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Admiral Crown came to London to meet his Imperial Majesty and the Duchess of Oldenburg, on whom he was in constant attendance, and was made known by them to the Prince Regent, by whom he was most graciously noticed, and his foreign titles recognized by being introduced and addressed as Sir Robert Crown.
On his return fresh honours awaited him, as appears by the following extract from a letter written by him to a brother officer in this country, and which at the same time gives some further account of his family:
"I think that I mentioned to you last year, that his Imperial Majesty had been graciously pleased to decorate me with the first order of St. Anne, and the second order of St. Vladerair.and that I had the honour of H. I. M.'s company, accompanied by his amiable consort, and the Empress Dowager, with all the Imperial family, who dined on board my ship, before I went to sea this year,—a distinction never before conferred on any naval officer.
"The Emperor has again done me that honour, accompanied by the King of Prussia, and the Prince Royal, with their suite; and 1 was delighted to see the Imperial and Royal visitors, on both occasions highly pleased with their reception. Soon afterwards, while I was at sea, a courier came on board with the order of Alexander Nefsky addressed to me, and I felt sensibly how inadequate was my merit for these honourable distinctions. His Imperial Majesty is all goodness to me, and his favourable opinion of my professional services far exceeds all the effortJ of my poor abilities to deserve; the only return I can make for these distinguished favours, in addition to the acknowledgements of a grateful heart, is to be ready at all times to expose my hoary locks to war or tempest in his service, in the hope of being able to achieve something that may justify his Imperial Majesty's condescending partiality.
"In answer to your friendly enquiries respecting my children, I have to inform you that my eldest son George is on the half-pay list as a Lieutenant of Marines in your service. Plato Valerian, my second son, is a mate in the Cherub sloop, stationed off the coast of Africa, and I trust in the benevolence of Lord Viscount Melville, that he will soon have a commission. Edmund,my youngestson,is on board the Phaeton frigate, Capt. Dillon, as Midshipman ;—he, poor boy, has a very distant view for promotion, being in his nineteenth year, and having served only four years. My only daughter Anna has lately married a physician, a native of Russia, and attached to the naval service. I had one other son of very superior abilities, and the most promising and sweetest boy that ever blest a parent's care; my Camperdown fell by the blast of that cruel disorder the yellow fever, on the island of Trinidad, at seventeen years of age, while serving as a Midshipman on board the Scamander English frigate."
Nothing remains to be added to these particulars, except that the Admiral's son Plato Valerian has al o since fallen a victim to the yellow fever, on board the Cherub, on the coast of Africa; and that his lady died lately. He suffered most acutely in mind from these afflicting dispensations, but happily his own health was unimpaired, and he enjoyed until his death, what he valued still more, the undiminished favour of his munificent Patron.
On The Lonoitudr* Of Thb Principal Maritime Points Of The Globe. By Lieut. Raper, R.N., Sec. R.A.
(Continued from p. 473.)
178. Pt. de los Reyes. Extremity of cliff.
Espinosa 116° 40' Cad. or 122° 58' Gr.
Beech. D.L. San Francisco. Obs. 36' 20" 123* 0'
Which we adopt.
170. C. Mendocino.
Mala8p. according to Oltmann's, 124° 29, adopted by M. Daussy; Vancouver 124° 10'. Espinosa makes the D.L. between this cape and Pt. de los Reyes, 1° 32'; this applied to the latter position gives 124s 32', which we have adopted.
180. C. Phipps.
Espinosa t. p. 158, 134° 30' 15", Cad. or 139° 47'50" Gr.
The point is 0-5' N., and 4-5 miles W. of Pt. Turner, and thus we obtain a
correction of + 1' on Espinosa's position, which we shall apply to his other
positions here for consistency.
181. C. Scott.
Vane, chart, 1798, 231° 39', or 128° 21' W.
1 have added 6' to this, which gives 128" 27', but the position is very uncertain.
182. C. St. James.
Vancouver chart, 1798, South rock 130° 51'.
183. C. Edgeeumbe.
Vancouver chart, 1798, 224° 26', or 135° 34' W.
Espinosa Oltmann's II., p. 462, adopted by M. Daussy 135" 49' 41"
This adding 1' gives 135° 51'. Which we adopt.
184. C. Ommaney.
Vancouver 184° 23'.
Malasp. Oltmann's II., 464, 134° 32' 43 '.
Adding 1' to this gives 134° 34', or 11'' to add to Vancouver's long.
