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deem it fit to recommend the immediate introduction of a bill to remedy ihe defects which they acknowledge do exist.
TTiat many of your petitioners have paid for a considerable length of time to this fund, under an impression that they would have been provided for when unable from old age or infirmity to persue their vocation.
Your petitions humbly pray that your Honourable House will take into your consideration the injustice done to the seamen in the merchant navy, in appropriating any portion of the proceeds of this fund towards the relief of the general poor rate.
And they further humbly pray that immediate steps may be taken to facilitate the introduction of such a measure as will enable them to obtain efficient relief under any emergency in England, or in any British Colony, from sources similar to those supplied to British Consuls, and finally that they may be able to ascertain in the fullest manner possible the actual receipts and outlay of tininsutuuon, through a distribution of the annual returns in the various outputs.
And your petitioners will ever pray, &c.
Battle Op St. Yr Intent.—In our last volume we noticed the appearance of Colonel Drinkwater Bethune's account of the Battle of St. Vincent,* and recommended tho'se of our readers who keep authentic collections of such records to add it to their stock, more especially as it is accompanied with diagrams shewing the positions of the hostile fleets at different periods of the action. It will be seen by the following spirited view that the Colonel has spared no pains or expense in his work. The view represents H.M.S. Captain boarding the Sail Nicolas.
Notices To Mariners
Out At Savanna, Gevrtj'ta.—Custom-house, Collector's-office, Dec. 18th, '.—To mariners having ingress and egress with this port, notice is hereby a, that a light boat has been moored between Martin's Industry, south-east
* Published by Saunders and Ottley, Couduit Street.
point, and the north bank of Port Royal entrance, and will be lighted up on the first night in February next.
'Hie bearings of this light are as follow, viz.—North Point, Trench's Island N.W.jN.; Bay Point, N.W.b.N.; Tyber light-house, W.S.W., distance about eighteen miles. Depth of water, six fathoms and three-quarters at half ebb. Shows one bright light, which is elevated about twenty-two feet above the surface of the water. Distance from nearest land about eight miles.
Lioht At Genoa.—The following notice, issued by the Admiralty at Genoa has been received at Lloyd's from their agent at that port:—
Navigators are advised that from the date of the 15th of January, 1841, and after, the illumination of the Pharo of the Grand Lantern of this port, which is built on the extremity of the promontory of St. Benigno, in lat. 44° 24' 18" N, long. 6° 34' 6", will be effected by means of lenticular apparatus of the first order. The flashes of light and eclipses will succeed each other from minute to minute. The elevation of this light is found at 114 metrical measure above the level of the sea, ordinary tide. Its appearance in clear weather will be visible at the distance of ten marine leagues. The less brilliant fixed fire in the intervals between the flashes will be clearly distinguished at five marine leagues, and the eclipses will not be total but beyond the said distance.
LionT-nousE os The Maplin Sand.—Trinity-house, London, Jan. 14th.— Notice is hereby given, that the light-house, which has been for some time past in course of erection upon the Maplin Sand, is nearly completed; and that the light therein will be exhibited for the first time, on the evening of Wednesday the 10th of February next; at which time the light, hitherto shown on board of a vessel moored off that Sand, will be discontinued, and the vessel taken away.
Mariners are to observe, that this light-house is erected upon the southeastern projecting part of the Sand, where it becomes dry, or nearly so, at low water spring tides; and they are particularly cautioned and enjoined never, under any circumstances, either by day Or by night, to attempt to cross the Sand to the northward of the building.
Mariners are also to observe, that in this light-house, a fixed light, coloured red, and visible in all directions, will be exhibited.
By order, J. Herbert, Secretary.
Grinez Light.—Boulogne-sur-Mer, January 21st, 1841.—Sir.—From the information we have been able to collect from the captains of the three vessels wrecked at Ambletcuse, it appears evident that they were all misled by the light on Cape Grinez. It is clear that the light in question resembles in all respects that of Dungeness; and nine captains out of ten who have the misfortune to run ashore on the coast of Ambleteuse declare that they believed themselves to be on the English coast, from the fact of the lights alluded to being so much in resemblance to each other. We are well aware that this statement of those captains is correct, and we know that incessant applications for an alteration in the light at Cape Grinez have as yet been made without effect.
A small light has been added, but it is of no use, as it is not visible at a short distance from the coast.
By a recent application our Chamber of Commerce has obtained an inquiry to be made upon the subject, and the result is that all the captains agree that the two lights in question are not sufficiently distinctive from each other.
