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At Plymouth—Jn Harbour—Caledonia, San Josef, Lizard, t'luto, Carron. Jn Barnpool—Raven.—In the Sound— Impregnable, Belle Isle, Iris.

ABROAD.

Alecto,(st. v.) Lieut.-Com. W. Hoseagon, 3rd January arrived at Malta.

Blazer, Lieut.-Com. J. Steane, 12th December left Madeira for Barbados.

Brisk, 3, Lieut.-Com. G. Sprigg, 18th November at Cape from St. Helena.

Britannia, 120, Capt. J. Drake, 31st December sailed from Gibraltar for Marmorice Bay, 7th January arrived.

Britomart, 10, Com. O. Stanley, 4th September arrived at Port Nicholson, New Zeeland.

Calliope, 26, Capt. T. Herbert, 14th October at Toonkoo.

Castor, 36, Capt. E. Collier, 31st December left Malta for Marmorice, 7th January arrived.

Chakybdis, 3, Lieut.-Com. E. B. Tinling, 22nd December arrived at Jamaica from Bermuda.. She was also out thirty six days from Port Royal to Halifax, having been eighteen days on the coast, and only arrived there on the 16th of November, with loss of boats, bulwarks, stanchions, &c, with a detachment of the Gth regiment on board.

Cleopatra, 26, 23rd December arr, at Barbados from A ntigua.

Columbine, (st. v.) 24th November arrived at Bermuda from Halifax.

Comus, (st. v.) Com. E. Nepean, 23rd November arrived at Honduras from Onesa, 26th sailed for Sisal.

Curlew, 10, Lieut.-Com. T. C. Ross, 3rd November arrived at Cape from Quillimane, 16th sailed from eastern coast.

Druid, 44, Capt. Rt. Hon. Lord J. Churchill, 14th October at Toonkoo.

Ehebus, Capt. J. C. Ross, 5th September at Hobart Town

Espoir, 10, Lieut.-Com. J. T. Paulson, 7th January arrived at Lisbon with damage. *

Ganges, 84, Capt. B. Reynolds, 28th January arrived at Malta from Levant.

Griffin, 3, Lieut.-Com. J. Q. D'Urban, 7th January left Barbados. Mr. Pearce, R.n., an officer of the Linnet packet, who had been placed on board the Penelope, of Glasgow, at Grenada, in eonsequence of the death of the captain and illness of the crew, has himself died recently, within two days of taking charge of the vessel.

Herald, 26, Capt. J. Nias, 9th Oct. arrived at Sincapore, 13th sailed for t'luni.

Howe, 120, Capt. SirW.O. Pell, 31st December left Gibraltar for Marmorice, 7th January arrived.

Hyacinth, 18, Com. W. Warren, 14th October at Toonkoo.

Hydra, (st. v.) Com. R. Stopford, Dec. at Acre, saving stores of Zebra.

Jaseur, 16, Com. F. M. Boultbee, 7th January at Gibraltar.

Lark, (s. V.) Lieut.-Com. T. Smith, 23rd November arrived at Havana from Belize.

Locust, (st. v.) Lieut.-Com. J. Limn, 24th December arrived at Gibraltar, 27th sailed for Malta, 2nd January arrived at Malta,

Orestes, 18, Com. P. S. Harablv, 28th September arrived at Callao from Arica.

Partridge, 10, Lieut.-Com. W. Morris, (a) 14th November arrived at Rio.

Pearl, 18, Com. C. C. Frankland, 28th October left Bahia on a cruize, 20th November arrived at Bahia from ternambuco.

Persian, 18, November 30th at St. Helena, Capt. Quin having died at that place,—to sad for Africa 1st December.

Pique, 36, Capt. E. Poxer, arrived at Gibraltar with loss of masts, bowsprit, and anchors,—expected home.

Racehorse, 18, Com. Hon. E. A. Harris, 26th December arrived at Port Royal from Bermuda.

Racer, 16, Com. G. Byng, 4th January arrived at Halifax from Vera Craz.

Ringdove, 16, Com. Hon. K. Stevrait, 1 Ith December arrived at Barbados from Bermuda, 19th sailed for St. Thomas.