185. In the Aleutian Islands, we follow Admiral Krusenstern, and in
the coasts to the northward, Capt. Beechey, having nothing to add to the determinations of these authorities.
Having now considered Europe, Africa, South America, and the west coast of North America, we propose to proceed in the next number to Madras, in consequence of the new determination of this important position.
ENLARGED SERIES NO. 9.—TOL. FOR 1841. 4 K
Tub Variation Op The Compass.
Royal Oaurrratnry, June 204*. 1841, Magnetical and Meteorological Department.
Mean Magnetic Variation for June 1841=23° 16' 16".
MEAN MAGNETIC Dir.
Rl'lea And Regulations Of The Trinity House For The Admi1si0i
At a General Court of the Corporation of Trinity House of Deptfcrd
Strond, on Thursday, 12th February, 1835;
It was resolved, that all regulations which have been at any time established respecting the qualifications and admission of Younger Brethren and Candidates, and the qualification and election of Eldir Brethren, be rescinded, and that the following Regulations be established in lieu thereof; viz.
That any person desirous of becoming a Younger Brother shall be admissible at the pleasure of the Court, upon the proposition of any oue Elder Brother, and without ballot, as heretofore.
That the thirty-one Elder Brethren shall consist of not less than twenty persons, bred in the maritime service of the United Kingdom, who shall be deemed the acting Elder Brethren; and the remainder of either Ministers of State, Naval Officers of high rank, cr other distinguished characters, who shall be considered Honorary Brethren, and not required to take active part in the discharge of the duties of the Corporation, although not restricted from so doing, should it he their pleasure to attend the Courts or Boards.
That any Younger Brother desirous of being admitted a candidate for the situation of a Maritime Elder Brother, shall, on notifying the same to the Deputy Master or other Member of the Court, be questioned as to his eligibility, by maritime service, to be elected an Elder Brother; which having been ascertained, the proposition for his admission to the List of Candidates may be made to the next Monthly Court, when the proposer and seconder shall declare that, to the best of their knowledge and belief, the person proposed is strictly eligible according to the regulations hereafter stated, so far as they relate to maritime service; and at the ensuing Monthly Court a ballot shall be taken upon that proposition, and no person shall be admitted a candidate against whose name there shall appear two negatives upon the ballot
That no \ ounger Brother shall be eligible to be placed upon the List of Candidates to fill the office of an Elder Brother in room of any of the Maritime Members, who shall not have attained the rank of Commander in his Majesty's Navy for at least four years previously, and have served as such afloat during part of that time, or shall have served as Master in the Merchant service on foreign voyages for at least four vears.
That no candidate shall b« eligible to be elected an Elder Brother, on • vacancy occasioned by the death, resignation, removal or otherwise, of either of the Maritime Members who shall at the time be in the command of a vessel in His Majesty's Navy, or who, having been admitted a candidate from the Merchant service, shall be in the command of a merchant vessel, or shall at the time hold any commission or warrant in his Majesty's Navy, or shall be in the employ of any public body, corporation, department, or individual whatsoever (except as director or member,) or in any way under the control of the same, nor if he be at the time a broker, wharfinger or shopkeeper.
That if any of the Maritime Members shall accept either of a command in His Majesty's Navy, or shall take the command of or any situation in a merchant vessel, or shall accept of any appointment under an^ public body, corporation, department or individual whatsoever, so as to be under the control of the same (except as a director or member,) or shall become a broker, wharfinger or shopkeeper, he shall be considered to have fallen within the terms of the charter, which provide for the displacing of Elder Brethren, and shall be displaced accordingly; and the Elder Brethren shall thereupon proceed to a new election in the manner hereinafter provided, and shall elect either the person so displaced or any other who shall be eligible, according to the foregoing regulations.
That on the death, resignation or removal of any Elder Brother, the vacancy thereby occasioned shall be notified to the next Monthly or Special Court, when it shall be determined whether the vacancy shall be filled by an Honorary or by un Acting Member, and a time appointed for a Special Court to be convened for the election of a successor, at such interval as shall allow of ten days' notice thereof being given.
