« 이전계속 »
(Enclosure 2.)- Proclamations du Gouvernement Provisoire de Gênes,
en abdiquant leurs fonctions.— Gênes, le 26 Décembre, 1814. LE GOUVERNEMENT DE LA SÉRÉNISSIME RÉPUBLIQUE DE GENES.
L'Espoir de rendre à notre chère Patrie sa splendeur primitive nous avoit fait accepter les rênes du Gouvernement. Tout paroissoit justifier notre attente: les Proclamations d'un Général Anglais trop gé. néreux pour abuser de la victoire ; trop éclairé pour mettre en avant le droit douteux de conquête ; les prérogatives imprescriptibles d'un Peuple dont l'indépendance s'attache au commencement de son histoire, et forme une des bases de l'équilibre de l'Italie, garanti dans le dernier Traité d'Aix-la-Chapelle ; l'évidente nullité de sa réunion à un Empire oppresseur, puisque l'on y admit le principe, que le consentement des Habitans étoit indispensable, et que l'on compta néanmoins comme ayant donné leur voix en faveur de cette réunion, tous ceux qui n'avoient point voté ; la dissolution de cet Empire, et par dessus tout la garantie des Hautes Puissances Alliées, déclarant à la face de l'Univers attentif et reconnoissant, qu'il étoit temps que les Gouvernements respectassent leur indépendance réciproque; qu'un Traité solennel, une Paix générale alloient assurer les droits et la li. berté de tous, rétablir l'ancien équilibre en Europe, garantir le repos et la liberté des Peuples, et prévenir les envahissements qui depuis tant d'aunées ont desolé le monde.
Après ces déclarations mémorables, après une Administration assez heureuse pour rouvrir les premières sources de la prospérité Nationale; après que l'Etat a repris sans obstacle toutes les marques de la Souveraineté, et que son antique Pavillon a flotté sur toutes les côtes, et a été reçu dans tous les Ports de la Méditerranée, nous avons été aussi surpris que profondement affligés, d'apprendre la résolution du Congrès de Vienne, portant la réunion de cet Etat à ceux de Sa Majesté le Roi de Sardaigne.
Tout ce que pouvoit faire pour les droits de ses Peuples, un Gouvernement dénué de tout autre moyen que ceux de la raison et de la justice, notre conscience nous rend témoignage, et les premières Cours de l'Europe en sont bien informées, que nous l'avons fait sans réserve et sans hésitation. Il ne nous reste donc plus qu'à remplir un triste et honorable devoir, celui de protester que les droits des Génois à l'indépendance peuvent être inconnus, mais ne sauroient être anéantis.
Cet acte conservatoire n'a rien d'opposé au profood et inviolable respect donc nous sommes pénétrés pour les Hautes Puissances Contractantes dans la Capitale de l'Autriche; il est dicté par le sentiment intiine et irrésistible de notre devoir; il est tel que tout Etat libre, placé en pareille circonstance, l'eût toujours désiré de ses Premiers Magistrats; tel que nos respectables Voisins l'énonceroient peut-être, s'il arrivoit jamais (et le cours impénétrable peut un jour amener cét évènement), que leur Capitale fût transportée sur une terre étrangère, et leur Pays réuni à un Etat plus puissant.
Notre tâche est remplie; Nous abdiquons sans regret le pouvoir qui nous avoit été confié sous de meilleurs auspices. Les Autorités Administratives, Municipales et Judiciaires continueront à exercer leurs fonctions ; les transactions commerciales suivront leur marche accoutumée; le Peuple sera tranquille, et il méritera, par une altitude convenable à ces grandes circonstances, l'estime du Prince qui va le gouverner, et l'intérêt des Puissances qui prennent part à nos destinées. Gênes, le 26 Décembre, 1814. Le Président du Gouvernement,
Proclamation.Translated from the Italian.) THE GOVERNORS AND PROCURATORS OF The Most SERENE REPUBLIC
OF GENOA. HAVING been informed that the Congress at Vienna has disposed of our Country, by uniting it to the Dominions of His Majesty the King of Sardinia, and being resolved neither to prejudice its unalienable rights, nor to have recourse to any fruitless and ruinous attempts, we divest ourselves of an Authority which the confidence of the Nation, and the acquiescence of the principal Powers, had sanctioned.
