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ions shall be paid immediately upon the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, and the remaining three millions as soon as the boundary line shall be surveyed, marked, and established.

ARTICLE 4. Strike out the same, as follows:

“ARTICLE IV. The Government of the United States shall organize a board of commissioners, which shall meet in the city of Washington or of Mexico, as the President of the United States may direct, within one year from the date of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, for the purpose of examining and deciding the claims assumed by the United States in the preceding article according to the principles of justice, the law of nations, and the treaty in force between the two Governments, and whose awards shall be final and conclusive, and the United States exonerating Mexico from all demands on account of the claims of their citizens mentioned in the preceding article, and considering them entirely and forever cancelled, whatever their amount, undertake to make satisfaction for the same in a sum not exceeding five millions of dollars; and if, for the purpose of discharging their duties, the board of commissioners should meet in the capital of the Mexican Republic the Govern. ment of the same will afford all necessary protection for the continued pacific exercise of its functions, and will extend every facility in the furnishing to commissioners and claimants all such documents establishing their rights as they might require and which may be within the extent of its reach to supply."

Change (Article 5” to Article 4. Change "Article 6" to Article 5. Change "Article 7" to Article 6. Article 8. Strike out the same, as follows: “ARTICLE VIII. The two high contracting powers, fully impressed that under the auspices of peace, and upon the basis of mutual good faith, and of the respect which nations reciprocally owe, it is that their prosperity and well-being increase, especially when from vicinity their interests grow to be mingled and identified; and recognizing the reciprocal obligations of civilized governments and the acknowledged provisions of the laws of pations, agree by the present, in proof of that entire confidence which they mutually entertain, and of that friendship which they desire to be as perfect, inalterable, and complete as possible; that whenever the tranquillity and interior repose of either country shall be threatened or disturbed by unlawful invasions of any of the citizens or subjects of either power against the territory of the other respectively, they will cheerfully co-operate in their endeavors to suppress all such attempts. They mutually and especially obligate themselves in all cases of such lawless enterprises which may not have been prevented through the ciril authorities before formation, to aid with the naval and military forces, in the notice being given by the aggrieved party of the aggreg. sions of the citizens and subjects of the other, so that the lawless adventurers may be pursu d and overtaken on the high seas, their elements of war destroyed, and the deluded captives held responsible in their persons and meet with the merited retribution inflicted by the laws of nations against all such disturbers of the peace and happiness of contiguous and friendly powers. It being understood that in all cases of successful pursuit and capture the delinquents so captured shall be judged and punished by the Government of that nation to which the vessel capturing them may belong, conformably to the laws of each nation."

Change "Article 9” to Article 7.

And strike ont “ reaffixed,” the last word of that article, and insert the word reaffirmed in lieu thereof.

Insert the following as a new article.

ARTICLE 8. The Mexican Government having, on the fifth of February, eighteen hundred and fifty.three, authorized the early construction of a plank and rail road across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and to secure the stable benefits of said transit way to the persons and merchandise of the citizens of Mexico and the United States, it is stipulated that neither Government will interpose any obstacle to the transit of persons and merchandise of both nations; and at no time shall higher charges be made on the transit of persons and property of citizens of the United States than may be made on the persons and property of other foreign nations, nor shall any interest in said transit way, nor in the proceeds thereof, be transferred to any foreign Government.

The United States, by its agents, shall have the right to transport across the Isthmus, in closed bags, the mails of the United States not intended for distribution along the line of communication ; also the effects of the United States Government and its citizens which may be intended for transit and not for distribution on the Isthmus, free of custom-house or other charges by the Mexican Government. Neither passports nor letters of security will be required of persons crossing the Isthmus and not remaining in the country.

When the construction of the railroad shall be completed, the Mexican Government agrees to open a port of entry in addition to the port of Vera Cruz, at or near the terminus of said road on the Gulf of Mexico.

The two Governments will enter into arrangements for the prompt transit of troops and munitions of the United States, which that Government may have occasion to send from one part of its territory to another, lying on opposite sides of the continent.

The Mexican Government having agreed to protect with its uhole power the prosecution, preservation, and security of the work, the United States may extend its protection, as it shall judge wise, to it when it may feel sanctioned and warranted by the public or international law.

Change “Article 10" to Article 9.
In said Article 9 strike out - four months” and insert six months.

