8 as I have done, so God hath requited me. And they brought Ex. 21. 93-95; le.

him to Jerusalem, and there he died. 8 Now he the children of Judah had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it, 2 de Dom 15.63 9 and smitten it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire. i And after 1 Jor. 10 36 ; 11. 11;

ward the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites, that dwelt 10 in the mountain, and in the south, and in the valley. And Judah went against

the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron: (now the name of Hebron before was 11 ^ Kirjath-arba :) and they slew Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai. And from Joc. 14. 15; 15 13

thence he went against the inhabitants of Debir: (and the name of Debir before · Jos. is 15.

was Kirjath-sepher.) 12 m And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjath-sepher, and taketh it, to him will I Jou. 15. 16, 17. | 13 give Achsah my daughter to wife. And Othniel the son of Kenaz, " Caleb's "eh. 2 9. 14 younger brother, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife. "And • Jom 15. 18, 19.

it came to pass, when she came to him, that she moved him to ask of her father

a field : and she lighted from off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wilt 15 thou? And she said unto him, » Give me a blessing : for thou hast given me a

south land; give me also springs of water. And Caleb gave her the upper springs

and the nether springs. 16 And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father-in-law, went up out' of the city 1 ca. 4 11, 7: Nam,

of palm trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which lieth in the south of Arad; 'and they went and dwelt among the people.

Denu. 34. 3 17 " And Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they slew the Canaanites that li Num. 10:2; c.4. 17.

inbabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. And the name of the city was called 18 * Hormah. Also Judah took i Gaza + with the coast thereof, and Askelon with the 19 coast thereof, and Ekron with the coast thereof. And : the LORD was with Judah;

. rer. %; ! Ki. 187. and he drave out the inhabitants of the mountain; but could not drive out the inha20 bitants of the valley, because they had a chariots of iron.5 . And they gave Hebron Sos. 17. 18. 18 unto Caleb, as Moses said : and he expelled thence the three sons of Anak.

And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited *$• Jos. 15. 63; 18 Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem

unto this day. 22 And the house of Joseph, they also went up against Beth-el: d and the LORD a ver, 19. 23 was with them. And the house of Joseph sent to descry Beth-el: (now the ch. 12. 2; Jos. 21: 24 name of the city before was Luz.) And the spies saw a man come forth out of Ge. ss. 19.

the city, and they said unto him, Show us, we pray thee, the entrance into the 25 city, and we will show thee mercy. And when he showed them the entrance B Jos. 2 13–14

into the city, they smote the city with the edge of the sword; but they let go 26 the man and all his family. And the man went into the land of the Hittites,

and built a city, and called the name thereof Luz: which is the name thereof

unto this day. 27 Neither did Manasseh drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shean and her towns,

nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, por the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns : but the Canaanites would dwell in that land. And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites i to tribute, and did not utterly

drive them out. 29 "Neither did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer; but the Jos. 16 10; 1 KL 2

Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them. 30 Neither did Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the 'inhabitants Jos. 19. 15

of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became tributaries. 31 m Neither did Asher drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of * Jos. 1991–20.

y Jos. 11. 22.

Nuni, 14 24; Der
1. 36: Jos. K 9,13;
16. 14

7

.

A Jos 17. 11-13

i Deu. 21. 11

i That is, petty chiefs. This seems to indicate that a ) etc. But this may have been an alteration, intended to wasting civil war in Canaan had preceded the invasion obviate a difficulty, as we find these cities shortly afterof the Israelites, reducing the strength of their enemies. wards in the hands of the Philistines, who probably soon

2 As Jerusalem was already in the hands of Judah, it reconquered them. had probably been taken by Joshua. The strong fort of 5 These chariots certainly gave the Canaanites of the Zion was, however, held by the Jebusites till the time of plain great advantage; but this was not the cause of David. See 2 Sam. v. 6–9. Vers. 8–16 appear to be a Judah's failure. Had the Israelites cherished a due parenthetical recital of previous events, some of which confidence in Jehovah, and obeyed his commands, neither had been recorded in the book of Joshua.

the military prowess of their enemies nor the chariots of 3 That is, descendants of Jethro (see Numb. X. 32). | iron could have hindered the fulfilment of his promises. The name Kenites originally belonged to a tribe of Ca. 6 Not the public gate, but some unguarded point where naanites (see Gen. xv. 19), but is given to this Midianitish they might enter unresisted. family, perhaps, on account of some previous connexion 7 This course appeared more easy and more profitable; formed with that people.

but it was opposed to the Divine command, and it soon 4 The Greek version is, Though Judah did not take brought its own punishment, causing them and their possession of Gaza, nor the borders thereof, nor of Askelon,' \ descendants great disquiet.

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