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characterized by extreme and unprecedented moderation. Permit me to give one instance, and, if necessary, I could produce many similar ones.

In the year 1836, while drifting out of Table Bay in the Wellington, in the heaviest south-easter I ever witnessed, I was supplied by Capt. Bailee's launch with an anchor and cable (having none on board) in an incredibly short space of time after the signal was made, the whole cost of which for "materials and transport" did not amount to two-thirds we had paid some years previously for a similar anchor and cable in the Downs, though in the latter case the weather was fine, and we were lying quietly at anchor. Capt. Bance's charge for the transport of the anchor and cable was 25/., and in the Downs the Lord Warden's court awarded Tol.!

The following passage " proper circumspection consists in the rejection of expensive boards of surveys from rival ships, headed by Mr. Bance, and travelling in coaches and six en prince," I shall make no comment on, for the simple reason that it is beyond my comprehension; and, in conclusion, I would, with all deference, recommend to Mr. Barrow, when he next favors us with a communication to suit his style to the capacity of such humble individuals as myself, and to deal more sparingly in those hints and inundoes, which, I am quite sure, would "puzzle * Philidelphia lawyer to understand."

I am, &c.

James Liddell.

Notices To Mariners.

Florida Light-vessel.—A doubt has long prevailed respecting the real position of this light-vessel, which, on the authority of Lieut. T. Smith, commanding her Majesty's ship Lark, under the orders of Com. E. Br,rnett, of her Majesty's ship Thunder, we are now enabled fully to clear up. It appears, that this vessel carrying two masts is moored inside or near the western edge of the Carysfort reef, which shews dry patches of sand and coral heads in many parts above water. The vessel by Lieut. Smith's observations is in latitude 25c 12* north, and longitude 80" 16' 30" west, the variation of the compass being 4' easterly. The northern edge of the Carysforl reef is six miles to the northward of her, and she lies about three miles and a half from the shore.

Lioht On Galveston Island.—Collector's Office, port of Galveston, May 17th, 1841.—Two lights have been placed on the east end of Galveston Island, elevated forty-five feet above the level of the sea, distance 600 yards apart, bearing east and west of each other. A buoy has also been placed on the har about tour miles distance from the lights, and in range with them. Vessels should not attempt to come in at night without a pilot, nor approach nearer than five fathoms, when they should bring the lights to range, and come to. Latitude of the bar 29° 15' north, and longitude 94° 49' west.

A. A. M. Jackson, Collector.

We give the foregoing as it appears in the Shipping Gazette, but we recommend the collector at Galveston to get a nautical friend to assist him, in putting his information into Nautical phraseology, when he has any to communicate. A buoy in range of two lights may possibly mean within sight of them, rangt generally signifying distance; whereas, we suppose, he means that from the buoy the two lights are on with each other. By the war our plan of Galveston is in a most unfinished condition. Will the collector, or any of our readers, obligingly furnish us nith a scale for it?

East Tonoue Buoy.Queens Channel.—It appears, by a notice recently issued from the Trinity House, that the buoy at the eastern end of the Tongue Sand is now a beacon buoy, carrying three distinct bcacuns to distinguish it from all other buoys in that vicinity.

Christiania.—Near the light of Fuglehuk, at the entrance of Christian!* Fjords, from the 1st of June, a bell will be suspended, with which in fogey weather, when the light cannot be seen at the distance of a quarter to half a league, ten or twelve strokes will be given; at night every quarter, and during the day every half hour.

Grahams Shoal.—This dangerous shoal lies in latitude 37° 9' 5" north, and longitude 12° 43' 15" east of Greenwich, which was obtained by a series of angles from known fixed stations on the coast of Sicily and Pantclleria, the atmosphere not being favourable for astronomical observations, although those obtained differed very triflingly from above.

The summit or shoal part of the rock is of an oblong form, it lies north-west and south-east, it is forty fathoms in length, consisting of hard dark coloured pointed rocks with sea weed, the edge (which was clearly perceptible,) is jagged, pointed, and steep. The least depth of water found on it was ten feet, but no doubt much less may be found with a calm sea.