Whatever any Government, unprovided with other means than those of justice and reason, might be capable of effecting, in behalf of the rights and the restoration of its People, that, our conscience bears testimony and the most remote Courts know it, we have tried without reserve and hesitation. Nothing then remains for us, except to recommend to the Municipal, Administrative, and Judicial Authorities, the provisional exercise of their functions; to the next Government, the care of the Troops which we had begun to raise, as well as of the Civil Officers who have faithfully discharged their duties; and to the People of the Genoese Territory, in general, that tranquillity, which is more necessary to Nations than all other comforts.
We carry back into our retirement a soothing sentiment of gratitude towards the illustrious General, who knew the bounds of victory, and an unshaken confidence in Divine Providence, that will never forsake the Genoese. Palace of Goveroment, 26th December, 1814.
GIROLAMO SERRA, The Senators:
President of the Government.
GRIMALDO OLDOINI. (1814–16.)
(Enclosure 3.) — Proclamation of Colonel Dalrymple, Commanding
the British Forces, on transferring the Government of Genoa to the Sardinian Authorities.—Genoa, 27th December, 1814.
(Translation.) The Provisional Government appointed by His Excellency Lord William Bentinck, by his Proclamation of the 26th April last, having delivered its authority into my hands, I hasten publicly to declare, that it has constantly laboured for the welfare and happiness of its Citizens.
Having received orders from His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of Great Britain, to transfer the Government of the Genoese States to the Authority which shall be appointed by His Majesty the King of Sardinia, conformably to the Decision of the Congress of Vienna, in virtue of which the States of Genoa are placed under the Dominion of His Sardinian Majesty, until a Definitive Treaty shall be signed; I order all the Inhabitants of the Genoese States to obey the existing Administrative, Municipal, and Judicial Authorities, until the pleasure of the King of Sardinia shall be made known to me.
I do not doubt that the good order and harmony which I have so much admired in the Genoese People, during my residence among them, will continue undisturbed; and it is with real pleasure that I can promise a future prosperity to this Country, guaranteed as it is by the privileges which have been confirmed in the Act of Cession, and by the paternal Government of a King, whose only desire will be to ensure tlie happiness of his beloved Subjeets.
JOHN P. DALRYMPLE. Genoa, 27th December, 1814.
No. 20.—Sir John Dalrymple to Sir Henry Bunbury. (Extract.)
Genoa, 19th January, 1815. I REQUEST you will be pleased to inform Lord Bathurst, that, since the arrival of the King of Sardinia's Plenipotentiary here, he has displayed in all his measures, the greatest desire to conciliate the Genoese Nation. His Majesty has assumed the Title of Duke of Genoa, and his Colours have been hoisted. The Oath of fidelity has, as yet, only been demanded from the Military and Public Func. tionaries, and this, as well as every other measure, has been conducted quietly and without eclat.
The emancipation from the superiority which the Town of Genoa exercised over the other parts of the Territory, has, I am happy to say, been the means of preventing any ebullition of discontent on either Riviera; and the majority of the Town's People also find ground for reconciliation to their change, in the fall of the Aristocracy. The last mentioned Class and the Priests are still irritated, but I hope that the marked attention shewn to the former by the Plenipotentiary, will soon reconcile them also to the new Government, which, from
the known piely of the King, cannot but be ultimately grateful to the Clergy. Sir Henry Bunbury.
JOHN P. DALRYM PLE. No. 21.- The Hon. William Hill to Viscount Castlereagh. (Extract.)
Turin, 24th January, 1815. MAJOR Andrews reached this Place on the 18th, and continued his Journey on the same day to Genoa, with your Lordship's Letter to Sir John Dalrymple.
