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The re-discovery of this buried treasure seems to have excited a spirit of enquiry, and a few days back, on the dam at the Residency being cleared out, two new springs were found of good water, one of which discharges ten gallons a minute, or 144,000 gallons in twentyfour hours. No doubt more water will soon be discovered, and this splendid harbour, consigned so long to uselessness, will take up its rank as a grand naval station, for which Nature intended it. Fears have already been uttered that it may injure Table Bay, short sighted people forgetting that “the more ports the more trade.”
A search has been made through the colonial archives for some record of the cause which led to the obliteration of the spring on Schaapen Island, but the indefatigable Mr. Moodie can find nothing of the kind; the motive, however, no doubt was to prevent foreign vessels visiting the port, which might have led to occupation; an event which the jealousy of the old Dutch India Company would not have allowed to be consumated.-Cape Paper.
[Our July number contains an account of this discovery, accompanied by a chart to shew the position of the island.)
DINNER TO ADMIRAL Sir ROBERT STOPFORD, AT PORTSMOUTH. The assembly was very numerous, and included a great number of officers and other gentlemen of eminence. The Mayor of Portsmouth presided. Our limited space confines us to the speeches of particular interest to the Services, viz., those of Admiral Sir. R. Stopford, General the Marquis of Anglesey, and Commodore Sir C. Napier.
Admiral Sir R. Stopford said-Had I more eloquence than falls to my share, -had I all the eloquence I could desire, I should still want words and language to express my deep sense of the honour I have received from the reception ! have met with since my return to England. (Cheers.) With respect to my reception in England, no trump of fame, no herald announcing pompous achievements preceded my return. The reception I met with here when my brother-officers gave me a dinner a few days ago arose from those magnanimous and liberal feelings on the part of the British public, which are always displaved towards officers who have done their utmost endeavours to discharge their duty,-feelings which require no prompting, and which are always the more welcome from being unsolicited. (Loud cheers.) Honours have been conferred on various occasions-the ornaments which attend those honours may sometimes have been purchased by money, but the honour which I now receive is beyond all limits of caprice, and of a nature that no money can purchase. Gentlemen, I think it due to you, and to the company I now address, to say a few words on the immediate subject of this meeting, relating to Syria. You all know how inadequate our means were when we first landed in Syria, to oppose 70,000 men, under the command of a warrior of some distinction, Ibrahim Pacha, and whom we were to oppose only by the Marines of our ships, a few handfuls of Turks, a few Sappers and Miners and Artillerymen, and these were the extent of our means to drive 70,000 men out of a country like Syria. (Hear, hear, hiear.) I was appointed commander-in-chief by sea and land of that expedition. The officer of the army, who was appointed immediately to take command of the troops on shore, unfortunately for him, was scized with such a violent indisposition, that he was perfectly unable to do anything. I had,
however, the good fortune to have in my second in command an officer, Şir Charles Napier-(Loud cheers)—who had had the advantage of occupying very useful positions under the Duke of Wellington, and who had also most gallantly distinguished himself on many occasions in Portugal.. (Cheers.) To such a man, I very gladly looked to supply the place of the general officer who was prevented from acting by indisposition. As he was upon the coast of Syria for some time before I went there, he judiciously selected a situation which was occupied immediately on my arrival with the troops, when operations commenced. His subsequent operations were, as you are aware, of a nature to check and paralyze the Egyptian troops, so that they never came into collision with the Turkish troops under arms, except in one instance, when, by a simultaneous attack on the Egyptian troops in front and rear, he succeeded in expelling those troops from Syria, and delivering them over to the command of the officers of the Sultan. To that officer, therefore, I beg to express the greatest obligations. (Loud cheers,) Neither can I forget the obligations I owe to a distinguished officer now here, Capt. Collier,--to Capt. Boxer, of the Pique, who was cmployed in the more southern operations,-to Capt, Berkeley, who was engaged in another part of the operations,-to Capt. Stewart, in the Benbow, who was employed northwards; and to all commanders and inen who so ably and so nobly performed their duty. The operations on the coast of Syria extended near a line of three degrees of latitude, if not more. There must, of course, have been numerous detachments from the commander-in-chief to perform the services on that length of coast. Now, unless the commander-inchief possessed a power which a countrymen of mine attributed to the birds and the fishes, of being in two places at once, he could not possibly be in more places than one at the same