The average depth at the distance of eighty fathoms from its centre twentyfive fathoms cinders, and one quarter of a mile, sixty-five fathoms fine black sand. Fine scollops and other shell-fish with young coral was dredged up.

This shoal is extremely dangerous, from the great depth of water around it, and from the various and strong currents that prevail in its neighbourhood, ua well as the difficulty of seeing it, for it is visible only at a very short distance.

South-west Peak Pantelleria, Routh 54° west; Peak Campo Bello, north 5° 50'' west; town of Sciacca, north 40° east; Cape Rosello, north 78° 50" east, ftoin bearings found independent of the compass, variation 17° 0' west.

The current set over the lock to east and north, one mile and three-quarters per hour. (Signed) T. Elsom.

Copenhagen.Buoyage of the Sound and Grounds.

The following translation of a Royal Ordinance, 23rd July last, states that the alterations and changes of the marks in the Grounds, and in the Outer Roads of Copenhagen, specified therein, will be made at the time of placing these marks in the year 1841.

1. The Dragobuoy will keep its former place, hut the mark formerly near this buoy will be removed, and in future be moored on the western edge of the Holmetongue in three fathoms water; and the mark near Southern Russe will also be moored in three fathoms water due east, (true bearing) from this shoal; both these marks are intended to remain out all the year round.

2. Large beacons formed of brocms on poles from nine to ten feet long will be placed on the south-east end of the Northern Russe Giouud in three fathoms water. On the north-west edge of the Little Ground in four or five fathoms water. On the north-west edge of the Bredegrund (Broad Ground) in four to five fathoms water. On the east side of the Ravneunger in three to four fathoms water near the stone called Rasmus Moller. The mark on the wreck upon the Middle Ground will exchange place with the buoy now moored on the Old Provesteen, and this buoy will in future be moored near the wreck upon the Middle Ground, and will be provided with a broom on a pole.

3. The marks on the Old Provesteen, the Northern Russe, the Ravneunger, the Southern Russe, and the Drago Sandrevs Tongue will be provided with brooms tied upwards upon black poles. On the contrary the marks on the wreck of the frigate Kronborg, the Middle Ground, the Holme Tongue, and the Little Ground will be provided with brooms tied downwards on white poles.

The mark upon the Broad Ground will be provided with two brooms, the uppermost tied upwards, and the lower downwards upon a pole painted alternately white and black, in order to distinguish this mark from the one on the Little Ground.

4. The northern buoy of the Middle Ground will be removed from the wreck of the line-of-battle ship, the Indfodsretten, back to the northern flat of this ground in twenty-three feet water, and a new mark consisting of a small barrel or buoy painted green will be placed upon the wreck of the Indfodsretten.

The buoy on the Stubb, will be painted red instead of white as heretofore.

The different buoys will have numbers painted upon them as follows: — The Drago Buoy I., Kastrup Buoy II., South Buoy III,, Middle Buoy IV., North Buoy V., Stubbe Buoy 6, and the buoy on the Krone (Crown) 7.

The mark on the Nordhoi (Northill) will be provided with a wooden square one fathom in diameter, painted white, which will be fixed immediately below the Top Beacon, and facing the Hollanderdyb (Dutchman's Deep.)

5-. All these marks will be moored or removed generally at the same time with the Light Ship in the grounds, but will not be placed earlier than this can be done with safety, and without fear of being lost or displaced by the ice.

The marks upon the Sandrevstonge, Southern Russe, and the Holme Tongue will remain out the whole year. When the Drago Sandrevs Buoy is removed, in the fall of a mark similar to the others on the west ledge will be moored in its place.

(Signed) Wulff,

Copenhagen, 3d November, 1840. Commodore and Upper-pilot

For Uie district of i\ aland.

Bay In Isle Rottee,Timor.

Accompanying our present number is a plan of a bay on the south-east side of isle Rottee, (west of Timor) which is said to be much frequented by whalers for refreshment. Notwithstanding wc have been unable to

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