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STEAM COMMUNICATION WITH INDIA.-An arrangement of the greatest public importance is on the point of being concluded between the East India Company and the directors of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. It is well known to all persons connected with India how great and constant an effort has been made to extend the advantages of steam communication to Ceylon, Madras, Calcutta, and other places besides Bombay, and how much blame has been thrown upon the East India Company for not assisting cordially in such extension. They are now, it seems, about to relieve themselves from that imputation, if not by taking the whole matter under their own superintendence, at least, by lending very powerful assistance to other parties with whom there is every prospect that what is required will be done effectually. They have therefore proposed to the company above-mentioned to grant to them a premium of £20,000 per annum for five years, which will commence as soon as the first of their vessels of 1,600 tons, and 500-horse power shall be put on the line between Calcutta and Suez, and with the further stipulation that within one year from the date of the first voyage, an addition shall be made for the service of that line of two vessels of equal power. This grant is independent of any contract for the conveyance of the mail on the route mentioned that may subsequently be entered into, only that it is to emerge into any such contract as may be concluded in the course of the five years in which the premium or gratuity is to operate. The East India Company will thus be placed in a situation to judge of the competency of the parties to fulfil the higher duty which would be confided to them, in the event of their having the conveyance of the mails on so important a route before they thereby subject the public to any risk. The proceeding is, therefore, both a judicious and a liberal one on the part of the East India Company, who still maintain their original engagement with parliament, by conducting it upon their own responsibility. So much has been done already by the Oriental Company, that little doubt need now be entertained of the success and of the extension of the project. Thus will the comprehensive” scheme, but by means differing from those at first contemplated, be at length carried out. - Times.
The following table contains the number of officers on the Navy list of January in each of the years mentioned, from 1816 to 1811 :
1816 1831 1834 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841
II_ Flag officers
343 216 193 151 212 216 201 187 Captains and Retired ditto . 889 833 792 759 697 6971 692 739 Commanders and Retired . 894 11921144 1105 1081 10871085 1057 Lieutenants
37763357 3155 2994 2918 2871 28132752 Marine Officers
1336 893 856 831 810, 805 789 782 Masters
693 524 485 454 439 469 462 459 Medical Officers
1537/1153 10171 977|1012 1016 10561020 Pursers
. 9571 616 619 578 570, 558 5571 538 Naval Instructors
. 11 22 25 Chaplains
62 71 63 69 72 70 69 75 -
- -- Total 1018718885 8324 792117841 78307746 7634 ENLARGED SERIES.—NO. 5.-VOL. FOR 1841.
MEHEMIT ALI.-A medal of Mehemit Ali, Pacha of Egypt, is being engraved in England, as a memorial of respect for his character as a promoter of science and commerce, and as an advocate of religious toleation.
NEW BOOKS. A NARRATIVE OF SOME PassageS IN THE HISTORY OF EENOOLOAPIK, &c. By
Alexander Mc Donald, L.R.C.S.E, &c. Edinburgh : Fraser and Co.
The Esquimaux, whose name is in the above title, was brought to this country in the ship Neptune, 1839, commanded by Captain Penny, with the view, of obtaining from him geographical information for the extension of the whale fishery in a part of the Arctic regions, of which few traces are left us ; and also with the laudable motive of introducing among those harmless, ignorant people, one ray of civilization. The little work before us contains a few particulars of him during his stay among us and his return voyage, and abounds in interesting traits of character as well as information on shores long neglected, but, which it seems there is reason to believe, afford at certain seasons of the year, a good whaling ground. With this we must commend the book to those of our readers who interest themselves in Arctic discovery (a subject we propose shortly taking up in our own pages,) merely adding that the ground alluded to lies between Frobishers Strait, and the southern part of Davis Strait. TREATISE ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE NAVIGATION OF Rivers, with a new
theory on the cause of the existence of Bars. By W. A. Brooks, M. Inst. C.E. London : Weale.