If we may be allowed to give an opinion upon the subject, we should most certainly say that, if the underwriters of Lloyd's were to request the British gtrerement to apply to that of this country, it would have the desired effect; and the light on Cape Grinez would undergo an alteration iiich an to avoid iu fetare the lou of property on this coast to such an extent as of late, and particularly since the existence of the light alluded to.
We remain, Sec, To W. Dobson, Esq., Sec, Lloyds, London. Alex. Adam & Co.
Post Fleetwood-os-wyre Harbour Leading Lights.—Bearings—Magnetic—Fleetwood-on-Wyre, Lancaster Bay, November the 1st, 1810. The Directors of the Preston and Wyre Railway Harbour and Dock Company, hereby give notice, that the harbour improvements having been so far completed, under the plans of Com. Henry Mangles Oenham, R.n., F.r.s., as to permit »straight course direct from sea into the harbour, the same will be denoted, on and after the 1st day of December next, by the exhibition of Two Harbour Lights, from which date the shore beacon, known as Wyre Mark, will be discontinued. These lights (of fixed white character,) will appear to the mariner in upper and lower order when brought in line upon the bearing of south, to which bearing their brilliancy is limited, and will guide him right up the seareach of Wyre according to his draught and time of tide, instead of depending on daylight for navigating the buoyed but serpentine deep The said light-house structures are in addition to the Screw-pile light-house, erected at the western point of entrance last June; and present for a day leading-line two columns of the relative altitudes of 104 and 11 feet above half-tide level. The inner and higher column rises conspicuously from the town site, is of red sand-stone colour, and when in line of the lower light appears between the custom-house and the sea-view hotel, with a spired church half a point westward. The lower light-house stands at high-water mark 850 feet in advance of the higher light-house; it is of a light-coloured stone, springing from a square colonnade, and makes out in relief when in line of the higher column. The two lights by night, or a black ball at the lower column of the two by day, indicate at the present stage of harbour improvements nine feet water right up, which increases to eighteen upon neaps, and twenty-five feet upon spring tides; whilst in the buoyed deep eighteen at half-tide, twenty-four at high-water neaps, and thirtyone feet on nigh-water springs. The relative height of lights is so arranged, as to dip the higher below the lower when yon have passed through the new cut, and may haul south-eastward for the mooring buoys, where twenty feet »ater is retained at low-water springs. Two black buoys mark the eastern tide of the cut, and a black and white chequered buoy the western side. The cut lies at the inner, i. e. southern, portion of the leading line of lights.*
H. M. Den Ham, Consulting Marine Surveyor.
N.B.—Whenever the above shore light-houses are obscured from the entrance by haze during day tides, the lamps will be lighted to assist the Mariner's eye.
Harbour or Cochin.—Malabar Coast.—The following notice respecting the establishment of a light at the Port of Cochin, and the removal of the buoys sppean in Fort St. George Gazette, of the 23d of April last:—
Malabar Principal Collector't Office,
Notice is hereby given, that the Buoys, hitherto laid down at the mouth of the Cochin River were withdrawn on the 1st inst., from which date a light has been shown from the flag-staff at that port, about (111) one hundred and eleven feet above the level of the tea.
• Vide " Denhim's Sailing Dtreotlons for Port Fleetwood," published »t Mawdiley's Liverpool, unl Bite's London.
ENLARGED SERIES NO. 3 VOL. FOR 1841. 2d
The proper place for sliip» to anchor outside the bar it in five fathoms and • half, muddy bottom, with the flag-staff bearing E.N.E.
The leading marks for ships running into the river is the northernmost of the three churches up the harbour at Anjicaimal, on with the Vypeen point.
A pilot is employed at Cochin, who will board any ship hoisting the prescribed signal, according to Marryatt's Code.
A plan of the harbour of Cochin is annexed.
W. E. Underwood, Actg. Princl. CoU. Malabar.
Ballast Office, Dublin, 12/* Nov. 1840. r Valentia Harbour Lioht-house, West Coast of Ireland.—The Corporation for preserving and improving the Port of Dublin, hereby give notice, that a light-house has been built on the north-east point of Valentia Island, from which a fixed white light will be exhibited on the evening of the 1st of February, 1841, and thenceforth will be lighted from sunset to sunrise.
Specification given of the position of the tower, &c, by Mr. Halpin, the inspector of light-houses.