time. (Cheers.) Therefore, what has been said about this commander-in-chief not being there, is fully answered by the fact of its being impossible, and I feel myself in every way fully exculpated for placing reliance in officers on whom I knew I could fully depend. Whenever concentrated services were wanted, as at Beyrout and Acre, there I was in person. I will not trouble you more with anything relating to myself in Syria. I have explained some points on which I thought explanation might be expected, and I could not do so with more satisfaction to myself, than before the distinguished company and respectable community which I have now the honour to address. The eulogium which has been passed upon me I am much obliged to the mayor for. I also cannot forget the encominms passed on me by the Rev. gentleman (J. P. McGlie,) who last addressed you; but that reminds me that I should end where I ought to have begun, by attributing to Almighty Providence the successes which we have achieved. (Great cheering.) The state of the weather, which enabled us in the month of November, at a time when the bad weather usually sets in, alone enabled us to bring our labours to a successful issue. We have now returned to Turkey a fine, a large, and a rich province. By good management it may add to her strength, without good management, it may, as it always does in such cases, add only to her weakness. That, however, is no business of mine. I did what I was ordered to do, and let then do the rest. Once more I beg sincerely to return you my thanks for this most splendid entertainment,-an entertainment distinguished for its clegance, -abounding in good cheer and good feeling. Again, I return you my sincere thanks. (Prolonged cheering.)
Daniel Quarrier, Esq., M.D., then rose to propose “ The health of the Marquis of Anglesea, the Earl of Hardwicke, and ihe rest of the distinguished visitors who had honoured the assembly with their company," and in a speech of considerable length and eloquence, culogised the great merits of the noble Marquis as a first-rate cavalry officer, and particularly referred to his gallant services in the Peninsula and at Waterloo. (Cheers.)
The Marquis of Anglesea rose, amidst loud applause, to return thanks. lle said-Gentlemen, on the part of the visitors and of myself, I have the honour to return you my cordial thanks for the honour you have done them and me. Gentlemen of Portsmouth, I beg leave personally to express my gratitude for. the favour you have done me, in making me your guest on the present interesting occasion, and in thus enabling me to offer my humble tribute of respect, and to assist in doing honour to the illustrious commander, the gallant admiral, whose glorious achievements we are at this moment assembled to celebrate. Great, glorious, and triumphant, have indeed those achievements been. They are such as it is impossible for the nation at large too highly to appreciate, or for our most gracious Sovereign too highly to reward. I congratulate the nation that we have still amongst us such able, such gallant men as many of those whom I have the happiness to see around me. (Loud cheers.) 1 congratulate the brave officers and men who had the good fortune and happiness to participate in all the glories of the east. I congratulate the navy at large on the high and noble proofs which have now lately been given that they have not degenerated. I congratulate that gallant corps--that useful, that invaluable link in the chain which connects the two services of the sea and the land, and which unites them in one common bond of union, good fellowship, and interest. I speak, as you may well observe, of the Royal Marines. I congratulate them on the splendid share they have had in all those victories. It is a corps which never appeared on any occasion or under any circumstances without doing honour to itself and its country. Many of us here have lived in times when war has been carried on on a more extended scale than it has lately been, but I do not believe that if we were to search the pages of history we could find one, notwithstanding the glorious examples which stand recorded on it. Still I do not believe we could find one in which this service stands more pre-eminently conspicuous, or in which it holds a more commanding position than it does at the present day, as compared with the same service in other nations. (Great cheers.) With respect to the honour done me by a gentleman at the bottom of the table, who spoke of my humble services, 'I beg to offer him my sincere thanks, I am sorry to say, that I very imperfectly heard his speech; but I fear its subject was sadly inflated, and greatly surpassed any merit of mine. ( No, no.") Such as my services are, or such as they ever may be, they are always at the service of my country. I most cordially and sincerely thank the worthy gentleman for giving me an opportunity of stating, that, whatever honours and distinctions I may have received, I owe them all to the gallantry of those brave men whom it has been my fortune to lead to the field of battle. (Tremendous cheering.) I might be anxious, perhaps, to expatiate on the high merits of the late brilliant campaign in the east, but, really, gentlemen, after the perfectly beautiful history of the life of the Gallant Admiral, whom we are now anxious to honour, which was given us by our worthy