Rover, 18, Com. T. W. C. Svmonds, 2nd December left Bermuda, 9th arrived at Port Royal.

Sapphire, (troopship) Master-Com. G. H. Cole, 23rd January left Malta for Barbados.

Sappho, 16, Com. T. Fraser, 27th December arrived at Port Royal front Tampico and Havana, 29th sailed for Barbados. •

Southampton, Capt. Sir W. Hillyer, 26th Nov. at Rio, having arrived on 14th.

Starling, (s.v.) Lieut.-Com. H. Kellett, 22nd October left Sincapore for China.

Sulphur, (st. v.) Com. E. Belcher, 22nd October left Sincapore for China.

Terror, Com. F. R. M. Crozier, 16th September at Hobart Town.

Weazlb, 10, Com. J Simpson, 14th December arrived at Cephalouia.

Winchester,50,Capt. J. Parker, S'.h January at Bermuda.

Zebra, 16, Com. R. F. Stopford, 2nd December driven on shore in the Bay of Acre by a furious gale,—crew saved.

Maita.—H.M.S. Howe, 120, had a most fearful passage out, and a most dread fal thing having been planned, which had it succeeded would have blown r\ Itvu iy op, tod no person would have lived to tell the sad tale. The Gunner of her, it appears, went into her magazine, and laid a train of powder to a match which communicated with the powder in a cask through which he had bored a hole, and went into bis cabin and cut his throat.—Naval and Military Gazette.

Births, Marriag StrtfcL

On the 19th of January, the lady of Capt. A. T. E. Vidal, of a son.

At Pen Tamar Cottage, Stoke, Devonport, on the 10th of January, the lady of Capt. W. Walker, R.n. of a daughter.

AtTitchfiekl, Hants, on the 24th of Jannarv, the wife of Capt. J. Anderson, R.s. of a son.

On the 8th of January, at the Royal Naval Hospital, Stonehouse, the lady of Dr. Armstrong, of a son.

At Xorth-end, Kingston, on the 26th of January, the lady of J. Kidd, Esq., aonjeon, R.n., of a daughter.

§BUKviK$t4.

At Malta, Lieut. G. Hayes, R.m., of H.M.S. Asia, son of Capt. Hayes, R.n., to Mary Ann, the only daughter of T. Mansfield, Esq., of the Auditor-general'g Department at Malta.

At Florence, S. J. Popham, Esq., son •f the late Admiral Sir H. Popham, to Jane, daughter of Colonel A. Campbell, of Ardchittan, Argyleshire.

On the 2nd February, at St. Alphage, Greenwich, by the Rev. W. A. Soames, »•«., vicar, R. H. Forman, Esq., son of Colonel Forman, of Croom's Hill, to Frances Seymour, second daughter of Lieut. J. W*. Rouse, R.n., of Greenwich Hospital.

At Portsea, Mr. W. H. Batten, R.n., of H.M. steam-vessel Alban, to Miss Mary Ann Chapman, of that place.

At Valetta, on the 24th of December, Mr. C. A. Cole, of H.M.S. Calcutta, to Margaret, youngest daughter of Mr. A. Ferrier, Ordnance department.

At Marylebone, George, eldest son of the late G. S. VVintour, Esq., Captain, »h., to Harriett, daughter of Lieut. T. Renon, R.k.

At Kennington, Lieut. A. M. Leod, »*., to Ellen, daughter of B. Alder, Esq. Brixton.

At Speen, on the 20th of January, the Rev. T. Pearson, curate of Stockcross, to Jane Frances, eldest daughter of the late Capt. Dale, R.n.

Beatftrf

At Montrose, North Britain, retired

Es, And Deaths.

Captain W. Mather, R.n., aged 66 years.

At his residence, at Alnwick, Captain J. Forster, R.n.

On the 28th of January, at Portpatrick, Com. J. Little, R.n., agent and commander of the government line of mailpacket steamers between Portpatrick and Donaghadee.

In Canada, Com. A. Wilson, R.n., (1812,) author of a naval history.

In Durnford-street, Stonehouse, B. Kent, Esq., Com. R.n., aged 53 years.

At Arnold's Point, New Road, aged 62, Mrs A. Dechamp, widow of retired Com. R. Dechamp, R N.