That at the Court convened for the election of an Elder Brother, if it shall have been resolved to fill the vacancy by an Honorary Brother, the election shall be made by the majority of voices of the Elder Brethren present; but if it shall have been resolved that the successor shall be chosen from the maritime service, to take active part in the discharge of the duties of the Corporation, then the book containing the List of Candidates shall be handed by the Secre ■ tary to each Member present, beginning with the junior, who shall make one scratch against the name of each of three eligible candidates; and the names of the three candidates which shall have the greatest number of scratches, shall be placed on the balloting box and be ballotted for, und whoever has the greatest number of balls, provided such number be that of the majority of the Brethren piesent, shall be by the Master or his Deputy declared duly "elected; but if the balls are so divided that such majority is not given to either of the three, then the names of those two who shall have the greatest number shall be again placed on the box and balloted for, and whoever has the greatest number of balls shall be in like manner declared by the Master or his Deputy duly elected; whereupon the Court shall be adjourned to a subsequent clay, upon which the Elder Brother so elected shall attend to be sworn, and to take his seat at the Board. But if in this proceeding it be found that the balls are divided in equal numbers, either upon the first, as regards three, or upon the second ballot as regards two, the Master or his Deputy shall adjourn the Court to a future day, when the ballot shall be renewed, and the election made in the manner hereinbefore directed.
(Errors excepted.) Trinity House, London, 9ih July, 1835. J. Herbert, See.
Western Australia.—The new colony of Australind.
(From the Bombay Times, June the 19th.)
By the Parkfield, Capt. Whiteside, arrived in Bombay last week, after a repiarkably quick passage from Western Australia, we have accounts from the new settlement of Avistralind to a late date. This new settlement is situated on the western coast of Australia, about eighty miles south of Swan River, and immediately to the northward of Geographers Bay. The latitude nf the anchorage at Port Leschenault, as determined by Capt. Whiteside, is 33° 18' south. At this place is a beautiful inlet or backwater, running to the northward parallel with the coast (from which it is separated by a narrow slip of land) forr.bout ten miles, on the eastern shore of which, and about six miles from its mouth, the chief town of the settlement, to be called Australind, is to he established. A few emigrants had previously settled in this district, and her Majesty's Government having at length determined to apply to the old colony of Swan River the nizRi
principles of colonization which have had such eminent success hi Southern Australia, a company, called the Western Australian company, was formed in London last year to co-operate in these views, by the investment of capital in the acquirement of land, and the conveyance of settlers and emigrants to the most favourable point which could he selected upon the western coast of New Holland, within the boundaries and under the jurisdiction of the colony of Western Australia. The most prominent feature of the new principle of colonization is, as our readers are aware, the setting apart a portion of the proceeds of the sales of land for the exclusive benefit of the purchasers, in improving the value of the land by defraying the cost of emigration to the settlement, and the construction of public works therein.*
With these objects in view, the company purchased extensive blocks of land near Leschenault, in the maritime county of Wellington, where, as we have stated, some few settlers had already established themselves, one of which tracts, containing more than 100,000 acres, is beautifully situated on the inlet mentioned above, which is formed by the embouchure of four rivers, all of which pass through the property or form its boundary. They also towards the end of last year, chartered the Parktield for the conveyance of a body of colonists to the new settlement, under the auspices of the company, and in charge of their chief commissioner M. Waller Clifton, Esq., t.n.s. Accordingly, this gentleman, with his family, accompanied by an efficient surveying establishment, a skilful medical officer, and about one hundred settlers of various grades, embarked in the Parkfield in December last, and after a fine passage, landed safely at Port Leschenault, on the I8lh of March.
It appears that owing to some misunderstanding between the company and the colonial office,—of no interest to our readers, and which would occupy too much space to detail,—scruples were entertained by Lord John Russell respecting the right of the company to this district, in consequence of its previous occupation by another party. An arrangement was then fore entered into, by which, if necessary, the company were to give up all claim to it, und in lieu thereof, thty were to receive the grant of a tract of land at a place which was to have been called Port Grey, about 200 miles north of Swan River, to which place the Parkfield was under engagement to proceed, if required, with the whole of the passengers. Immediately on her arrival at Port Leschenault, Mr. Clifton, the commissioner, proceeded by land to Perth, for the purpose of consulting with Mr. Ilutt, governor of the Swan River settlement, respecting ihe capabilities of the district at Port Grey, and the removal of the obstacles occasioned by the previous occupants at Lcschenauli, the result of which was so satisfactory that lie immediately abandoned all intention of proceeding to Port Grey, and the settlers accordingly all disembarked at Port Leschenault. The Parkfield, ou this account, after a detention of live weeks left that port on
• For the sum of Jemoi the purchaser is entitled to 100 acres in the country, and one acre in the town of Australind, One hall' the purchase money to be reservtd to meet the expenses of the company; the other moiety will be laid out by the company in providing a free parage for young mHrried person? of the labouring itiss, and as far as possible, in equal proportions ol the sexes; and alto in public improvements in the colony.