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allows, they will be removed to the custom-house stores under seal: at any future period, if a supply is wanted, it can, without any difficulty, he procured, by getting an order from the officer iti the "floating customhouse.
To be completed in our next.
Sailing Directions For Port Lincoln, &c.—From the South /lustraHan Register.
Si".—Having been directed to sound and examine Thorny Passage, I have I he honor to lay before his Excellency the soundings and observations I have been able to make, and such directions as I think may be found useful to strangers bound to Port Lincoln, or Port Adelaide.
In Flinder's chart there is a rock marked between Williams and Smiths islands, said to be breaking at times. I had a most favorable opportunity, and took every pains to discover it, but saw nothing of the kind. The master of a French whaler lying in Memory Cove, who was fishing there the last season, said, he had been through in the direction, and did not believe there was any rock between the abovementioned islands.
North by west, one mile and a half from the north end of Thistle Island, is a large flat rock, that may be seen two or three miles from a ship's deck, and north three miles (where there is a rock marked in the chart) is a reef with six feet water on it at half tide, and does not show above water. It is therefore necessary to be very cautious, and not take the rock that is seen above water for the one on the chart, as passing that at what would be considered a safe distance, would lead a ship on the reef.
I passed through the ripple marked by Flinders, between Little and Hopkins islands, where it is supposed he lost his boat's crew. Small vessels must avoid going through it. In bad weather the sea must 1* tremendous; it is occasioned by the tide, and the sudden change of soundings (from eighteen to twelve, ten, and nine fathoms,) but quite clear otherwise.
About three miles from the entrance of Thorny passage is Memory Cove, where six or seven ships of the largest size may lie sheltered, and have seven fathoms within a few yards of the head of the cove.
There is also an extensive fine bay, between Taylors Island and the shore, where any number of ships may anchor, indeed there is sheltered anchorage anywhere, if required, from Taylors Island to Cape Dorington, at a fair distance from the shore.
Ships coming from the westward should run to the latitude 35° 35" until they make Kangaro Island. If bound for Port Lincoln, and going through Thorny Passage, shape their course for Williams Island, giving Neptunes Island a berth, which may be seen four or five leagues; leaving Williams Island on the starboard hand, proceed on to the East Point, and enter the passage between it and Smiths Island; making the fair way up, by keeping the shore aboard, which is steep close to, leaving all the islands on the starboard hand, except Taylors Island, which will make a fair course by leaving it on the larbotird hand. When to the northward of Taylors island, proceed alon^ shore for Cape Dovinston. OflF the Cape is a small island with a vury good channel (though narrow) between it and the Cape, with five fathoms. In going through it borrow towards the island.
In proceeding to Boston bay, the south end of Boston island may be rounded pretty close; but in going through the North Passage, give the north point a berth of half a mile, as the water shoals off it in a north-east direction.
All around Boston bay the soundings are good and clear; ships leaving Cape Dorington,and bound to the westward, will find a southeast course carry them well between the shoals until they see the wedge, which they had better leave on the larboard hand and give it a good berth, as the peaked rocks run some distance off.
In running up Investigators Strait, make Point Marsden and the high land about Cape Jarvis, and keep it aboard, which will ensure a berth from Troubridge Shoal; as it is impossible to say, having Black»tairs Passage open, what may be the influence of the tide, proceed up the gulf in ten and eleven fathoms. Holdfast bay is due west of Mount Lofty; near the beach is a flag-staff rigged as the mast of a ship, this staff bearing east or opposite to it, in five fathoms, or two miles and a half from the beach, is the best anchorage for ships.
Ships bound for the port must run twelve miles higher up, taking care not to come within five fathoms, as the water shoals some distance otT above Holdfast bay. The pilot station is between the bay and the bar, where there is a staff with a flag on it. When opposite this will he seen a large beacon buoy with a ball on it, pointing the fair way to the passage over the bar.
If it should be dark, or any other circumstance prevent the pilot getting on board, they may anchor, but not in less than five fathoms, which will be about two miles and a half from the beach. When at anchor in any part of the gulf, it is highly necessary to give a great length of chain in good time, and if the gale comes on, give all the chain possible, and keep from letting go the second anchor, which confines the ship in a ground swell and makes her strain. Ships not drawing more than fourteen feet may then proceed to the pilot station.