Count Revel has succeeded adınirably since he has been at Genoa ; and the King has received Deputations from all classes and all parts of the Genoese Territory. Yesterday, he gave audience to a Deputation of the very highest rank, and was addressed in a most hattering Discourse, of which I shall have the honour of enclosing a Copy, if I can procure it in time.
I have, &c, Viscount Castlereagh, K. G.
(Enclosure.)- Address of the Deputation from the City of Genoa to
the King of Sardinia.-(Translation.) SIRE,
Genoa, 15th January, 1815. The City of Genoa, renowned in every Age, and constituting no small part of the glory of Italy, has rejoiced to behold the destiny of the Republic, for so many years Auctuating, now fixed by its annexation to the ancient Dominions of Your Majesty.
Your clemency, alone, Sire, and our admiration of the virtues which adorn your paternal and beneficent heart, have produced this unforeseen change in the affections of the Genoese; and have weaned them from those habits of independence which formerly constituted their greatest happiness.
The moment we were permitted to express our sentiments, and the satisfaction of our Fellow-Citizens, we have hastened to the foot of Your Majesty's Throne, to offer the homage of their loyalty and obedience, determined to rival in attachment the ancient Subjects of Your Majesty
The prosperity of Genoa, Sire, was, for many Ages, an object of envy to the richest States; but the vicissitudes of years which have passed, have, for the greatest part, destroyed and annihilated her opulence.
It was reserved to your Majesty to reinstate her in her former splendour. The Royal Patents of the 30th of last month, afford us already a pledge of your paternal benevolence in favour of our beloved Country, and are to us the harbingers of a more auspicious futurity.
Navigation and commerce were the principal sources of Ligurian power and wealth. May we presume to implore your exalted protection for these 2 branches of the public welfare ? Let the first act of your beneficence, Sire, be to throw down the barriers which separate 2
Nations, become Brethren under a common Father; and let those Pirates, who, neglecting the fertile lands of Africa, inse:t the Mediterranean Sea, and are a discredit to our times, disappear from our Seas, if they refuse submission to the sacred Law of Nations. The arms of our Ligurian Mariners shall second your orders.
The Husbandman of the mountainous and rocky Territory of Genoa is subject to expenses little known, and which far exceed those of champaign Countries; we hope that Your Majesty will be pleased to take this important subject into consideration when the amount of the Land-tax shall be discussed.
Finally, encouraged by your sovereign goodness, we particularly solicit Your Majesty, that our Municipal Administration may, together with its other functions, be continued in discharge of its inportant duties for the maintenance of the Port, and of the Public Aqueduct, with both of which it was always entrusted, and which require a local and practical knowledge.
We recommend to Your Majesty's regard for Religion, the Hospitals of Genoa, those illustrious monuments of the piety of our Ancestors, from which, notwithstanding the disorders of late years, their Descendants have not degenerated.
The City has at all times maintained, as far as it was able, these valuable Establishments; but the immense losses which they have sustained, urgently demand that the State should take upon itself to make provision for their funds, in like manner as the Royal Patents have already secured to the other Creditors the payment of their interest, or require that Government should make a fresh endowment in their favour.
Vouchsafe, Sire, to interest yourself in the establishment of the House of St. George, the model of all other Banks in Europe. Deign to look upon Genoa as your second Capital.
We shall esteem ourselves happy, if, while we convey to your Royal Throne the sincere wishes of our Fellow Citizens, we should be able to assure them also of your gracious compliance, and Hatter them with the hope of speedily seeing within our walls, our August Sovereign. Done in the Municipal Council, at Genoa, the 15th of January, 1815.
The Senior Magistrate, PESSAGNO.
No. 22.—Sir John Dalrymple to Sir Henry Bunbury. (Extract.)
Genoa, 8th February, 1815. Ir will be satisfactory to Earl Bathurst to be informed, that the spirit of moderation and conciliation displayed by the Chevalier de Revel in his ciril functions, has tended, and continues to lend to remove that spirit of dissatisfaction, which was known to exist among