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From the French of Golberry, a late Traveller.

We may compute the population which European societies scarcely of Africa, without extravagance, at afford an example. 160,000,000. The climate and na In all the negro countries occur ture of Africa tend to render its those assemblies called palavers, or black inhabitants singularly happy. palabres, which are formed at sun

All the wants of the negro are sa- rise, and consist of thirty or forty tisfied, and all his pleasures attain. blacks of all ages; they assemble ed, without the least trouble either either in a large hall, which they of mind or body: his soul scarcely call the bentaba, or beneath the ever quits its peaceable indolence. branches of some large tree in the Violent passions are almost unknown village. to him ; in consequence of his fatal. They range themselves in a cirism, he neither hopes for nor fears cle, and the oldest begins the conany event, and submits to every versation by reciting the little events thing without a murmur; in short, of the preceding evening; but these his life passes in calmness and vo become important, by the applicaluptuous carelessness, which consti- tions, reflections, and remembrantute his supreme happiness: hence ces, to which they give rise. the negroes may be reckoned the Soon afterwards the pipe makes favourites of nature.

its appearance ; for the custom of Like children, the blacks of a ma- smoking is doubtless general among ture age devote their attention, for mankind: all these talkers smoke, whole days together, to trifles. Con- not excepting the youngest, and the versations, which to us would appear prattling

succeeds better on this aconly gossiping, are with them inex- count. The fumes of tobacco enlivhaustible. These people incessantly en their brains, and increase their amuse themselves in vague talk, pleasure, as those of delicate wine with a confidence and gaiety of excite cheerfulness at our meals, VOL. V. NO. XXVIII.


when the charm is further height. ther, and four or five children. The ened by the sweets of friendship and owner himself collects the materials urbanity.

for his house, and he is his own Gaming takes in its turn, and two builder. The women procure the of the most clever in the company cotton, and manufacture their cloth; are chosen to play ainst each twenty days labour per year are sufother; the general interest is divid- ficient to ensure an abundant supply ed between these champions, but of food, so that the existence of a without jealousy, ill-nature, or the negro family may be said to be a least dissention.

gratuitous gift of nature, granted Their favourite game borders a without expence or fatigue: hence little upon chess, and contains a de- celibacy is scarcely known in Afrigree of complexity which renders it ca: indeed it is so rare, that a sort difficult to be acquired. The ground, of stigma is fixed to those who adopt or the sand, serves for the chess. it. board; for this purpose they pre

The life of a negro, on an average, páre a small square surface, in extends from 65 to 70 years, expewhich they plant, with a certain riencing only an inse.isible alteradegree of order, some bits of wood tion in their health and strength; or straw. It is on the skilfully dis- an alteration which arises from a •placing or removal of these strips, too abundant transpiration. They that the issue of the game depends. always submit, without complaint,

Talking, smoking, and gaming, to that fatality, which, according to are so seductive, that they cannot them, determines the events of life prevail on themselves to separate and death; and they meet the latter till dinner-time, and many would with perfect tranquillity, sooner lose their meals than aban

> don their amusement; but the women, who are always kind, attentive, and complaisant, do not forget For the Literary Magazint. their fathers, husbands, or brothers, but bring them kouskou, or rice, tó YELLOW FEVER AT PHILADELwhich they almost always add some

PHÍA IN 1805. dainty bits.