I have the honor to be, &c,
Thomas Lipson, Harbour-Master,
Cuttom-houae, 2-1 th May, 1810. To G. If all, Eiq., Private Secretary.
[Some useful remarks on Port Adelaide by Capt. Hindmarsh, B.n., will be found in our volume for 1839, p. 228.—Ed. N.M.J
Description Of The Island St. Croix, West Indies
Thr following description of the island St. Croix, and the geographical positions by which it is accompanied from our talented Astronomer, Sii ENLARGED SERIES.—SO. 4.—VOL. FOR 1841. 2C
Andrew Lang, will be most acceptable in the dearth of information which prevails in our books of direction concerning that island.
The latitude and longitude of the principal places or points in the Danish Island, St. Croix, in the West Indies.
1. East End point, or eastern extremity
of the island.
2. A. Lang's observatory or signal station
3. Flag-staff of the outer point battery,
(Fort Louisa Augusta) at the en-
4. Do. of Fort Christiansvaern in the
town of Christiansted
5. Do. on pinnacle of Signal Hill
6. Do. of Bulow's Minde, the country
residence of his Excellency Gover-
7. Salt River point
8. Highest part of Mount Eagle at a
9. Bodkin's wind-mill
10. Hams Bluff, or north-west Bluff
11. Flag-staff of the fort at the town of
Frederiksted, commonly called West
12. Sandy Point thesouth-westextremity
13. North-west rounding of West End Bay . .
14. Buck Island is a small island, an appendage to St. Croix, of which the eastern point or extremity is in The north-western point, or do. . The highest part of this small island is about 350 feet above the level of the sen, and is in
Remarks applicable to the numbers 1 to 14.
1.—Fully nine nautic miles N.E.b.E.£ E. from this point, and about eleven nautic miles E.b.N. from the east point of Buck Island commences the eastern extremity of an extensive bank or shoal, the northern limits of which round off from thence to the north-west; soon afterwards stretches westerly, inclining at last to the southward of a westwardly direction, towards Buck Island eastern shoals, with which it may be considered as connected. The northern edge of this shoal is a narrow coral ledge of several miles in extent, on which, five and a half fathoms of water is the least depth yet found; the more common depth being six, six and a half, and seven fathoms. Along the whole line of this northern edge, and to and at the very eastern extremity of the bank, where there is not less than seven fathoms water, I have observed the sea to break in an awful manner during severe gales of wind, and sometimes also in moderate weather, during the great northerly ground swell which occasionally sets in during the winter months. A line of direction drawn from my observatory east 24° 15' 30'' north,
passes through the shoal est parts of the northern edge of this coral ledge through its whole length, until it approaches the eastern limits of the shoal, when it rounds off to the south-east and southward, as far as the bearing east 15° 50' north from my position. I consider its most eastern part to bear from my observatory east 17° 20' north, which will place it in latitude 17° 49' 25" north, longitude 64° 24' 40" west from Greenwich ; having there seven fathoms and a half, which in coming from the eastward you at once strike from an ocean depth, and at which spot the east end point of St. Croix is distant nine and three-quarters nautic miles, and the east end of Buck Island eleven and a half nautic miles. In approaching the northern edge of the shoal from the northward, you at once get from an ocean depth upon its shoalest part; passing which, and standing to the south, the water gradually deepens on a clear sandy bottom, during the short time taken in crossing the bank when standing in this direction.
2.—The height of this above the level of the sea is 440 feet. The latitude is true to within one second, the longitude is the result of the labour of years, and the present assumption of 64° 41' 0'' in arc, or 4h' 18*- 44'- in time west from Greenwich, I consider to l>e determined with such certainty, that I do not think the error in its determination can exceed four seconds in time, or one minute in arc, and I trust is Jen. I am induced to consider it the most accurately determined position in the West Indies, and the situation of some other islands and places on the Spanish main have been corrected from it. On the above data, the longitude of the other stations in the island are accurately determined,—their latitudes are certain to one or two seconds.