At Nutford-place, Bryanston-square, on the 20th of January, in her 68th year, Anne, widow of the late Capt. W. S. Parkinson, R.n.

At Teignmouth, at a very advanced age, Johanna Hamilton, widow of the late Capt. W. Young, R.n.

On the 22nd of November, drowned in the Hoogley River, Mr. W. C. Walker, aged 15, son of J. W. C. Walker, Esq., of Havant.

On the 20th of January, at Haslar Hospital, Mr.J.D. Kecly, Purser, (1813)

R.N.

Of dysentery, on board H M.S. Conway, Mr. C. E. Hodgkinson, Mate of that ship.

At Chatham, on the 10th of January, of apoplexy, Jane, wife of W. Standbridge, Esq., surgeon, R.n., aged 64.

At Deal, A. Folwell,Esq.,Purser, Rn.

At Stoke, Plymouth, aged 30 years, Elizabeth Higman.wifeof Mr. Mattacott, master of H.M.S. Inconstant.

On the 18th of October, of wounds received in a conflict with the natives, while endeavouring to purchase provisions in the neighbourhood of Ning-po, Mr. Harvey, midshipman of H.M.S. Conway, which ship was employed surveying the great River Yang-tse-Kiang, leading up to Nankin

In Crawford Street, London, on Sunday the 21st of February, Mrs. Sarah Thorne, aged 85, mother-in-law of Lieutenants W. L. Sheringham, and A. B. Becher, R.n.

At St. Helena, while in commanded H.M.S. Persian, on the 22nd November last, Com. W. H. Quin, R.n.

METEOROLOGICAL REGISTER.

Kept at Croom'» Hill, Greenwich, by Mr. W. Rogerson, of the RoyalObitrvatoiy.

From the 21st of January, to the 20th of February, 1841.

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January Mean height of the barometer = 29756 inches : mean tempera

ture _ 33.3 degrees: depth of Rain or melted Snow fallen = 2-98 inches.

Note.—The first ten days of February were very frosty without any intermission: on the 9th and 10th the Thames abreast of Greenwich was, at the time of high water, completely covered with large masses of ice.

TO OUR FRIENDS AND CORRESPONDENTS.

Our best thanks to Mexicano for his useful paper just received.

Arqo obliged as usual: his attention in the line pointed out will be acceptable.

S.—on Atlantic steamers in our next.

Thanks to Mr. Lang for bis important communication. St. Croix shall appear in our next.

A Captain, R.n. of 1807—received.

There is nothing new in the letters of " An Old North Sea Cruizer."

We have received Mr. Sturgeon's letter.

We are indebted to a friend for the CornteaJJ Gazette, Van Diemens Land. Tht Hydrography it contains will be found in our volume for 1837.

Thanks to' another friend for the Fori Philip Gazette.

217

Observations On The Navigation Of The Baltic, And Gui.f Of Finland, To Petersburg, with the eustomi of the tradeBy the Commander of a British Merchant Ship.

While the commanders of merchantmen, employed with East and West India, American, and Mediterranean trades, have at various times, with a praise-worthy zeal for the improvement of navigation, and the information of strangers, contributed valuable information to the pages of the Nautical; I do not recollect since the commencement of that Magazine, any attempt at conveying information respecting the Baltic trade. Whether this proceeds from diffidence, on the part of those regularly employed in the trade, or whether they consider the Baltic so near our own shores, and so familiar to themselves, that it must be so to every one, 1 cannot lay; but I feel satisfied, that information regarding this trade, cannot be too widely disseminated, particularly at the present time, when our mercantile intercourse with Petersburg has increased so much, and when so many vessels are now employed carrying cargoes to that port direct from the West Indies, Spanish Main, Mediterranean, &c, which were formerly carried to England, and thence shipped in the regular traders to Russia. A great many have proceeded in this manner to the Baltic, lately, quite unacquainted with the navigation and the customs of the ports;—and men of education and ability, who have successfully navigated their vessels across the Atlantic, and Pacific Oceans, have found themselves very much at a loss when entering the North Sea, on their way to the Baltic ;—a place, which if they previously thought of it at all, it was with a contemptible sort of feeling for the pond-like sea, and all connected with it. And not only did the navigation of this sea, with its various narrow and tortuous channels, studded with rocks and shoals, give them uneasines and alarm, but the much traduced arbitrary laws of Russia, and its mis-called tyrannical custom-house regulations, all tended to harass the stranger, and make him unnecessarily timid and uncomfortable. Although not a regular Baltic trader, still I have some experience in the trade, and I have gathered, particularly on a late trip to Petersburg, jrom the West Indies, as much information as I could from t'.ie constant traders, some of whom, especially those from Hull, are as respectable men, and as well informed in matters relating to their profession as any traverser of the ocean. From a well informed respectable Hull trader of twenty years experience, I learned the substance of the following remarks, which I offer to the notice of your readers, trusting that they may prove of benefit to some of the uninitiated proceeding to Petersburg for the first time.