The experience which Mr. Brooks has acquired in the management of the Tees, as a river engineer, (if we may use the term,) has led him to consider the various theories on the formation of bars; and not finding to his mind a sufficiency in them of cause for effect, he has produced one of his own. It is not our present intention to discuss its merits, but we may say that his views appear judicious, and his work to which we shall occasionally return hereafter, is one that should be consulted by every engineer. INSTITUTES op EcclesiaSTICAL HISTORY, Ancient AND MODERN. By John
Lawrence Von Mosheim. London : Longman.
Ecclesiastical History does not fall within our province to discuss, and, therefore, we record the above title of one of the most important and valuable works we have yet met with, not in the spirit of strict criticism, but as announcing to our clerical naval readers, the appearance of an indispensable integral part of what should be found in their libraries. They are of course acquainted with Dr. Maclaine's translation, and its defects of partiality, which defects originated the idea of the present new and literal translation, by Dr. Murdock, edited by Mr. Soames, and improved by his additions. The whole work is contained in four octavo volumes, comprehending the divisions into periods which are named Primitive, Medieval, Reformation, and Modern, the latter extending down to the year 1700. Need we say to the general reader as well, that it opens a source of information of the most interesting description. If, as a naval officer, he is present on the coast of Syria, the seat of the holy wars,
- “Where saints did live and die," he is presented with all their doings for the sake of "holy lucre and ambition," and is initiated, not only into the ingenious artifice which gave rise to this extraordinary warfare, but also into the characters of those by whom it was followed. But it is evident that, to all thinking men, “a general history of Ecclesiastical Institutes," has claims to their attention of more than an ordinary description. For the present, therefore, we shall commend it to them,
being well satisfied that as it concerns their spiritual welfare so should it have the preference among the multitudes of books, however great which they may possess relating to their wordly pursuits.
(Published by the Admiralty.) In our last two numbers we announced the publication of the valuable series of charts and plans, which have resulted from the late voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, under the command of Captain Fitzroy. Having gone over the charts, we shall now proceed with the plans, and as their geographical positions will be made clearer by taking each chart and naming the plans of places in it, we shall adopt this method. Commencing then with the Eastern Coast, we find the various sheets accompanied by plans of places, which we have marked against them. East Coast.-Sheet 6.-Port Belgrano to its extreme point navigable.
Union BAY.-San Blas HARBOUR.-Rio Negro. Ou scales about an
inch to the nile. East Coast, Sheet 7.-Port SAN ANTONIO. Scale similar. EAST COAST, Sheet 8.-Port Desire in three plans, the entrance enlarged.
Port SAN JULIAN on a larger scale. Port Santa Cruz with the river to
Mystery plain. THE SOUTH-EASTERN PART OF TIERRA DEL Fuego, with Staten Island, Cape Horn,
and Diego Ramirez Islands. A chart shewing the navigation of the southern extreme of the South American continent in a clear and distinct manner. The separate plans it comprehends are those of Staten ISLAND, on a scale of about half an inch to the mile ; also, Good Success Bay in the strait of Le Maire, and LENNOX HARBOUR, and GOREE Road between the former and Cape Horn.
Tke FALKLAND ISLANDS.
These form one large chart, the various harbours on the south-east coast being elaborately sounded, and presenting a strange indentation of rocky shores. The scale is about four miles to the inch, and restores the two islands from that division to which they had been condemned by the previous published authority, viz. Lieut. Edgar's chart. The Sound which separates the islands remains unexamined. BERKELEY SOund and the upper part of the same enlarged, the former on the
scale of an inch, the latter on two inches to the mile.