mayor, and after the distinct and perfect explanation which the Gallant Admiral gave of his own achievements in the east, it would be nothing short of impertinence in me to detain you one moment longer. I will just, however, make one single remark on what has fallen from the Gallant Admiral. It seemed to me that he tried to make an excuse for not having himself been at this, that, and the other place, saying that he could not be at all places at once. Now, it seems to me one of the matters of the first and greatest importance to all commanders, whether by sea or land, to place confidence in those who are under them, and not to attempt to do everything for themselves. (Loud and long-continued cheering.) and endre satisfaction and relience. As to those who were nore immediately placed under his orders, he could say that he never witnessed during the whole course of their services more zeal, more energy, and more determined perseverance than was displayed, not only by the officers of Navy, but by the Marine officers in the late expedition. As to himself, if he had been able to perform any services useful to his country or creditable to himself, he owed it entirely to his Gallant Commander-in-chief Sir Robert Stopford, who placed a sufficient confidence in him duing the illness of the Army officer, who was appointed to the command of the troops. The Gallant Admiral thought proper to give him his confidence and the command of the allied troops employed in the expedition. It was certainly a new situation for a Naval officer like himself to be placed in, but when the Gallant Admiral gave him that command he thought it his duty to use the whole of his zeal, exertion, and energies to carry out the Admiral's views to the utmost extent in his power. He believed the Gallant Admiral had told them that he had done this to the utmost extent in his power, from the moment he received the cominand of the army until the moment he returned that come mand. The Gallant Admiral had given them such a perfect account of the sivices of the army and navy on the coast of Syria that there was but little for him to say on the subject. But there was one thing he must tell them, as the Gallant Admiral had adverted to it. When he landed in D'journi Bay, he found himself surrounded by innumerable difficulties in an inaccessible country, with deep gorges, high mountains, and a powerful army to contend with. To meet all those they had but a small force, but from the energies displayed by the Marines and the Turkish troops, he found himself in a state to combat all the difficulties opposed to them; and, he was happy to say that, during the short cumpaign there of one month, the services of the Marines, of the Turkish, and of the Austrian troops overcame obstacles greater than erer had been overcome before, and were the greatest feats of the service since 1784. The Gallant Admiral was good enough to allude to his having seen some land service in Portugal in the time of the illustrious Duke of Wellington. He well remembered, in his boyish days, being at the battle of Busaco, when the gallant Duke commanded a newly levied army, but then his troops were British. They had never beca tried before then, and it must have been a most anxious tiine for the Duke. He well remembered the British troops were attacked on one side and the Portuguese on the other, and he saw that illustrious general near a particular spot watching the effects of this terrible attack on his left and right." He saw the gallant resistance of the forces commanded by Sir T. Picton, supported by his honourable friend near him, Sir H. Pakenham, and a more brilliant attack no man ever saw, and it was not till then that he saw what British troops and officers could do against a large and superior French army. That lesson he had endeavoured never to forget. (Loud cheers.) It was then he acquired all bis knowledge of military affairs, though, as a naval officer, it was presumption in hini to say he knew anything at all of them. If, however, he knew anything at all, that knowledge he had acquired under the Duke of Wellington. (Loud cheering.) Ile would not detain them longer, except to say one word on the discipline of the navy. The Niediterranean fleet, commanded as it was,-(Hear, hear)and he had always fought against the unmanned state in which it was kept-was a perfect example of discipline, and nothing could prore its beautiful discipline and energy, more than that it should in a few hours have silenced the forts at Acre, which it took Napoleon more than once to try to do, and in which he never succeeded. He could not refer without deep regret to the loss of Colonel Walker, commanding tho Marines. He was a most gallant officer, wlio, had he lived, would have led the Marines on in the most conspicuous manner to his own and their glory, and to the honour of the nation. "(Loud cheers.) Before he sat down he inust not forget Admiral Walker, who, though a young officer, was in command of the Turkish fleet. He believed there was no vtficer who had served in the Syrian war who would not allow that Admiral Walker had displayed great zeal, cucrgy, and integrity, and had brought the
Mr. W. Grant, junior, in a short but able speech, proposed the health of « Commodore Napier, and the officers of the navy who served in the Syrian expedition," which was drunk with general applause.