Proceeding from the English Channel, or from the Pentland Frith, « passage between the Shetland and Orkney Isles, a vessel may be steered for the entrance of the Sleeve, according to the winds, and follow the directions in the book, accompanying Norie's chart. Be particularly careful to give the coast of Jutland a wide berth, as a very •Irong current runs towards the Horn reef with westerly winds; the wast of Jutland is low all along, and not easily seen until the vessel is close to it. From Borenbergen however, to the Scaw, it is easily

ENLARGED SERIES-—NO. 4 VOL. FOR 1841. 2 F

recognized when seen, even by a stranger, from the chart and boot. On the Norway side the shore is bold and rocky, and particularly about the Naze may be seen a considerable distance; approaching the coast, the vessel's position is easily recognized from the land; and various beacons, which when seen, are easily known from description.

Passing the Scaw, give the point a good berth to clear the Scaw reef, and in shaping a course for the Trindelen light-vessel, and indeed on all other occasions in the Cattegat and Baltic, make allowance for a current which is generally found getting in the direction of the wind, and'with greater or less strength according to the duration of the wind.' From the Trindelen, and steering to pass outside the Knobben be particularly careful. This is a shoal with a rock at its extreme end running about seven miles from the island of Anholt. There is a lighthouse on the end of the island, and a red buoy on the Knobben, but if the weather is not very clear neither can be seen in time to warn the navigator of his danger, particularly at night; and with strong southwesterly winds, a vessel bound downwards, and wishing to pass close to the buoy, to keep on the weather shore, runs great danger, as, if the weather is at all thick the light cannot be seen at the buoy. The loss of a very valuable vessel commanded by a friend of mine, took place last season from this circumstance; the wind was strong from southwest,—the vessel bound down under double-reefed topsails and courses, and a course steering to carry her outside the Knobben, but rather weatherly to avoid the Swedish coast; a bright look-out was kept, but all to no purpose; shortly after 8 P.m. she struck, and remained until 4 A.m., during which time the light was never seen ; it then became visible. At daylight the vessel was found to be a very short distance inside the buoy. She beat over the reef,—was abandoned, and drifted over to the Swedish coast a wreck. This is no solitary instance, and all connected with this trade ought to petition the Danish government, and use every means in their power, to have a light-vessel stationed close to the extremity of the reef.

Running or steering upwards from the Knobben, the land, when the Narrows are approached is easily distinguished; the mountainous land about the Koll, and the high land about Nakke Head being easily known. Steering towards Elsinore Roads, strangers invariably keep too near the Swedish shore, and make an unnecessary circuit to avoid the Lappen sand. This shoal does not extend so far out as the charts lead us to suppose, and a mid-channel course will take a vessel well clear. Moreover, it is well pointed out by buoys and brooms, and if the wind is scant, time and distance may be saved by a prudent approach. These brooms are a large quantity of birch, in the shape of a common broom, fastened to the top of a pole, which is attached to the shoal. They are considerably elevated and more readily seen than buoys. If the wind and current are down so as to prevent the vessel turning into the roads, she may anchor on the Danish side, under the Lappen sand. The old absurd custom of lowering royals or top-gallant sails, on passing Cronberg Castle, is now abolished.

From England, and intending to proceed upwards as soon as cleared, a vessel should be anchored in a suitable position for getting underway, or if it be daylight she may be kept under courses by the mate, while

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