In the concluding sentence strike out the words "seventy-seventh” and in lieu thereof insert the words seventy-eighth.

Ordered, That the Secretary lay the said resolution before the Presi. dent of the United States. Mr. Shields submitted the following resolution for consideration :

Resolved, That the injunction of secrecy be removed from the proceedings and debates of the Senate on the treaty between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic, concluded at the City of Mexico, the 30th December, 1853, and from the messages of the Presi. dent and the communications and documents transmitted therewith relating to the said treaty, and from other documents communicated to the Senate in relation thereto, and that the same be printed for the use of the Senate.

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 26, 1854.

Mr. Bayard, from the Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred, the 25th instant, the nomination of Peter Alexander, reported.

Whereupon

Resolved, That the Senate advise and consent to his appointment, agreeably to the nomination.

Mr. Clay, from the Committee on Commerce, to whom were referred, the 25th instant, the nominations of Joseph B. Austin, J. Jenkins Ross, George W. Brandreth, and Ramon Juanes Y. Patrulla, reported.

Whereupon

Resolved, That the Senate advise and consent to the appointment of the said persons, agreeably to their nominations respectively.

On motion by Mr. Dodge, of Iowa, The Senate proceeded to consider the nomination of Burton A. James; and

Resolved, That the Senate advise and consent to his appointment, agreeably to the nomination.

On motion by Mr. Butler, The Senate proceeded to consider the nomination of James C. Van Dyke; and

Resolved, That the Senate advise and consent to his appointment, agreeably to the nomination.

On motion by Mr. Shields, The Senate proceeded to consider the resolution submitted by him yesterday relative to removing the injunction of secrecy from the treaty with Mexico and the documents and proceedings relating thereto; and, on the question to agree thereto,

Yeas ........ It was determined in tbe negative,

........... 13

s | Nays...................... 26 On motion by Mr. Mason, The yeas and pays being desired by one-fifth of the Senators present, Those who voted in the affirmative are, Messrs. Brown, Chase, Cooper, Dodge of Iowa, Fish, Foot, Jones of Tennessee, Pettit, Seward, Shields, Sumner, Wade, Walker.

Those who voted in the negative are, Messrs. Allen, Badger, Bayard, Bell, Bright, Brodhead, Butler, Clay, Dodge of Wisconsin, Evans, Everett, Fitzpatrick, Geyer, Gamlin, Hunter, Johnson, Jones of Iowa, Mason, Pearce, Rusk, Sebastian, Slidell, Toombs, Toucey, Williams, Wright.

So the resolution was not agreed to.

MONDAY, MAY 1, 1854.

The Senate proceeded to consider the nominations of William A Moore, Thomas Farley, Thomas S. Hall, Warner Lewis, and John Loughborough; and

Resolved, That the Senate advise and consent to the appointment of said persons, agreeably to their nominations respectively.

On motion by Mr. Slidell, The treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation between the United States of North America and the Republic of Paraguay, concluded and signed at the city of Assumption, the capital of the Republic of Paraguay, on the fourth day of March, A. D. eighteen hundred and fifty-three, war read the second time, and considered as in Committee of the Whole ; and on the question to agree to the amendment reported from the Committee on Foreign Relations, to wit:

Article 15. Strike out the following words:

16 And if a year before the expiration of that term neither the one nor the other contracting party should announce by an official declara. tion its inteution to put an end to the effect of said treaty, it shall continue for a year longer, so that it in this case it shall cease to be bind

ing at the expiration of seven years, counted from the above-mentioned day of the exchange of the ratifications."

And insert the following in lieu thereof:

And, further, until the end of twelve months after the Government of the United States of America on the one part, or that of the Paraguay Government on the other, shall have given notice of its intention of terminating the same.

The question was stated, Shall the words proposed to be stricken out stand as part of the 15th article ? and

It was unanimously determined in the negative.

The question was then stated, Shall the words proposed to be in. serted stand as part of the 15th article 1 and

It was unanimously determined in the affirmative.
Mr. Slidell submitted the following amendments :
In the title strike out the word “ North.”

In the preamble strike out the words - North American Union” and insert United States of America, and after the word “ States," where it occurs, of America.