Commodore Sir C. Napier returned thanks. He said he wished all the officers who had served under the Gallant Admiral on the coast of Syria and Acre were present this night to witness the kind manner in which they had received the inention of his (Sir R. Stopford's) name. (Loud eheers.) He could assure them, as an oflicer holding a high command under the Gallant Admiral, that there was not an officer or a man engaged in that expedition along the whole coast of Syria, who did not always look up to the Gallant Admiral with the most perfect
Turkish fleet into a state of bighly improved discipline. He was satisfied if that gallant officer remained in that post some short time longer, he would discipline that fleet so as to enable it to come forwård on some future day to second the fleets of Great Britain, the natural ally of Turkey, in repressing any Foreign power, who should atteinpt to usurp the dominion of the seas, but who who he would venture to predict would never succeed in their attempt to usurp, for so lon8 as British seamen and British officers continued to be what they were, and the British nation stood by them in the way it did, they were enabled to defy the whole world. (Tremendous cheering.)
The health of Major Morrison and the officers of Her Majesty's Royal Marines who had served in the Syrian expedition, was then given with much applause : and the company did not separate till a late hour.
ACCOUNT OF THE LATE DREADFUL EARTHQUAKB AT Terceira.-Western
Tue town of Praya was situated on the bay of the same name, at the east end on the island of Terceira, and about twelve English miles from Angra, its capital. It contained 562 houses. Near it are the villages of Lageas, containing 532 houses,- Villa Nova containing 206,--Argoaloa containing 215 houses, and Foule do Bastaido containing 144 houses. The total population of these places amounts to more than 9,000 souls; the number of houses was nearly 2,000. The part of the island in which Praya and these villages were situated, is the most fertile of the whole ; on which account, it was the part selected by the first discoverers for their residence, and its population was entirely agricultural. It is the part from which the levies were principally made to resist the landing of an expedition in favour of Don Miguel, in August, 1829, when a small military force with their assistance, and
nd the possession of the strong forts on the Bay of Praya, beat off the much superior force of Don Miguel.
The town of Praya had in the year 1614 been totally destroyed by an earthquake, which considerably injured the town of Angra, and was felt severely in the island of St. Michael. Since that time it had escaped injury, although menaced by many severe shocks of earthquake.
On the 12th of June last, at 4 P.M., a violent shock of earthquake was felt at Praya, extending with diminished force to the westward. At 5h. 25m. a second and more violent one was felt; on the 13th the trembling continued with short intervals, but diminished violence during the whole day. On the 14th, at 4 A.M., a perfectly perceptible undulation of the ground took place, which destroyed all those buildings which had been weakened by the former shocks. The inhabitants of Praya then retreated to the fields in the neighbourhood for safety. With the exception of occasional slight motions, the island was undisturbed during the remainder of the 14th, and hopes were entertained that the convulsions had ceased. But on the 15th, at 3 A.M., a violent trembling and horizontal undulation of the ground commenced, and continued with intervals of ten minutes, and a duration of about ten seconds until 3h. 30m. A.M., when a strong vibratory and distinctly