The Law of Nations: Or, Principles of the Law of Nature, Applied to the Conduct and Affairs of Nations and Sovereigns. From the French of Monsieur de Vattel
G.G. and J. Robinson, 1797 - 500페이지
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abuſe according advantage affairs againſt allow alſo appear authority become belongs body bound called caſes cauſe citizens civil common conduct conſcience conſent conſequence conſidered conſtitution contrary cuſtom dangerous depend deprived duty enemy engagements equally eſtabliſhed exerciſe favour firſt foreign France give happineſs himſelf honour human ibid important independent individuals intereſt itſelf judge juſt juſtice king law of nations law of nature liberty live mankind manner means miniſters moſt muſt neceſſary object obligation obſerve particular party peace perfect perſon political preſent preſerve prince principles produce proper protection puniſh reaſon received relates religion render requires reſpect rule ſafety ſame ſay ſee ſhall ſhe ſhould ſince ſociety ſome ſovereign ſtate ſubject ſuch ſupport themſelves theſe thing thoſe tion trade treaty uſe violate virtue welfare whole whoſe wiſe
131 페이지 - All commerce is entirely prohibited with a besieged town. If I lay siege to a place, or only form the blockade. I have a right to hinder any one from entering, and to treat as an enemy whoever attempts to enter the place, or carry any thing to the besieged, without my leave.
19 페이지 - All mankind have an equal right to things that have not yet fallen into the possession of any one, and those things belong to the person who first takes possession of them. When, therefore, a nation finds a country uninhabited and without an owner, it may lawfully take possession of it, and after it has sufficiently made known its will in this respect, it cannot...
20 페이지 - In effect, when navigators have met with desert countries in which those of other nations had, in their transient visits, erected some monument to show their having taken possession of them, they have paid as little regard to that empty ceremony as to the regulation of the popes, who divided a great part of the world between the crowns of Castile and Portugal.
123 페이지 - ... to the calamities of war, when he has it in his power to maintain them in the enjoyment of an honourable and falutary peace. And if to this imprudence, this want of love for his people, he moreover adds...
104 페이지 - The voice of equity and the general rule of contracts require that the conditions between the parties should be equal. We are not to presume, without very strong reasons, that one of the Contracting Parties intended to favour the other to his own prejudice ; but there is no danger in extending what is for the common advantage. If, therefore, it happens that the Contracting Parties have not made known their...
66 페이지 - CHAP. vii. certam persons or for certain particular purposes, according as he may think it advantageous to the state. There is nothing in all this that does not flow from the rights of domain and sovereignty : every one is obliged to pay respect to the prohibition ; and whoever dares to violate it, incurs the penalty decreed to render it effectual. But the prohibition ought to be known, as well as the penalty annexed to disobedience : those who are ignorant of it, ought to be informed of it when...
xxix 페이지 - It is not allowable to interpret what has no need of interpretation, and when the words have a definite and precise meaning, to go elsewhere in search of conjecture in order to restrict or extend the meaning.
51 페이지 - Further, one country is fitter for some kind of products than another; as, for instance, fitter for the vine than for tillage, If trade and barter take place, every nation, on the certainty of procuring what it wants, will employ its land and its industry in the most advantageous manner; and mankind in general prove gainers by it.
69 페이지 - ... liberty of living in the country without respecting the laws. If he violates them he is punishable as a disturber of the public peace, and guilty of a crime against the society in which he lives; but he is not obliged to submit, like the subjects, to all the commands of the sovereign ; and if such things are required of him as he is unwilling to perform he may quit the country."— Vattel.
68 페이지 - Even in the countries where every stranger freely enters, the sovereign is supposed to allow him access only upon this tacit condition, that he be subject to the laws ; I mean the general laws made to maintain good order, and which have no relation to the title of citizen, or of subject of the state.