In the second article, after the word “States," where it occurs, insert of America; and before the word "vessels" strike out the words “ or North American," and after 6 vessels” insert or vessels of the United Utates of America.

In the fifth article, strike out the words “ North American vessels" where they occur, and in lieu thereof insert vessels of the United States of America, and after the word " States," insert of America.

In the sixth article, after the word “ States," insert of America, and strike out the words “ North American," and in lieu thereof insert vesof the United States of America.

In the seventh article, after the word “States,” insert of America, and strike out the words “North American vessels " where they occur, and in lieu thereof insert vessels of the United States of America.

In the eighth article, strike out the words “ North American citizens," where they occur, and in lieu thereof insert citizens of the United States of America, and after the word “ States," insert of America.

In the ninth article, after the word “ States," where it occurs, insert of America.

In the eleventh article, after the word “States," where it occurs, insert of America.

In the twelfth article, after the word “ States,” where it occurs, insert of America.

In the thirteenth article, after the word “States," where it first occurs, insert of America.

In the fourteenth article, after the word “ States," where it occurs, insert of America.

In the fifteenth article, second clause, after the word “States," insert of America.

In the sixteenth article strike out the word " North," and strike out the word “ fifteen” and iusert twenty four.

The questions were respectively stated on striking out and inserting;

and

They were, severally, unanimously determined in the affirmative.

No further amendment being proposed, the treaty was reported to the Senate.

The questions on striking out and inserting, as agreed to in Committee of the Whole, were again severally stated and again unanimously determined in the affirmative.

Mr. Slidell submitted the following resolution :

Resolved (two-thirds of the Senators present concurring), That the Sen. ate advise and consent to the ratification of the treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation between the United States of America and the Republic of Paraguay, concluded and signed at the city of Assumption on the 4th day of March, anno Domini eighteeu huudred and fifty. three, with the following amendments:

In the title, line 5, strike out the word “North.”

In the preamble, line 4, strike out the words “ North American Union” and insert in lieu thereof United States of America.

In the preamble, line 17, after the word “ States," insert of America.
In the preamble, line 18, after the word “ States," insert of America.
In Article 1, line 4, after the word “ States," insert of America.
In Article 2, line 4, after the word “States," insert of America.
In Article 2, line 23, after the word “ States," insert of America.

In Article 2, line 24, before the word " vessels,” strike out the words 66 or North America” and insert after “ vessels" the words or vessels of the United States of America.

In Article 5, line 5, before the word " vessels,” strike out the words “ North American" and insert after “ vessels " the words of the United States of America.

In Article 5, line 9, after the word “States," insert of America.

In Article 5, line 10, before the word “ vessels,” strike out the words " North American" and insert after 6 vessels" the words of the United States of Americu.

In Article 6, line 5, after the word · States," insert of America.

In Article 6, line 7, strike out the words “ North American" and in lieu thereof insert vessels of the United States of America.

In Article 7, line 3, after the word “States," insert of America.

In Article 7, same line, before the word “vessels,” strike out the words “ North American” and insert after 6 vessels" the words of the United States of America. '

In Article 7, line 6, strike out the words “ North American."

In Article 7, line 7, after the word “vessels," insert of the United States of America.

In Article 8, line 2, strike out the words “ North American citizens " and insert in lieu thereof citizens of the United States of America.

Iu Article 8, line 6, after the word “ States," insert of America.

In Article 8, line 8, before the wor«l “ citizens" strike out the words “ Nortlı Arnerican" and insert after citizens " the words of the United States of America.

In Article 9, line 13, after the word “States," insert of America.
In Article 9, line 15, after the word “ States," iusert of America.
In Article 11, line 2, after the word “ States," insert of America.
In Article 11, line 5, after the word “ States," insert of America.
Iu Article 12, line 12, after the word “ Siates," insert of America.
In Article 12, live 18, after the word “ States," insert of America.
In Article 13, line 3, after the word “ States," insert of America.
Iu Article 14, line 15, after the word “States," insert of America.
Iu Article 14, line 19, after thi- word “ States," insert of America.

Article 15, strike out after the word “ ratifications " in line 4 the following words:

"And if a year before the expiration of that terin neither the one vor the other contracting party should announce, by an official declaration, its intention to put au end to the effect of the said treaty, it shall continue for a year longer, so that in this case it shall cease to be binding at

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