The above include, we believe, all on the eastern coast of South America, done by Captain Fitz Roy-those on the Western we must defer for our next, for we have other matter at hand. The first is Bonifacio STRAIT from the survey of M. Hell, Capitaine de Fregate, in 1821
and 1822, with additions, by Captain Smyth, R.N. The scale is an inch to a
mile. PORTS ON THE EAST Coast of Spain, viz.—Mataro Road, Blanes Bay, Lloret
Bay, Tosą Cove, Port San Feliu, all from Spanish plans. GALITA ISLAND.—Surveyed by Captain, W. H. Smyth, R.N.
A scale of about three inches to the mile, shews well the approaches to the islands, and the passage between them. Sandwich ISLANDS-South Coast of Oahu. Surveyed by Lieut. R. C. Malden,
The coast included is that between Diamond and Barber Points with the harbour of Honoruru and that of Honuliuliu to the westward, the former appearing on an enlarged scale on the same sheet.
Sandwich Islands_Hanalai Bay on the north side of Atooi,- By Commander
E. Belcher, II.M.S. Sulphur, 1838.
The scale is about two and a half miles to the inch. Walakia, or Byron Bay, on the north-east side of Owhyhce.-Surveyed by Lieut.
C. R. Malden, R.N., 1825.
The scale is about an inch and a half to the nile. Annatto BAY.-By Lieut. B. Baynton, R.N. 1839.
The scale is about five inches to the mile. River St. LAWRENCE, BERsimis River,-Surveyed by Captain H. W. Bayfield,
R.N., F.A.S. Scale, a mile and a half to an inch-the plan extends from the mouth to the falls.
PROMOTIONS AND APPOINTMENTS,
St. James's Palace, March 24th, 1841. The Queen was this day pleased to confer the honour of Knighthood upon Capt. J. Douglas, late of the ship Cambridge.
The Queen has been pleased to grant to O'Neill Ferguson, assistant-surgeon, RN, permission that he may accept and wear the insignia of a Knight of the Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic, which her Majesty Maria Christina, late Queen Regent of Spain, was pleased to confer upon him, in testimony of her Majesty's approbation of his services in the cause of her Catholic Majesty, at the raising of the siege of Bilboa in 1837, COMMANDER-E. B. Tinling.
cy of W. Langden. LIEUTENANT-W. Hamilton, and ap- SURGEONS—R. R, B. Hopley, M. Cory, pointed to Melville, v. Sulivan, to com- P, B. H. Liddell, R. M'Crea. F. Manmand Favourite, in death vacancy of sell, Md., to Blenheim, in death vacancy Commander Croker.
of Mein. MASTER-W. Jeffery, in death vacan
Whitehall, April 7th, 1841. The Queen has been pleased to direct letters patent to be passed under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, appointing Admiral the Honourable Sir Robert Stopford, GCB., to be Master of her Majesty's Hospital at Greenwich, in the county of Kent, in the room of Admiral the Honourable Charles Elphinstone Fleeming, deceased.
N. Vansittart from Queen to Cornwallis.
Pyne and Vyse to Polyphemus. A. P. CAPTAINS-P. Richards, (1828) to Greene (1828) to Cornwallis from SuluCornwallis, destined for the flag of Rear- mander. H. D. Blanckley (1839) from admiral Sir W. Parker, KCB. M.Sey. Excellent to Salamander. H. S. Hillyer mour (1826) to Britannia, v. Drake, (1838,) C. K. Jackson (1839,) S. Fowie, superseded at his own request.