3.—Nearly one mile due north from the entrance of the harbour of Christiansted, is the western extremity of a reef, called the Scotch reef, which stretches from thence with its shoals fully one mile and a half to the E.N.E., rendering the approach to the harbour dangerous to «t rangers.
4.—This is the most northern part of the town of Christiansted. To the north of this, and between No. 3 and 4 lays the harbour, which may be considered one of the safest among the windward islands. Vessels drawing sixteen feet can be brought in with safety.
5—This rises directly to the south of the town, and is 858 feet above the level of the sea.
6.—The eminence on which this delightful and extensive residence 's erected is 593 feet above the level of the sea; it embraces a magnificent prospect of this island, and from its unobstructed situation, having no higher land in its vicinity to darken its being seen, it becomes with its numerous buildings one of the most conspicuous objects for observation from vessels at sea; a view of which to the southward it commands from S.E.b.E. to a W.S.W. bearing, and towards the ntorth from K.b.N. to a north-west bearing. Prom the windows of the saloon, the horizon of the sea is distant twenty-eight geographic miles, so that in the common state of the clear atmosphere of this climate, no vessel of any magnitude can enter the harbour of the island of St. Thomas, or pass down the intermediate channel without being noticed.
7—This is comparatively a low point, and one of the most northerly in the island. About one-fourth of a mile to the north of it is a dangerous sunken rock, called the White Horse, on which the sea generally breaks.
8.—This is the highest point of land in the island, and is 1,162 feet above the level of the sea. Near one mile to the south-east is Blue Mountain, which is not so high as Mount Eagle by about sixty feet. They are connected together by a lower ridge which runs from one to the other.
9.—This mill is 949 feet above the level of the sea, there being no other in the island at such an elevation. It is also a conspicuous object from the sea, with its cane cultivation extending still higher.
10.—Bold to, along its high precipitous northern face and cliffs.
11.—Frederiksted, or West End Bay, is an extensive and beautiful bay, affording excellent and smooth anchorage, except when the wind has westing, when like all anchorages of that open kind it becomes dangerous.
12.—To the south of this low and deceiving point, which forms the south-west horn or extremity of West End Bay, a dangerous reef extends near a mile to the southward, and on the back or to the eastward of it, shoal water extends to a considerable distance, more deceiving in fact than the reef itself.
13.—Off this rounding, which is exactly abreast of Butters Bay wind-mill, a shoal runs off about a quarter or one-third of a mile, and which is, in fact, the only danger approaching Frederiksted from the northward.
14.—This small island, except on its southern side, is surrounded with dangerous reefs and shoals, extending fully one mile to the W.N.W. of the north-west point of the island, fully two miles to the eastward of its eastern extremity, and about one mile to the north of the island, forming in the intervening bearings a circuitous connection of the greatest dangers which all prudent persons will avoid approaching.
From the east end of St. Croix down to my position, (or rather the hills to the south of it,) the tops of the hills are nearly equi-distant from the sea, on the north and south sides of the island; the most eastern of these hills is called the Sugar Loaf, its top near two-thirds of a mile from the east end point is, (from memory,) about 750 feet high, aud is in latitude 17° 45' 18£" north, longitude 64° 34' 35" west from Greenwich; it is connected by a ridge to Goat Hill, which is not quite so high as the Sugar Loaf. From Goat Hill there is a sudden descent to a strip of low land, not 100 feet above the level of the sea at its highest part, which crosses the island here where it is very narrow, not being at this place 4,000 feet broad. From thence, the hills again irregularly ascend, and reach a height in some places exceeding 800 feet, forming with several spurs a connected chain to a pinnacle, (near two miles and a half to the eastward of my position,) which is 837 feet high. The land from this again descends, and the island is crossed by some low land, not 150 feet above the level of the sea in its highest part; some irregular heights here follow from about 400 to 200 feet, until about two-thirds of a mile to the eastward of my observatory, the land begins to rise, and half a mile S.E.b.S. from my position is a pinnacle of my own, 780 feet in height, on a spur of which, running out to the north