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upon a Paper which I consider, not as your Imperial Majesty's, but as the argument of the Person who is the Advocate with your Imperial Majesty, of the Measures against which I have ventured to reason,
I am, Sire, with the most entire deference and profound respect, &c.
CASTLEREAGH. His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias.
(Annex.)—British Memorandum. (Extracts.)
Let us examine, under what circumstances, and with what views these Treaties were made; and ascertain, with somewhat more of precision than the Writer has manifested, what has occurred to annul their provisions, or to place at the disposal of one of the Contracting Parties, namely Russia, the right of the 2 others, without their express consent.
The Treaty of the 27th of June, 1813, was the Treaty, upon the faith of which, Austria, being still at Peace with France, bound herself to engage in the War, if her mediation failed to effect a Peace, upon certain principles agreed upon with the Allies.
In determining thus to hazard her existence in the Field, Austria stipulated 2 conditions, both of local importance to her interests and military security; the one was the recovery of her Illyrian Provinces, the other was that she should receive a proportion of the Duchy of Warsaw, which had in part been constructed of Territories but recently wrested from her own Dominions.
Can it be argued from the then state of the Campaign, as rational, or possible to suppose, that Austria would have signed a new Treaty, gratuitously surrendering in September, pretensions, to which she had in June, for obvious reasons, attached the first importance ? The Allied Armies, previous to the 9th of September, on which day this Instrument bears date, had obtained important successes before Berlin, in Silesia, and at Culm, but they were still confined within the defiles of Bohemia. Bonaparte was in force at Dresden, and on the line of the Elbe; and the fate of the Campaign was in suspense.
The Writer of the Memoir has informed us, when arguing on the Article of 1797, that, with the first War, or even what he calls a change of circumstances, the guarantee, however solemu, is dissolved : his series of reasoning is, that War cancels the guarantee, that successful War justifies demands for additional compensation and a new partition, consequently further incorporation into the New Monarchy, under the Russian Sceptre, of the adjacent Polish Provinces, thus supposed to be secured by a guarantee to Prussia and Austria.
The complacency with which this progress is contemplated, and the facility with which the pretensions of neighbouring Powers are to be satisfied, by extending the partitioning principle, beyond the pale of Poland, to other parts of Europe, are certainly not calculated, should such an authority be unfortunately listened to, to dissipate apprehensions as to the future.
But it is alleged that, admitting the Treaties to be still binding, the Arrangements intended by Russia, with respect to the Duchy of Wassaw, will amply and liberally fulfil their stipulations.
(4.)– The Emperor of Russia to Viscount Castlereagh. MILORD,
Vienne, le Novembre, 1814. Ayant pris connaissance du Mémoire que vous m'avez transmis en dernier lieu, j'ai jugé nécessaire qu'il y fut fait Réponse, tant pour réfuter quelques assertions peu solides qui s'y trouvoient consignées, que pour donner une nouvelle preuve de la pureté de mes intentions, et de l'invariabilité de mes principes.
J'espère, Milord, que cet envoy fera la clôture de cette Correspondance Particulière; vous priant de faire passer vos Papiers d'Office par la voye habituelle.
Recevez l'assurance de ma considération très distinguée. S. E. Lord Castlercagh.
(See Correspondence between the Plenipotentiaries of Austria, Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia, relative to Poland; October, 1814, to February, 1815; Pages 549, 773.]
UNITED STATES, &c.
..230 March, 1815. 402
12th May, 1815. 409
Abolition of the Commercial Privileges
12th May, 1815, 428
Amendment of do......6th July, 1815. 435
Pilotage Dues upon Foreign Vessels in
the Port of London., J4th June, 1815, 437
Execution of the Convention with The
Netherlands and Russia, of 19th Maya
28th June, 1815. 439
Trude with certain French Colonies,
6th July, 1815. 411
..Trade with The United States.
12th July, 1815. 442
the Prince Soverciyn .. ..The Hayne, 21st July, 1811. 111
tiaries of the Five Courts. Rights of the House of Schon-
Vienna, 19th May, 1915. 94
.311 March, 1815, 516
.30 March, 1815. 985
(Additional) to Treaties. See TREATIES.
ORDER IN COUNCIL. ORDINANCE,
. February, July, 1815. 925, 935
12th May, 1815. 409
2d June, 1815. 928, 930
See also SPANISH AMERICA.
the Treaty of Alliance against Bonaparte, of 25th March,
Vienna, 271) April, 1815, 478
the Exportation of, beyond Seas, excepting to the Coast of
Africa. British Orders in Council ... Feb. July, 1815. 925, 935
tiaries. . Sept. 1814 to June, 1815. 549
peror of Russia and the British
Plenipotentiary. Poland. 1814. 1173
1814, 1915. 519, 773
the British Plenipotentiary.
Sovereignty of Naples. 1814. 1071, 814
Sardinia .......1814, 1815. 306,549
Bonaparte. 13th March, 1815. 665
parte. 25th March, 1815. 443, 450,727
30th April, 1815. 452
to Treaty of Alliance against
27th March, 1815..674, 678
zerland to do. ......May, 1815. 1116
to do.......March, June, 1815. 1111
. March, 1815. 673
12th May, 1815. 727
Kingdom with Austria .... Vienna, 7th April, 1815. 906
and Marshal Murat, King of Naples.......1814, 1815. 226
Vienna, 12th April, 1815. 297
Vienna, 24th April, 1815. 908
Vienna, 8th June, 1813, 114
with Bavaria and Prussia. Convention. Ter.
ritorial......Creuznach, 28th May, 1815. 913
parle... Vienna, 27th March, 1815. 674, 678
Declaration. Abolition of Slare
Trade.Vienna, 8th Feb. 1815. 162
with France, &c.
Regulations. Free Navigation
of Rivers..29th March, 1815. 162
Vienna 19th March, 1815. 179
Russid, Spain, and Sweden. Declaration,
March, May, 1815. 142, 147
Vienna, 3d January, 1815. 1001
Alliance against Bonaparte.
Vienna, 25th March, 1815. 443
of France..... .727, 450
Subsidy...... Vienna, 30th April, 1815. 452
Naples, 11th January, 1814. 228
Chaumont, 3d March, 1814. 233
Gaeta, &c...May, August, 1815. 1073
Vienna, 31st May, 1815. 136, 982
The Hague, 21st July, 1814. 141
Vienna, 11th October, 1815. 983
litary.. Vienna, 24th April, 1815. 991
Vienna, 3d May, 1815. 74
litury..... Vienna, 19th May, 1815. 995, 997
Vienna, 10th June, 1815. 831
trian Troops through the Papal Terri-
Vienna, 3d May, 1815. 56
Vienna, 20th May, 1815. 152, 959
Vienna, Ist June, 1815. 1069
Vienna, 18th May, 1815. 84
Vienna, 5th April, 1815. 914