b(1836,) and D. Lane (1838) to CornCOMMANDERS-C. Richards (1840) to wallis. "A, D. Gordon (1840) to ExcelCornwallis. W, W, P, Johnson (1835) lent. Smith and Harvey to Gorgon. to Winchester,
Marryatt from Ganges to Edinburgh. LIEUTENANTS-A. G. Bulman (1828) MidshiPMEN-C. W. Elton to Camto command Fair Rosamond. M. de bridge. Dew to Thunderer. C. C. MadCourcy (1838) to command Charybdis, v. dicot to Cornwallis. Tinling, promoted. H. Wright (1832) Vols. Ist Class-W. B, Masson and to Dee, A. C. May (1838) to command J. Miller to Inconstant. Skipjack. J. Fitzjames (1838) to Excel- Second-MASTERS-F.C, Kent to comlent. T. Densten (1812) agent on board mand Echo steam-tug, R. Read to comthe Belle Alliance victualler, C, Wise mand Portsmouth yacht. N. H. Ballis(1833,) J. J. Lacon (1835,) J. Stoddart ton to San Josef for Plymouth Buoy (1838,) and G. Skipwith (1834,) to Corn. Boat. wallis. Lieut. J. Lowry to Impregnable, DEPUTY INSPECTOR OF HOSPITALS AND v. Stoddart, to Cornwallis. E.N. Trou- FleetS–J. Cay (1823) late Surgeon of bridge (1838) to Southampton. J. Lod- Princess Charloite. wick (1837) to Winchester from Dee, v, SURGEON-J. Gibson (1835) SuperE. A. Glynn, invalid. L. P. Burrell intendent to Westmoreland convict-ship. (1840) to Tyne v. Johnson. J. E. F. ASSISTANT-SURGEONS-J. S. Burn, Risk (1840) from Princess Charlotte to (acting) to Queen Campbell to Victory. Bellerophon, v. Saunderson, invalided. J. P. Burke and P, Porter to Winchester. A. Cumming (1840) from do. to Hydra, A. Elliott, MD., J. Simpson, and A. Sibv. Malley, sick. C. H. Binstead (1824) bard, MD., to Queen. T. E. Molesworth, from Queen to command Spitfire. J. C. Md., to Crocodile from Deest. S. Sproule, Pittman (acting) to Druid. J. Dirom MD., (1837) from Sappho to Flamer, vi (1841) to Iris. J. Dunsterville (1840) Pascoe, invalided. W. Cass (1836) to to Royal William yacht. w. C. Cham- Queen, for duty of Haslar Hospital.' J. berlain (1840) to Excellent.
Simpson to Queen. J. Campbell to VicMasters-B.W. Robinson (1830) from tory. A. Sibbald to Haslar Hospital, Winchester to Columbia, v. Thompson, C. P. Blake to Cornwallis. W.C. Handeceased. J. Fowler (1831) from Cleo- cock, MD., to Implacable. patra to Winchester, v. Robinson, Raines PURSERS—H. H. Chimmo (1840) to (acting) to Cleopatra, v. Fowler. W. Thunder. J. Tapson (1808) to CornJeffery (acting) to Pilot, v. Langden, wallis. deceased. G. Wright (acting) to Edin- CLERKS—Lewes from Winchester (in burgh from Dido, v. Davies, invalided, charge) to Gleaner. J. R. Aylen from Wasp to Dido, v. NavAL INSTRUCTOR-Rev. J. A. BurKnight. Roberts from Alecto to Wasp, rough to Impregnable, V. Aylen. G. B. Hoffmeister (1828) to Coast-Guard.—Commander-A. T. Cornwallis.
Goldie (1839) to be inspecting ComMates-W.A.R. Lee, and N. Van- mander. sittart to Queen, J. R. Thompson (1834,) Lieutenant-E. Knapman (1812) to be and T. C. Herbert (1839) to Excellent. Chief Officer. H. Wall, J. A. Paynter (1833,) G. Han- Mates--J. G. S. M. Moore, and C. cock, and W.D. Carrol (1838) to Vernon. Ludlow to be Chief Officers.
Movements and Stations or Her Majesty's Navy.
arr. at Spithead, 25th, Sheerness, 10th AT HOME.
April, paid off.
BONETTA, Lieut. F. W. Austin, at ACORN, 16, Com. J. Adams, 12th Chatham, fitting for coast of Africa, 19th April, arr. at Plymouth from St. Helena. April, at Sheerness.
Asia, 84, Capt. W. Fisher, 17th March, CORNWALLIS, 72, Capt. P. Richards,