In this manner they pass the day, THE following is extracted from and, towards evening, I often ob- the annual report of the board of served these groups in the same health of Philadelphia. The reportplace, and conducted with the same ers, it will be seen, are advocates of gaiety and spirit, the conversation one of the reigning doctrines relabeing as animated as if it had just tive to yellow fever; but being an begun.

official statement, even those who At length night puts an end to differ from them must acknowledge these palavers, and the company de- the propriety of publishing it in this vote themselves to dancing, which collection. during the dry season is performed “ In addition to the sum of 16,000 in the

open air, and in rainy weather dollars, which was due to the bank under the bentaba. The negresses of Pennsylvania when the present are passionately fond of this amuse- board entered upon the duties of ment. For half the night, through- their office, they have been under out the year, all the negroes of Afri- the necessity of borrowing 7,000 dol. ca are engaged in dancing.

lars from the bank of Philadelphia, A thatched hut, the building of to meet the extraordinary expences which cost nothing, some yards of which accrued during the calami. coarse linen, and six pounds of mil. tous situation of the district of Southlet, or rice, every day, are sufficient wark, in consequence of the prevafor lodging, feeding, and clothing a lence of the malignant fever ; of the family, consisting of a father, mo- last mentioned sum they have al

ready repaid 2,000 dollars, and they alized; for, on the thirtieth of July, have a prospect of being able to re. they received information that two pay the remainder of the money bor. persons were ill of a fever, with marowed of the bank of Philadelphia, lignant symptoms, at the house of and part of the debt due to the bank Samuel Crisman, who kept a retail of Pennsylvania, in the course of the grocery store at the north-east corensuing year.

ner of Catharine and Water streets, « Previous to the appearance of in Southwark, and that one of Cristhe fever, a certain number of la- man's apprentices was ill at his pabourers had been constantly em- rent's, in the Northern Liberties. ployed to cleanse and wash the gut. The two persons that were ill at ters of the streets and alleys, in ad- Samuel Crisman's were immediate. dition to those employed to search ly sent to the lazaretto, where one for, and remove or correct, every of them died, with highly malignant kind of nuisance in the city and lic symptoms, on the 3d of August ; the berties. Every exertion was also rest of Crisman's family retired to made, on the part of the board, to the country the day after the remove forward the completion of the ma. al of the sick persons, and his house chine for cleansing docks, &c., men was cleansed and ventilated. tioned in our communication of last 66 At the time the sick persons year; but, from some unexpected were sent from Samuel Crisman's to circumstances, it has not yet been the lazaretto, there was no other brought into operation.

case of malignant fever in that neigh“ The additional buildings at the bourhood, or in any other part of lazaretto, necessary for the accom. Southwark, and by the confession of modation of passengers and conva. Peter Young, one of the sick perlescents, have been finished, and the sons, on his death bed, in the prewhole of the expences resulting from sence of several witnesses, they had their construction defrayed.

made a clandestine visit to the la. “ The board still retain possession zaretto the Sunday before they were of the old lazaretto on State island, attacked with the disease. and the city hospital on Schuylkill, " At that time several vessels both of which they propose to dis- from different ports of the West Inpose of, as soon as they receive an dies were performing quarantine at offer equivalent to their value ; with the lazaretto, on board of some of the proceeds of which they contem, which persons had been sick, and plate building an hospital in a more had died of the yellow fever, and, eligible situation.

among others, the schooner Nancy, * The late purchase on Hickory captain Lake, from the city of St. lane was occupied for an encamp. Domingo, with a number of wounded ment, and served as an asylum to French soldiers, who had been rethe fugitives from the fever. ceived on board from a military hos

From the very great precau- pital, soon after which the whole of tions which were taken at the laza. the crew, excepting two, became retto, to examine and purify all ves. ill of the yellow fever; one died at sels from sickly ports, or that had sea, after three days sickness, and sickness on board, and the very par, the captain and one seaman were ticular care which was taken to re- landed, dangerously ill, at the laza. move from the city and its vicinity, retto, according to the bill of enquiall such substances as might have a ry, and an extract from the log-book tendency to contaminate the air, the of the vessel, transmitted to the board flattered themselves that the health-office. city and liberties would have escap “ For six or seven days after the ed the calamities inseparable from attack of the persons at Crisman's, the prevalence of a malignant fever no other case of malignant fever, this year, as they had the last. These within the knowledge of the board, expectations, however, were not re- occurred in that neighbourhood, or

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