The light-house is erected within the old building of Cromwells Fort, on the western side of the principal entrance to Valentia harbour, and bears from Reenadrolaan Point S.E.b.E. distant one and one-eighth nautic miles, Doulus Head S.S.W.}W., one and a quarter nautic mile, and Clacka-vallig, (sunken rock) W.b.S., one and three-quarters cables length.
The light will be a fixed white light, open to seaward, from north west to S.S.E.JE. and elevated fifty-four feet above the level of high-water springs, and sixty feet above the mean level of the sea.
The light, kept open, will lead clear of Reenadrolaan Point, and also of the Harbour Rock within the entrance.
Shelving rocks, partly covered at high water, extend three-quarters: of a cable's length from Cromwell's Fort.
The bearings given are magnetic. Var. 28 | W.
H. Vereker, See.
Commander Lb Hardy, R.n., on the Jessie Rocks off Berehaven.
Castletown, Berehaven, County of Cork, Jan. 224 1841Sir.—The barque Jessie, Miller of Liverpool, having lately grounded on a patch of rocky ground, scarcely known till lately to the Berehaven pilots, and this being the second vessel within the last two years and a half, to which a similar accident has occurred, I trust I may be excused drawing your attention to the circumstance.
I have no means in this remote district of consulting the late surveys, nor of otherwise ascertaining if this danger is well known, I have therefore thought it right to take a rough survey of its position, the results of which I beg to submit to you.
The patch lies at the west extreme of the haven immediately off Danish island, the western extreme being quite open.
Danish island 360 yards.—Nearest point of Bere island S 40 yards. There being thirteen feet and a half on it at low water (springs) immediately to the south the water deepens to six and seven fathoms muddy bottom, shoaling from that very gradually to the Bere island shore: to the north there is four and a half and five fathoms, muddy, shoaling to Danish.
Tht bearings ar« Western Redoubt, Bere Island, S.W. \ S.; Corrygkss rock, entrance of Castletown harbour, N.b.W.; Manaan island, iheep-house, east,—compass bearings.
I would beg to observe that at all times large vessels should avoid anchoring with the west entrance open, and if entering at low water by inclining to the Bere island shore, at all times the safest, they will avoid this danger.
You will probably at once perceive, Sir, that I am unacquainted with late surveys, I will only beg to add, that should you be pleased to furnish me with them, it would afford me pleasure could I be of use in adding any remarks that might suggest themselves, and my duty calls me so frequently afloat in the tenders, both in Bounty Bay and tht Kenmure river, that I have good opportunity.
I have the honor, &c.
T. P. Lb Hardy, Commander. To Cap'.. Beaufort, R.N., Hydrographer. Jmp.-Com. Cuast-guard.
Tire following is too good to be lost, and we take the opportunity of doing justice to Capt. Smith in his claims respecting the original establishment of the Excellent.
Extract of a letter from a naval officer, dated off Beyrout, Oct. 1st, 1840:—A most beautiful manoeuvre was successfully performed this morning. You must know that a bright look out is kept for deserters from the enemy, who are anxious to get on board our ships, and if they are caught before they can get down to the beach, they are killed. This morning, a poor fellow was observed by us, sitting down under some rocks, and at the same moment it was discovered, that two fellows Were hurrying down with drawn swords to despatch him, and two others were posted on a point, to shoot him, should he take to the water. In two minutes, the poor fellow who had deserted, would have had their swords through him, or else his head cut off, and he was conscious of their proximity to him, when a nice little 32-lb. shot, fired just over the head of the victim, put to route the pursuers. He was perfectly aware that the shot that had passed over him, was meant for his protection, and couched as closely as possible to be out of the line of fire. A boat was immediately manned and armed, and sent to the spot the man was on, but before she reached, another attempt was made by the Egyptians, to get at the fugitive; the same kind of messenger was again sent flying over boat and man, right at the soldiers, and in a few minutes, the life of a fellow creature was saved, who was compelled to serve a tyrant he detested. When he got on board, he said he felt secure when he he found that the guns of the English ship were pointed at them. It is a proof />f the perfection at which Naval Gunnery has arrived; and another proof was given yesterday—three guns were ordered to be pointed at a hole in a castle, not more than four feet in diameter, through which three fellows were looking out, to fire upon our boats in-shore; the whole went off as one gun, and every shot went slap into the hole. We found out afterwards from a deserter, that it broke on* man's back, knocked another's leg off, and killed the third.